4 Molecules Of Life

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| By Deriik
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Deriik
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4 Molecules Of Life - Quiz

This quiz will tests my 'students' on the four molecules of life. The four molecules are carbohydrate, protein, lipid and nucleic acids.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the four molecules of life?

    • A.

      Carbohydrates and Proteins

    • B.

      Iron and Minerals

    • C.

      Water and blood

    • D.

      Lipids and nucleic acids

    • E.

      A and D

    Correct Answer
    E. A and D
    Explanation
    The four molecules of life are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. Carbohydrates are a source of energy, lipids are important for cell structure and energy storage, proteins are involved in various cellular functions, and nucleic acids carry genetic information. Therefore, options A and D, which include carbohydrates and proteins as well as lipids and nucleic acids, are the correct answer.

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  • 2. 

    What are the three types of carbohydrate molecules?

    • A.

      Unosaccharides, doublesaccharides, multiplesaccharides

    • B.

      Monosaccharides, sugar, glucose

    • C.

      Monosaccharides, polysaccharides, disaccharides

    • D.

      Starch, glycogen, glucose

    Correct Answer
    C. Monosaccharides, polysaccharides, disaccharides
    Explanation
    The correct answer is monosaccharides, polysaccharides, disaccharides. Carbohydrates are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. Monosaccharides are the simplest form of carbohydrates and cannot be broken down into smaller sugars. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates made up of many monosaccharide units bonded together. Disaccharides are composed of two monosaccharide units joined together. Starch, glycogen, and glucose are examples of specific carbohydrates that fall into the categories of monosaccharides, polysaccharides, and disaccharides.

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  • 3. 

    Two examples of either a monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide are

    Correct Answer
    starch
    glucose
    fructose
    galactose
    cellulose
    Explanation
    The given examples include both monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose). Monosaccharides are single sugar molecules, while polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates made up of multiple sugar molecules. Starch is a polysaccharide found in plants and serves as a storage form of energy. Glucose, fructose, and galactose are monosaccharides that are commonly found in foods and serve as a source of energy. Cellulose is also a polysaccharide found in plant cell walls and provides structural support.

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  • 4. 

    What elements make up a carbohydrate?

    Correct Answer
    Carbon
    Hydrogen
    Oxygen
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates are organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. These three elements combine in a specific ratio to form various types of carbohydrates, including sugars, starches, and fibers. Carbon provides the backbone for the carbohydrate molecule, while hydrogen and oxygen atoms are attached to the carbon atoms to form functional groups such as hydroxyl groups. These functional groups determine the chemical properties and behavior of carbohydrates, including their solubility, sweetness, and ability to provide energy. Therefore, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen are the essential elements that make up carbohydrates.

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  • 5. 

    Some functions of a carbohydrate include

    • A.

      Storage of energy.

    • B.

      Provide an easy supply of energy for the body to use.

    • C.

      Trigger growth of cells.

    • D.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates serve as a storage form of energy in the body and provide a readily available source of energy for various bodily functions. They are broken down into glucose, which is used by cells as fuel. Carbohydrates also play a role in triggering cell growth and division. Therefore, options A and B are both correct as they accurately describe the functions of carbohydrates.

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  • 6. 

    Monosaccharide means_____Disaccharide means_____ and polysaccharide means _____?

    • A.

      One Sugar, Two Sugar and Many Sugars

    • B.

      One Fiber, Two Fiber, Three Fiber

    • C.

      One Carbohydrate, Two Carbohydrates, Many Carbohydrates.

    • D.

      One Carbohydrate, Two Carbohydrates, Three Carbohydrates

    • E.

      A and C

    Correct Answer
    A. One Sugar, Two Sugar and Many Sugars
    Explanation
    Monosaccharide refers to a single sugar molecule, disaccharide refers to two sugar molecules bonded together, and polysaccharide refers to multiple sugar molecules bonded together.

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  • 7. 

    Proteins are made up of Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and what other element?

    • A.

      Potassium

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Neon

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Proteins are organic compounds composed of amino acids, which contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms. Nitrogen is an essential element in proteins as it plays a crucial role in their structure and function. It forms the peptide bonds that connect amino acids together, forming the backbone of proteins. Additionally, nitrogen is involved in the formation of specific functional groups within amino acids, which contribute to the diverse functions of proteins in the body. Therefore, nitrogen is a necessary element in the composition of proteins.

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  • 8. 

    Amino Acids

    • A.

      Are linked together by peptide bonds

    • B.

      Are the basic building blocks of muscle cells

    • C.

      Comprise the primary layer of protein structure

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because amino acids are indeed linked together by peptide bonds, making them the building blocks of proteins. They are also the basic building blocks of muscle cells and comprise the primary layer of protein structure. Therefore, all of these statements are true.

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  • 9. 

    What are the four levels of protein structure?

    Correct Answer
    primary
    secondary
    tertiary
    quaternary
    Explanation
    The four levels of protein structure are primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary. The primary structure refers to the sequence of amino acids in a protein chain. The secondary structure involves the folding of the chain into regular patterns such as alpha helices or beta sheets. The tertiary structure is the overall three-dimensional shape of the protein, determined by the interactions between amino acids and the environment. The quaternary structure is the arrangement of multiple protein subunits, if applicable, and the interactions between them.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 23, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Deriik
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