World Cultures Chapter 12 Test

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World Cultures Chapter 12 Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following countries does not border Russia?

    • A.

      Belarus

    • B.

      Ukraine

    • C.

      Finland

    • D.

      England

    Correct Answer
    D. England
    Explanation
    England is a constituent country of the United Kingdom, located on the island of Great Britain in Northwestern Europe. It does not share a land border with Russia or any of its exclaves.

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  • 2. 

    This is the name of Europes longest river.

    Correct Answer
    Volga River
    Volga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Volga River, Volga." The Volga River is the longest river in Europe, spanning over 2,300 miles. It flows through Russia, passing through several major cities including Moscow and Volgograd. The river plays a significant role in Russian culture and history, and it is an important transportation route and water source for the region. "Volga" is a commonly used shorthand term to refer to the river.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following events led to the beginning of World War I?

    • A.

      German led attacks on Eastern Europe

    • B.

      Creating of Austria-Hungary empire

    • C.

      Iron Curtain division

    • D.

      Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Correct Answer
    D. Assasination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    Explanation
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand is considered the event that triggered the beginning of World War I. On June 28, 1914, Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo. This event led to a series of diplomatic and military escalations between European powers, ultimately resulting in the outbreak of war. The assassination heightened tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, leading to a chain reaction of alliances and declarations of war among various nations.

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  • 4. 

    This is the continent where most European countries looked to colonize in.

    Correct Answer
    Africa
    Explanation
    During the era of colonialism, many European countries sought to expand their empires by colonizing various regions around the world. Africa was a prime target for colonization due to its vast resources, including minerals, land, and labor. European powers, such as Britain, France, Belgium, and Portugal, established colonies in different parts of Africa to exploit these resources and establish control over the indigenous populations. This led to the partitioning of Africa and the subsequent exploitation and oppression of its people by European colonizers.

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  • 5. 

    This was the biggest reason for the rise in colonialism throughout most of Europe.

    • A.

      Right to free speech

    • B.

      Right to join military at 18 years old

    • C.

      Right to vote

    • D.

      Right to free religion and expression

    Correct Answer
    C. Right to vote
    Explanation
    The right to vote was the biggest reason for the rise in colonialism throughout most of Europe. This is because the ability to vote allowed citizens to have a say in the decision-making process of their country, including matters related to colonization. The expansion of colonialism often required the support and resources of the population, and by having the right to vote, individuals could elect leaders who supported colonial endeavors. Additionally, the right to vote also allowed for the creation of policies and laws that facilitated and justified colonial expansion.

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  • 6. 

    This is the type of government the Austria-Hungary empire ruled under.

    Correct Answer
    dual monarchy
    Dual Monarchy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is dual monarchy. The Austria-Hungary empire was ruled under a dual monarchy system, which means that it had two separate and equal monarchies, one for Austria and one for Hungary. This system allowed for a shared government and administration, while still maintaining some level of autonomy for each kingdom.

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  • 7. 

    This is the one of the countries in direct conflict with the  United states during World War I.

    • A.

      Bulgaria

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      United Kingdom

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    A. Bulgaria
    Explanation
    During World War I, Bulgaria was one of the countries in direct conflict with the United States. Bulgaria was part of the Central Powers, which also included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. The United States, on the other hand, was part of the Allied Powers, which included countries such as France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. These two opposing sides fought against each other during the war, with Bulgaria being one of the countries directly opposing the United States.

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  • 8. 

    This is the country that dropped out of World War I in 1917.

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      Bulgaria

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    D. Russia
    Explanation
    Russia dropped out of World War I in 1917 due to the Russian Revolution and the subsequent rise of the Bolsheviks. The revolution led to political instability and a change in government, which prompted Russia to sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk and withdraw from the war.

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  • 9. 

    Which number most closely represents the number of deaths caused during World War I.

    • A.

      2 million

    • B.

      22 million

    • C.

      2.2 million

    • D.

      20 million

    Correct Answer
    B. 22 million
    Explanation
    During World War I, it is estimated that approximately 22 million deaths occurred. This staggering number reflects the devastating impact of the war, which involved numerous countries and lasted for four years. The scale of casualties can be attributed to the large-scale military operations, trench warfare, use of new weapons, and the spread of disease and famine during the conflict. The significant loss of life during World War I had profound social, political, and economic consequences, shaping the course of history in the 20th century.

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  • 10. 

    This is the treaty that ended World War I and held Germany responsible for damages and paying back for beginning the war.

    Correct Answer
    Treaty of Versailles
    treaty of Versailles
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Versailles is the correct answer because it was the treaty that officially ended World War I and placed the blame on Germany for starting the war. It imposed harsh reparations on Germany, requiring them to pay back damages caused during the war. The treaty also imposed territorial changes and military restrictions on Germany, which ultimately led to resentment and contributed to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the start of World War II.

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  • 11. 

    This is another name and a more common name for Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party.

    Correct Answer
    Nazi Party
    Nazi
    Explanation
    The more common name for Adolf Hitler's National Socialist Party is the Nazi Party. The term "Nazi" is derived from the German pronunciation of the word "Nationalsozialist," which means National Socialist. The Nazi Party, under Hitler's leadership, rose to power in Germany in the 1930s and implemented a fascist regime known for its extreme nationalism, anti-Semitism, and authoritarianism. The party's policies and actions during World War II, including the Holocaust, have made the term "Nazi" synonymous with hate, genocide, and totalitarianism.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is not an "ingredient" of fascism?

    • A.

      Extreme religous practices

    • B.

      Extreme patriotism

    • C.

      Extreme nationalism

    Correct Answer
    A. Extreme religous practices
    Explanation
    Extreme religious practices are not considered an "ingredient" of fascism because fascism is primarily characterized by extreme patriotism, extreme nationalism, and authoritarianism. While some fascist regimes may have incorporated religious elements, such as aligning with a particular religious group or using religious rhetoric, religious practices themselves are not inherently part of the ideology. Fascism is more focused on the supremacy of the state and the subordination of individual rights and freedoms to the collective will of the nation.

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  • 13. 

    This is the country attacked first by Hitler and the Germans igniting the Second World War.

    Correct Answer
    Poland
    Explanation
    Poland was the country attacked first by Hitler and the Germans, igniting the Second World War. On September 1, 1939, Germany launched a massive invasion of Poland, using both ground and air forces. This invasion marked the beginning of World War II, as it prompted Britain and France to declare war on Germany. The attack on Poland was a significant event, as it demonstrated Hitler's aggressive expansionist policies and disregard for international agreements. The invasion of Poland set the stage for the global conflict that would engulf the world for the next six years.

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  • 14. 

    This is the name of the U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii.

    Correct Answer
    Pearl Harbor
    Explanation
    Pearl Harbor is the correct answer because it is the name of the U.S. Naval Base in Hawaii. It is a harbor located on the island of Oahu and is famous for being the site of the surprise Japanese attack on December 7, 1941, which led to the United States' entry into World War II. The base is still an active military facility and serves as a headquarters for the U.S. Pacific Fleet.

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  • 15. 

    The two opposing sides that were divided by the Iron Curtain during World War II were NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During World War II, the Iron Curtain divided the two opposing sides, NATO and the Warsaw Pact. NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was formed by Western countries to counter the threat of the Soviet Union and its allies. The Warsaw Pact, on the other hand, was a military alliance formed by the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellite states as a response to NATO. These two alliances represented the division between the Western and Eastern blocs during the Cold War, with the Iron Curtain symbolizing the ideological and political divide between them. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 16. 

    Edward C. Marshall was the creator and originator of the Marshall Plan that gave aide to western European countries during World War II.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the creator and originator of the Marshall Plan was George C. Marshall, not Edward C. Marshall. The Marshall Plan was a program initiated by the United States to provide economic assistance to help rebuild the economies of Western European countries after the end of World War II.

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  • 17. 

    This is the name of the imaginary line that spilt Europe into Eastern and Western during World War II.

    Correct Answer
    Iron Curtain
    Explanation
    During World War II, the term "Iron Curtain" was used to describe the imaginary line that divided Europe into Eastern and Western regions. This division was a result of the political and ideological differences between the Soviet Union and its Eastern European allies, and the Western democracies led by the United States. The Iron Curtain represented the physical and ideological separation between the communist Eastern Bloc and the capitalist Western Bloc, with restricted movement and limited interaction between the two sides. The term became widely known after it was popularized by Winston Churchill in a speech in 1946.

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  • 18. 

    This is what the letters USSR stand for.

    Correct Answer
    United Soviet Socialist Republic
    Explanation
    The letters USSR stand for United Soviet Socialist Republic. This was the official name of the country that existed from 1922 to 1991, encompassing multiple republics within its territory. The name reflects the political ideology of the state, which was based on socialist principles and aimed to establish a classless society. The Soviet Union played a significant role in global politics during the 20th century and was known for its communist government and planned economy.

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  • 19. 

    At the time of World War II, Russia was made up of 13 republics.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During World War II, Russia was not made up of 13 republics. Russia was a part of the Soviet Union, which consisted of multiple republics including Russia. The Soviet Union was composed of 15 republics, not 13. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 20. 

    Joseph Stalin was a man of "steel", a very unforgiving, untrusted, and aggressive leader.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Joseph Stalin was known for his strong and ruthless leadership style, earning him the nickname "man of steel." He ruled the Soviet Union with an iron fist, showing little forgiveness or trust towards his opponents. Stalin's aggressive tactics, such as the Great Purge and collectivization, resulted in the deaths of millions of people. Therefore, it is true that Stalin was a very unforgiving, untrusted, and aggressive leader.

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  • 21. 

    Joseph Stalin, not Vladamir Lenin, was the Russian leader who created the secret police.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Joseph Stalin, not Vladamir Lenin, was responsible for the creation of the secret police in Russia. This implies that it was Stalin, not Lenin, who established and organized the secret police force.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following topics is most associated with how the Cold War started?

    • A.

      Spread of communism

    • B.

      Threat of communism

    • C.

      Threat of World War III

    • D.

      Threat of nuclear weapons

    Correct Answer
    D. Threat of nuclear weapons
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "threat of nuclear weapons." The Cold War was primarily a conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union, characterized by political tension and military rivalry. The development and proliferation of nuclear weapons during this time created a significant threat, as both superpowers possessed the capability to cause massive destruction. The fear of nuclear war and the potential devastation it could bring played a crucial role in shaping the dynamics of the Cold War and influencing the actions and policies of both sides.

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  • 23. 

    This is the number of years, approximately, the Cold War lasted.

    Correct Answer
    40
    40 years
    forty
    Explanation
    The Cold War lasted for approximately 40 years. The answer options provided, "40," "40 years," and "forty," all represent the same duration of time.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 10, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jasonfleegle
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