War And Revolution, 1914-1919 Section Quiz 16-2

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War And Revolution, 1914-1919 Section Quiz 16-2 - Quiz

War and Revolution, 1914-1919 Section Quiz 16-2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ideas spread to influence public opinion

    • A.

      Trench warfare

    • B.

      Propaganda

    • C.

      Zeppelin

    • D.

      Total war

    • E.

      War of attrition

    Correct Answer
    B. Propaganda
    Explanation
    Propaganda is the correct answer because it refers to the dissemination of information or ideas with the intention of influencing public opinion. During trench warfare, which was a significant aspect of total war and war of attrition, propaganda played a crucial role in shaping public perception and garnering support for the war effort. This could involve promoting patriotic sentiments, demonizing the enemy, or portraying the war as necessary and just. Zeppelins, being large airships, were also used as a means of spreading propaganda messages and images across enemy lines during World War I.

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  • 2. 

    Warfare based on wearing down opponents

    • A.

      Trench warfare

    • B.

      Propaganda

    • C.

      Zeppelin

    • D.

      Total war

    • E.

      War of attrition

    Correct Answer
    E. War of attrition
    Explanation
    War of attrition refers to a type of warfare strategy where the goal is to wear down the opponent's resources and morale over a prolonged period of time. This strategy involves continuous and relentless attacks, aiming to exhaust the enemy's supplies, manpower, and will to fight. It often includes tactics like trench warfare and the use of propaganda to demoralize the enemy. Zeppelins, which were used in World War I, could also be employed in a war of attrition to carry out bombing raids and disrupt enemy operations. Overall, war of attrition is characterized by a long and drawn-out conflict with the objective of gradually weakening and defeating the opponent.

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  • 3. 

    Huge German airship

    • A.

      Trench warfare

    • B.

      Propaganda

    • C.

      Zeppelin

    • D.

      Total war

    • E.

      War of attrition

    Correct Answer
    C. Zeppelin
    Explanation
    A zeppelin is a type of huge German airship that was used during trench warfare in World War I. These airships were often used for propaganda purposes, as they were highly visible and could be seen from great distances. They were also used in total war strategies, as they were used to bomb enemy targets and disrupt their operations. The use of zeppelins in warfare contributed to the war of attrition, as they were used to wear down the enemy's resources and morale.

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  • 4. 

    Warefare based on protected lines of ditches

    • A.

      Trench warfare

    • B.

      Propaganda

    • C.

      Zeppelin

    • D.

      Total war

    • E.

      War of attrition

    Correct Answer
    A. Trench warfare
    Explanation
    Trench warfare refers to a type of warfare where opposing forces dig trenches to protect themselves from enemy fire. It was a common strategy used during World War I, where soldiers would live and fight in these trenches for extended periods of time. Trench warfare allowed for a more defensive approach to warfare, as it provided protection from artillery and other weapons. This method of warfare was characterized by long periods of stalemate and little territorial gain, as both sides were heavily fortified.

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  • 5. 

    Complete mobilization of resources and people

    • A.

      Trench warfare

    • B.

      Propaganda

    • C.

      Zeppelin

    • D.

      Total war

    • E.

      War of attrition

    Correct Answer
    D. Total war
    Explanation
    Total war refers to a type of warfare in which a nation mobilizes all of its resources, including both human and economic, towards the war effort. In total war, the entire population is involved in supporting the war, and the boundaries between military and civilian targets become blurred. This concept emerged during World War I, with the introduction of trench warfare and the use of propaganda to rally public support. The term "total war" also encompasses the use of new technologies, such as zeppelins, to wage war on a larger scale. The idea of total war also implies a war of attrition, where the goal is to exhaust the enemy's resources and willpower.

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  • 6. 

    During the war, new roles in the workforce were created for women because

    • A.

      They were experienced workers.

    • B.

      So many men entered the military effort.

    • C.

      Women needed something to do.

    • D.

      Women demande equality.

    Correct Answer
    B. So many men entered the military effort.
    Explanation
    During the war, new roles in the workforce were created for women because so many men entered the military effort. This can be explained by the fact that with a large number of men being drafted into the military, there was a significant shortage of workers in industries and businesses. To fill this gap, women were encouraged to take up jobs traditionally held by men, leading to the creation of new roles for them in the workforce.

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  • 7. 

    To maintain high morale and support for the war among their citzens,

    • A.

      Only the authritarian regimes used proganda.

    • B.

      Only the authritarian powers allowed peace rallies.

    • C.

      The democratric states used propaganda.

    • D.

      The democratric states never resorted to exaggeration.

    Correct Answer
    C. The democratric states used propaganda.
    Explanation
    Democratic states used propaganda to maintain high morale and support for the war among their citizens. Propaganda is a tool commonly used by governments to shape public opinion and influence people's beliefs and behaviors. In the context of war, democratic states would have employed propaganda techniques to rally support for their cause, create a sense of unity and patriotism, and justify their actions. This could involve exaggerating the enemy's threat, promoting nationalistic ideals, or presenting a positive image of the war effort. While propaganda is often associated with authoritarian regimes, democratic states also recognized its effectiveness in mobilizing public support during times of conflict.

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  • 8. 

    Air warfare in World War I involved all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      The first long-range missiles.

    • B.

      Spotting enemy positions.

    • C.

      Attacking ground targets.

    • D.

      Shooting down enemy aircraft.

    Correct Answer
    A. The first long-range missiles.
    Explanation
    During World War I, air warfare played a significant role and involved various tactics and strategies. The options provided in the question all relate to different aspects of air warfare during this time. Spotting enemy positions, attacking ground targets, and shooting down enemy aircraft were all crucial elements of air warfare in World War I. However, the first long-range missiles were not yet developed during this period, making them the exception.

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  • 9. 

    Across Europe, wartime governments

    • A.

      Maintained free-market conditions.

    • B.

      Set up planned economies.

    • C.

      Reduced their powers.

    • D.

      Deregulated prices, wages, and rent.

    Correct Answer
    B. Set up planned economies.
    Explanation
    During wartime, governments often set up planned economies to effectively manage resources and production in order to support the war effort. This involved centralizing control over industries, implementing production quotas, and allocating resources based on priorities set by the government. This approach allowed governments to regulate and coordinate economic activities to ensure the efficient allocation of resources and meet the demands of the war.

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  • 10. 

    The United States entered the war largely over the issue of

    • A.

      Serbian independence.

    • B.

      Trench warfare.

    • C.

      German use of zeppelins.

    • D.

      Unrestricted submarine warfare.

    Correct Answer
    D. Unrestricted submarine warfare.
    Explanation
    During World War I, the United States entered the war largely due to the issue of unrestricted submarine warfare. This refers to Germany's use of submarines to attack and sink merchant ships without warning, including those from neutral countries. The sinking of the British passenger liner Lusitania in 1915, which had American passengers on board, played a significant role in swaying public opinion in the United States against Germany. The unrestricted submarine warfare policy was seen as a violation of international laws and norms, and it ultimately led to the United States joining the war against Germany.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 09, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Verdun
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