Ancient Civilization Trivia: Ultimate Quiz!

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Themes
T
Themes
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 410 | Total Attempts: 734,229
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 5,458

SettingsSettingsSettings
Ancient Civilization Trivia: Ultimate Quiz! - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The civilization of ancient Egypt was located along the

    • A.

      Tigris River

    • B.

      Yellow River Valley

    • C.

      Nile River

    Correct Answer
    C. Nile River
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nile River. The civilization of ancient Egypt was located along the Nile River. The Nile River was vital to the development and sustenance of ancient Egyptian civilization as it provided fertile land for agriculture, transportation for trade and communication, and a source of water for drinking and irrigation. The annual flooding of the Nile also brought nutrient-rich silt, which made the land highly fertile for farming. The Nile River played a central role in the economic, social, and cultural life of ancient Egyptians.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The civilization that grew along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers was called

    • A.

      Mesopotamia

    • B.

      Mediterrainian

    • C.

      Rome

    Correct Answer
    A. Mesopotamia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia refers to the ancient civilization that developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This region, located in present-day Iraq, was known for its advanced agricultural practices, complex city-states, and the invention of writing. The term "Mesopotamia" translates to "land between the rivers" in Greek, highlighting the geographical significance of the Tigris and Euphrates in shaping the culture and society of this civilization.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Egyptians invented the earliest form of writing

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It was the Sumerians' cuneiform script which was the earliest form of recognized writing. 

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The oldest know civilization is

    • A.

      Ancient Egypt

    • B.

      Mesopotamia

    • C.

      Ancient China

    Correct Answer
    B. Mesopotamia
    Explanation
    Mesopotamia

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Many believe the Garden of Eden was located in what present day country?

    Correct Answer
    Iraq
    Explanation
    The Garden of Eden is believed by many to have been located in present-day Iraq. This belief stems from the mention of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the biblical account of the Garden of Eden, which are both located in Iraq. Additionally, archaeological evidence suggests that the region of Mesopotamia, which includes modern-day Iraq, was one of the earliest known civilizations and the possible location of the Garden of Eden.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The Sumerians developed the wheel.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Sumerians developed the wheel. This statement is true. The Sumerians, who lived in Mesopotamia around 3500 BCE, are credited with inventing the wheel. They used it for various purposes such as transportation, pottery making, and agriculture. The invention of the wheel was a significant advancement in human history as it revolutionized the way goods and people were transported, leading to the development of more complex societies and trade networks.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The Indus Valley Civilization had remarkably well-planned _____________.

    Correct Answer
    cities
    Explanation
    The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, flourished around 2600 to 1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and northwest India. Their cities, such as Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, exhibited advanced urban planning with grid-like street layouts, sophisticated drainage systems, and standardized brick sizes, indicating a high level of organization and central authority.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The tombs that were built for Egyptian kings are called

    Correct Answer
    pyramids
    Explanation
    The tombs that were built for Egyptian kings are called pyramids. Pyramids were monumental structures with a square or triangular base and four triangular sides, converging to a point at the top. These structures were built as tombs for the pharaohs of ancient Egypt and were considered to be the final resting places for these kings. The pyramids were constructed with great precision and engineering skills, using large blocks of stone and complex architectural techniques. They served as symbols of the pharaoh's power and were also believed to facilitate the king's journey to the afterlife.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The most famous pharaoh was King Tut

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    King Tutankhamun, commonly known as King Tut, is indeed the most famous pharaoh in history. He became famous mainly due to the discovery of his nearly intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter. The tomb contained a vast array of treasures and artifacts, giving valuable insights into ancient Egyptian culture and history. The media coverage surrounding the discovery and subsequent exhibitions of the artifacts made King Tut a household name and solidified his status as the most famous pharaoh.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Pharaohs are

    • A.

      Kings

    • B.

      Generals in the army

    • C.

      Priest Kings

    Correct Answer
    C. Priest Kings
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Priest Kings" because in ancient Egypt, the pharaohs held both religious and political power. They were considered the intermediaries between the gods and the people, and their role as religious leaders was as important as their role as kings. They were believed to have a divine connection and were responsible for maintaining Ma'at, the divine order. Therefore, the term "Priest Kings" accurately describes the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Ancient Egyptians believed they would have a better afterlife if their bodies were preserved as

    Correct Answer
    mummies
    Explanation
    Ancient Egyptians believed that preserving their bodies as mummies would ensure a better afterlife. The process of mummification involved removing the internal organs, treating the body with preservatives, and wrapping it in linen bandages. This preservation was believed to allow the deceased to maintain their physical form in the afterlife and continue their existence. The belief in the importance of mummification and the afterlife was deeply ingrained in Egyptian culture and influenced their burial practices.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Hieroglyphics are

    • A.

      Tombs for kings

    • B.

      A form of writing

    • C.

      Walls built by ancient China

    Correct Answer
    B. A form of writing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a form of writing." Hieroglyphics were a system of writing used by the ancient Egyptians. They consisted of pictorial symbols that represented words or sounds. This form of writing was primarily used for important documents, religious texts, and inscriptions on tombs and monuments. It played a significant role in preserving the history, culture, and beliefs of ancient Egypt.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Ancient China was formed around the

    • A.

      Euphrates River

    • B.

      Nile River

    • C.

      Yellow River Valley

    • D.

      Mediterrainian Sea

    Correct Answer
    C. Yellow River Valley
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Yellow River Valley. Ancient China was formed around the Yellow River Valley, also known as the Huang He River. This river played a crucial role in the development of Chinese civilization, as it provided fertile soil for agriculture and facilitated trade and transportation. The Yellow River Valley is often referred to as the cradle of Chinese civilization due to its significance in the country's history and cultural development.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Contributions from Ancient China include

    • A.

      Silk

    • B.

      The wheel

    • C.

      Astronomy

    • D.

      The first form of writing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Silk
    C. Astronomy
    Explanation
    Ancient China made significant contributions to the world, including the invention of silk and advancements in astronomy. Silk, a luxurious fabric, was first produced in China and became a highly sought-after commodity, playing a crucial role in trade and cultural exchange. Additionally, ancient Chinese astronomers made important discoveries and observations, contributing to the understanding of celestial bodies and the development of calendars. These contributions demonstrate the innovative and intellectual prowess of ancient China.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    According to the Dynastic Cycle, when a country went through a period of decline, it was a mandate from heaven that a new leader be named and become the next ruler.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to the Dynastic Cycle, when a country experienced a decline, it was believed that this was a sign from heaven that a new leader should be appointed to take over and rule. This concept was based on the belief that the ruler's power and legitimacy came from a divine mandate. Therefore, the statement "True" suggests that the Dynastic Cycle involved the notion of a new leader being named and becoming the next ruler when a country faced a period of decline.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Ancient Civilizations had economies based on

    • A.

      Farming

    • B.

      Trade

    • C.

      Banking systems

    • D.

      They didn't have an economy

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Farming
    B. Trade
    Explanation
    Ancient civilizations had economies based on farming and trade. Farming was the primary economic activity as it provided food and resources for the community. Trade also played a crucial role as civilizations would exchange goods and services with neighboring communities, leading to economic growth and cultural exchange. While banking systems did not exist in the same form as today, trade and barter served as a means of exchange and commerce. Therefore, farming and trade were the main pillars of the ancient civilizations' economies.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The 8 features of civilization include

    • A.

      A form of writing

    • B.

      Schools

    • C.

      A form of government

    • D.

      Roads and public works

    • E.

      A king

    • F.

      A social class system

    • G.

      Jobs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. A form of writing
    C. A form of government
    D. Roads and public works
    F. A social class system
    G. Jobs
    Explanation
    The answer is correct because it includes all the essential features of a civilization. A form of writing is necessary for record-keeping, communication, and the development of literature. A form of government is needed to establish and maintain order within the society. Roads and public works are crucial for transportation and infrastructure. A social class system helps to organize and structure the society. Finally, jobs are essential for the division of labor and economic development.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Different areas of Ancient Greece that had their own forms of government were called

    Correct Answer(s)
    City States
    Explanation
    In Ancient Greece, different areas had their own forms of government called city-states. These city-states were independent political entities that consisted of a city and its surrounding territory. Each city-state had its own government, laws, and customs, making them unique and autonomous. Examples of famous city-states in Ancient Greece include Athens, Sparta, and Corinth. These city-states played a crucial role in shaping the political, social, and cultural landscape of Ancient Greece.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Athens Greece had the following type of government

    • A.

      Monarch

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      Dictator

    • D.

      Direct Democracy

    • E.

      Representative Democracy

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct Democracy
    Explanation
    Athens, Greece had a direct democracy as its form of government. In a direct democracy, all citizens have the right to participate in decision-making, either by voting directly on laws and policies or by electing representatives to make decisions on their behalf. This means that the citizens of Athens had a direct say in the governance of their city-state, allowing for a more inclusive and participatory form of government.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Ancient Greece is known for developing ideas about philosophy, freedom, law and government, and developed new styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, poetry and writing

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ancient Greece is indeed known for developing ideas about philosophy, freedom, law, and government. They made significant contributions to the field of philosophy, with famous philosophers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. They also laid the foundation for democracy, which is a form of government that emphasizes individual freedom and participation. In terms of art and literature, the Greeks introduced new styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, poetry, and writing, which had a profound influence on Western civilization. Therefore, the statement "Ancient Greece is known for developing ideas about philosophy, freedom, law and government, and developed new styles of architecture, sculpture, painting, poetry and writing" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The son of King Philip whose conquests spread Greek civilization throughout the Mediterrainian world and across the Middle East  was named ___________

    Correct Answer
    Alexander the Great
    Explanation
    Alexander the Great was the son of King Philip and his conquests indeed spread Greek civilization throughout the Mediterranean world and across the Middle East. He is known for his military campaigns and his establishment of one of the largest empires in the ancient world. Alexander's conquests not only expanded Greek culture but also facilitated the spread of Hellenistic influence, blending Greek traditions with those of the conquered regions. As a result, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in history.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    The Hellenist civilization was a blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian and Indian cultures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Hellenist civilization refers to the period after the conquests of Alexander the Great, where Greek culture and customs spread and blended with the cultures of the conquered regions, including Persia, Egypt, and parts of India. This resulted in a fusion of different cultural elements, such as art, architecture, language, and philosophy. Therefore, it is true that the Hellenist civilization was a blend of Greek, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian cultures.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    The city that became the center of learning was Athens.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Alexandria

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Rome initially began as a

    • A.

      Monarch

    • B.

      Republic

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    A. Monarch
    Explanation
    Rome initially began as a Monarchy. According to Roman mythology and tradition, Romulus, one of the legendary founders of Rome, was its first king. Rome was a monarchy for a period before transitioning to a republic.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    In 14 AD the Republic of Rome ended and it became a Roman Empire under the leader Augustus.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It was not in 14 AD but in 27 BC that the Republic of Rome came to an end and was replaced by the Roman Empire under the leadership of Augustus. This marked a significant shift in the political structure of Rome, as power was consolidated in the hands of the emperor and the Senate lost much of its authority. Augustus, also known as Octavian, played a crucial role in this transition and is often considered the first emperor of Rome. Therefore, the statement "True" accurately reflects this historical event.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    The 200 year span of peace in the Roman Empire is called

    Correct Answer
    Pax Romana
    Explanation
    The 200-year span of peace in the Roman Empire is referred to as Pax Romana. During this time, from 27 BC to 180 AD, the Roman Empire experienced relative stability and prosperity. It was characterized by minimal military conflict, economic growth, and cultural flourishing. The Pax Romana allowed for the expansion of trade, the development of infrastructure, and the spread of Roman culture throughout the empire. This period played a crucial role in shaping the history and legacy of the Roman Empire.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Romans were known for building

    • A.

      Schools

    • B.

      Churches

    • C.

      Aqueducts

    Correct Answer
    C. Aqueducts
    Explanation
    The Romans were known for their advanced engineering skills, and one of their most impressive achievements was the construction of aqueducts. These structures were used to transport water from distant sources to cities and settlements, providing a reliable water supply for drinking, bathing, and irrigation. The Romans built numerous aqueducts throughout their empire, using a combination of arches, tunnels, and channels to transport water over long distances and across varying terrains. These aqueducts not only showcased the Romans' engineering prowess but also played a crucial role in the development and growth of their cities.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    The Rule of Law means

    • A.

      No one is above the law

    • B.

      The laws are written down to avoid confusion

    • C.

      Everyone agrees to obey the law

    • D.

      The Roman Emporer makes the laws

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. No one is above the law
    B. The laws are written down to avoid confusion
    C. Everyone agrees to obey the law
    Explanation
    The Rule of Law means that no one is above the law, the laws are written down to avoid confusion, and everyone agrees to obey the law. This principle ensures that all individuals, regardless of their status or position, are subject to the same legal standards and are held accountable for their actions. It also promotes transparency and clarity in the legal system by having laws clearly documented and accessible to all. Additionally, the Rule of Law emphasizes the importance of societal consensus and collective commitment to upholding and abiding by the law for a just and orderly society.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    After the death of Emperor Marcus Aurelius in A.D. 180 Rome split into 3 parts, each with its own ruler.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    only two parts - East and West

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    The Western empire declined but the Eastern Empire under Emperor Constantine prospered and became known as _____________ and lasted another 1,000 years.

    Correct Answer
    Byzantium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Byzantium. The Western empire declined while the Eastern Empire, under Emperor Constantine, flourished and became known as Byzantium. This empire thrived for another 1,000 years.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 01, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 05, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.