Western Civ Chap 5

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 63

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Western Civ Chap 5

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Julius Caesar's eighteen-year-old grandnephew and adopted son _____________ won the support of Caesar's soldiers by promising them rewards from their murdered general's wealth. 
    • A. 

      Mark Antony

    • B. 

      Lepidus

    • C. 

      Cicero

    • D. 

      Octavian

    • E. 

      Livy

  • 2. 
    Octavian's victory over Mark Antony in the naval battle of _________ in 31 B.C.E. won the war. 
    • A. 

      Actium

    • B. 

      Pompeii

    • C. 

      Alexandria

    • D. 

      Cannae

    • E. 

      Marsallia

  • 3. 
    The epic poem by ____________ called the Aeneid told the story of the Trojan Aeneas, who was the legendary founder of the Roman people. 
    • A. 

      Ovid

    • B. 

      Virgil

    • C. 

      Cassius Dio

    • D. 

      Livy

    • E. 

      Horace

  • 4. 
    The historian ___________ composed a history of Rome that did not conceal Augustus's ruthlessness, but did not anger the princeps because the work also emphasized the traditional values of loyalty and self-sacrifice. 
    • A. 

      Ovid

    • B. 

      Virgil

    • C. 

      Cassius Dio

    • D. 

      Livy

    • E. 

      Horace

  • 5. 
    The poet ____________ was exiled for mocking the emperor's moral legislation and for his involvement in a sexual scandal with the emperor's granddaughter. 
    • A. 

      Ovid

    • B. 

      Virgil

    • C. 

      Catullus

    • D. 

      Juvenal

    • E. 

      Horace

  • 6. 
    After the murder of Caligula, ____________ became emperor because the Praetorian Guard backed him. 
    • A. 

      Tiberius

    • B. 

      Nero

    • C. 

      Vespasian

    • D. 

      Titus

    • E. 

      Claudius

  • 7. 
    _____________ suppressed a Jewish revolt by turning Jerusalem into a military colony. 
    • A. 

      Domitian

    • B. 

      Caligula

    • C. 

      Titus

    • D. 

      Hadrian

    • E. 

      Vespasian

  • 8. 
    In his Parallel Lives, the essayist and philosopher __________ wrote paired biographies of renown Greek and Roman men. 
    • A. 

      Livy

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Plutarch

    • D. 

      Tacitus

    • E. 

      Juvenal

  • 9. 
    The Annals by __________ was a harsh narrative of the Julio-Claudian dynasty that exposed Augustus's ruthlessness and his successors' crimes. 
    • A. 

      Livy

    • B. 

      Cicero

    • C. 

      Plutarch

    • D. 

      Tacitus

    • E. 

      Juvenal

  • 10. 
    The satiric poet ___________ wrote about pretentious Romans and the indignities of living broke in the capital. 
    • A. 

      Plutarch

    • B. 

      Juvenal

    • C. 

      Lucian

    • D. 

      Virgil

    • E. 

      Apuleius

  • 11. 
    Jesus was crucified under the orders of ____________ for sedition in Jerusalem in 30 C.E. 
    • A. 

      Pliny

    • B. 

      Nero

    • C. 

      Pontius Pilate

    • D. 

      Tiberius

    • E. 

      Herod Antipas

  • 12. 
    Paul of Tarsus, who had violently opposed followers of Jesus, had a spiritual vision on his way to ____________ that inspired him to become a follower of Jesus himself. 
    • A. 

      Rome

    • B. 

      Jerusalem

    • C. 

      Damascus

    • D. 

      Athens

    • E. 

      Alexandria

  • 13. 
    After a great fire in Rome in 64 C.E., the emperor __________ punished Christians as arsonists.
    • A. 

      Augustus

    • B. 

      Nero

    • C. 

      Tiberius

    • D. 

      Caligula

    • E. 

      Vespasian

  • 14. 
    In his memoirs known today as Meditations, the emperor __________ put down his own set of beliefs, which were based on the morally centered philosophy of Stoicism. 
    • A. 

      Vespasian

    • B. 

      Hadrian

    • C. 

      Titus

    • D. 

      Trajan

    • E. 

      Marcus Aurelius

  • 15. 
    The theologian ____________ argued that Christianity was superior to Hellenic philosophy as a guide to correct living. 
    • A. 

      Plotinus

    • B. 

      Justin

    • C. 

      Origen

    • D. 

      Tertullian

    • E. 

      Paul of Tarsus

  • 16. 
    When he became emperor in 193 C.E., _________ tried to restore imperial prestige and acquire new revenue through foreign conquest. 
    • A. 

      Septimius Severus

    • B. 

      Caracalla

    • C. 

      Marcus Aurelius

    • D. 

      Trajan

    • E. 

      Valerian

  • 17. 
    On the death of his father in 211 C.E., __________ seized power by killing his brother and beginning a reign that marks the end of Rome's Golden Age of peace and prosperity. 
    • A. 

      Septimius Severus

    • B. 

      Caracalla

    • C. 

      Marcus Aurelius

    • D. 

      Trajan

    • E. 

      Valerian

  • 18. 
    A major threat appeared on the eastern edge of the Roman empire in the late second and early third centuries C.E. when the __________ defeated the Parthian empire and revitalized the ancient Persian kingdom. 
    • A. 

      Germans

    • B. 

      Gauls

    • C. 

      Goths

    • D. 

      Sassanids

    • E. 

      Palmyrans

  • 19. 
    Believing that the troubles of the late Roman Empire were caused by the anger of the Roman gods at the presence of the Christians who denied them, the emperor ____________ began a systematic persecution of the Christians and proclaimed himself aRestorer of the Cults.a 
    • A. 

      Caracalla

    • B. 

      Decius

    • C. 

      Valerian

    • D. 

      Macrinus

    • E. 

      Diocletian

  • 20. 
    In the early 280s C.E., the dynamic emperor ____________ restored the principate by replacing it with a new form of authoritarian leadership. 
    • A. 

      Caracalla

    • B. 

      Decius

    • C. 

      Valerian

    • D. 

      Macrinus

    • E. 

      Diocletian

  • 21. 
    Augustus used the title princeps
    • A. 

      Because he did not want to appear threatening to his countrymen by claiming a more monarchical title.

    • B. 

      Because it was Latin for emperor.

    • C. 

      Because it was the title the Senate chose to bestow upon him.

    • D. 

      Because he wanted a non-military title to emphasize his statecraft.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following statements is false
    • A. 

      Slaves who acquired funds would sometimes buy slaves for themselves.

    • B. 

      Slaves could protest inhumane treatment to the tribunes.

    • C. 

      Freed slaves acquired Roman citizenship.

    • D. 

      Some male slaves ran businesses for their masters.

  • 23. 
    Transforming the traditional patron-client system to suit the principate, Augustus saw himself as the patron of: 
    • A. 

      The elite

    • B. 

      Common people

    • C. 

      The military

    • D. 

      All of society

  • 24. 
    Most urban residents of Rome lived in: 
    • A. 

      Private houses

    • B. 

      Boarding houses

    • C. 

      Small apartments

    • D. 

      Suburban cottages

  • 25. 
    Why did oratory, or rhetorical public speaking, lose its bite during the Augustan age? 
    • A. 

      There was a shortage of skilled oratory teachers.

    • B. 

      Political criticism was no longer allowed.

    • C. 

      The Senate had been dissolved.

    • D. 

      People became more interested in gladiator shows than public speeches.

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