Period Of European History Quiz Questions

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Period Of European History Quiz Questions - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The period of European history known as the Renaissance roughly covers the time from

    • A.

      1100 to 1400

    • B.

      1200 to 1500

    • C.

      1300 to 1600

    • D.

      1400 to 1700

    Correct Answer
    C. 1300 to 1600
    Explanation
    The Renaissance was a cultural and intellectual movement that emerged in Europe during the 14th century and lasted until the 17th century. It marked a period of renewed interest in classical learning, art, and science, and is often considered a bridge between the Middle Ages and the modern era. The answer "1300 to 1600" is correct because it encompasses the time period when the Renaissance flourished, with significant developments in art, literature, philosophy, and science taking place during these years.

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  • 2. 

    To become known as an important patron, one most needed to be

    • A.

      Wealthy

    • B.

      Creative

    • C.

      Religious

    • D.

      Intellectual

    Correct Answer
    A. Wealthy
    Explanation
    To become known as an important patron, wealth was the most crucial factor. This implies that being wealthy was the primary requirement for individuals to gain recognition as significant patrons. While being creative, religious, or intellectual may have their own merits, the question specifically highlights the importance of wealth in achieving patron status.

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  • 3. 

    The technique known as perspective is most useful in the creation of

    • A.

      Drama

    • B.

      Sculpture

    • C.

      Two-dimensional art

    • D.

      The sonnet form in poetry

    Correct Answer
    C. Two-dimensional art
    Explanation
    Perspective is a technique commonly used in two-dimensional art to create the illusion of depth and three-dimensionality on a flat surface. By using techniques such as vanishing points, foreshortening, and overlapping, artists can create a sense of depth and realism in their artwork. This technique is particularly useful in mediums such as painting and drawing, where the artist is working on a two-dimensional surface but wants to create the illusion of a three-dimensional space. Therefore, the correct answer is two-dimensional art.

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  • 4. 

    A person who produces work in "the vernacular" is one hwo

    • A.

      Relies on realism

    • B.

      Uses only natural light

    • C.

      Uses a verse form of writing

    • D.

      Writes in a local, rather than a classical, language

    Correct Answer
    D. Writes in a local, rather than a classical, language
    Explanation
    A person who produces work in "the vernacular" refers to someone who writes in a local, rather than a classical, language. This means that the person uses the language spoken by the common people in a particular region or country, as opposed to using a more formal or classical language. By writing in the vernacular, the person is able to connect with and communicate effectively with the local audience, using their language and expressions that they are familiar with.

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  • 5. 

    The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from study of

    • A.

      Medieval scholarship

    • B.

      Original christian writings

    • C.

      Classical Greek and Roman culture

    • D.

      The contributions of the Tang and Song dynasties

    Correct Answer
    C. Classical Greek and Roman culture
    Explanation
    The intellectual and cultural movement known as humanism arose from the study of classical Greek and Roman culture. Humanism emphasized the importance of human reason, individualism, and the potential for human achievement. Scholars during this period focused on the works of ancient Greek and Roman philosophers, writers, and artists, which greatly influenced their thinking and worldview. The revival of classical texts and ideas led to a shift away from the dominance of religious and medieval scholarship, and instead placed a greater emphasis on human potential and secular knowledge.

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  • 6. 

    In Greek the word "utopia" means

    • A.

      "highest"

    • B.

      "no place"

    • C.

      "everywhere"

    • D.

      "an ideal place"

    Correct Answer
    B. "no place"
    Explanation
    The word "utopia" comes from the Greek roots "ou" meaning "not" and "topos" meaning "place." Therefore, the correct answer is "no place." This term was first coined by Sir Thomas More in his book "Utopia" to describe an imagined perfect society that doesn't actually exist in reality.

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  • 7. 

    The printing press was invented by

    • A.

      Jan can Eyck

    • B.

      Johann Gutenberg

    • C.

      Peter Bruegel the Elder

    • D.

      Hans Holbein the Younger

    Correct Answer
    B. Johann Gutenberg
    Explanation
    Johann Gutenberg is credited with inventing the printing press. His invention revolutionized the way information was disseminated and played a crucial role in the spread of knowledge during the Renaissance. Gutenberg's printing press used movable type, allowing for the mass production of books and pamphlets. This innovation had a profound impact on various fields, such as literature, science, and religion, by making books more accessible and affordable. Gutenberg's invention marked a significant milestone in the history of communication and is considered one of the most important inventions of all time.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following did Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More have in common?

    • A.

      Both were French

    • B.

      Both wrote only in English

    • C.

      Both were considered humanists

    • D.

      Both rejected religion and the Bible

    Correct Answer
    C. Both were considered humanists
    Explanation
    Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas More were both considered humanists. Humanism was a cultural and intellectual movement during the Renaissance that emphasized the importance of human values, education, and the study of classical literature. Both Erasmus and More were influential figures in the humanist movement, advocating for the reform of education, the pursuit of knowledge, and the improvement of society through human reason and critical thinking. They both believed in the potential of human beings to create a better world and were critical of the corruption within the Church.

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  • 9. 

    The Act of Supremacy was passed during the reign of Henry VIII

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Act of Supremacy was indeed passed during the reign of Henry VIII. This act, which was enacted in 1534, declared Henry VIII as the Supreme Head of the Church of England, effectively separating the English church from the authority of the Pope in Rome. This marked a significant turning point in English history, as it established the monarch as the highest authority in both religious and political matters within the country. The Act of Supremacy solidified Henry VIII's break from the Catholic Church and laid the foundation for the establishment of the Church of England as a separate entity.

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  • 10. 

    The name Anabaptist is from the Greek for baptize again

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The name Anabaptist is derived from the Greek words "ana" meaning again and "baptizo" meaning to baptize. Therefore, the statement is true as it accurately explains the origin of the term Anabaptist.

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  • 11. 

    In England, the king was declared to be head of the Lutheran Church

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In England, the king was not declared to be the head of the Lutheran Church. Instead, the English monarch, Henry VIII, declared himself as the head of the Church of England in the 16th century. This act, known as the Act of Supremacy, established the monarch as the supreme authority of the Church of England, separate from the authority of the Pope in Rome. The Church of England, also known as the Anglican Church, has its roots in the Protestant Reformation but is not specifically Lutheran. Therefore, the answer is false.

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  • 12. 

    The term Protestant comes from the name given some German princes who protested against joining forces with the pope against Luther's ideas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The term "Protestant" originated from German princes who protested against aligning with the pope in opposition to Martin Luther's ideas. This implies that the statement is true as it accurately describes the origin of the term "Protestant" and its connection to the German princes' protest against the pope's alliance.

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  • 13. 

    What kind of person represented the ideal of the "Renaissance man"?

    • A.

      Someone who enjoyed worldly pleasures

    • B.

      Someone who excelled in many areas of study

    • C.

      Someone who specialized in a particular field of study

    • D.

      Someone who supported and appreciated the arts without creating art

    Correct Answer
    B. Someone who excelled in many areas of study
    Explanation
    The ideal of the "Renaissance man" refers to a person who excelled in various areas of study. During the Renaissance period, there was a strong emphasis on humanism and the belief in the potential of individuals. The Renaissance man was expected to be well-rounded and knowledgeable in multiple disciplines such as art, literature, science, and philosophy. This person was not limited to one specific field of study but instead sought to cultivate a broad range of skills and knowledge.

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  • 14. 

    How did Italy's location help ti become the birthplace of the Renaissance?

    • A.

      Ideas could be spread easily by means of Italy's fleets

    • B.

      Italy was protected by the rest of Europe by the Alps

    • C.

      Italy had access to Roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from Constantinople

    • D.

      The bubonic plague had not reached the south tip of Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. Italy had access to Roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from Constantinople
    Explanation
    Italy's location helped it become the birthplace of the Renaissance because it had access to Roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from Constantinople. This allowed Italian scholars and artists to study and be inspired by the classical works of ancient Rome and Greece, leading to a revival of interest in classical art, literature, and philosophy. The influx of ancient knowledge and ideas played a crucial role in shaping the intellectual and cultural movement of the Renaissance in Italy.

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  • 15. 

    What was the important effect of the invention of the printing press?

    • A.

      Gutenberg used his wealth from the invention to support artists

    • B.

      It led to the development of public libraries

    • C.

      It led to a renewed study of Latina and Greek

    • D.

      It increased literacy and the use of the vernacular

    Correct Answer
    D. It increased literacy and the use of the vernacular
    Explanation
    The invention of the printing press had an important effect of increasing literacy and the use of the vernacular. Before the printing press, books were expensive and time-consuming to produce, making them inaccessible to the majority of people. However, the printing press allowed for the mass production of books, making them more affordable and widely available. This led to an increase in literacy rates as more people had access to books and could learn to read. Additionally, the printing press facilitated the printing of books in the vernacular languages, rather than just Latin or Greek, making literature more accessible to the general population.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following was a major reason for the Reformation?

    • A.

      European merchants resented paying taxes to the Church in Rome

    • B.

      The church was threatening to excommunicate the king of France

    • C.

      The people in Rome insisted on only speaking Latin

    • D.

      Martin Luther said he would interpret the Bible better than the pope.

    Correct Answer
    A. European merchants resented paying taxes to the Church in Rome
    Explanation
    The Reformation was a period of religious and political upheaval in Europe during the 16th century. One major reason for the Reformation was the resentment of European merchants towards paying taxes to the Church in Rome. The Church had become wealthy and powerful through its collection of taxes, and many merchants felt that their hard-earned money was being misused. This led to a growing dissatisfaction with the Church's practices and a desire for reform. The Reformation ultimately resulted in the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity and the breaking away from the authority of the Catholic Church.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following was one of Luther's main beliefs?

    • A.

      Men and women are naturally sinful

    • B.

      Christians needed to be baptized again as adults

    • C.

      Good works were required for salvation

    • D.

      All people with faith were equal

    Correct Answer
    D. All people with faith were equal
    Explanation
    Luther's main belief was that all people with faith were equal. He emphasized the idea that salvation was not dependent on social status or good works, but rather on an individual's faith in God. This belief challenged the hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church at the time, which placed clergy and nobility above the common people. Luther's teachings promoted the idea of the priesthood of all believers, asserting that every person had direct access to God and could interpret the Bible for themselves. This belief was a key factor in the Protestant Reformation and had a lasting impact on the development of Christianity.

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  • 18. 

    What was the main reason for Henry VIII's split with the Roman Catholic Church?

    • A.

      His religious beliefs

    • B.

      His desire for a male heir

    • C.

      His treatment of Catherine of Aragon

    • D.

      His unwillingness to pay Church taxes

    Correct Answer
    B. His desire for a male heir
    Explanation
    Henry VIII's split with the Roman Catholic Church was primarily driven by his desire for a male heir. Henry's marriage to Catherine of Aragon had failed to produce a male heir, and he sought to annul the marriage in order to marry someone who could potentially give him a son. However, the Catholic Church refused to grant the annulment, leading Henry to break away from the Church and establish the Church of England, which allowed him to divorce Catherine and remarry. This decision ultimately paved the way for the English Reformation and the establishment of Protestantism in England.

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  • 19. 

    Which one of the following was agreed upon at the Council of Trent?

    • A.

      The church's interpretation of the Bible was final

    • B.

      Selling indulgences was an appropriate practice

    • C.

      Local priests had to originate the process of excommunication

    • D.

      Church and state should be separate

    Correct Answer
    A. The church's interpretation of the Bible was final
    Explanation
    At the Council of Trent, it was agreed upon that the church's interpretation of the Bible was final. This means that the church held the authority to interpret the scriptures and its interpretation was considered the ultimate and unquestionable truth. This decision aimed to maintain the church's power and control over religious doctrine, ensuring that its teachings were not challenged or contradicted. It solidified the church's role as the ultimate authority in matters of faith and doctrine, reinforcing its influence over the beliefs and practices of its followers.

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  • 20. 

    The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between the supporters of which two groups?

    • A.

      England and Spain

    • B.

      Catholic and Protestant German Princes

    • C.

      Roman Catholics and Anglicans

    • D.

      French Catholics and Huguenots

    Correct Answer
    B. Catholic and Protestant German Princes
    Explanation
    The Peace of Augsburg ended a war between the Catholic and Protestant German Princes. This agreement, signed in 1555, allowed each prince to choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism as the official religion of their territory. It recognized the principle of cuius regio, eius religio (whose realm, his religion), granting religious freedom to the rulers but not to their subjects. This treaty marked a significant turning point in the religious landscape of Germany and helped establish a fragile peace between the two opposing factions.

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  • 21. 

    What idea of Luther's most influenced John Calvin?

    • A.

      Humans cannot earn a place in heaven

    • B.

      There was no hierarchy of believers

    • C.

      The church could not sell indulgences

    • D.

      People did not need priests to interpret the Bible for them

    Correct Answer
    A. Humans cannot earn a place in heaven
    Explanation
    John Calvin was greatly influenced by Luther's idea that humans cannot earn a place in heaven. This concept challenged the prevailing belief at the time that salvation could be achieved through good works and religious rituals. Calvin embraced Luther's emphasis on the grace of God and the belief that salvation is a free gift that cannot be earned. This idea formed the foundation of Calvin's theology and his doctrine of predestination, which emphasized God's sovereignty in choosing who would be saved.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 06, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 11, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Amf654456
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