Waging wars based on national pride.
Allowing Church courts to become more powerful.
Strengthening ties to the middle class.
Allowing nobles to create their own armies.
Science was believed to be connected to witchcraft.
Scholars thought knowledge had to fit with church teachings.
Translations of scientific texts had not yet made it to Europe.
A scientific study was banned from European universities.
Use of money economy
Use of credit
Use of guilds
Use of charters
They imposed high taxes on clergy and nobles.
They abolished the practice of hereditary succession.
They increased their lands by taking land from the Church.
They imposed royal law over their whole domain.
The Song of Roland.
The Poem of El Cid.
He wanted to conquer Constantinople.
He wanted to drive the Turks out of the Holy Land.
He wanted to defend trade routes from Muslim attacks.
He wanted to protect the Byzantine empire's territory.
People united in prayer, encouraging religious tolerance.
Large increases in prices of goods and wages.
Doctors made rapid advances in medicine.
Peasants moved to cities seeking medical care.
Launch her own crusade against Muslims and Jews.
Enforce a policy of religious toleration in Spain.
Massacre Muslims in conquered cities.
Move Muslims and Jews to the New World.
Pope Gregory VII
They stopped using the scholastic method.
They dismissed the writings as heresy.
They experienced a revolution in learning.
Scholastics turned their backs on their faith.