Shoulder Girdle

22 Questions

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Shoulder Girdle

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The acromioclavicular joint and the sternoclavicular joint contribute to scapular motions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Which muscle originates from the spinous processes of C7-T5 and inserts on the vertibral border of the scapular between the inferior angle and the spine of the scapula?
    • A. 

      Middle trapezius

    • B. 

      Rhomboids

    • C. 

      Teres major

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior

  • 3. 
    Which muscle originates from the spinous processes of T5-T12 and inserts at the base of the scapular spine?
    • A. 

      Serratus anteroir

    • B. 

      Upper trapezius

    • C. 

      Lower trapezius

    • D. 

      Infraspinatus

  • 4. 
    Which muscle originates on the nuchal ligament and occipital bone and inserts in the lateral third of the clavicle?
    • A. 

      Serratus anterior

    • B. 

      Rhomboids

    • C. 

      Upper Trapezius

    • D. 

      Pectoralis major

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Retraction of the scapula

    • B. 

      Protraction of the scapula

    • C. 

      Coracobrachialis

    • D. 

      Middle trapezius

  • 6. 
    Which muscle is responsible for scapular protraction?
    • A. 

      Pectoralis major

    • B. 

      Serratus anterior

    • C. 

      Coracobrachialis

    • D. 

      Middle trapezius

  • 7. 
    The levator scapula and rhombiods have which of the following motions in common?
    • A. 

      Elevation

    • B. 

      Depression

    • C. 

      Upperward rotation

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 8. 
    The serratus anterior and the pectoralis minor have which of the following motions in common?
    • A. 

      Shoulder medial rotation

    • B. 

      Downward rotation

    • C. 

      Upward rotation

    • D. 

      Protraction

  • 9. 
    If shoulder girdle retraction is the desired motion, which two muscles are agonists in the motion?
    • A. 

      Pectoralis minor and pectoralis major

    • B. 

      Levator scapula and upper trapezius

    • C. 

      Middle trapezius and rhombiods

    • D. 

      Serretus anterior and latissimus dorsi

  • 10. 
    An example of a muscle group that forms a force couple is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Upper trapezius, lower trapezius, levator scapula

    • B. 

      Levator scapula, rhomboids,pectoralis minor

    • C. 

      Rhomboids, upper trapezius,levator scapula

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior and pectoralis minor

  • 11. 
    The bony landmark of the scapula that exists where the vertebral and axillary borders meet is the
    • A. 

      Superior angle

    • B. 

      Inferior angle

    • C. 

      Spine

    • D. 

      Acromion process

  • 12. 
    A person experiencing pain on the superior lateral aspect of the scapula may have pathology involving which of the following structure
    • A. 

      Acromion process

    • B. 

      Glenoid fossa

    • C. 

      Coracoid process

    • D. 

      Deltoid tubercle

  • 13. 
    The ligament that forms an arch over the head of the humerus is the
    • A. 

      Coracoclavicular ligament

    • B. 

      Costoclavicular ligament

    • C. 

      Coracoacromial ligament

    • D. 

      Interclavicular ligament

  • 14. 
    Weakness of trapezius muscle could indicate trauma to which of the following nerves?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerve XI

    • B. 

      Dorsal scapular nerve

    • C. 

      Long theoracic nerve

    • D. 

      Medial pectoral nerve

  • 15. 
    Weakness of the pectoralis muscle could indicate trauma to which of the following nerves?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerve XI

    • B. 

      Dorsal scapular nerve

    • C. 

      Long thoracic nerve

    • D. 

      Medial pectoral nerve

  • 16. 
    Weakness of the rhomboid muscle could indicate trauma to which of the following nerves?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerve

    • B. 

      Dorsal Scapular nerve

    • C. 

      Long thoracic nerve

    • D. 

      Medial pectoral nerve

  • 17. 
    Winging of the scapula is caused by weakness of which shoulder girdle muscle?
    • A. 

      Pectoral minor

    • B. 

      Levator scapula

    • C. 

      Serratus anterior

    • D. 

      Middle trapezius

  • 18. 
    A person who lacks the free motion of upward rotation is limited in which of the following shoulder-joint motions?
    • A. 

      Flexion

    • B. 

      Extension

    • C. 

      Abduction

    • D. 

      A and C

  • 19. 
    What motion would the upper trapezius do in a reversal of muscle action?
    • A. 

      Scapular elevation

    • B. 

      Scapular depression

    • C. 

      Head and neck extension

    • D. 

      Head and neck flexion

  • 20. 
    An example of linear shoulder girdle motion is
    • A. 

      Upward rotation

    • B. 

      Scapular protraction

    • C. 

      Scapular depression

    • D. 

      B and C

  • 21. 
    A client who needs scapular depressor strengthening would need attention to which of the following muscles?
    • A. 

      Rhomboids and middle trapezius

    • B. 

      Serratus anterior and pectoralis minor

    • C. 

      Pectoralis minor and lower trapezius

    • D. 

      Pectoralis minor and pectoralis major

  • 22. 
    A client who needs a stretch to the middle trapezius and rhomboids must position the scapula in which of the following positions?
    • A. 

      Scapular protraction

    • B. 

      Scapular retraction

    • C. 

      Scapular depression

    • D. 

      Scapular downward rotation