Biomolecules And Cellular Processes

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1773

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Biomolecule Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which biomolecule below contains hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorous?
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Lipid

  • 2. 
    Which biomolecule is fundamental to the structure and function of biological membranes, such as cell membranes?
    • A. 

      Nucleic acid

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Carbohydrate

  • 3. 
    Which biomolecule is composed of five basic elements: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus arranged into two types of polymers, one a double-stranded molecule shaped as a double helix, the other polymer is a single-stranded molecule?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Lipid

  • 4. 
    Which biomolecule is composed of five basic elements: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur, with its monomers bonded together by peptide bonds to form a polypeptide chain?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Protein

    • D. 

      Lipid

  • 5. 
    Homeostasis is best described as the –
    • A. 

      Movement of particles from one side of a cellular membrane to another.

    • B. 

      Tendency of particles to distribute themselves evenly across a membrane.

    • C. 

      Transfer of molecules in response to excess solute relative to a solution.

    • D. 

      Ability to maintain and regulate stable internal conditions of the cell.

  • 6. 
    What are the products of the process of photosynthesis?
    • A. 

      Glucose and ATP

    • B. 

      Oxygen and Glucose

    • C. 

      Water and Oxygen

    • D. 

      ADP and NADP-

  • 7. 
    Which of the following biological processes would result in the formation of ATP?
    • A. 

      Cellular Respiration

    • B. 

      Homeostasis

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Reproduction

  • 8. 
    The difference between active and passive transport is that -
    • A. 

      Passive transport requires energy to move molecules up a concentration gradient, active does not.

    • B. 

      Passive transport can only move specific particles across a membrane, active can move any particle.

    • C. 

      Active transport requires energy to move molecules up a concentration gradient, passive does not require energy (moves down gradient)

    • D. 

      Active transport moves molecules in animal cells, passive transport moves molecules in plants.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following scenarios represents an example of osmosis?
    • A. 

      Blood vessels transport glucose to cells

    • B. 

      CO2 waste is eliminated during respiration

    • C. 

      Limp celery becomes crisp in water

    • D. 

      Sweating lowers body temperature

  • 10. 
    Each of the following is a product of cellular respiration EXCEPT -
    • A. 

      ATP

    • B. 

      Acetyl CoA

    • C. 

      CO2

    • D. 

      Water

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