An Ancient Asian History MCQ Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 9,435
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 87

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An Ancient Asian History MCQ Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The first civilization of the Indian subcontinent; emerged in Indus river valley circa 2500 BCE.

    Explanation
    The first civilization of the Indian subcontinent that emerged in the Indus river valley around 2500 BCE is known as the Harappan civilization. This ancient civilization was characterized by well-planned cities, advanced systems of drainage and sanitation, and a sophisticated trade network. The Harappan civilization is also known for its distinctive pottery, seals, and script, which have provided valuable insights into their culture and society.

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  • 2. 

    Major urban complexes of Harappan civilization; laid out on planned grid pattern.

    Explanation
    Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were major urban complexes of the Harappan civilization. These cities were known for their advanced planning and layout, following a grid pattern. The well-organized streets, houses, and public buildings in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro indicate a high level of urban planning and architectural sophistication. The presence of a planned grid pattern suggests that these cities were carefully designed and constructed, showcasing the advanced civilization of the Harappan people.

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  • 3. 

    Seasonal winds crossing the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia; during the summer they bring rain.

    Explanation
    Monsoons refer to the seasonal winds that blow across the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. These winds bring heavy rainfall during the summer season. The term "monsoons" accurately describes the phenomenon of these winds and their associated rain.

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  • 4. 

    Indo-European nomadic, warlike, pastoralists who replaced Harappan civilizations.

    Explanation
    The Indo-European nomadic, warlike, pastoralists who replaced the Harappan civilizations are known as the Aryans. They migrated into the Indian subcontinent around 1500 BCE and gradually established their dominance over the region. The Aryans brought with them their own language, culture, and social structure, which eventually merged with the indigenous population to form the basis of Hinduism and the caste system. The Aryan civilization had a significant impact on the development of ancient Indian society and laid the foundation for many aspects of Indian culture that still exist today.

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  • 5. 

    The Indo-European language of classical India; mainly used today for ceremony.

    Explanation
    Sanskrit is the correct answer because it is an Indo-European language that was predominantly used in classical India and is still used today for ceremonial purposes. Sanskrit is known for its rich and complex grammar, extensive vocabulary, and its historical significance in Indian culture and religion. It is considered a sacred language and is often used in religious rituals, hymns, and chants.

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  • 6. 

    Aryan hymns originally transmitted orally; written down in sacred books during the 6th century BCE.

    Explanation
    The Vedas are a collection of ancient Aryan hymns that were originally transmitted orally. During the 6th century BCE, they were written down in sacred books. The Vedas are considered the oldest religious texts in Hinduism and contain hymns, rituals, and philosophical teachings. They are highly revered and are considered the foundation of Hinduism.

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  • 7. 

    Four broad social class groups; brahmans (priests), warriors, merchants, peasants; beneath them were the untouchables.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Varnas." In Hinduism, varnas refer to the four main social classes or groups in society. These groups are brahmans (priests and scholars), warriors, merchants, and peasants. Each varna had its own specific duties and responsibilities. Beneath these varnas were the untouchables, who were considered outside of the varna system and faced social discrimination.

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  • 8. 

    The river flowing from the Tibetan Plateau to the China Sea; its valley was site of Chinese sedentary agricultural communities.

    Explanation
    The Huanghe River, also known as the Yellow River, flows from the Tibetan Plateau to the China Sea. Its valley was historically the site of Chinese sedentary agricultural communities. This river played a crucial role in the development of Chinese civilization, as the fertile soil in its valley allowed for successful agriculture. The river's yellow sediment, which gives it its name, is carried downstream and has often caused devastating floods throughout history. Despite its destructive nature, the Huanghe River has been a significant source of water, transportation, and irrigation for the region.

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  • 9. 

    Located on Huanghe River; region of fertile soil; site of Yangshao and Longshan.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Ordos Bulge," is a correct explanation for the provided information. The Ordos Bulge is a geographical feature located on the Huanghe River. It is known for its fertile soil, which makes it a region suitable for agriculture. Additionally, the area is historically significant as it was the site of the Yangshao and Longshan cultures.

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  • 10. 

    Fine-grained soil deposited in Ordos bulge; created fertile lands for sedentary agricultural communities.

    Explanation
    Loess is a type of fine-grained soil that is commonly found in the Ordos bulge region. This soil is highly fertile and has been deposited over thousands of years, creating ideal conditions for sedentary agricultural communities to thrive. The presence of loess in this area has allowed for the development of sustainable farming practices and the establishment of settled societies that rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.

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  • 11. 

    1st Chinese dynasty.

    Explanation
    The Shang dynasty is considered to be the first Chinese dynasty. It existed from approximately 1600 to 1046 BCE and was known for its advanced bronze technology, intricate oracle bone script, and social hierarchy. The Shang dynasty ruled over a large territory in the Yellow River valley and left behind a rich cultural and archaeological legacy. They were also known for their religious practices, including ancestor worship and divination. Overall, the Shang dynasty played a crucial role in shaping early Chinese civilization and laying the foundation for future dynasties.

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  • 12. 

    A possibly mythical ruler revered for construction of a flood control over peasant and artisan populations of areas throughout Shang kingdom; an indirectly exploited wealth of their territories.

    Explanation
    Yu is a possibly mythical ruler who is revered for his construction of a flood control system over peasant and artisan populations in various areas of the Shang kingdom. This flood control system indirectly exploited the wealth of these territories. The answer "Yu" is correct because it accurately identifies the ruler who is being described in the given information.

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  • 13. 

    Members of former ruling families granted control over peasant and artisan populations of areas throughout the Shang kingdom; indirectly exploited the wealth of their territories.

    Explanation
    Vassal retainers were members of former ruling families who were given control over peasant and artisan populations in various areas of the Shang kingdom. They indirectly exploited the wealth of their territories, likely through taxation or tribute. These vassal retainers acted as intermediaries between the central ruling power and the local populations, ensuring loyalty and obedience to the ruling family while also benefiting from the resources and labor of the territories under their control.

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  • 14. 

    Shamans or priests in Chinese society who foretold the future through interpreting animal bones cracked by heat; inscriptions on bones led to Chinese writing.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Oracles," is correct because it accurately describes the shamans or priests in Chinese society who predicted the future by interpreting animal bones cracked by heat. These bones, known as oracle bones, had inscriptions on them which eventually led to the development of Chinese writing. Oracles were highly respected and sought after for their divination abilities, playing a significant role in ancient Chinese culture and belief systems.

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  • 15. 

    Pictograph characters grouped together to create new concepts; typical of Chinese writing.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Ideographic writing," is correct because it accurately describes the concept of pictograph characters being grouped together to create new concepts, which is a characteristic of Chinese writing. In ideographic writing, each character represents a whole word or idea, rather than a specific sound or phonetic value. This system allows for the expression of complex ideas through the combination of simple pictographic characters.

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