U.S. History Final

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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U.S. History Final

The final exam covers the material over the Cold War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The "Iron Curtain" was a phrase said by whom discribing Europe?
    • A. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Joseph Stalin

    • C. 

      WinstonChurchill

    • D. 

      Harry S. Truman

  • 2. 
    What policy stated that the "United States must support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjagation by armed minorities or by outside pressures"?  In other words, the policy that called for the U.S. to use financial and military support to combat the spread of Communism
    • A. 

      Roosevelt philosophy

    • B. 

      The Yalta Conference

    • C. 

      The Truman Doctrine

    • D. 

      The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

  • 3. 
    What was the outcome of the Korean War?
    • A. 

      The US won

    • B. 

      North Korea Won

    • C. 

      The USSR won

    • D. 

      It became a stalemate/tie

  • 4. 
    Who was the President of the United States at the beginning of the Cold War
    • A. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Dwight D. Eisenhower

    • C. 

      John F. Kennedy

    • D. 

      Harry Truman

  • 5. 
    Which event is viewed as the closest the U.S. ever came to nuclear war with the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      NATO

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Cold War

    • D. 

      Bay of Pigs Invasion

    • E. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • F. 

      Space Race

    • G. 

      Sputnik

    • H. 

      Korean War

    • I. 

      Cuban Missile Crisis

  • 6. 
    This conflict began after President Kennedy sent military advisers to support anti-communist forces and ended when Communist forces won in 1975
    • A. 

      NATO

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Cold War

    • D. 

      Vietnam War

    • E. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • F. 

      Korean War

    • G. 

      Sputnik

    • H. 

      Bay of Pigs Invasion

    • I. 

      Berlin Airlift

  • 7. 
    An era of hostilities between two superpowers, when each tried to spread the economic and political ideas to the world but did not lead to direct conflict between them.
    • A. 

      NATO

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Cold War

    • D. 

      HUAC

    • E. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • F. 

      Eisenhower Doctrine

    • G. 

      Sputnik

    • H. 

      MacCarthyism

    • I. 

      U2 incident

  • 8. 
    A military alliance of satellite nations under the control of the Soviet Union
    • A. 

      NATO

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Cold War

    • D. 

      HUAC

    • E. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • F. 

      Eisenhower Doctrine

    • G. 

      Sputnik

    • H. 

      MacCarthyism

    • I. 

      U2 incident

  • 9. 
    This is an excerpt from Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech, March 5, 1946 ANSWER THE QUESTION THAT FOLLOWS THE QUOTE From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. . . . All these famous cities and the populations around them lie in the Soviet sphere and all are subject in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to a very high and increasing measure of control from Moscow. Winston Churchill was in favor of the Iron Curtain.   
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    This is an excerpt from the North Atlantic Treaty in 1948. Answer the question that follows the quote. The parties agree than an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or in North America shall be considered as an attack against them all. They agree that if such an armed attack occurs, each of them will assist the party or parties so attacked. Each will immediately take whatever action it considers necessary to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area. It will, if necessary, use armed force.  The purpose of NATO was to spread protect the United States and other allies from attacks from the Soviet Union. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    The Cold War period is generally seen as the years after the Korean Conflict until the collapse of the Soviet Union (1950-1991)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which of the following can be considered the first time there was actual combat during the Cold War
    • A. 

      Korean War

    • B. 

      Vietnam War

    • C. 

      Cuban missile Crisis

    • D. 

      Bay of Pigs Invasion

  • 13. 
    Which of the following countries was not part of NATO?
    • A. 

      United States

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      Soviet Union (Russia)

  • 14. 
    Which of the following was NOT a key characteristic of the Soviet Union during the Cold War
    • A. 

      Totalitarian government

    • B. 

      Communist

    • C. 

      Seeking to expand Communist ideology

    • D. 

      Free-market economy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following leaders is not present at the Potsdam conference in July of 1945
    • A. 

      Joseph Stalin

    • B. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • C. 

      Winston Churchill

    • D. 

      Harry Truman

  • 16. 
    When did the Korean conflict take place?
    • A. 

      1951-1955

    • B. 

      1950-1953

    • C. 

      1945-1950

    • D. 

      1950-1952

  • 17. 
    What goal does the President present to congress in this famous speech? Source: Library of Congress, President John F. Kennedy, delivered in person before a joint session of Congress, May 25, 1961. "…Finally, if we are to win the battle that is now going on around the world between freedom and tyranny, the dramatic achievements in space which occurred in recent weeks should have made clear to us all, as did the Sputnik in 1957, the impact of this adventure on the minds of men everywhere, who are attempting to make a determination of which road they should take. Since early in my term, our efforts in space have been under review. With the advice of the Vice President, who is Chairman of the National Space Council, we have examined where we are strong and where we are not, where we may succeed and where we may not. Now it is time to take longer strides—time for a great new American enterprise—time for this nation to take a clearly leading role in space achievement, which in many ways may hold the key to our future on Earth. First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish…"
    • A. 

      That the U.S. should attempt to shoot down Sputnik

    • B. 

      That the United States should send a man to Mars by 1963

    • C. 

      That the United States should send a person to the moon by the end of the decade

    • D. 

      That the U.S. should be the first country to send a man to space

  • 18. 
    JFK gave this speech in response to what Cold War event? Source: Library of Congress, President John F. Kennedy, delivered in person before a joint session of Congress, May 25, 1961. "…Finally, if we are to win the battle that is now going on around the world between freedom and tyranny, the dramatic achievements in space which occurred in recent weeks should have made clear to us all, as did the Sputnik in 1957, the impact of this adventure on the minds of men everywhere, who are attempting to make a determination of which road they should take. Since early in my term, our efforts in space have been under review. With the advice of the Vice President, who is Chairman of the National Space Council, we have examined where we are strong and where we are not, where we may succeed and where we may not. Now it is time to take longer strides—time for a great new American enterprise—time for this nation to take a clearly leading role in space achievement, which in many ways may hold the key to our future on Earth. First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish…"
    • A. 

      The invasion of South Vietnam by Communist forces

    • B. 

      The laucnhing of the Sputnik satellite by the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      The blockade of West Berlin by Joseph Stalin

    • D. 

      The invasion of Cuba by the United States

  • 19. 
    The United States met JFK's goal of landing a man in the moon by achieving it in 1969.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Who was the military commander of the United Nations forces that fought the North Koreans during the Korean Conflict?
    • A. 

      Harry Truman

    • B. 

      Douglas MacArthur

    • C. 

      Chesty Puller

    • D. 

      James Pusan

  • 21. 
    What is the current situation in Korea?
    • A. 

      South and North Korea united to form one country are now allied against the United States

    • B. 

      The North Koreans and the United States have become strong allies and are seeking to destroy South Korea

    • C. 

      China now controls both North and South Korea

    • D. 

      South and North Korea are two countries, with North Korea still an enemy of the United States

  • 22. 
    What does the Bay of Pigs refer to in regards to the Cold War?
    • A. 

      The 1961 invasion of Cuba by U.S. trained Cuban exiles

    • B. 

      The 1960 invasion of Vietnam by U.S. military trainers

    • C. 

      The 1950 invasion of South Korea by North Korean communist forces

    • D. 

      The 1968 attack by Vietcong forces on South Vietnamese cities

  • 23. 
    Analyzing primary documents:  According to the cartoonist, what was the result of the Bay of Pigs invasion
    • A. 

      It was a political victory for the United States and President John F. Kennedy

    • B. 

      There was no clear outcome to the invasion

    • C. 

      It was a military disaster and an embarrassment for the United States and John F. Kennedy

    • D. 

      It was a military defeat for Fidel Castro and Cuba

  • 24. 
    Why did the United States send military forces to South Vietnam?
    • A. 

      To help stop South Vietnam from falling to Communism

    • B. 

      To stop South Vietnam from invading North Vietnam

    • C. 

      To help the Vietcong stop the South Vietnamese from becoming a democracy

    • D. 

      To stop South Vietnam from developing nuclear weapons

  • 25. 
    What Cold War event is this headline referring to?
    • A. 

      Bay of Pigs invasion

    • B. 

      Sputnik

    • C. 

      Berlin Airlift

    • D. 

      Cuban Missile crisis