Unit 10: The Cold War - Test (Spring 2017)

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Unit 10:  The Cold War - Test (Spring 2017) - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the purpose of the Berlin airlift?

    • A.

      Supplying West Berlin with necessities during the Soviet blockade

    • B.

      Helping defeat the German military

    • C.

      Assisting people trying to escape from East Berlin

    • D.

      forcing the Soviet Union to end its occupation of East Germany

    Correct Answer
    A. Supplying West Berlin with necessities during the Soviet blockade
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Berlin airlift was to supply West Berlin with necessities during the Soviet blockade. The Soviet Union had blocked all land and water routes to West Berlin in an attempt to gain control over the city. In response, the United States and its allies organized an airlift operation to deliver food, fuel, and other essential supplies to the people of West Berlin. This operation lasted for over a year and successfully provided the necessary resources to sustain the population until the blockade was lifted.

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  • 2. 

    What was a major result of the Cuban missile crisis of 1962?

    • A.

      Fidel Castro was removed from power

    • B.

      Steps were taken to relax Cold War tensions

    • C.

      United Nations forces invaded Cuba

    • D.

      Trade between Cuba and the United States increased

    Correct Answer
    B. Steps were taken to relax Cold War tensions
    Explanation
    The major result of the Cuban missile crisis of 1962 was that steps were taken to relax Cold War tensions. The crisis occurred when the United States discovered that the Soviet Union had placed nuclear missiles in Cuba. This led to a tense standoff between the two superpowers, with the threat of nuclear war looming. However, through negotiations and diplomatic efforts, the crisis was peacefully resolved. As a result, both the United States and the Soviet Union recognized the need for better communication and a more cautious approach to avoid such a dangerous escalation in the future. This led to a period of detente, where both sides worked towards reducing tensions and improving relations.

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  • 3. 

    President Kennedy created the Peace Corps in the 1960s to...

    • A.

      Fight revolutionaries in democratic nations with military force

    • B.

      Improve economic conditions in developing countries

    • C.

      Rebuild United States cities through urban renewal

    • D.

      Overthrow Soviet control in Eastern Europe

    Correct Answer
    B. Improve economic conditions in developing countries
    Explanation
    President Kennedy created the Peace Corps in the 1960s to improve economic conditions in developing countries. The Peace Corps was established as a volunteer program that sent Americans abroad to provide assistance and support in various sectors such as education, healthcare, agriculture, and infrastructure development. Its main goal was to promote economic development and social progress in less developed nations through grassroots efforts and community-based projects. The Peace Corps aimed to foster mutual understanding and cooperation between the United States and other countries, while also addressing poverty and inequality.

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  • 4. 

    Which statement about the Vietnam War is an opinion?

    • A.

      President Lyndon B. Johnson’s escalation of the war was a mistake

    • B.

      United States forces withdrew from Vietnam during the presidency of Gerald Ford.

    • C.

      Disagreement over the war divided the American public

    • D.

      The Vietnam War had been the longest military conflict in United States history

    Correct Answer
    A. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s escalation of the war was a mistake
    Explanation
    The answer "President Lyndon B. Johnson’s escalation of the war was a mistake" is an opinion because it expresses a subjective belief about the actions of President Johnson during the Vietnam War. Opinions can vary on whether or not his escalation of the war was a mistake, as it depends on individual perspectives and beliefs about the war and its consequences.

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  • 5. 

    President Ronald Reagan supported supply-side economics through reduced tax rates to...

    • A.

      Encourage economic growth

    • B.

      Create more public-works jobs

    • C.

      Increase government regulation of business

    • D.

      Decrease defense spending

    Correct Answer
    A. Encourage economic growth
    Explanation
    President Ronald Reagan supported supply-side economics through reduced tax rates to encourage economic growth. Supply-side economics is an economic theory that suggests reducing tax rates will incentivize businesses and individuals to invest, produce, and spend more, thereby stimulating economic growth. By lowering tax rates, Reagan aimed to provide businesses with more capital to invest, which would create jobs and increase productivity. This approach was based on the belief that economic growth would ultimately benefit everyone by increasing employment opportunities and improving overall living standards.

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  • 6. 

    What was a major achievement of the presidency of Jimmy Carter?

    • A.

      Uniting East Germany and West Germany

    • B.

      Negotiating the peace accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David

    • C.

      Ending United States dependence on imported oil

    • D.

      Rescuing United States hostages in Iran

    Correct Answer
    B. Negotiating the peace accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David
    Explanation
    During his presidency, Jimmy Carter achieved a major milestone by negotiating the peace accord between Egypt and Israel at Camp David. This historic agreement, known as the Camp David Accords, was signed in 1978 and led to a peace treaty between the two nations in 1979. Carter's diplomatic efforts brought about a significant breakthrough in the Middle East, as it marked the first peace treaty between Israel and an Arab country. The negotiations at Camp David demonstrated Carter's commitment to resolving conflicts through diplomacy and earned him international recognition for his efforts in promoting peace in the region.

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  • 7. 

    Brinkmanship, the domino theory, and massive retaliation are elements of United States foreign policy associated with the...

    • A.

      Revolutionary War

    • B.

      Civil War

    • C.

      Cold War

    • D.

      War on Terror

    Correct Answer
    C. Cold War
    Explanation
    Brinkmanship, the domino theory, and massive retaliation were all strategies employed by the United States during the Cold War. Brinkmanship refers to the tactic of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink in order to achieve a favorable outcome. The domino theory was the belief that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would also fall like a row of dominoes. Massive retaliation involved the threat of using nuclear weapons as a deterrent against aggression. These strategies were all developed and used during the Cold War, a period of intense geopolitical rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.

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  • 8. 

    The presidency of Richard Nixon was weakened by his...

    • A.

      Policies on the environment

    • B.

      Trip to the People’s Republic of China

    • C.

      foreign policy toward the Soviet Union

    • D.

      involvement in the Watergate scandal

    Correct Answer
    D. involvement in the Watergate scandal
    Explanation
    Richard Nixon's presidency was weakened by his involvement in the Watergate scandal. The Watergate scandal was a political scandal in the 1970s that involved illegal activities by members of Nixon's administration, including the break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and the subsequent cover-up. The scandal led to Nixon's impeachment and eventual resignation from office, tarnishing his reputation and undermining public trust in the government. This weakened his presidency and had long-lasting implications for the American political landscape.

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  • 9. 

    A major goal of President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society program was to ...

    • A.

      Contain communism in Southeast Asia

    • B.

      Create a space program

    • C.

      Reduce poverty in the United States

    • D.

      cut domestic programs to balance the budget

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduce poverty in the United States
    Explanation
    President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society program aimed to reduce poverty in the United States. This initiative included various policies and programs such as the Economic Opportunity Act, which aimed to provide job training and education for the underprivileged, and the creation of Medicare and Medicaid to provide healthcare for the elderly and low-income individuals. The Great Society program was a comprehensive effort to address social and economic inequalities and improve the lives of Americans living in poverty.

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  • 10. 

    “No voting qualification or prerequisite to voting, or standard, practice, or procedure shall be imposed or applied by any State or political subdivision to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color.” — Section 2, Voting Rights Act of 1965 The specific goal stated in this section of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was to...

    • A.

      Expand the use of property qualifications

    • B.

      establish voter qualifications such as literacy tests

    • C.

      Stop fraudulent voting in large cities

    • D.

      Remove barriers to voting based on racial background

    Correct Answer
    D. Remove barriers to voting based on racial background
    Explanation
    This section of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 aims to remove barriers to voting based on race or color. It prohibits any state or political subdivision from imposing or applying voting qualifications, prerequisites, standards, practices, or procedures that would deny or abridge the right to vote on account of race or color. This shows a clear intention to eliminate racial discrimination and ensure equal voting rights for all citizens of the United States.

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  • 11. 

    The 1957 launch of Sputnik by the Soviet Union embarrassed the United States because it...

    • A.

      Allowed the Soviets to place missiles in Turkey

    • B.

      Revealed that the Soviets had nuclear weapons

    • C.

      Appeared that the United States had failed to keep up in scientific achievement

    • D.

      Confirmed the United States use of U-2 spy planes

    Correct Answer
    C. Appeared that the United States had failed to keep up in scientific achievement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the launch of Sputnik appeared that the United States had failed to keep up in scientific achievement. This is because Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to be successfully launched into space, and it was a significant technological achievement for the Soviet Union. The United States, on the other hand, had not yet successfully launched its own satellite at that time, leading to the perception that they were falling behind in the space race and scientific advancements.

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  • 12. 

    The baby boom in the United States of the 1950s and 1960s had its most significant impact on the...

    • A.

      Rebirth of urban business districts

    • B.

      Decreased use of child labor in factories

    • C.

      Recruitment for the armed forces

    • D.

      Construction of housing and schools

    Correct Answer
    A. Rebirth of urban business districts
    Explanation
    The correct answer is rebirth of urban business districts. The baby boom in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s led to a significant increase in the population, resulting in a higher demand for goods and services. This increased demand created opportunities for businesses to thrive, particularly in urban areas where the population was concentrated. As a result, urban business districts experienced a resurgence and saw the development of new businesses, shops, and services to cater to the growing population.

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  • 13. 

    Which development was a major result of the 1956 Interstate Highway Act?

    • A.

      Revitalization of family farms

    • B.

      Migration to the suburbs

    • C.

      Population shift to the Northeast

    • D.

      Higher unemployment for the nation’s autoworkers

    Correct Answer
    B. Migration to the suburbs
    Explanation
    The major result of the 1956 Interstate Highway Act was the migration to the suburbs. This act led to the construction of a vast network of highways, making it easier for people to commute from the suburbs to urban areas. As a result, many people chose to move out of the cities and into the suburbs, seeking a better quality of life, more space, and a quieter environment. This led to significant population shifts and the growth of suburban communities across the country.

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  • 14. 

     One way in which the feminist movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s is similar to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s is that both...

    • A.

      Used public demonstrations and protests to draw attention to their goals

    • B.

      Opposed Supreme Court decisions expanding the rights of the accused

    • C.

      refused support from churches and religious leaders

    • D.

      Focused on securing equal access to housing

    Correct Answer
    B. Opposed Supreme Court decisions expanding the rights of the accused
  • 15. 

    This 1973 photograph shows a situation most directly related to...

    • A.

      the development of nuclear power sources

    • B.

      He end of oil production in the Gulf of Mexico

    • C.

      terrorist attacks on United States petroleum reserves

    • D.

      An oil embargo imposed by nations in the Middle East

    Correct Answer
    D. An oil embargo imposed by nations in the Middle East
    Explanation
    The photograph from 1973 shows a situation that is most directly related to an oil embargo imposed by nations in the Middle East. This can be inferred from the context of the time, as the 1973 oil crisis was caused by an embargo imposed by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) on countries that supported Israel during the Yom Kippur War. This led to a shortage of oil and increased prices, which affected countries around the world and resulted in long lines at gas stations, as depicted in the photograph.

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  • 16. 

    The economic programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Lyndon B. Johnson both resulted in...

    • A.

      increased responsibilities for the federal government

    • B.

      Significant reductions in state and federal spending

    • C.

      Federal ownership of major corporations

    • D.

      Reduced spending on public works projects

    Correct Answer
    A. increased responsibilities for the federal government
    Explanation
    The economic programs implemented by both President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Lyndon B. Johnson aimed at increasing the role of the federal government in the economy. Roosevelt's New Deal and Johnson's Great Society initiatives introduced various policies and programs that expanded the federal government's involvement in areas such as social welfare, regulation of the economy, and infrastructure development. These programs sought to address the challenges of the Great Depression and poverty, leading to increased responsibilities for the federal government in areas such as social security, healthcare, education, and economic regulation.

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  • 17. 

    May 13, 1958 The President The White House Washington, D. C. My dear Mr. President: I was sitting in the audience at the Summit Meeting of Negro [African-American] Leaders yesterday when you said we must have patience. On hearing you say this, I felt like standing up and saying, “Oh no! Not again.” … 17 million Negroes cannot do as you suggest and wait for the hearts of men to change. We want to enjoy now the rights that we feel we are entitled to as Americans. This we cannot do unless we pursue aggressively goals which all other Americans achieved over 150 years ago. As the chief executive of our nation, I respectfully suggest that you unwittingly crush the spirit of freedom in Negroes by constantly urging forbearance [delay] and give hope to those pro-segregation leaders like Governor [Orval] Faubus who would take from us even those freedoms we now enjoy. Your own experience with Governor Faubus is proof enough that forbearance and not eventual integration is the goal the pro-segregation leaders seek.… Respectfully yours, Jackie Robinson Which action by the federal government would Jackie Robinson most likely have supported to achieve his stated goals?

    • A.

      Federal assistance to expand segregated facilities

    • B.

      Creation of additional job training programs

    • C.

      Appointment of a commission to study the causes of urban race riots

    • D.

      Faster implementation of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)

    Correct Answer
    D. Faster implementation of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
    Explanation
    Jackie Robinson would most likely have supported the faster implementation of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) in order to achieve his stated goals. In his letter to the President, Robinson expressed his frustration with the lack of progress in achieving equal rights for African-Americans and the constant urging for patience. He believed that African-Americans should not have to wait for their rights, but should aggressively pursue them. The faster implementation of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, which ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional, would have been a significant step towards achieving equal rights and opportunities for African-Americans.

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  • 18. 

    … Just over a month ago, General Secretary Gorbachev [of the Soviet Union] and I met for the first time in Geneva. Our purpose was to begin a fresh chapter in the relations between our two countries and to try to reduce the suspicions and mistrust between us. I think we made a good beginning. Mr. Gorbachev and I spent many hours together, speaking frankly and seriously about the most important issues of our time: reducing the massive nuclear arsenals on both sides, resolving regional conflicts, ensuring respect for human rights as guaranteed under international agreements, and other questions of mutual interest. As the elected representative of the American people, I told Mr. Gorbachev of our deep desire for peace and that the American people do not wish the Soviet people any harm.…  — President Ronald Reagan, January 1, 1986 One major issue that dominated United States–Soviet relations at this time was the...

    • A.

      War in Southeast Asia

    • B.

      Use of apartheid in South Africa

    • C.

      danger of nuclear destruction

    • D.

      Threat from al Qaeda in the Middle East

    Correct Answer
    C. danger of nuclear destruction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the danger of nuclear destruction. In the given passage, President Reagan mentions that one of the most important issues discussed with General Secretary Gorbachev was reducing the massive nuclear arsenals on both sides. This indicates that nuclear destruction was a major concern in United States-Soviet relations at that time. The passage also emphasizes the desire for peace and the American people's wish to avoid harming the Soviet people, further highlighting the significance of the nuclear threat in shaping the relations between the two countries.

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  • 19. 

    … Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don’t criticize What you can’t understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin’. Please get out of the new one If you can’t lend your hand For the times they are a-changin’… — Bob Dylan, “The Times They Are A-Changin’,” 1963 Which concern of the 1960s is being commented on by the author of these lyrics?

    • A.

      Rural poverty

    • B.

      Adult illiteracy

    • C.

      Environmental protection

    • D.

      The generation gap

    Correct Answer
    D. The generation gap
    Explanation
    The concern of the 1960s being commented on by the author of these lyrics is the generation gap. The lyrics emphasize the idea that parents should not criticize or try to control their sons and daughters because they are beyond their command. The mention of the old road rapidly aging and the need to get out of the new one if unable to lend a hand suggests a changing world and the need for older generations to adapt and understand the changing times.

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  • 20. 

    McCarthyism in the 1950s is most closely associated with...

    • A.

      Claims that communists had infiltrated the federal government

    • B.

      Efforts to prevent pro-communist governments in Latin America

    • C.

      Formation of the Warsaw Pact

    • D.

      Passage of the Interstate Highway Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Claims that communists had infiltrated the federal government
    Explanation
    McCarthyism in the 1950s refers to the period of intense anti-communist sentiment and fear of communist infiltration in the United States. It was led by Senator Joseph McCarthy, who made claims that communists had infiltrated the federal government. McCarthy and his supporters conducted investigations and hearings, accusing individuals of being communists or sympathizers without substantial evidence. This led to a climate of suspicion, blacklisting, and the violation of civil liberties as people's careers and lives were destroyed based on mere accusations. The term "McCarthyism" has since become synonymous with the practice of making unsubstantiated accusations and conducting witch hunts for political gain.

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  • 21. 

    The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT), signed by President Richard Nixon with the Soviet Union, was an effort to advance the foreign policy of...

    • A.

      Détente

    • B.

      imperialism

    • C.

      Brinkmanship

    • D.

      Globalization

    Correct Answer
    A. Détente
    Explanation
    The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) was a bilateral agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union aimed at reducing the arms race and promoting peaceful coexistence. This treaty was a key component of the policy of détente, which sought to ease tensions between the two superpowers and promote cooperation rather than confrontation. By limiting the development and deployment of certain types of nuclear weapons, SALT aimed to reduce the risk of nuclear war and create a more stable international environment. Therefore, the correct answer is détente.

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  • 22. 

    Check the events which occurred during JFK's presidency.

    • A.

      Bay of Pigs Invasion

    • B.

      Cuban Missile Crisis

    • C.

      Camp David Accords

    • D.

      Moon Landing

    • E.

      Challenger Disaster

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Bay of Pigs Invasion
    B. Cuban Missile Crisis
    Explanation
    During JFK's presidency, two major events occurred: the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Bay of Pigs Invasion took place in 1961 when a group of Cuban exiles, backed by the U.S. government, attempted to overthrow Fidel Castro's regime in Cuba. However, the invasion failed, resulting in a major embarrassment for the U.S. government. The Cuban Missile Crisis happened in 1962 when the U.S. discovered that the Soviet Union was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba. This event brought the world to the brink of nuclear war and was resolved through diplomatic negotiations.

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  • 23. 

    Check the events which occurred during Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency.

    • A.

      Moon Landing

    • B.

      The Great Society

    • C.

      Bay of Bigs Invasion

    • D.

      Watergate

    • E.

      Sputnik

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Moon Landing
    B. The Great Society
    Explanation
    During Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency, two significant events occurred: the Moon Landing and the implementation of the Great Society. The Moon Landing refers to the historic achievement of landing astronauts on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. This event showcased American technological prowess and marked a major milestone in space exploration. The Great Society was a set of domestic programs aimed at eliminating poverty and racial injustice, including the establishment of Medicare, Medicaid, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. These initiatives aimed to improve the quality of life for all Americans and address social and economic inequalities.

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  • 24. 

    Check the events which occurred during Eisenhower's presidency.

    • A.

      Brinksmanship

    • B.

      Duck and Cover

    • C.

      Sputnik

    • D.

      Woodstock

    • E.

      Peace Corps

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Brinksmanship
    B. Duck and Cover
    Explanation
    During Eisenhower's presidency, two significant events occurred: Brinksmanship and Duck and Cover. Brinksmanship refers to the foreign policy approach of pushing a dangerous situation to the brink of war to force the opponent to back down. This strategy was employed during the Cold War to deter the Soviet Union. Duck and Cover, on the other hand, was a civil defense drill taught to schoolchildren during the Cold War era. It aimed to protect individuals in the event of a nuclear attack by instructing them to take cover under desks or against walls. These events highlight the tense atmosphere and fear surrounding the threat of nuclear war during Eisenhower's presidency.

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  • 25. 

    Check the events which describe the Counter Culture.

    • A.

      Hippies

    • B.

      Woodstock

    • C.

      Kent State

    • D.

      Civil Rights Movement

    • E.

      Suburbia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hippies
    B. Woodstock
    C. Kent State
    Explanation
    The events that describe the Counter Culture are Hippies, Woodstock, and Kent State. Hippies were a subculture that emerged in the 1960s, advocating for peace, love, and non-conformity. Woodstock was a famous music festival in 1969 that symbolized the countercultural movement and promoted peace and unity. Kent State refers to the tragic shooting of unarmed student protesters by the National Guard in 1970, which fueled anti-war sentiment and furthered the countercultural movement. These events highlight the rebellion against mainstream societal norms and the pursuit of social change during this period.

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  • 26. 

    …In the sixth year since our Nation was attacked, I wish I could report to you that the dangers have ended. They have not. And so it remains the policy of this Government to use every lawful and proper tool of intelligence, diplomacy, law enforcement, and military action to do our duty, to find these enemies, and to protect the American people.… — President George W. Bush  Which event did President Bush refer to in this quotation?

    • A.

      Oklahoma City bombing on April 17, 1995

    • B.

      Terrorist actions on September 11, 2001

    • C.

      Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

    • D.

      Start of Operation Iraqi Freedom

    Correct Answer
    B. Terrorist actions on September 11, 2001
    Explanation
    President Bush is referring to the terrorist actions on September 11, 2001, in this quotation. He mentions that the dangers have not ended and that the government will use various tools to find these enemies and protect the American people. This aligns with the events of 9/11, which was a significant terrorist attack on the United States.

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  • 27. 

    Which statement about the Marshall Plan is most accurate?

    • A.

      It was used to finance rearmament after World War II.

    • B.

      It was denied to all former World War II enemies

    • C.

      It was used to rebuild European nations after World War II.

    • D.

      It was given to all African and Asian allies during the Cold War.

    Correct Answer
    C. It was used to rebuild European nations after World War II.
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan was a program initiated by the United States to provide financial aid to European countries for their post-war reconstruction. It aimed to rebuild the war-torn nations and stimulate economic recovery in Europe. The plan was not used to finance rearmament or given to African and Asian allies. Additionally, it was not denied to former World War II enemies. Therefore, the most accurate statement is that the Marshall Plan was used to rebuild European nations after World War II.

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  • 28. 

    Based on this map, the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) received the least support in the...

    • A.

      Rocky Mountain states

    • B.

      Southeastern states

    • C.

      Pacific Coast states

    • D.

      northeastern states

    Correct Answer
    B. Southeastern states
    Explanation
    The correct answer is southeastern states. This can be inferred from the given map, which shows that the southeastern states had the least support for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The other regions, such as the Rocky Mountain states, Pacific Coast states, and northeastern states, had varying degrees of support for the ERA, but the southeastern states had the least.

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  • 29. 

    Which action has come to symbolize the end of the Cold War?

    • A.

      Tearing down the Berlin Wall

    • B.

      Achieving a truce in the Korean War

    • C.

      Establishing the Peace Corps

    • D.

      Improving United States relations with China

    Correct Answer
    A. Tearing down the Berlin Wall
    Explanation
    The tearing down of the Berlin Wall symbolizes the end of the Cold War because it was a physical representation of the division between East and West Germany, and its demolition in 1989 marked the reunification of the country. The wall had been a powerful symbol of the ideological and political divide between the communist Eastern Bloc and the capitalist Western Bloc, and its removal signified the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the thawing of tensions between the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union.

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  • 30. 

    We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. President John F. Kennedy, September 12, 1962  Why did President Kennedy decide to focus U.S. resources on going to the moon?

    • A.

      The United States wanted to gain the British as allies by proving it could defeat the Soviets in space exploration.

    • B.

      The United States wanted to seize the opportunity to land on the moon because the Soviet Union was in decline.

    • C.

      The United States wanted to win the race to the moon in the aftermath of the Soviet success with the Sputnik satellite.

    • D.

      The United States wanted to colonize the moon in order to establish missile defense bases against the Soviets.

    Correct Answer
    C. The United States wanted to win the race to the moon in the aftermath of the Soviet success with the Sputnik satellite.
    Explanation
    During the Cold War, the Soviet Union's successful launch of the Sputnik satellite in 1957 caused concern and fear in the United States. It was seen as a demonstration of Soviet technological superiority and raised questions about American capabilities. President Kennedy's decision to focus U.S. resources on going to the moon was a response to this perceived threat. By winning the race to the moon, the United States aimed to regain its reputation as a leader in science and technology and demonstrate its superiority over the Soviet Union.

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  • 31. 

    Although I have grave doubts as to the wisdom of certain provisions contained in H.R. 1063 (Public Law 280), I have today signed it because its basic purpose represents still another step in granting complete political equality to all Indians in our nation. The bill confers jurisdiction on the States of California, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oregon and Wisconsin, with respect to criminal offenses and civil causes of action committed or arising on Indian reservations within such states. The bill has resulted from a process of exhaustive study of the innumerable laws and regulations applying to our several Indian groupments and was arrived at in the states affected after long negotiation in full consultation with the Indians themselves. The Indian tribes regard this as a long step forward in removing them from the status of “second class” citizens. Indeed, in the five states where state jurisdiction will soon be paramount, the Indians have enthusiastically endorsed this bill. The bill preserves the basic safeguards against loss of property rights accorded the Indians by Federal treaties, agreements and statutes, and further safeguards the tribal customs and ordinances of the tribes affected when not inconsistent with the general laws of the respective states. Dwight D. Eisenhower, August 15, 1953 Courtesy of The American Presidency Project Based on the excerpt, which statement summarizes the goal of H.R. 1063 (Public Law 280)? 

    • A.

      To provide American Indian people grants for farming and small business

    • B.

      To provide American Indian tribes complete independence from the federal government

    • C.

      To give certain state courts the ability to decide on cases that occur on reservations

    • D.

      To give the federal government control of American Indian relations with states

    Correct Answer
    C. To give certain state courts the ability to decide on cases that occur on reservations
    Explanation
    The goal of H.R. 1063 (Public Law 280) is to give certain state courts the ability to decide on cases that occur on reservations. This is evident from the excerpt where it states that the bill confers jurisdiction on specific states with respect to criminal offenses and civil causes of action committed or arising on Indian reservations within those states. The bill was developed after extensive study and consultation with the Indian tribes, and it is seen as a step forward in granting political equality to all Indians in the nation.

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  • 32. 

    The Geneva Accords between France and Vietnam created Northern Communist Vietnam and Souther Democratic Vietnam.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Geneva Accords, signed in 1954, did indeed create two separate entities in Vietnam: Northern Vietnam, which was under communist control, and Southern Vietnam, which was a democratic region. This agreement was intended to temporarily divide Vietnam along the 17th parallel until elections could be held to reunify the country. However, these elections were never held, leading to the prolonged division and eventual escalation of the Vietnam War. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 33. 

    Following World War II all women were happy to finally be able to quit work and return back home to take care of the family.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is not accurate. Following World War II, many women did leave the workforce and return home, but not all women were happy about it. Some women had enjoyed the independence and financial stability that came with working during the war, and they were reluctant to give that up. Additionally, the feminist movement gained momentum during this time, with women advocating for equal rights and opportunities in the workplace. Therefore, it would be incorrect to say that all women were happy to quit work and return home after World War II.

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  • 34. 

    Operation Rolling Thunder was a tactical and strategic victory in north Vietnam by the Americans.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Operation Rolling Thunder was not a tactical and strategic victory for the Americans in North Vietnam. It was a sustained bombing campaign that lasted from 1965 to 1968, aimed at weakening the North Vietnamese and forcing them to negotiate. However, the operation did not achieve its objectives and did not significantly impact the North Vietnamese war effort. The bombing campaign resulted in heavy civilian casualties and infrastructure damage, but it did not lead to a military victory for the Americans.

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  • 35. 

     The two images above where designed to help Americans survive...

    • A.

      global climate changes

    • B.

      Pandemic diseases

    • C.

      Natural disasters

    • D.

      Nuclear war

    Correct Answer
    D. Nuclear war
    Explanation
    The two images above were designed to help Americans survive nuclear war. This suggests that the images were created with the intention of providing guidance and support to individuals in the event of a nuclear war, emphasizing the importance of preparedness and survival strategies specific to this scenario.

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  • 36. 

    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) provided congressional support for...

    • A.

      escalating military action in Vietnam

    • B.

      Reestablishing trade with Cuba

    • C.

      Expanding the Alliance for Progress

    • D.

      Withdrawing from the United Nations

    Correct Answer
    A. escalating military action in Vietnam
    Explanation
    The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964) provided congressional support for escalating military action in Vietnam. This resolution was passed in response to reported attacks on US naval vessels by North Vietnamese forces. It authorized the President to take any necessary measures to defend US forces and prevent further aggression. The resolution effectively gave President Johnson the authority to increase US military involvement in Vietnam, leading to the escalation of the Vietnam War.

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  • 37. 

    The terms containment, domino theory, and massive retaliation are most closely associated with United States foreign policy efforts to...

    • A.

      maintain neutrality during World War I (1914–1917)

    • B.

      avoid conflict with Germany and Japan in the 1930s

    • C.

      wage the Cold War in the 1950s

    • D.

      Increase trade with Latin America in the 1970s

    Correct Answer
    C. wage the Cold War in the 1950s
    Explanation
    The terms containment, domino theory, and massive retaliation are all concepts that were central to United States foreign policy during the Cold War in the 1950s. Containment refers to the strategy of preventing the spread of communism, particularly in Eastern Europe and Asia. The domino theory posited that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would also follow suit, hence the need for containment. Massive retaliation was a policy of responding to any aggression with overwhelming force, including the use of nuclear weapons. These concepts were all part of the United States' efforts to wage the Cold War against the spread of communism.

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  • 38. 

    Which action did President Gerald Ford take in an attempt to end the national controversy over the Watergate affair?

    • A.

      Pardoning Richard Nixon

    • B.

      Declaring a war on poverty

    • C.

      Declining to run for reelection

    • D.

      Asking Congress to impeach Richard Nixon

    Correct Answer
    A. Pardoning Richard Nixon
    Explanation
    President Gerald Ford took the action of pardoning Richard Nixon in an attempt to end the national controversy over the Watergate affair. By pardoning Nixon, Ford hoped to promote healing and unity in the country, as well as to move past the scandal and focus on other pressing issues. This decision was controversial and faced criticism, but Ford believed it was necessary to prevent a long and divisive trial that would further divide the nation.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 05, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 07, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    BethanyWSE
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