Waging wars based on national pride
Allowing Church courts to become more powerful
Strengthening ties to the middle class
Allowing nobles to create their own armies
Science was believed to be connected to witchcraft
Scholars thought knowledge had to fit with church teachings
Translations of scientific texts had not yet made it to Europe
Scientific study was banned from European universities
Use of money economy
Use of credit
Use of guilds
Use of charters
They imposed high taxes on clergy and nobles
They abolished the practice of hereditary succession
They increased their lands by taking land from the Church
They imposed royal law over their whole domain
The Song of Roland
The Poem of El Cid
He wanted to conquer Constantinople.
He wanted to drive the Turks out of the Holy Land.
He wanted to defend trade routes from Muslim attacks.
He wanted to protect the Byzantine empire's territory.
People united in prayer, encouraging religious tolerance
Large increases in prices of goods and wages
Doctors made rapid advances in medicine
Peasants moved to cities seeking medical care
Launch her own crusade against Muslims and Jews
Enforce a policy of religious toleration in Spain
Massacre Muslims in conquered cities
Move Muslims and Jews to the New World
Pope Gregory VII
They stopped using the scholastic method.
They dismissed the writings as heresy.
They experienced a revolution in learning.
Scholastics turned their backs on their faith.