Functional Anatomy Upper Extremity

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 357

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

This will test functional anatomy and bio-mechanics in preparation for the physical therapy board exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The osteology of the shoulder region consists of three basic parts.  What are they
    • A. 

      Ulna, radius, scapula

    • B. 

      Scapula, humerus, clavicle

    • C. 

      Thorax, acromion, clavicle

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The proximal end of the humerus is approximately ______________ a spheroid.
    • A. 

      1/3rd

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      1/4

    • D. 

      1/5

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Head of the humerus is retroverted how many degrees?
    • A. 

      10-20

    • B. 

      20-30

    • C. 

      30-40

    • D. 

      40-50

    • E. 

      50-60

  • 4. 
    The longitudinal axis of the head of the humerus is how many degrees from the axis of the neck?
    • A. 

      120

    • B. 

      125

    • C. 

      130

    • D. 

      135

    • E. 

      140

  • 5. 
    The scapula sits over which ribs
    • A. 

      1-6

    • B. 

      2-5

    • C. 

      3-7

    • D. 

      2-7

  • 6. 
    The lateral angle of the the scapula bears the glenoid fossa which faces
    • A. 

      Anteriorly, laterally, superiorly

    • B. 

      Posteiroly, medially, inferoirly

    • C. 

      Posteriorly, laterlaly, inferiorly

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    The orientation of the glenoid fossa places true abduction at how many degrees anterior to the frontal plane
    • A. 

      20

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      40

    • D. 

      50

    • E. 

      A or c

  • 8. 
    The clavicle extends laterally and links what to what?
    • A. 

      Manubrium to acromion

    • B. 

      Sternum to clavicle

    • C. 

      Xiphoid process to manubrium

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The capusle of the shoulder attaches where
    • A. 

      Medially to the anatomical neck, lateral to the glenoid

    • B. 

      Medial to the glenoid labrum, glenoid margin, and coracoid process

    • C. 

      Laterally to the glenoid labrum, and lateral to the glenoid process

    • D. 

      A and c

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    The capsule attaches lateral to the humeral anatomical neck and descents approximately 1 cm down the shaft of the humerus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Which tendons support the capsule?
    • A. 

      Supraspinatus, infrasinatus, teres major, teres minor

    • B. 

      Supraspinauts, infrasupinatus, teres minor, supbscapularis, long of tricpes

    • C. 

      Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres major, subscapularis, long head of triceps

    • D. 

      Supraspintus, infraspinatus, teres minor, long head of biceps

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    The inferior capsule is least supported and most lax
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The glenoid labrum is a fibrocartilaginous rings that deepens the glenoid fossa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    The labrum attaches to the capsule where
    • A. 

      Superiorly, inferiorly, and superiorly to the long head of the biceps

    • B. 

      Superior, lateral, medial

    • C. 

      Supeirorly, laterally, inferiorly to the anattomical neck

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      A or c

  • 15. 
    The internal surface of the labrum is covered with
    • A. 

      Articular cartilage which is thinner periopherally, and thicker centraly

    • B. 

      Articular cartilage which is both thicker peripherally and centrally

    • C. 

      Articular cartilage which is thicker peripherally, and thinner centrally

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    The labrum aids in lubrication like meniscus of knee and serves to protect the bone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    How many burase are found within the shoulder region?
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Multiple

    • D. 

      Zero

  • 18. 
    Where is the primary bursa involed with pathology found?
    • A. 

      Inferior capsule region between the teres major and minor

    • B. 

      Subacromial bursa between the deltoid and the capusle

    • C. 

      Under the acromion and coracoarcomial ligament and between the supraspinatus tendon.

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 19. 
    What are the requirements of full elevation of the gleno-humeral joint?
    • A. 

      Scapular stabilzation, inferior glide of humerus

    • B. 

      Scapular depression, superior glide of humerus

    • C. 

      External rotation of humerus, rotation of the clavicle at the sterno-clavicular joint

    • D. 

      Scapular abduction and lateral rotation of the acromiclavicular joint, straigthening of thoracic kyphosis

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    The humeroulnar joint is the
    • A. 

      Distal end of the humerus articulating with the proximal end of the ulna

    • B. 

      Proximal of the humerus attaching to the glenoid

    • C. 

      Distal end of the humerus articulating with the proximal end of the ulna

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      Trochlear articulating with the trochlear groove

  • 21. 
    The trochlea at the trochlear notch face posteriorly at an angle of 45 degrees allowing space between the ulna and humerus during flexion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The humeroradial joint is the distal end of the humerus which is the capitulum articulating with the concave oval facet of the proximal radius
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The proximal radio-ulnar joint consists of what?
    • A. 

      Radial head which is ovoid and cone-shaped

    • B. 

      Medial radius convex attaching with the radial notch of the ulna, which is concave

    • C. 

      A and B

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    The distal radial ulnar joint consists of what?
    • A. 

      Convex ulna articulating with the concave radius

    • B. 

      Concave ulna articulating with convex radius

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    The elbow capsule encloses the entire elbow joint complex.  It is thin both anteriorly and posteriorly.  It is continuous medially with ulnar collateral ligament and laterally with the radial collateral ligament.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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