History Of Europe Quiz: World War I

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| By Rkleine74
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History Of Europe Quiz: World War I - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How was nationalism evident in pre-war Germany?

    • A.

      Pride in strong military and economy

    • B.

      Pride in massive overseas empire

    • C.

      Pride in long history as a modern nation

    • D.

      Pride in great artistic and literary achievement

    Correct Answer
    A. Pride in strong military and economy
    Explanation
    While Germany has a great tradition of literary and artistic achievement, Germans in the late 1800s and early 1900s were more interested in Germany's economic and military might.

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  • 2. 

    Why did Austria fear increasing rebellion among its subjects?

    • A.

      The threat of invasion by Germany had the Austrian people fearful of the future

    • B.

      Increase in levels of poverty among the working class led to bad economy

    • C.

      Increase in nationalism in Europe meant minority groups wanted their own countries

    • D.

      They were afraid that rebellion would make them look weak, and ripe for Ottoman invasion

    Correct Answer
    C. Increase in nationalism in Europe meant minority groups wanted their own countries
    Explanation
    It was the Bosnian Serbs desire to be split from Austria and joined to Serbia that set off the events that led directly to World War I.

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  • 3. 

    On what did the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles focus?

    • A.

      Creating a peaceful Europe

    • B.

      Maintaining American strength

    • C.

      Rebuilding Central powers' nations

    • D.

      Punishing Germany for their role

    Correct Answer
    D. Punishing Germany for their role
    Explanation
    The provisions of the Treaty of Versailles focused on punishing Germany for their role in World War I. The treaty imposed heavy financial reparations on Germany, limited their military capabilities, and placed blame for the war solely on Germany. These punitive measures were intended to weaken Germany and prevent them from starting another war in the future.

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  • 4. 

    Why did the Allies initially welcome the overthrow of Russia’s tsar in 1917?

    • A.

      They had a lot of negative experiences with Tsar Nicholas II.

    • B.

      They hoped that Russia would become a democratic ally.

    • C.

      They thought that instability would enable them to conquer Russia.

    • D.

      They didn't trust Tsar Nicholas II's loyalty to the Allied powers.

    Correct Answer
    B. They hoped that Russia would become a democratic ally.
    Explanation
    The Allies initially welcomed the overthrow of Russia's tsar in 1917 because they hoped that Russia would become a democratic ally. This suggests that the Allies believed that a democratic Russia would be more aligned with their interests and values, and would be a valuable partner in the war effort. They likely saw the overthrow of the tsar as an opportunity to establish a more stable and cooperative relationship with Russia.

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  • 5. 

    Why did the Schlieffen Plan fail?

    • A.

      Russia mobilized more quickly than expected.

    • B.

      The German army was not very strong.

    • C.

      The Americans prevented the Germans from attacking.

    • D.

      The Belgians weren't able to withstand the French attack.

    Correct Answer
    A. Russia mobilized more quickly than expected.
    Explanation
    The Schlieffen Plan failed because Russia mobilized more quickly than expected. The plan relied on a swift and decisive victory in the west before Russia could fully mobilize its forces. However, the Russian army mobilized faster than anticipated, leading to a two-front war for Germany. This forced the German army to divert troops and resources to the eastern front, weakening their offensive in the west and ultimately contributing to the failure of the plan.

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  • 6. 

    Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front?

    • A.

      Neither side had very good weapons or supplies

    • B.

      The armies waited to see how the battles on the Eastern front worked out

    • C.

      Trench warfare prevented much movement in any direction

    • D.

      Neither side could get through the dense forests of Belgium

    Correct Answer
    C. Trench warfare prevented much movement in any direction
    Explanation
    Trench warfare prevented much movement in any direction. This is because both sides dug extensive networks of trenches, creating a defensive system that was difficult to penetrate. The trenches were heavily fortified with barbed wire, machine guns, and artillery, making it extremely challenging for either side to advance. The war quickly turned into a stalemate, with neither side able to gain significant ground. The soldiers were stuck in the trenches for long periods, enduring harsh conditions and constant enemy fire. This stalemate lasted for years, leading to a prolonged and bloody war on the Western Front.

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  • 7. 

    What did Germany offer Mexico for joining the Central Powers in the Zimmermann note?

    • A.

      A lot of the land that they had lost in the Mexican-American War

    • B.

      Control of French colonies once Allies were defeated

    • C.

      A chance to regain international respect and prestige

    • D.

      Financial and military help in defeating the United States

    Correct Answer
    A. A lot of the land that they had lost in the Mexican-American War
    Explanation
    Germany offered Mexico a lot of the land that they had lost in the Mexican-American War in the Zimmermann note.

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  • 8. 

    What reason contributed to the US decision to join the war on the Allies’ side?

    • A.

      Strong cultural ties to Germany

    • B.

      Anger over Britain's blockade tactics

    • C.

      Strong cultural ties to Great Britain

    • D.

      Anger over the invasion of Belgium

    Correct Answer
    C. Strong cultural ties to Great Britain
    Explanation
    The US decision to join the war on the Allies' side was influenced by their strong cultural ties to Great Britain. The United States shared a common language, legal system, and democratic values with Great Britain, which fostered a sense of kinship and solidarity. Additionally, many Americans traced their ancestry back to Britain, further strengthening the cultural bond. These cultural ties, combined with the belief in the importance of preserving democracy and freedom, led the US to support and align with the Allies in the war.

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  • 9. 

    Which group gained control of Russia in 1917?

    • A.

      Mensheviks

    • B.

      Bolsheviks

    • C.

      White Shirts

    • D.

      The Allies

    Correct Answer
    B. Bolsheviks
    Explanation
    In 1917, the Bolsheviks gained control of Russia. Led by Vladimir Lenin, the Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. They believed in an armed uprising to overthrow the Provisional Government and establish a socialist state. After the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks took control of key institutions and formed the Soviet government. This marked the beginning of the Soviet Union and the end of the Romanov dynasty's rule in Russia.

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  • 10. 

    Why did Britain develop the world’s best navy by the early 20th century?

    • A.

      To defend their cargo ships from German submarines

    • B.

      They planned to go to war against the United States

    • C.

      They planned to go to war against the German navy

    • D.

      To defend their massive overseas empire

    Correct Answer
    D. To defend their massive overseas empire
    Explanation
    Britain developed the world's best navy by the early 20th century to defend their massive overseas empire. Having a strong navy was crucial for protecting their colonies and trade routes, as well as projecting their power and influence around the world. The British Empire had extensive territories spread across different continents, and a powerful navy was necessary to safeguard their interests and maintain control over these territories.

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  • 11. 

    Russia joined the war on the Allies' side to defend the Slavic people in Serbia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Russia joined the war on the Allies' side to defend the Slavic people in Serbia. This is true because Russia had a historical and cultural connection with the Slavic people in Serbia. Additionally, Russia saw itself as the protector of Slavic nations and felt a sense of duty to support Serbia against the Central Powers. By joining the Allies, Russia aimed to protect the Slavic people and expand its influence in the Balkans.

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  • 12. 

    Allies protected their ships from German submarine attack by traveling in convoys.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During World War II, German submarines, also known as U-boats, posed a significant threat to Allied ships. To counter this threat, the Allies adopted the strategy of traveling in convoys. This involved grouping together multiple ships and sailing in a close formation, which made it harder for U-boats to single out and attack individual vessels. Convoys provided protection through increased visibility, shared resources, and the ability to coordinate defensive measures. Therefore, the statement that allies protected their ships from German submarine attack by traveling in convoys is true.

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  • 13. 

    Some colonial subjects thought fighting in the war would lead to their imperial power giving them greater civil rights.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Some colonial subjects believed that participating in the war would result in their imperial power granting them more civil rights. This suggests that they saw the war as an opportunity to gain leverage and improve their social and political status within the colonial system. By aligning themselves with the imperial power and contributing to the war effort, they hoped to negotiate for greater rights and recognition. This viewpoint highlights the complexities of colonial relationships and the various motivations that influenced individuals during this time.

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  • 14. 

    British ships blockading German ports violated international law by confiscating consumer goods as well as military goods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because according to international law, blockading ships are only allowed to confiscate military goods. However, in this case, British ships violated this law by also confiscating consumer goods along with military goods. This action goes against the principles of international law, which aim to protect civilian populations and ensure that blockades are limited to military targets only.

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  • 15. 

    Britain joined the Allies in World War I because they were angry about Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Britain joined the Allies in World War I because they were angry about Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium. This invasion violated the Treaty of London, which guaranteed Belgium's neutrality. Britain saw this as a threat to their own security and the balance of power in Europe. They felt compelled to honor their commitment to protect Belgium and joined the Allies in response to Germany's aggression. This decision marked a turning point in the war and had significant consequences for both Britain and the overall outcome of the conflict.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 03, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 22, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Rkleine74
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