Musculoskeletal Med-surg

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Muscles make up approximately 40 percent of total weight with the heart being the hardest-working muscle in the body. Many things can hinder the system from functioning correctly and from correcting some of them a surgery must take place. The quiz below is perfect for refreshing your memory on some of the vocabulary used in such surgeries.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    SURGICAL PUNCTURE OF A JOINT
    • A. 

      ARTHROCENTESIS

    • B. 

      ARTHOPLASTY

    • C. 

      ARTHODESIS

  • 2. 
    REPAIR OF A JOINT SURFACE OR SURFACES
    • A. 

      ARTHODESIS

    • B. 

      ARTHROCENTESIS

    • C. 

      ARTHOPLASTY

  • 3. 
    SURGICAL FUSION OF A JOINT
    • A. 

      ARTHOPLASTY

    • B. 

      ARTHODESIS

    • C. 

      ARTHROCENTESIS

  • 4. 
    JOINT WITH SLIGHT MOVEMENT
    • A. 

      SYNARTHROSIS

    • B. 

      DIARTHROSIS

    • C. 

      AMPHIARTHROSIS

  • 5. 
    JOINT WITH FREE MOVEMENT
    • A. 

      DIARTHROSIS

    • B. 

      SYNARTHROSIS

    • C. 

      AMPHIARTHROSIS

  • 6. 
    JOINT WITH NO MOVEMENT
    • A. 

      SYNARTHROSIS

    • B. 

      AMPHIARTHROSIS

    • C. 

      DIARTHROSIS

  • 7. 
    FOURTH FUNCTION OF THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM
    • A. 

      TENDON SUPPORT

    • B. 

      VENOUS BLOOD RETURN

    • C. 

      ANTIBODY FORMATION

  • 8. 
    EPIMYSIUM, PERIMYSIUM, ENDOMYSIUM FORM/RELATE TO THE
    • A. 

      NERVE BUNDLES

    • B. 

      MUSCLE MATRIX

    • C. 

      TENDONS

  • 9. 
    ENZYME THAT BREAKS DOWN ACETYLCHOLINE
    • A. 

      CHOLINESTRATE

    • B. 

      NEUROSTRATE

    • C. 

      URIC ACID

  • 10. 
    EACH MUSCLE USUALLY IS PENETRATED BY
    • A. 

      TWO ARTERIES, ONE VEIN, ONE NERVE

    • B. 

      MULTIPLE NERVES, ONE VEIN, ONE ARTERY

    • C. 

      TWO VEINS, ONE ARTERY, ONE NERVE

  • 11. 
    MOST COMMON DISCOMFORT AFTER A MYELOGRAM
    • A. 

      BACK PAIN

    • B. 

      HEADACHE

    • C. 

      NECK STIFFNESS

  • 12. 
    AFTER A MYELOGRAM, PATIENT SHOULD REMAIN IN WHAT POSITION FOR AT LEAST 8 HOURS
    • A. 

      HIGH FOWLERS

    • B. 

      PRONE

    • C. 

      SEMI-FOWLERS

  • 13. 
    DURING A CT SCAN THE PATIENT MAY FEEL
    • A. 

      CHILLED AND CLAMY

    • B. 

      HEART TACHYCARDIA AND CONFUSION

    • C. 

      WARM AND SOMEWHAT NAUSEATED

  • 14. 
    OSTEOMYELITIS IS BEST DETECTED BY WHICH TEST
    • A. 

      ELECTROMYOGRAM WITH ATOMIC DYE

    • B. 

      CT SCAN

    • C. 

      BONE SCAN

  • 15. 
    IN A BONE SCAN ATOMIC DYE IS GIVEN BY IV WHEN
    • A. 

      24 HOURS BEFORE PROCEDURE

    • B. 

      DURING THE PROCEDURE

    • C. 

      2-3 HOURS BEFORE PROCEDURE

  • 16. 
    MOST ENDOSCOPIC PROCEDURES REQUIRE PATIENT TO BE ON NPO STATUS HOW LONG BEFORE PROCEDURE
    • A. 

      2-4 HOURS

    • B. 

      6-12 HOURS

    • C. 

      NPO NOT NEEEDED

  • 17. 
    ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE LEVEL ARE ELEVATED IN
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      MI

    • C. 

      GOUT

  • 18. 
    NONSPECIFIC TEST TO DETECT INFLAMMATION
    • A. 

      ESR

    • B. 

      RA

    • C. 

      MCG

  • 19. 
    9.5 TO 10.5 IS A NORMAL LEVEL FOR
    • A. 

      MYOGLOBIN

    • B. 

      CALCIUM

    • C. 

      POTASSIUM

  • 20. 
    INFLAMMATION OF SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE,
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • 21. 
    CARTILAGE DEGENERATION FROM NORMAL WEAR AND TEAR
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • 22. 
    FEMALES ARE AT HIGHER RISK
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • 23. 
    ONLY ONE SIDE OF BODY MAYBE AFFECTED
    • A. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

  • 24. 
    MAINTAIN AND ENCOURAGE ACTIVITY LEVEL WITHOUT RESTRICTION
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • 25. 
    SYSTEMIC DISEASE
    • A. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

  • 26. 
    AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
    • A. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

  • 27. 
    COX-2 INHIBITORS (CELEBREX) USED FOR TREATMENT
    • A. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

    • B. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

  • 28. 
    PROVIDES RELIEF FROM RHEUMATOID PAIN
    • A. 

      ICE WATER SOAKS

    • B. 

      HOT WAX TREATMENTS

    • C. 

      TWO OR THREE ONE HOUR EXERCISE SESSIONS A DAY

  • 29. 
    AKS( SPONDYLITIS) AFFECTS
    • A. 

      KNEES AND ANKLES

    • B. 

      HIPS AND SPINE

    • C. 

      FINGERS AND TOES

  • 30. 
    YOU ARE LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED BY AKS AT WHAT AGE
    • A. 

      OVER 60

    • B. 

      40-50

    • C. 

      UNDER 30

  • 31. 
    HEBERDENS AND BOUCHARDS NODES ARE EVIDENT IN
    • A. 

      AKA

    • B. 

      OSTEOARTHRITIS

    • C. 

      RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

  • 32. 
    GOUT IS WHAT TYPE OF DIEASE
    • A. 

      AUTOIMMUNE

    • B. 

      METABOLIC

    • C. 

      DISEASE MAINLY OF WOMEN

  • 33. 
    GOUT IS CAUSED BY ACCUMULATION OF ________________ IN THE BLOOD
    • A. 

      URIC ACID

    • B. 

      URINE

    • C. 

      URIC ACID ANTIBODIES

  • 34. 
    TOPHI IS USUALLY MANIFESTED IN THE
    • A. 

      FINGERS

    • B. 

      TOES

    • C. 

      ALL EXTREMITIES

  • 35. 
    IF USING GOUT DRUGS LIKE COLCHICINE, YOU SHOULD AVOID
    • A. 

      TYLENOL

    • B. 

      MORPHINE

    • C. 

      ASPIRIN

  • 36. 
    SLOWS BONE LOSS
    • A. 

      MIACALIN

    • B. 

      FOSMAX

    • C. 

      FORTEO

  • 37. 
    HELPS PREVENTS BONE LOSS AND SPINE FRACTURES
    • A. 

      MIACALIN

    • B. 

      FORTEO

    • C. 

      EVISTA

  • 38. 
    FOSMAX SHOULD BE GIVEN
    • A. 

      AM WITH 8 OUNCE OF WATER

    • B. 

      PM WITH 8 OUNCE WATER

    • C. 

      WITHOUT ANY FLUIDS

  • 39. 
    AMOUNT OF CALCIUM NEEDED BY WOMEN DAILY
    • A. 

      1000 MG

    • B. 

      1500MG

    • C. 

      OVER 2000MG

  • 40. 
    OSTEOMYELITIS CAN BE THOUGHT OF AS
    • A. 

      INFECTION OF BONE AND MARROW

    • B. 

      MINERAL BASED DISEASE

    • C. 

      VITAMIN BASED DISEASE

  • 41. 
    FIBROMYALGIA DOES NOT CAUSE PERMANENT DAMAGE
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    VOLKMANNS CONTRACTURE IS SEEN WHERE
    • A. 

      FEET AND TOES

    • B. 

      WRIST AND FINGERS

    • C. 

      SPINE AND NECK

  • 43. 
    FAT EMBOLISM IS THE MOST SERIOUS COMPLICATION OF
    • A. 

      LONG BONE FRACTURE

    • B. 

      GAS GANGRENE

    • C. 

      NECK FRACTURES

  • 44. 
    VERTEBRAE SURGERY  PATIENTS BED POSITION SHOULD BE
    • A. 

      LESS THAN 30%

    • B. 

      UPRIGHT AS POSSIBLE

    • C. 

      CHANGE FROM HIGH TO FLAT EVERY 30 MINUTES

  • 45. 
    BONES SERVE AS STORAGE FOR WHAT TWO MAIN MINERALS
    • A. 

      CALCIUM AND IRON

    • B. 

      CALCIUM AND PHOS

    • C. 

      CALCIUM AND POTASSIUM

  • 46. 
    HEMATOPOIESIS OCCURS WHERE
    • A. 

      YELLOW MARROW

    • B. 

      RED MARROW

    • C. 

      SPLEEN AND RED MARROW

  • 47. 
    TEST TO HELP CONFIRM RA
    • A. 

      PTT

    • B. 

      INR

    • C. 

      ESR

  • 48. 
    GOUT INDICATOR
    • A. 

      HEBERDENS NODES

    • B. 

      HOMANS SIGN

    • C. 

      TOPHI

  • 49. 
    AFTER A FOREARM FRACTURE, COMPLAINTS OF SHARP,DEEP,UNRELENTING PAIN IN THE HAND NOT HELPED BY PAIN MEDICATION MAY INDICATE
    • A. 

      FAT EMBOLISM

    • B. 

      GANGRENE

    • C. 

      COMPARTMENT SYNDROME

  • 50. 
    AFTER A FRACTURE OF THE FEMUR 48 HOURS AGO THE NURSE NOTICES PETECHIAE ON THE CHEST,NECK AND CONJUNCTIVA, SHE SUSPECTS
    • A. 

      FAT EMBOLISM

    • B. 

      DVT

    • C. 

      DEVELOPING G AS GANGRENE

  • 51. 
    WHICH OF THESE LEADS YOU TO SUSPECT COMPARTMENT SYNDROME
    • A. 

      BUBBLES UNDER THE SKIN

    • B. 

      HYPOTENSION, TACHYCARDIA, TACHYPENA

    • C. 

      NO PULSE IN AFFECTED EXTREMITY

  • 52. 
    YOU SEE YOUR PATIENT WHO HAS JUST HAD A HIP REPLACEMENT LYING ON HER SIDE THAT HAS BEEN REPLACED , YOU
    • A. 

      REALIZE THAT THIS NOT A PROBLEM

    • B. 

      INSTRUCT HER TO TURN EVERY TWO HOURS OR CALL FOR HELP IF NEEDED

    • C. 

      CORRECT HER POSITION AND TELL HER TO NOT LIE ON HER REPAIRED SIDE

  • 53. 
    MOVEMENT AWAY FROM THE BODY IS CALLED
    • A. 

      ADDUCTION

    • B. 

      ABDUCTION

    • C. 

      PRONATION

  • 54. 
    DORSIFLEXION INVOLVES
    • A. 

      ELEVATION OF THE WRIST

    • B. 

      TILTING THE FOOT UPWARDS

    • C. 

      MOVING THE FOOT DOWN IN THE PLANTAR REGION

  • 55. 
    PALM FACING UP
    • A. 

      EXTENSION

    • B. 

      SUPINATION

    • C. 

      PRONATION

  • 56. 
    AXIAL MUSCLES MAY BE FOUND ON THE
    • A. 

      HEAD

    • B. 

      LEGS

    • C. 

      ARMS

  • 57. 
    SEQUESTRUM REFERS TO
    • A. 

      RECENTLY FRACTURED BONE

    • B. 

      HEALTHY BONE

    • C. 

      DIEASED AREA OF BONE

  • 58. 
    CREPITUS IS EXPECTED TO BE HEAR IN
    • A. 

      MUSCLE TEARS

    • B. 

      FRACTURES

    • C. 

      EMBOLI

  • 59. 
    • A. 

      GASTROINTESTINAL

    • B. 

      RESPIRATORY

    • C. 

      CMS

  • 60. 
    THE INNER KNEE COMPARTMENT IS CALLED THE
    • A. 

      LATERAL

    • B. 

      MEDIA

    • C. 

      PATELLOFEMORAL

  • 61. 
    A HIP FRACTURE PATIENT WOULD NEED TO KEEP HIS LEGS IN WHAT POSITION POST SURGERY BY USE OF A FOAM BOLSTER
    • A. 

      ABDUCTED

    • B. 

      ADDUCTED

    • C. 

      PRONE

  • 62. 
    ALLOPURINOL, PROBENECID, AND SULFINPYRAZONE ARE USED IN TREATMENT OF
    • A. 

      HOLMAN'S SIGN

    • B. 

      HEBERDEN'S NODES

    • C. 

      GOUT

  • 63. 
    IRREVERSIBLE MUSCLE ISCHEMIA AS A RESULT OF COMPARTMENT SYNDROME CAN OCCUR WITHIN
    • A. 

      30 MINUTES

    • B. 

      1 HOUR

    • C. 

      6 HOURS

  • 64. 
    CONTUSIONS ARE SOFT TISSUE DAMAGE CAUSED BY BLUNT TRAUMA CAUSING WHAT FLUID TO POL IN THE AREA
    • A. 

      BLOOD

    • B. 

      TISSUE

    • C. 

      INTRACELLUAR

  • 65. 
    WHEN WALKING WITH A CANE, HOLD THE CANE IN THE OPPOSITE HAND OF THE AFFECTED SIDE AND
    • A. 

      ADVANCE THE CANE AND AFFECTED LEG TOGETHER

    • B. 

      ADVANCE THE CANE AND GOOD LEG TOGETHER

    • C. 

      ADVANCE THE AFFECTED LEG FIRST THEN THE CANE

  • 66. 
    RHEUMATOID FACTOR (RA) TESTS LOOK FOR ELEVATED LEVELS OF
    • A. 

      CALCIUM

    • B. 

      STEROIDS

    • C. 

      SERUM PROTEIN

  • 67. 
    NORMAL PHOSPHORUS RANGE
    • A. 

      2.5-4.5

    • B. 

      6.5-7.5

    • C. 

      LESS THAN 1

  • 68. 
    A CRACKLING SENSATION OF THE SKIN OR BUBBLES MAY INDICATE WHICH CONDITION
    • A. 

      DVT

    • B. 

      GANGRENE

    • C. 

      COMPARTMENT SYNDROME

  • 69. 
    YOU SUSPECT A THROMBOEMBOLOUS IN YOUR PATIENT, YOU ADJUST HIS BED TO
    • A. 

      HIGH FOWLERS

    • B. 

      LOW FOWLERS

    • C. 

      FOOT OF BED SLIGHTLY ELEVATED

  • 70. 
    GAS GANGRENE TOXINS CAUSE
    • A. 

      HEMOLYSIS

    • B. 

      DESTRUCTION OF WBC

    • C. 

      ILEUS

  • 71. 
    WITH CONTUSIONS THERE IS A RISK FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WHAT CONDITION
    • A. 

      FAT EMBOLISM

    • B. 

      CELLULITIS

    • C. 

      CANCERS

  • 72. 
    PROCAINE INFILTRATION MAY BE USED TO TREAT STUMPS IN AMPUTEES FOR PHANTOM PAIN
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 73. 
    FLAT BONES ARE FOUND
    • A. 

      SKULL

    • B. 

      FEET

    • C. 

      WRIST

  • 74. 
    IRREGULAR BONES ARE FOUND
    • A. 

      VERTEBRAE

    • B. 

      CHEST AND RIBS

    • C. 

      PELVIS

  • 75. 
    BONE ARTICULATION OCCURS AT JOINTS
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 76. 
    A GONIOMETER MEASURES JOINT ANGLES
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 77. 
    CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE DISORDER OF THE SACROILIAC AND HIP, SYNOVIAL JOINTS AND ADJACENT SOFT TISSUE. AFFECTS YOUNG MEN,HEREDITY A FACTOR
    • A. 

      ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS

    • B. 

      ARTHRITIS

    • C. 

      GOUT

  • 78. 
    BONE INJURY WHERE BACTERIA ENTERS THROUGH THE BLOODSTREAM FROM ANOTHER PART OF THE BODY CAUSING INFECTION OF THE BONE AND MARROW
    • A. 

      GOUT

    • B. 

      BONE CANCER

    • C. 

      OSTEOMYELITIS

  • 79. 
    THE NURSE ENTERS A PATIENTS ROOM ONE DAY POST SURGERY AND NOTICES HIS WIFE MASSAGING HIS CALF AREA, HER RESPONSE SHOULD BE
    • A. 

      THAT WILL HELP WITH HIS CIRCULATION

    • B. 

      THAT WILL PREVENT CLOTS FROM FORMING

    • C. 

      DO NOT MASSAGE THE LOWER EXTREMITIES, A THROMBOEMBOLUS MAY EXIST

  • 80. 
    HOMANS SIGN,PT,,INR, AND DOPPLER ARE USED IN CONFIRMING A
    • A. 

      FAT EMBOLISM

    • B. 

      DVT

    • C. 

      TOPHI

  • 81. 
    RA IS A PREDISPOSING FACTOR FOR CARPAL TUNNEL
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 82. 
    PREGNANT WOMEN ARE AT RISK FOR CARPAL TUNNEL IN THE LAST TRIMESTER
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    PHALENS MANEUVER IS USED TO DETECT CARPAL TUNNEL
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False