Unit 10: The Cold War - Test (spring 2017)

25 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Unit 10:  The Cold War - Test (spring 2017)

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the purpose of the Berlin airlift?
    • A. 

      Supplying West Berlin with necessities during the Soviet blockade

    • B. 

      Helping defeat the German military

    • C. 

      Assisting people trying to escape from East Berlin

    • D. 

      forcing the Soviet Union to end its occupation of East Germany

  • 2. 
    What was a major result of the Cuban missile crisis of 1962?
    • A. 

      Fidel Castro was removed from power

    • B. 

      Steps were taken to relax Cold War tensions

    • C. 

      United Nations forces invaded Cuba

    • D. 

      Trade between Cuba and the United States increased

  • 3. 
    President Kennedy created the Peace Corps in the 1960s to...
    • A. 

      Fight revolutionaries in democratic nations with military force

    • B. 

      Improve economic conditions in developing countries

    • C. 

      Rebuild United States cities through urban renewal

    • D. 

      Overthrow Soviet control in Eastern Europe

  • 4. 
    Which statement about the Vietnam War is an opinion?
    • A. 

      President Lyndon B. Johnson’s escalation of the war was a mistake

    • B. 

      United States forces withdrew from Vietnam during the presidency of Gerald Ford.

    • C. 

      Disagreement over the war divided the American public

    • D. 

      The Vietnam War had been the longest military conflict in United States history

  • 5. 
    President Ronald Reagan supported supply-side economics through reduced tax rates to...
    • A. 

      Encourage economic growth

    • B. 

      Create more public-works jobs

    • C. 

      Increase government regulation of business

    • D. 

      Decrease defense spending

  • 6. 
    What was a major achievement of the presidency of Jimmy Carter?
    • A. 

      Uniting East Germany and West Germany

    • B. 

      Negotiating the peace accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David

    • C. 

      Ending United States dependence on imported oil

    • D. 

      Rescuing United States hostages in Iran

  • 7. 
    Brinkmanship, the domino theory, and massive retaliation are elements of United States foreign policy associated with the...
    • A. 

      Revolutionary War

    • B. 

      Civil War

    • C. 

      Cold War

    • D. 

      War on Terror

  • 8. 
    The presidency of Richard Nixon was weakened by his...
    • A. 

      Policies on the environment

    • B. 

      Trip to the People’s Republic of China

    • C. 

      foreign policy toward the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      involvement in the Watergate scandal

  • 9. 
    A major goal of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society program was to ...
    • A. 

      Contain communism in Southeast Asia

    • B. 

      Create a space program

    • C. 

      Reduce poverty in the United States

    • D. 

      cut domestic programs to balance the budget

  • 10. 
    “No voting qualification or prerequisite to voting, or standard, practice, or procedure shall be imposed or applied by any State or political subdivision to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color.” — Section 2, Voting Rights Act of 1965 The specific goal stated in this section of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was to...
    • A. 

      Expand the use of property qualifications

    • B. 

      establish voter qualifications such as literacy tests

    • C. 

      Stop fraudulent voting in large cities

    • D. 

      Remove barriers to voting based on racial background

  • 11. 
    The 1957 launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union embarrassed the United States because it...
    • A. 

      Allowed the Soviets to place missiles in Turkey

    • B. 

      Revealed that the Soviets had nuclear weapons

    • C. 

      Appeared that the United States had failed to keep up in scientific achievement

    • D. 

      Confirmed the United States use of U-2 spy planes

  • 12. 
    The baby boom in the United States of the 1950s and 1960s had its most significant impact on the...
    • A. 

      Rebirth of urban business districts

    • B. 

      Decreased use of child labor in factories

    • C. 

      Recruitment for the armed forces

    • D. 

      Construction of housing and schools

  • 13. 
    Which development was a major result of the 1956 Interstate Highway Act?
    • A. 

      Revitalization of family farms

    • B. 

      Migration to the suburbs

    • C. 

      Population shift to the Northeast

    • D. 

      Higher unemployment for the nation’s autoworkers

  • 14. 
     One way in which the feminist movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s is similar to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s is that both...
    • A. 

      Used public demonstrations and protests to draw attention to their goals

    • B. 

      Opposed Supreme Court decisions expanding the rights of the accused

    • C. 

      refused support from churches and religious leaders

    • D. 

      Focused on securing equal access to housing

  • 15. 
    This 1973 photograph shows a situation most directly related to...
    • A. 

      the development of nuclear power sources

    • B. 

      He end of oil production in the Gulf of Mexico

    • C. 

      terrorist attacks on United States petroleum reserves

    • D. 

      An oil embargo imposed by nations in the Middle East

  • 16. 
    The economic programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Lyndon B. Johnson both resulted in...
    • A. 

      increased responsibilities for the federal government

    • B. 

      Significant reductions in state and federal spending

    • C. 

      Federal ownership of major corporations

    • D. 

      Reduced spending on public works projects

  • 17. 
    May 13, 1958 The President The White House Washington, D. C. My dear Mr. President: I was sitting in the audience at the Summit Meeting of Negro [African-American] Leaders yesterday when you said we must have patience. On hearing you say this, I felt like standing up and saying, “Oh no! Not again.” … 17 million Negroes cannot do as you suggest and wait for the hearts of men to change. We want to enjoy now the rights that we feel we are entitled to as Americans. This we cannot do unless we pursue aggressively goals which all other Americans achieved over 150 years ago. As the chief executive of our nation, I respectfully suggest that you unwittingly crush the spirit of freedom in Negroes by constantly urging forbearance [delay] and give hope to those pro-segregation leaders like Governor [Orval] Faubus who would take from us even those freedoms we now enjoy. Your own experience with Governor Faubus is proof enough that forbearance and not eventual integration is the goal the pro-segregation leaders seek.… Respectfully yours, Jackie Robinson Which action by the federal government would Jackie Robinson most likely have supported to achieve his stated goals?
    • A. 

      Federal assistance to expand segregated facilities

    • B. 

      Creation of additional job training programs

    • C. 

      Appointment of a commission to study the causes of urban race riots

    • D. 

      Faster implementation of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

  • 18. 
    … Just over a month ago, General Secretary Gorbachev [of the Soviet Union] and I met for the first time in Geneva. Our purpose was to begin a fresh chapter in the relations between our two countries and to try to reduce the suspicions and mistrust between us. I think we made a good beginning. Mr. Gorbachev and I spent many hours together, speaking frankly and seriously about the most important issues of our time: reducing the massive nuclear arsenals on both sides, resolving regional conflicts, ensuring respect for human rights as guaranteed under international agreements, and other questions of mutual interest. As the elected representative of the American people, I told Mr. Gorbachev of our deep desire for peace and that the American people do not wish the Soviet people any harm.…  — President Ronald Reagan, January 1, 1986 One major issue that dominated United States–Soviet relations at this time was the...
    • A. 

      War in Southeast Asia

    • B. 

      Use of apartheid in South Africa

    • C. 

      danger of nuclear destruction

    • D. 

      Threat from al Qaeda in the Middle East

  • 19. 
    … Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don’t criticize What you can’t understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin’. Please get out of the new one If you can’t lend your hand For the times they are a-changin’… — Bob Dylan, “The Times They Are A-Changin’,” 1963 Which concern of the 1960s is being commented on by the author of these lyrics?
    • A. 

      Rural poverty

    • B. 

      Adult illiteracy

    • C. 

      Environmental protection

    • D. 

      The generation gap

  • 20. 
    McCarthyism in the 1950s is most closely associated with...
    • A. 

      Claims that communists had infiltrated the federal government

    • B. 

      Efforts to prevent pro-communist governments in Latin America

    • C. 

      Formation of the Warsaw Pact

    • D. 

      Passage of the Interstate Highway Act

  • 21. 
    The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT), signed by President Richard Nixon with the Soviet Union, was an effort to advance the foreign policy of...
    • A. 

      Détente

    • B. 

      imperialism

    • C. 

      Brinkmanship

    • D. 

      Globalization

  • 22. 
    Check the events which occurred during JFK's presidency.
    • A. 

      Bay of Pigs Invasion

    • B. 

      Cuban Missile Crisis

    • C. 

      Camp David Accords

    • D. 

      Moon Landing

    • E. 

      Challenger Disaster

  • 23. 
    Check the events which occurred during Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency.
    • A. 

      Moon Landing

    • B. 

      The Great Society

    • C. 

      Bay of Bigs Invasion

    • D. 

      Watergate

    • E. 

      Sputnik

  • 24. 
    Check the events which occurred during Eisenhower's presidency.
    • A. 

      Brinksmanship

    • B. 

      Duck and Cover

    • C. 

      Sputnik

    • D. 

      Woodstock

    • E. 

      Peace Corps