Pharynx Parts Anatomy Quiz

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Quizzes Created: 1428 | Total Attempts: 5,897,934
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 1,149

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Pharynx Parts Anatomy Quiz - Quiz

What is the pharynx? Do you know about the anatomy and parts of the pharynx? Here, we have a quiz based on the pharynx parts to check how well you know about this throat part. The pharynx is a cone-shaped passageway located behind the mouth and nasal cavity. It's a common thing that everyone might know. What else can you tell? For that, play our quiz below and evaluate your knowledge. Wish you all the very best to you!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The following is true regarding pharynx, except?

    • A.

      Upper part of pharynx transmits air only

    • B.

      Lower part transmits food  and air

    • C.

      Located behind nose, mouth & larynx

    • D.

      Middle part transmits food only

    • E.

      Option 2 and 4

    • F.

      None

    Correct Answer
    E. Option 2 and 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is option 2 and 4. The upper part of the pharynx transmits both air and food, not air only. The middle part of the pharynx transmits both food and air, not food only. Therefore, options 2 and 4 are incorrect because they do not accurately describe the functions of the different parts of the pharynx.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following muscle originates in stylohyoid ligament and horns of hyoid bone

    • A.

      Superior pharyngeal constrictor 

    • B.

      Middle  pharyngeal constrictor 

    • C.

      Inferior  pharyngeal constrictor 

    • D.

      None of the above 

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle  pharyngeal constrictor 
    Explanation
    The middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle originates in the stylohyoid ligament and horns of the hyoid bone.

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  • 3. 

                                     situated behind nose & above lower border of soft palate.

    Correct Answer
    Nasopharynx
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is a part of the pharynx, which is the throat. It is located behind the nose and above the lower border of the soft palate. The nasopharynx plays a role in the respiratory system as it connects the nasal cavity to the rest of the pharynx. It is also involved in the immune system as it contains the adenoids, which are a collection of lymphoid tissue that helps to fight off infections.

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  • 4. 

    The following is regarding oropharynx, except?

    • A.

      Walls made of superior, middle, inferior constrictors

    • B.

      Supported behind by C2 + C3 vertebrae

    • C.

      Palatine tonsil lying in tonsillar fossa in the lateral wall 

    • D.

      Extends from upper border of epiglottis to lower border of cricoid cartilage

    Correct Answer
    D. Extends from upper border of epiglottis to lower border of cricoid cartilage
    Explanation
    The oropharynx is a part of the throat that is located behind the oral cavity. It is surrounded by walls made of superior, middle, and inferior constrictors. It is supported by the C2 and C3 vertebrae. The palatine tonsil is also located in the oropharynx, specifically in the tonsillar fossa in the lateral wall. However, the oropharynx does not extend from the upper border of the epiglottis to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage. This is an incorrect statement as the oropharynx actually extends from the base of the tongue to the upper border of the epiglottis.

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  • 5. 

    The following is true regarding nasopharynx, except?

    • A.

      Walls are rigid & non collapsible so air passage is kept patent

    • B.

      Mucous membrane supplied by trigeminal nerve

    • C.

      Lined with Stratified squamous epithelium

    • D.

      Respiratory passage no food ever enters it 

    • E.

      Walls formed by pharyngobasilar fascia & posterior median ligament

    Correct Answer
    C. Lined with Stratified squamous epithelium
    Explanation
    The nasopharynx is lined with ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium, not stratified squamous epithelium. Stratified squamous epithelium is found in areas such as the oral cavity and esophagus, where protection against mechanical stress is needed. The nasopharynx, on the other hand, is part of the respiratory system and requires a different type of epithelium to perform its functions, such as the movement of mucus and the filtration of air.

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  • 6. 

    The following are constrictor muscles of the pharynx, except?

    • A.

      Medial

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Inferior 

    • D.

      Middle 

    Correct Answer
    A. Medial
    Explanation
    The constrictor muscles of the pharynx are responsible for narrowing and constricting the pharynx during swallowing. The superior, inferior, and middle constrictor muscles are all part of this group. However, the medial constrictor muscle does not exist. Therefore, the correct answer is "Medial."

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is true regarding nasopharynx?

    • A.

      Communicates with oropharynx at pharyngeal isthmus

    • B.

      Communicates with nasal cavities through posterior nasal apertures

    • C.

      Supported by C2 + C3 vertebrae from behind

    • D.

      Roof & posterior wall form continuous slope opposite posterior part of body of sphenoid

    • E.

      Option 1,2 and 4

    Correct Answer
    E. Option 1,2 and 4
    Explanation
    The nasopharynx communicates with the oropharynx at the pharyngeal isthmus, allowing passage of air and food. It also communicates with the nasal cavities through the posterior nasal apertures, which are openings at the back of the nasal passages. The nasopharynx is supported by the C2 and C3 vertebrae from behind, providing structural stability. The roof and posterior wall of the nasopharynx form a continuous slope opposite the posterior part of the body of the sphenoid bone. Therefore, options 1, 2, and 4 are all true regarding the nasopharynx.

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  • 8. 

    The following are longitudinal muscle of pharynx, except?

    • A.

      Palatopharyngeus

    • B.

      Salpingopharyngeus

    • C.

      Stylopharyngeus

    • D.

      Palatoglossus 

    Correct Answer
    D. Palatoglossus 
    Explanation
    The palatoglossus muscle is not a longitudinal muscle of the pharynx. It is actually a muscle of the tongue. The other three muscles listed - palatopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and stylopharyngeus - are all longitudinal muscles of the pharynx.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following muscle originates in hamulus, pterygomandibular raphe and mylohyoid line of mandible

    • A.

      Inferior pharyngeal constrictor 

    • B.

      Middle pharyngeal constrictor

    • C.

      Superior  pharyngeal constrictor

    • D.

      Option 1 and 3

    Correct Answer
    C. Superior  pharyngeal constrictor
    Explanation
    The superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle originates in the hamulus, pterygomandibular raphe, and mylohyoid line of the mandible.

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  • 10. 

    The following structures are located in lateral wall of the nasopharynx, except?

    • A.

      Salpingopharyngeal fold

    • B.

      Pharyngeal recess

    • C.

      Opening of auditory tube

    • D.

      Pharyngeal recess

    • E.

      Palatine tonsil 

    Correct Answer
    E. Palatine tonsil 
    Explanation
    The palatine tonsil is not located in the lateral wall of the nasopharynx. It is actually located in the lateral wall of the oropharynx. The other structures listed - salpingopharyngeal fold, pharyngeal recess, and opening of auditory tube - are all located in the lateral wall of the nasopharynx.

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  • 11. 

                                    extends from upper border of epiglottis to lower border of cricoid cartilage

    Correct Answer
    Laryngopharynx
    Explanation
    The given statement describes the location of the laryngopharynx. The laryngopharynx is a part of the pharynx that extends from the upper border of the epiglottis to the lower border of the cricoid cartilage. It is located behind the larynx and is responsible for conducting both food and air.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following muscle is innervated by the glossopharyngeal nerve?

    • A.

      Inferior pharyngeal constrictor 

    • B.

      Stylopharyngeus

    • C.

      Superior pharyngeal constrictor 

    • D.

      Salpingopharyngeus 

    Correct Answer
    B. Stylopharyngeus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Stylopharyngeus. The glossopharyngeal nerve is responsible for innervating the stylopharyngeus muscle. This muscle plays a role in swallowing and helps to elevate the pharynx during swallowing. The other options mentioned, inferior pharyngeal constrictor, superior pharyngeal constrictor, and salpingopharyngeus, are innervated by other nerves and do not receive innervation from the glossopharyngeal nerve.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 11, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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