Middle Ages And Renaissance Pre-test Johnson

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Floydj
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Quizzes Created: 26 | Total Attempts: 42,833
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 1,247

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Middle Ages Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The period of history between the fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the modern era is known as the

    • A.

      Age of Empires.

    • B.

      Age of Kings.

    • C.

      Classical Age

    • D.

      Middle Ages

    Correct Answer
    D. Middle Ages
    Explanation
    The period of history between the fall of the Roman Empire and the beginning of the modern era is known as the Middle Ages. This era is characterized by the decline of centralized authority, the rise of feudalism, and the dominance of the Catholic Church. It was a time of significant social, political, and economic changes, with feudal lords holding power, the development of chivalry and knightly culture, and the spread of Christianity. The Middle Ages is often seen as a transitional period between the ancient world and the Renaissance, marking the end of classical antiquity and the beginning of the modern era.

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  • 2. 

    During the 700s, much of France and Germany were united under

    • A.

      Alexander the Great.

    • B.

      Augustus Caesar.

    • C.

      Charlemagne.

    • D.

      William the Conqueror.

    Correct Answer
    C. Charlemagne.
    Explanation
    During the 700s, much of France and Germany were united under Charlemagne. Charlemagne, also known as Charles the Great, was the King of the Franks and Lombards, and later became the Emperor of the Carolingian Empire. He expanded his empire through military conquests and established a centralized government. Charlemagne's reign marked a period of political stability and cultural revival in Europe, known as the Carolingian Renaissance. His empire covered a significant part of modern-day France and Germany, making him the correct answer for the unification of these regions during the 700s.

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  • 3. 

    Feudalism depended on an agreement between

    • A.

      Kings and serfs.

    • B.

      Lords and kings.

    • C.

      Lords and vassals.

    • D.

      Vassals and serfs.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lords and vassals.
    Explanation
    Feudalism was a social and economic system that emerged in medieval Europe. It was based on a hierarchical structure where lords granted land, known as fiefs, to vassals in exchange for their loyalty and military service. The vassals, in turn, pledged their allegiance to the lords and provided them with military support and other services. This agreement between lords and vassals formed the core of the feudal system, with the lords being the landowners and the vassals being their subordinates. Therefore, the correct answer is "lords and vassals."

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  • 4. 

    People who lived and worked on a noble's land and received housing and protection in return were called

    • A.

      Knights.

    • B.

      Plebians.

    • C.

      Serfs.

    • D.

      Vassals.

    Correct Answer
    C. Serfs.
    Explanation
    Serfs were people who lived and worked on a noble's land and, in return, received housing and protection. They were tied to the land and were not allowed to leave without the noble's permission. Knights were warriors who fought for the noble and were often granted land in exchange for their service. Vassals were similar to knights, but they were not necessarily warriors and could also include nobles who pledged their loyalty and service to a higher-ranking noble. Plebeians were commoners who were not specifically tied to a noble's land or received housing and protection in return.

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  • 5. 

    The main part of a noble's land was called a(n):

    • A.

      Castle.

    • B.

      Domain.

    • C.

      Estate.

    • D.

      Manor.

    Correct Answer
    D. Manor.
    Explanation
    A noble's land was commonly referred to as a manor. A manor was a large estate or piece of land that was owned by a noble or lord. It typically included a manor house, which was the noble's residence, as well as surrounding lands and buildings. The term "manor" was often used to describe the entire estate, including the farmland, villages, and other properties that were under the noble's control. Therefore, out of the given options, manor is the most appropriate term to describe the main part of a noble's land.

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  • 6. 

    The main source of education during the medieval period were

    • A.

      Simple schools supported by lords.

    • B.

      Simple schools supported by the manor system.

    • C.

      Universities built by kings.

    • D.

      Universities built by the Catholic Church.

    Correct Answer
    D. Universities built by the Catholic Church.
    Explanation
    During the medieval period, education was primarily provided by universities built by the Catholic Church. These universities played a crucial role in the dissemination of knowledge and the training of scholars. The Church recognized the importance of education and established institutions to educate clergy members and other individuals. These universities were often supported by the Church financially and had a significant influence on the curriculum and teaching methods. They became centers of learning and intellectual development, contributing to the growth of knowledge and the preservation of classical texts.

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  • 7. 

    Increased trade and economic growth resulted from the

    • A.

      Black Death.

    • B.

      Crusades.

    • C.

      Decline of the Roman Empire.

    • D.

      Feudal system.

    Correct Answer
    B. Crusades.
    Explanation
    The Crusades resulted in increased trade and economic growth. During the Crusades, European merchants established trade routes to the Middle East, which led to the exchange of goods, ideas, and technologies. This trade stimulated economic growth and led to the development of new industries and markets. Additionally, the Crusades also brought back valuable goods and resources from the Middle East, further contributing to economic prosperity in Europe.

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  • 8. 

    During the Renaissance, people who supported artist were called

    • A.

      Merchants

    • B.

      Patricians

    • C.

      Patrons.

    • D.

      Scholars.

    Correct Answer
    C. Patrons.
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, individuals who financially supported artists and their work were known as patrons. These patrons were typically wealthy individuals, such as nobles or members of the clergy, who provided financial support to artists in order to commission artwork or sponsor their creative endeavors. These patrons played a crucial role in the development and flourishing of art during this period, as their support allowed artists to focus on their craft and create masterpieces that have since become iconic symbols of the Renaissance era.

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  • 9. 

    Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet were written by

    • A.

      Geoffrey Chaucer.

    • B.

      Johann Gutenberg

    • C.

      Pieter Brueghel.

    • D.

      William Shakespeare.

    Correct Answer
    D. William Shakespeare.
    Explanation
    Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet are two well-known plays in the literary world, both of which were written by William Shakespeare. Shakespeare is widely regarded as one of the greatest playwrights in history, known for his masterful storytelling, complex characters, and poetic language. His works have had a significant impact on literature, theater, and the English language as a whole. Therefore, the correct answer is William Shakespeare.

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  • 10. 

    People who protested against the Catholic Church during the Reformation were called

    • A.

      Liberals.

    • B.

      Orthodox.

    • C.

      Protestant.

    • D.

      Reformers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Protestant.
    Explanation
    During the Reformation, individuals who protested against the Catholic Church were known as Protestants. This movement emerged in the 16th century and aimed to reform certain practices and doctrines within the Catholic Church. Protestants sought to challenge the authority of the Pope and promote a more individualistic approach to faith, emphasizing the importance of personal interpretation of the Bible. The term "Protestant" originated from the Protestation at Speyer in 1529, where German princes and representatives voiced their dissent against the Holy Roman Empire's decision to restrict religious freedoms.

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  • 11. 

    The Black Plague was spread by rats who had fleas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Black Plague, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was indeed spread by rats who carried fleas infected with the bacterium Yersinia pestis. These fleas would bite the rats, becoming infected themselves, and then go on to bite humans, transmitting the disease. The bacteria would multiply in the human body, causing severe symptoms and often leading to death. This mode of transmission played a significant role in the rapid spread of the Black Plague during the 14th century, resulting in one of the deadliest pandemics in human history.

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  • 12. 

    Something not related to religion is called secular.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Secular refers to something that is not related to religion. It is a term used to describe things, institutions, or ideas that are separate from religious or spiritual beliefs. For example, a secular state is one that does not endorse any specific religion and treats all religions equally. Therefore, the statement "Something not related to religion is called secular" is true because secularism is the concept of separating religious and non-religious aspects of society.

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  • 13. 

    A serf was at the top of Feudal society.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because a serf was actually at the bottom of the Feudal society. Serfs were peasants who were bound to the land and were considered the property of the lord. They were obligated to work on the lord's land and provide labor and other services in exchange for protection and the right to live on the land. They had very limited rights and were considered the lowest social class in the Feudal system.

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  • 14. 

    In brief, what activities are performed at different levels of society? What can you learn from the pyramid about which rank of people is the greatest in number? How might people of one rank feel about people in another rank?

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