Shoulder Girdle Anatomy Quiz: Test!

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Shoulder Girdle Anatomy Quiz: Test! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the gross anatomy of the sternoclavicular joint? 

    • A.

      Scapula

    • B.

      Manubrium of sternum

    • C.

      Body of sternum

    • D.

      Clavicle

    • E.

      Xiphoid process of sternum

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Manubrium of sternum
    D. Clavicle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is manubrium of sternum and clavicle. The sternoclavicular joint is formed by the articulation of the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum. This joint allows for movement of the clavicle and is important for shoulder mobility and stability. The scapula, body of sternum, and xiphoid process of sternum are not directly involved in the gross anatomy of the sternoclavicular joint.

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  • 2. 

    What is the gross anatomy of the acromioclavicular joint? 

    • A.

      Clavicle

    • B.

      Sternum

    • C.

      Coracoid process of scapula 

    • D.

      Spine of scapula

    • E.

      Acromion process of scapula

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Clavicle
    E. Acromion process of scapula
    Explanation
    The gross anatomy of the acromioclavicular joint includes the clavicle and the acromion process of the scapula. These two structures come together to form the joint, allowing for movement and stability in the shoulder. The clavicle is a long bone that connects the sternum to the scapula, while the acromion process is a bony projection on the scapula that extends over the shoulder joint. Together, these two structures create the acromioclavicular joint, which plays a crucial role in shoulder function.

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  • 3. 

    What is the gross anatomy of the scapulothoracic joint?

    • A.

      Spine of scapula

    • B.

      Clavicle

    • C.

      Sternum

    • D.

      Thoracic cage

    • E.

      Scapula

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Thoracic cage
    E. Scapula
    Explanation
    The scapulothoracic joint is formed by the articulation between the scapula (shoulder blade) and the thoracic cage (ribcage). This joint allows for movement of the scapula along the posterior aspect of the thoracic cage. The scapula moves in coordination with the clavicle and humerus to facilitate various movements of the shoulder joint. The spine of the scapula is a prominent bony ridge on the posterior aspect of the scapula, while the clavicle and sternum are not directly involved in the gross anatomy of the scapulothoracic joint.

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  • 4. 

    What is the gross anatomy of the glenohumeral joint?

    • A.

      Subscapularis

    • B.

      Scapula

    • C.

      Humerus

    • D.

      Radius

    • E.

      Clavicle

    • F.

      Supraspinatus

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Scapula
    C. Humerus
    E. Clavicle
    Explanation
    The correct answer is scapula, humerus, and clavicle. The glenohumeral joint is the ball-and-socket joint that connects the upper arm bone (humerus) to the shoulder blade (scapula) and collarbone (clavicle). These three bones work together to allow a wide range of motion in the shoulder joint. The scapula provides a stable base for the humerus to articulate, while the clavicle helps to anchor the shoulder joint and provide additional stability.

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  • 5. 

    The acromioclavicular joint is a component of the shoulder girdle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The acromioclavicular joint is indeed a component of the shoulder girdle. This joint is formed by the meeting of the acromion, which is a part of the scapula (shoulder blade), and the clavicle (collarbone). It is responsible for connecting the upper limb to the axial skeleton and plays a crucial role in shoulder movement and stability. Therefore, the statement "the acromioclavicular joint is a component of the shoulder girdle" is true.

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  • 6. 

    The full name for the GHJ of the shoulder girdle.

    Correct Answer
    glenohumeral joint
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "glenohumeral joint." The glenohumeral joint refers to the joint between the glenoid cavity of the scapula and the head of the humerus bone. It is a ball-and-socket joint that allows for a wide range of motion in the shoulder girdle. The term "glenohumeral" combines the words "glenoid" and "humeral," which are the specific anatomical structures involved in this joint.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these bones contribute to the shoulder girdle?

    • A.

      Scapulae

    • B.

      Thoracic cage

    • C.

      Ulna

    • D.

      Clavicle

    • E.

      Body of sternum

    • F.

      Manubrium of sternum

    • G.

      Humerus

    • H.

      Femur

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Scapulae
    D. Clavicle
    F. Manubrium of sternum
    G. Humerus
    Explanation
    The scapulae, clavicle, manubrium of sternum, and humerus all contribute to the shoulder girdle. The scapulae are the shoulder blades, which connect to the clavicles or collarbones. The clavicles then connect to the manubrium of the sternum or the upper part of the breastbone. Lastly, the humerus is the long bone in the upper arm that connects to the shoulder joint. Together, these bones form the structure of the shoulder girdle, allowing for movement and stability in the shoulder area.

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  • 8. 

    The sternocostal joint is part of the shoulder girdle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The sternocostal joint is not part of the shoulder girdle. It is actually a joint between the sternum and the ribs, and is responsible for allowing movement of the ribcage during breathing. The shoulder girdle, on the other hand, consists of the clavicle and scapula bones, which connect the upper limb to the axial skeleton. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following joints are contained within the shoulder girdle?

    • A.

      Acromioclavicular, sternocostal and glenohumeral

    • B.

      Sternochondral, sternoclavicular and acromioclavicular

    • C.

      Glenohumeral, manubriosternal and sternoclavicular

    • D.

      Acromioclavicular, sternoclavicular and glenohumeral

    Correct Answer
    D. Acromioclavicular, sternoclavicular and glenohumeral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is acromioclavicular, sternoclavicular, and glenohumeral. These joints are all part of the shoulder girdle. The acromioclavicular joint is where the acromion process of the scapula meets the clavicle. The sternoclavicular joint is where the clavicle meets the sternum. The glenohumeral joint is the main joint of the shoulder, where the head of the humerus articulates with the glenoid fossa of the scapula. These three joints work together to provide movement and stability to the shoulder.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following muscles are in the shoulder girdle from the Upper Limb to the Vertebral Column?

    • A.

      Trapezius

    • B.

      Pectoralis minor

    • C.

      Latissimus dorsi

    • D.

      Rhomboid major

    • E.

      Rhomboid minor

    • F.

      Serratus anterior

    • G.

      Supraspinatus

    • H.

      Levator scapulae

    • I.

      Infraspinatus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Trapezius
    C. Latissimus dorsi
    D. Rhomboid major
    E. Rhomboid minor
    H. Levator scapulae
    Explanation
    The muscles in the shoulder girdle from the Upper Limb to the Vertebral Column include the trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, and levator scapulae. These muscles are responsible for various movements and stability of the shoulder joint. The trapezius helps to elevate, retract, and rotate the scapula. The latissimus dorsi assists in adduction, extension, and medial rotation of the humerus. The rhomboid major and rhomboid minor retract and stabilize the scapula. The levator scapulae elevates the scapula and assists in lateral flexion and rotation of the neck.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following muscles are in the shoulder girdle from the Upper Limb to the Thoracic Wall?

    • A.

      Rhomboid major

    • B.

      Rhomboid minor

    • C.

      Pectoralis major

    • D.

      Pectoralis minor

    • E.

      Trapezius

    • F.

      Subclavius

    • G.

      Deltoid

    • H.

      Serratus anterior

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Pectoralis major
    D. Pectoralis minor
    F. Subclavius
    H. Serratus anterior
    Explanation
    The muscles in the shoulder girdle from the Upper Limb to the Thoracic Wall include the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, subclavius, and serratus anterior. These muscles are all located in the shoulder region and play a role in various movements and stabilization of the shoulder joint. The rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, trapezius, and deltoid are not part of the shoulder girdle muscles.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following muscles are in the shoulder girdle and connect the scapula to the humerus?

    • A.

      Deltoid

    • B.

      Teres major

    • C.

      Teres minor

    • D.

      Serratus anterior

    • E.

      Supraspinatus

    • F.

      Trapezius

    • G.

      Infraspinatus

    • H.

      Subscapularis

    • I.

      Subclavius

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Deltoid
    B. Teres major
    C. Teres minor
    E. Supraspinatus
    G. Infraspinatus
    H. Subscapularis
    Explanation
    The muscles in the shoulder girdle that connect the scapula to the humerus are the deltoid, teres major, teres minor, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and subscapularis. These muscles work together to stabilize and move the shoulder joint. The deltoid is the main muscle responsible for shoulder abduction, while the teres major and teres minor assist in shoulder extension and rotation. The supraspinatus and infraspinatus help with shoulder abduction and external rotation, while the subscapularis aids in internal rotation. Together, these muscles allow for a wide range of movement in the shoulder joint.

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  • 13. 

    Subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor are the muscles of the?

    Correct Answer(s)
    rotator cuff
    Explanation
    The subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor are all muscles that make up the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint and help to stabilize and move the shoulder. These muscles work together to provide strength and support to the shoulder, allowing for various movements such as lifting, rotating, and extending the arm. Therefore, the correct answer is the rotator cuff.

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  • 14. 

    What muscle/s produce the movements of the shoulder?

    • A.

      Supraspinatus

    • B.

      Infraspinatus

    • C.

      Teres minor

    • D.

      Teres major

    • E.

      Subscapularis

    • F.

      All of the above except supraspinatus

    • G.

      All of the above except teres minor

    • H.

      All of the above except teres major

    Correct Answer
    H. All of the above except teres major
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above except teres major." The supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis muscles all produce movements of the shoulder. However, the teres major muscle does not directly produce movements of the shoulder. It is primarily responsible for movements of the arm and helps with adduction, extension, and medial rotation of the humerus.

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  • 15. 

    A closed, fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body.

    Correct Answer
    bursa
    Explanation
    A bursa is a closed, fluid-filled sac that acts as a gliding surface to minimize friction between different tissues in the body. It helps to cushion and protect structures such as bones, tendons, and muscles, allowing them to move smoothly against one another. Bursae are commonly found in areas where there is repetitive movement or pressure, such as the joints.

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  • 16. 

    Which of these bursae are present around the shoulder complex?

    • A.

      Subscapular bursa

    • B.

      Subacromial bursa

    • C.

      Subcoracoid bursa

    • D.

      Subdeltoid bursa

    • E.

      Subhumeral bursa

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Subscapular bursa
    B. Subacromial bursa
    C. Subcoracoid bursa
    D. Subdeltoid bursa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is subscapular bursa, subacromial bursa, subcoracoid bursa, and subdeltoid bursa. These bursae are present around the shoulder complex. Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions between bones, tendons, and muscles, reducing friction and allowing smooth movement. The subscapular bursa is located between the subscapularis muscle and the scapula. The subacromial bursa is found between the acromion process of the scapula and the rotator cuff tendons. The subcoracoid bursa is situated beneath the coracoid process of the scapula. The subdeltoid bursa is located between the deltoid muscle and the shoulder joint.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 03, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    18879881
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