Introductory Information About Biomolecules

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 378

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Biomolecule Quizzes & Trivia

Introductory information about different nutrient groups and some basics of organic chem


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The element found in all living things...______-based life forms.
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Chloride

    • C. 

      Carbon

    • D. 

      Crystals

  • 2. 
    The nutrient group that organisms rely on for their energy production
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 3. 
    The nutrient group that is used in the composition of enzymes, hormones, and does many different jobs around the cell.
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 4. 
    The bio-molecular group that carries and passes on the hereditary information of the organism
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 5. 
    The nutrient group used in the composition of waxes (plants) and responsible for insulation of some organisms.  Many organisms store this nutrient for later use in the production of energy.
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Lipid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Nucleic acid

  • 6. 
    These bio-molecules are significant features of the cell (plasma) membrane
    • A. 

      Protein and lipid

    • B. 

      Lipid and nucleic acid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate and nucleic acid

    • D. 

      Nucleic acid and protein

  • 7. 
    The structural unit ("building block") of a protein is the
    • A. 

      Monosaccharide

    • B. 

      Fatty acid

    • C. 

      Nucleotide

    • D. 

      Amino acid

  • 8. 
    The structural components of lipids include
    • A. 

      Complex carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Amino acids

    • C. 

      Fatty acids and glycerol

    • D. 

      Nucleotides

  • 9. 
    DNA is composed of four different types of
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Nucleotides

  • 10. 
    Glucose, the primary source of energy for a cell, is a type of
    • A. 

      Polypeptide

    • B. 

      Polysaccharide

    • C. 

      Disaccharide

    • D. 

      Monosaccharide

  • 11. 
    The atoms that make up carbohydrates are
    • A. 

      C, H and O

    • B. 

      C, H, O and N

    • C. 

      C and H

    • D. 

      C, H and N

  • 12. 
    Lipids are
    • A. 

      Hydrophobic

    • B. 

      Insoluble in water

    • C. 

      Important for energy storage

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not a function in which lipids play an important role?
    • A. 

      Vision

    • B. 

      Membrane structure

    • C. 

      Controlling water

    • D. 

      Storing energy

  • 14. 
    You have isolated an unidentified liquid from a sample of beans. You add the liquid to a beaker of water and shake vigorously. After a few minutes, the water and the other liquid separate into two layers. To which class of large biological molecules does the unknown liquid most likely belong?
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 15. 
    Amino acids are the monomers that join together to form
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 16. 
    Enzymes are
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Proteins

  • 17. 
    Which description BEST fits the class of molecules known as  nucleotides?
    • A. 

      A pentose sugar and a purine or pyrimidine

    • B. 

      A phosphate group and an adenine or uracil

    • C. 

      A nitrogenous base and a pentose sugar

    • D. 

      A nitrogenous base, a phosphate group, and a pentose sugar

  • 18. 
    Which of the following BEST describes the flow of genetic information in eukaryotic cells?
    • A. 

      Proteins ->DNA ->RNA

    • B. 

      DNA->RNA->proteins

    • C. 

      DNA->DNA->RNA

    • D. 

      DNA->proteins->DNA

  • 19. 
    Hemoglobin is a globular protein composed of four polypeptide chains and their associated heme groups. Each polypeptide chain is a string of amino acids. What holds the amino acids together?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Double covalent bonds

    • C. 

      Ionic bonds

    • D. 

      Peptide bonds

  • 20. 
    Think about the 3 components of a nucleotide. Now, which molecules are components of RNA (which is made of nucleotides)? (hint: think about A,C,T,G, and U...which one is unique to RNA??)
    • A. 

      Phosphate, ribose, thymine

    • B. 

      Phosphate, ribose, uracil

    • C. 

      Phosphate, deoxyribose, uracil

    • D. 

      Phosphate, deoxyribose, thymine

  • 21. 
    Which organic molecules store the genetic information of a cell?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Lipids

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 22. 
    What is the major purpose of DNA?
    • A. 

      To protect the cells from viruses

    • B. 

      To help in amino acid biosynthesis

    • C. 

      To store genetic information and serve as template to make RNA

    • D. 

      To make carbohydrates during photosynthesis

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