Bentley Ch. 33 Test The Great War

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Bentley Ch. 33 Test The Great War - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    By the end of the 19th century, nationalistic movements resulted in independent sovereignty for all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Bulgaria

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      Greece

    • D.

      Ireland

    Correct Answer
    D. Ireland
    Explanation
    By the end of the 19th century, nationalistic movements had led to the achievement of independent sovereignty for Bulgaria, Germany, and Greece. However, Ireland was an exception to this trend. Despite its own strong nationalistic movement, Ireland did not achieve independent sovereignty by the end of the 19th century. It was not until the early 20th century, with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, that Ireland gained independence from British rule.

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  • 2. 

    The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand was the catalyst that started World War I because

    • A.

      His death brought to a head the tensions underlying the alliances in eastern and western Europe

    • B.

      He had been a unifying force between Serbia and the Austro-Hungarian empire

    • C.

      His death caused Germany to rush to the defense of Serbia

    • D.

      His death ended plans for national self-determination within the Austro-Hungarian empire

    Correct Answer
    A. His death brought to a head the tensions underlying the alliances in eastern and western Europe
    Explanation
    The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand brought to a head the tensions underlying the alliances in eastern and western Europe. This event served as a trigger for the already existing conflicts and rivalries between different nations. The assassination created a domino effect, leading to a series of diplomatic and military actions that eventually escalated into a full-scale war. The alliances and rivalries between countries were already strained, and the assassination acted as a catalyst that pushed these tensions to their breaking point, resulting in the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 3. 

    The rivalry between German and Britain up to 1914 included

    • A.

      An expensive naval race and tariff wars

    • B.

      Competition for foreign markets and colonies in east and southwest Africa

    • C.

      An expensive naval race, tariff wars, competition for foreign markets and colonies in east and southwest Africa

    • D.

      An expensive naval race, tariff wars, and control of France

    Correct Answer
    C. An expensive naval race, tariff wars, competition for foreign markets and colonies in east and southwest Africa
    Explanation
    The rivalry between Germany and Britain up to 1914 included an expensive naval race, tariff wars, and competition for foreign markets and colonies in east and southwest Africa. This means that both countries were engaged in a costly competition to build up their navies, they were imposing tariffs on each other's goods, and they were vying for control over markets and colonies in Africa. These factors contributed to the tensions and rivalries between the two nations leading up to the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 4. 

    The purpose of alliances such as the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente was to 

    • A.

      Create a mutually advantageous free trade association

    • B.

      Provide mutual defense and support in case of attack

    • C.

      Cooperatively share resources in African colonies

    • D.

      Avoid war

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide mutual defense and support in case of attack
    Explanation
    The purpose of alliances such as the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente was to provide mutual defense and support in case of attack. These alliances were formed by various countries in order to strengthen their military capabilities and deter potential aggressors. By joining forces, the countries involved aimed to increase their security and protect each other in the event of an attack. This mutual defense and support system was seen as a way to maintain peace and stability among the nations involved, as it would discourage acts of aggression and prevent conflicts from escalating into full-scale wars.

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  • 5. 

    The German Schlieffen plan called for

    • A.

      A quick invasion of Russia so that the war would only be fought on one front

    • B.

      A blockade of France to start that country into submission

    • C.

      A swift knockout of France, combined with defensive action against Russia

    • D.

      Simultaneous invasions of France, Britain, and Russia with heavy reliance on the navy

    Correct Answer
    D. Simultaneous invasions of France, Britain, and Russia with heavy reliance on the navy
    Explanation
    The German Schlieffen plan called for simultaneous invasions of France, Britain, and Russia with heavy reliance on the navy. This plan aimed to quickly defeat France by launching a massive offensive through Belgium, while also conducting defensive actions against Russia in the east. The plan also involved using the German navy to disrupt British naval power and potentially invade Britain. The goal was to swiftly knock out France and secure victory on both the western and eastern fronts before Russia could fully mobilize.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following was NOT a military technology used in World War I?

    • A.

      Machine guns

    • B.

      Armored tanks

    • C.

      Airplanes

    • D.

      Poisonous gas

    • E.

      Nuclear submarines

    Correct Answer
    E. Nuclear submarines
  • 7. 

    What effect did World War I have on the status of women?

    • A.

      The demands of total war actually reduced opportunities for women

    • B.

      Women engaged in combat for the first time

    • C.

      Women in many countries received the vote in the years after the war

    • D.

      Women gained new economic status that continued long after the war

    • E.

      All of these statements are correct

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these statements are correct
    Explanation
    World War I had a significant impact on the status of women. The demands of total war did reduce opportunities for women in some ways, as they were expected to take on traditional roles to support the war effort. However, the war also opened up new opportunities for women, as they engaged in combat for the first time and gained new economic status. Additionally, in many countries, women received the right to vote in the years following the war. Therefore, all of the statements are correct in describing the effects of World War I on the status of women.

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  • 8. 

    The purpose of the Twenty-One Demands was to 

    • A.

      Demand control of German-held islands in the Pacific

    • B.

      Reduce China to the status of a Japanese protectorate

    • C.

      Demand that the British turn over control of Hong Kong

    • D.

      Reduce Korea to the status of a Japanese protectorate

    Correct Answer
    A. Demand control of German-held islands in the Pacific
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Twenty-One Demands was to demand control of German-held islands in the Pacific. This is evident from the fact that the other options do not mention anything about German-held islands in the Pacific. The Twenty-One Demands were a set of demands presented by Japan to China in 1915, which aimed to increase Japanese influence and control over China. One of the demands included the transfer of German concessions in Shandong province, which were previously controlled by Germany, to Japan. This shows that the purpose of the demands was to gain control of German-held islands in the Pacific.

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  • 9. 

    The battle of Gallipoli was significant in that

    • A.

      It sounded the death-knell of the Ottoman Empire

    • B.

      It demonstrated that the British navy was no match for German dreadnoughts

    • C.

      This decisive battle finally broke the stalemate on the western front

    • D.

      This British-directed debacle cost the lives of many Canadian, Australian, and New Zealander troops

    Correct Answer
    A. It sounded the death-knell of the Ottoman Empire
    Explanation
    The battle of Gallipoli was significant in that it sounded the death-knell of the Ottoman Empire. This means that the battle marked a turning point or a significant blow to the Ottoman Empire, leading to its eventual downfall. The defeat at Gallipoli weakened the empire both militarily and politically, and it was unable to recover from this loss.

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  • 10. 

    In addition to fighting off Allied forces, the Ottoman empire faced insurrection from the

    • A.

      Arabs

    • B.

      Egyptians

    • C.

      Greeks

    • D.

      Serbs

    Correct Answer
    A. Arabs
    Explanation
    During World War I, the Ottoman Empire not only had to defend itself against the Allied forces but also faced insurrection from the Arab population within its territories. The Arab Revolt, led by figures like Lawrence of Arabia, aimed to gain independence from Ottoman rule and establish an Arab state. This rebellion posed a significant challenge to the Ottoman Empire, as it diverted resources and attention away from the war effort against the Allies. The Arab uprising ultimately weakened the empire's hold on its territories and played a role in its eventual collapse.

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  • 11. 

    The provisional government lost the support of many Russians because it

    • A.

      Continued to use the police apparatus of the tsar

    • B.

      Continued policies that discriminated against minorities

    • C.

      Denied Russians the right to free speech and free press

    • D.

      Promised to continue the war to victory

    Correct Answer
    D. Promised to continue the war to victory
    Explanation
    The provisional government lost the support of many Russians because it promised to continue the war to victory. This decision was deeply unpopular among the Russian population, as they were already suffering from the effects of the war, including food shortages and high casualties. The promise to continue the war showed a disregard for the well-being of the people and their desire for peace. This led to a loss of trust and support for the provisional government, contributing to its eventual downfall.

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  • 12. 

    The key factor in the decision of the U.S. to enter World War I was

    • A.

      A long-standing friendship with Great Britain

    • B.

      American prejudice against German immigrants

    • C.

      The political ambition of Woodrow Wilson

    • D.

      Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare against the U.S.

    Correct Answer
    D. Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare against the U.S.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Germany's resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare against the U.S. This event played a significant role in the U.S. decision to enter World War I. Germany's use of unrestricted submarine warfare involved sinking any ship, including civilian vessels, without warning. This action directly threatened American lives and interests, leading to a shift in public opinion and a desire for the U.S. to take action against Germany. It ultimately pushed the U.S. closer to entering the war on the side of the Allies.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following statements about the League of Nations is NOT true?

    • A.

      It was conceived by Woodrow Wilson but rejected by the U.S. Congress

    • B.

      It was designed to solve international disputes through arbitration

    • C.

      It had no power to enforce its decisions

    • D.

      It was dominated by the countries of Europe

    Correct Answer
    D. It was dominated by the countries of Europe
    Explanation
    The League of Nations was not dominated by the countries of Europe. While many European countries were members of the League, it also included countries from other regions such as Latin America, Asia, and Africa. The goal of the League was to promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts, and it aimed to include countries from all over the world in its efforts.

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  • 14. 

    At the Paris Peace Conference

    • A.

      The Allies agreed to let ethnic self-determination set the boundaries of the middle east

    • B.

      Britain and France were determined to strip Germany of military power

    • C.

      Russia was forced to cede much of Manchuria to Japan

    • D.

      Woodrow Wilson gained acceptance of his Fourteen Points

    Correct Answer
    B. Britain and France were determined to strip Germany of military power
    Explanation
    At the Paris Peace Conference, Britain and France were determined to strip Germany of military power. This was one of the main goals of the Allies after World War I, as they wanted to prevent Germany from being able to wage war again in the future. By reducing Germany's military capabilities, the Allies aimed to ensure peace and stability in Europe. This decision was influenced by the devastating consequences of the war and the desire to prevent another global conflict.

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  • 15. 

    Tsar Nicholas I was forced to abdicate when

    • A.

      Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace

    • B.

      An assassination attempt revealed that his family was in danger

    • C.

      Troops garrisoned in the capitol mutinied

    • D.

      German forces seized the Ukraine

    Correct Answer
    C. Troops garrisoned in the capitol mutinied
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "troops garrisoned in the capitol mutinied." This suggests that Tsar Nicholas I was forced to abdicate because the troops stationed in the capital city revolted against him. This mutiny would have posed a significant threat to his rule and likely led to his downfall. The Bolsheviks storming the Winter Palace, an assassination attempt, and German forces seizing the Ukraine are all possible events that occurred during this time period but are not directly related to the reason for Tsar Nicholas I's abdication.

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