Pd Abdomen Quiz Part 1

34 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When hollow organs (stomach, colon) forcefully contract or become distended. Solid organs (liver, spleen) can also generate this type of pain when they swell against their capsules
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 2. 
    Usually gnawing, cramping, or aching and is often difficult to localize 
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 3. 
    When there is inflammation from the hollow or solid organs that affect the parietal peritoneum
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 4. 
    An example of this kind of pain would be Appendicitis
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 5. 
    An example of this pain would be gallbladder pain in the shoulder
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 6. 
    More severe and is usually easily localized
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 7. 
    An example of this kind of pain is Hepatitis 
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 8. 
    This pain originates at different sites but shares innervation from the same spinal level
    • A. 

      Visceral pain

    • B. 

      Parietal pain

    • C. 

      Referred pain

  • 9. 
    What is the reflux of food and stomach acid back into the mouth with a  brine-like taste
  • 10. 
    What is the spasmodic movement of the chest and diaphragm like vomiting, but no stomach contents are passed
  • 11. 
    Blood or coffee ground vomit is known as hematemesis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Black or gray stools can indicate liver or gallbladder disease
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Blood in the stool
    • A. 

      Hematochezia

    • B. 

      Melena

    • C. 

      Liver or gallbladder disease

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 14. 
    Loose, watery stool
    • A. 

      Hematochezia

    • B. 

      Melena

    • C. 

      Liver or gallbladder disease

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 15. 
    Black, tarry stool
    • A. 

      Hematochezia

    • B. 

      Melena

    • C. 

      Liver or gallbladder disease

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 16. 
    White or gray stool
    • A. 

      Hematochezia

    • B. 

      Melena

    • C. 

      Liver or gallbladder disease

    • D. 

      Diarrhea

  • 17. 
    A medical provider should always auscultate before palpating or percussing the abdomen
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The normal frequency of sounds in the abdomen is 5-34 sounds per minute
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Shifting from tympany to dullness with inspiration suggests an enlarged spleen. This indicates:
    • A. 

      A positive splenic percussion sign

    • B. 

      A negative splenic percussion sign

  • 20. 
    A patient presents to your clinic with radiating abdominal pain somewhat localized to the RLQ. You palpate to check for any abnormalities and discover the patient has rebound tenderness in the LLQ. You would chart that the patient has a positive:
    • A. 

      Rovsing’s sign

    • B. 

      Psoas sign

    • C. 

      Obturator sign

    • D. 

      Murphy' sign

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Rovsing’s sign

    • B. 

      Psoas sign

    • C. 

      Obturator sign

    • D. 

      Murphy's sign

  • 22. 
    A patient presents to your clinic with radiating abdominal pain somewhat localized to the RLQ. You palpate to check for any abnormalities and discover the patient has no pain while flexing their thigh and rotating the leg internally at the hip. You deduce that the patient has a negative:
    • A. 

      Rovsing’s sign

    • B. 

      Psoas sign

    • C. 

      Obturator sign

    • D. 

      Murphy's sign

  • 23. 
    A patient presents to your clinic with radiating abdominal pain. You palpate to check for any abnormalities and discover the patient has a positive Rovsing's sign and involuntarily guards their abdomen when palpating the RLQ. Your initial thought is that the patient has _____
    • A. 

      Appendicitis

    • B. 

      Hepatitis

    • C. 

      Cholecystitis

    • D. 

      Pancreatitis

  • 24. 
    What sign describes rebound tenderness indicating appendicitis
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 25. 
    A sign associated with acute cholecystitis
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 27. 
    This sign takes 24–48 hours to materialize
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 28. 
    ______ is a sign of retroperitoneal hemorrhage
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 29. 
    A patient presents to your clinic with radiating abdominal pain. You notice that the patient has a bluish periumbilical discoloration on their abdomen. Your initial assessment is that the patient may have _______.
    • A. 

      Acute appendicitis

    • B. 

      Acute hepatitis

    • C. 

      Acute cholecystitis

    • D. 

      Acute pancreatitis

  • 30. 
    A patient presents with bluish periumbilical discoloration due to subcutaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage. This finding exhibits a positive:
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign

  • 31. 
    This sign can indicate acute pancreatitis (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy's sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner's sign

    • D. 

      Cullen's Sign

  • 32. 
    This sign can indicate appendicitis (check all that apply)
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy's sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner's sign

    • D. 

      Cullen's sign

    • E. 

      Rovsing’s sign

    • F. 

      Psoas sign

    • G. 

      Obturator sign

  • 33. 
    As a practitioner, you can perform a rectal and pelvic exam on a patient to check for appendicitis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    ______ is a sign of intraperitoneal hemorrhage
    • A. 

      Blumberg's sign

    • B. 

      Murphy’s Sign

    • C. 

      Gray Turner’s Sign

    • D. 

      Cullen’s Sign