Acute Abdomen

26 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following are located in the right upper quadrant (RUQ)? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Gallbladder

    • C. 

      Pyloris

    • D. 

      Duodenum

    • E. 

      Pancreas (Head)

    • F. 

      Portion of the right kidney and adrenal gland

    • G. 

      Hepatic flexure of the colon

    • H. 

      Section of ascending and transverse colon

    • I. 

      Left lobe of the liver

    • J. 

      Stomach

    • K. 

      Spleen

    • L. 

      Pancreas (body)

    • M. 

      Portion of left kidney and adrenal gland

    • N. 

      Splenic flexure of the colon

    • O. 

      Section of transverse and descending colon

    • P. 

      Appendix

    • Q. 

      Cecum

    • R. 

      Lower Pole of Right Kidney

    • S. 

      Right ureter

    • T. 

      Right Ovary (female)

    • U. 

      Right Spermatic cord (male)

    • V. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • W. 

      Section of descending colon

    • X. 

      Lower pole of left kidney

    • Y. 

      Left ureter

    • Z. 

      Left Ovary (female)

    • Left spermatic cord (male)

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Gallbladder

    • C. 

      Pyloris

    • D. 

      Duodenum

    • E. 

      Pancreas (Head)

    • F. 

      Portion of the right kidney and adrenal gland

    • G. 

      Hepatic flexure of the colon

    • H. 

      Section of ascending and transverse colon

    • I. 

      Left lobe of the liver

    • J. 

      Stomach

    • K. 

      Spleen

    • L. 

      Pancreas (body)

    • M. 

      Portion of left kidney and adrenal gland

    • N. 

      Splenic flexure of the colon

    • O. 

      Section of transverse and descending colon

    • P. 

      Appendix

    • Q. 

      Cecum

    • R. 

      Lower Pole of Right Kidney

    • S. 

      Right ureter

    • T. 

      Right Ovary (female)

    • U. 

      Right Spermatic cord (male)

    • V. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • W. 

      Lower pole of left kidney

    • X. 

      Left ureter

    • Y. 

      Left Ovary (female)

    • Z. 

      Left spermatic cord (male)

  • 3. 
    Which of the following are located in the right lower quadrant (RLQ)? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Gallbladder

    • C. 

      Pyloris

    • D. 

      Duodenum

    • E. 

      Pancreas (Head)

    • F. 

      Portion of the right kidney and adrenal gland

    • G. 

      Hepatic flexure of the colon

    • H. 

      Section of ascending and transverse colon

    • I. 

      Left lobe of the liver

    • J. 

      Stomach

    • K. 

      Spleen

    • L. 

      Pancreas (body)

    • M. 

      Portion of left kidney and adrenal gland

    • N. 

      Splenic flexure of the colon

    • O. 

      Section of transverse and descending colon

    • P. 

      Appendix

    • Q. 

      Cecum

    • R. 

      Lower Pole of Right Kidney

    • S. 

      Right ureter

    • T. 

      Right Ovary (female)

    • U. 

      Right Spermatic cord (male)

    • V. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • W. 

      Section of descending colon

    • X. 

      Lower pole of left kidney

    • Y. 

      Left ureter

    • Z. 

      Left Ovary (female)

    • Left spermatic cord (male)

  • 4. 
    Which of the following are located in the left lower quadrant (LLQ)? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      Gallbladder

    • C. 

      Pyloris

    • D. 

      Duodenum

    • E. 

      Pancreas (Head)

    • F. 

      Portion of the right kidney and adrenal gland

    • G. 

      Hepatic flexure of the colon

    • H. 

      Section of ascending and transverse colon

    • I. 

      Left lobe of the liver

    • J. 

      Stomach

    • K. 

      Spleen

    • L. 

      Pancreas (body)

    • M. 

      Portion of left kidney and adrenal gland

    • N. 

      Splenic flexure of the colon

    • O. 

      Section of transverse and descending colon

    • P. 

      Appendix

    • Q. 

      Cecum

    • R. 

      Lower Pole of Right Kidney

    • S. 

      Right ureter

    • T. 

      Right Ovary (female)

    • U. 

      Right Spermatic cord (male)

    • V. 

      Sigmoid colon

    • W. 

      Section of descending colon

    • X. 

      Lower pole of left kidney

    • Y. 

      Left ureter

    • Z. 

      Left Ovary (female)

    • Left spermatic cord (male)

  • 5. 
    Origin is in the abdominal organs
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 6. 
    The cause of this pain is when hollow structures become painful by contracting forcefully or distending.
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 7. 
    Characterized by poor localization
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 8. 
    Begins as dull pain, but when it becomes intense, can be associated with N/V, pallor, and diaphoresis
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 9. 
    Origin is the parietal peritoneum
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 10. 
    Cause is inflammation
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 11. 
    Characterized by precise localization
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 12. 
    Characterized by severe pain with onset that intensifies with movement
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 13. 
    Origin is from abdominal organs to non abdominal locations such as the chest, spine, or pelvis
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 14. 
    Cause is nerve innervation
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 15. 
    Characterized by well localized pain
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 16. 
    Characterized by pain that comes from a disorder of another site
    • A. 

      Visceral Pain

    • B. 

      Parietal Pain

    • C. 

      Referred Pain

  • 17. 
    Which of the following contours of the abdomen is normal?
    • A. 

      Flat

    • B. 

      Scaphoid

    • C. 

      Rebounded

    • D. 

      Protuberant

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is a cause of scaphoid or concave abdomen? Check all that apply
    • A. 

      Decreased fat deposits

    • B. 

      Malnourished state

    • C. 

      Flaccid muscle tone

    • D. 

      Fibroid tumor

    • E. 

      Fluid (ascites)

  • 19. 
    An asymmetrical abdomen indicates which of the following? Check all that apply
    • A. 

      Tumor

    • B. 

      Cysts

    • C. 

      Bowel Obstruction

    • D. 

      Enlargement of abdominal organs

    • E. 

      Scoliosis

    • F. 

      Pregnancy

    • G. 

      Ascites

    • H. 

      Flatus

  • 20. 
    Protrusion of the umbilicus secondary to non-closure of the ring permitting intestine or omentum to protrude
    • A. 

      Umbilical Hernia

    • B. 

      Femoral Hernia

    • C. 

      Sister Mary Joseph's nodule

    • D. 

      Intra-abdominal pressure

  • 21. 
    Nodule in the umbilicus secondary to intra-abdominal cancer
    • A. 

      Umbilical Hernia

    • B. 

      Umbilical Nodule

    • C. 

      Sister Mary Joseph's nodule

    • D. 

      Intra-abdominal pressure

  • 22. 
    Causes protusion from ascites, masses, or pregnancy
    • A. 

      Umbilical Hernia

    • B. 

      Umbilical Nodule

    • C. 

      Sister Mary Joseph's nodule

    • D. 

      Intra-abdominal pressure

  • 23. 
    Causes for Absent Bowel Sounds (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Ileus

    • B. 

      SBO

    • C. 

      LBO

    • D. 

      Ischemic distal bowel

    • E. 

      Adhesions

    • F. 

      Hernias

    • G. 

      Masses

    • H. 

      Peritonitis

    • I. 

      Non-Mechanical Obstruction

    • J. 

      Inflammation

    • K. 

      Gangrene

    • L. 

      Electrolyte Imbalances

    • M. 

      Intraoperative manipulation of the bowel

  • 24. 
    Causes for Mechanical Obstruction (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Ileus

    • B. 

      SBO

    • C. 

      LBO

    • D. 

      Ischemic distal bowel

    • E. 

      Adhesions

    • F. 

      Hernias

    • G. 

      Masses

    • H. 

      Paralytic Ileus

    • I. 

      Peritonitis

    • J. 

      Non-Mechanical obstruction

    • K. 

      Inflammation

    • L. 

      Gangrene

    • M. 

      Electrolyte Imbalances

    • N. 

      Intraoperative manipulation of the bowel

  • 25. 
    Causes for Hypoactive Bowel Sounds (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Ileus

    • B. 

      SBO

    • C. 

      LBO

    • D. 

      Ischemic distal bowel

    • E. 

      Adhesions

    • F. 

      Hernias

    • G. 

      Masses

    • H. 

      Peritonitis

    • I. 

      Non-Mechanical Obstruction

    • J. 

      Inflammation

    • K. 

      Gangrene

    • L. 

      Electrolyte Imbalances

    • M. 

      Intraoperative manipulation of the bowel

  • 26. 
    Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds (Check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Subsiding Ileus

    • B. 

      SBO

    • C. 

      LBO

    • D. 

      Ischemic distal bowel

    • E. 

      Adhesions

    • F. 

      Non-Mechanical Obstruction

    • G. 

      Gangrene

    • H. 

      Electrolyte Imbalances