YMCA L3 Anatomy - Posture And Core Stability

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 419

SettingsSettingsSettings
YMCA L3 Anatomy - Posture And Core Stability - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which core stability system is provided by the spinal column and ligaments?
    • A. 

      Passive

    • B. 

      Active

    • C. 

      Neural control

    • D. 

      Homeostasis

  • 2. 
    Which core stability system refers to muscular activity?
    • A. 

      Active

    • B. 

      Passive

    • C. 

      Neural control

    • D. 

      Proprioception

  • 3. 
    Neural control is feedback from the body systems from the
    • A. 

      Proprioceptors

    • B. 

      Chemoreceptors

    • C. 

      Thermoreceptors

    • D. 

      Baroreceptors

  • 4. 
    Which ligament extends along the length of the spine to prevent excessive forward flexion?
    • A. 

      Posterior longitudinal ligament

    • B. 

      Anterior longitudinal ligament

    • C. 

      Interspinous ligament

    • D. 

      Supraspinous ligament

  • 5. 
    Where do the anterior spinal ligaments help to maintain spine stability?
    • A. 

      At the front of the vertebral bodies

    • B. 

      At the back of the vertebral bodies

    • C. 

      To the side of the vertebral bodies

    • D. 

      Inside the vertebral bodies

  • 6. 
    Which ligament extends along the length of the spine to prevent hyperextension of the spine?
    • A. 

      Anterior longitudinal ligament

    • B. 

      Interspinous ligament

    • C. 

      Supraspinous ligament

    • D. 

      Posterior longitudinal ligament

  • 7. 
    What muscles should be strengthened to assist the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF) in stabilising the spine?
    • A. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • B. 

      Hamstrings

    • C. 

      Pectoralis major

    • D. 

      Erector spinae

  • 8. 
    What gives passive support to the spine?
    • A. 

      Thoracolumbar fascia

    • B. 

      Sacroiliac joint

    • C. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • D. 

      Ligamentum flavum

  • 9. 
    Intra-abdominal pressure provides support for which area of the spine?             
    • A. 

      Lumbar

    • B. 

      Cervical

    • C. 

      Sacral

    • D. 

      Thoracic

  • 10. 
    What muscle would be described as a local muscle?
    • A. 

      Transverse abdominis

    • B. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      External obliques

    • D. 

      Erector spinae

  • 11. 
    What are the ‘global’ stabilising muscles of the spine?
    • A. 

      Superficial

    • B. 

      Deep

    • C. 

      Pelvic floor

    • D. 

      TLF

  • 12. 
    What is the role of the global muscles of the spine?
    • A. 

      To prevent or produce a specific joint action

    • B. 

      Prevent unwanted movement

    • C. 

      Maintain neutral spine

    • D. 

      Reduce injury risk

  • 13. 
    Which of the following are the pelvic floor muscles?
    • A. 

      Levator ani and coccygeus

    • B. 

      Satorius and Multifudis

    • C. 

      Spinalis and quadratus lumborum

    • D. 

      Iliocostalis and iliacus

  • 14. 
    Excessive abdominal adiposity is most associated with what type of postural deviation?
    • A. 

      Lordosis

    • B. 

      Kyphosis

    • C. 

      Scoliosis

    • D. 

      Deiphosis

  • 15. 
    What common muscle imbalance can develop, leading to insufficient core stabilisation?           
    • A. 

      Dominant muscles tighten and weaker muscles lengthen

    • B. 

      Dominant muscles and weaker muscles tighten

    • C. 

      Dominant muscles lengthen and weaker muscles tighten

    • D. 

      Dominant muscles and weaker muscles lengthen

  • 16. 
    What muscle, when it becomes shortened, contributes to a forwards pelvic tilt?
    • A. 

      Erector spinae

    • B. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      Quadriceps

    • D. 

      Gluteus maximus

  • 17. 
    What exercises would benefit an individual with lordosis?
    • A. 

      Hamstring curl

    • B. 

      Back extension

    • C. 

      Lat pull down

    • D. 

      Calf raises

  • 18. 
    What measures can help to correct a kyphotic posture?
    • A. 

      Stretch anterior muscles and strengthen posterior muscles

    • B. 

      Strengthen anterior muscles and stretch posterior muscles

    • C. 

      Stretch anterior and posterior muscles

    • D. 

      Strengthen anterior and posterior muscles

  • 19. 
    What developmental postural adaptations has the greatest impact upon normal breathing patterns?
    • A. 

      Kyphosis

    • B. 

      Lordosis

    • C. 

      Scoliosis

    • D. 

      Meiphosis

  • 20. 
    What conditions would most likely result in a forward head position, potentially leading to muscle tension and headaches?
    • A. 

      Kyphosis

    • B. 

      Lordosis

    • C. 

      Scoliosis

    • D. 

      Meiphosis

  • 21. 
    What is a benefit of core stability training?
    • A. 

      Improved balance

    • B. 

      Decreased application of force

    • C. 

      Decreased appearance

    • D. 

      Increased risk of injury

  • 22. 
    Strengthening which muscles can help to correct lordosis?
    • A. 

      Erector spinae

    • B. 

      Quadriceps

    • C. 

      Hamstrings

    • D. 

      Gluteus maximus

  • 23. 
    What type of stretching has the lowest risk of injury?
    • A. 

      Static

    • B. 

      Dynamic

    • C. 

      PNF

    • D. 

      Ballistic

  • 24. 
    What is dynamic stretching?
    • A. 

      Stretching performed with controlled movements

    • B. 

      Stretching performed by holding a stretch

    • C. 

      Stretching is performed by working with a partner

    • D. 

      Stretching that has a high risk of injury

  • 25. 
    Which of the following exercises would not improve core stability?
    • A. 

      High impact exercises

    • B. 

      Plank

    • C. 

      Supine lying abdominals

    • D. 

      Four-point balances

Back to Top Back to top