Ultimate Cold War Quiz

64 Questions

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Cold War Quizzes & Trivia

Cold War


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      suggested that nuclear arms be used against North Korea

    • B. 

      Was unable to stop the South Korean capital of Seoul from being captured

    • C. 

      Attempted to use the press and Congress to go over the president's head

    • D. 

      Allowed the Korean War to escalate to a war between China and the United States

  • 2. 
    What is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict? This was an effective tactic during the Cold War because neither side wanted to be destroyed by the other in a nuclear war.
    • A. 

      Brinkmanship

    • B. 

      Advantageous proclamation

    • C. 

      Bipartisan politics

    • D. 

      Détente

  • 3. 
    This is an organization of nations set up after World War II, including both of the superpowers.
    • A. 

      United Nations

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      NATO

    • D. 

      Iron Curtain

  • 4. 
    What is the main slogan of Communism?
    • A. 

      Workers of the World Sit Down

    • B. 

      Workers of the World Unite!!!

    • C. 

      Unity is just a capitalist word

    • D. 

      All capitalists must die

  • 5. 
    What countries did the U.S. think should have democratically elected governments?
    • A. 

      All of them

    • B. 

      Our country and bordering countries

    • C. 

      Just China

    • D. 

      Half of them

  • 6. 
    George Kennan authored this writing which included advice on containment of communism.
    • A. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • B. 

      The Long Telegram

    • C. 

      Communist Manifesto

    • D. 

      Marshall Plan

  • 7. 
    What was probably the first proxy war of the Cold War with roots going back into WWII and problems with the German and Italian occupation? 
    • A. 

      Greek Civil War

    • B. 

      Korean War

    • C. 

      Soviet-Afghan War

    • D. 

      Vietnam War

  • 8. 
    This term was used by Winston Churchill to represent the division between a mostly democratic Western Europe and a Communist Eastern Europe.
    • A. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • B. 

      NATO

    • C. 

      Iron Curtain

    • D. 

      United Nations

  • 9. 
    Who was the President after John F. Kennedy?
    • A. 

      Kim Il Sung

    • B. 

      Lyndon Johnson

    • C. 

      Ho Chi Minh

    • D. 

      Harry Truman

  • 10. 
    This is the name of the policy that aimed to prevent the spread of communism by blocking Soviet influence.
    • A. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • B. 

      United Nations

    • C. 

      Marshall Plan

    • D. 

      Containment

  • 11. 
    In the 1940s and 1950s, what did the region described as being "behind the iron curtain" include?
    • A. 

      Soviet Union only

    • B. 

      Soviet Union and its satellite nations (countries controlled by the USSR)

    • C. 

      Democratic nations of Western Europe

    • D. 

      German Democratic Republic, or East Germany

  • 12. 
    This is an alliance between the United States, Canada, and ten Western European nations.
    • A. 

      Iron Curtain

    • B. 

      NATO

    • C. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • D. 

      United Nations

  • 13. 
    What was shot down leading to a dispute between the Soviet Union and the United States?
    • A. 

      Sputnik I

    • B. 

      Apollo I

    • C. 

      U-2 spy plane

    • D. 

      Iron Curtain

  • 14. 
    Who did the Soviets side with in the Greek Civil War?
    • A. 

      Kingdom of Greece

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      United States of America

    • D. 

      Communist insurgents

  • 15. 
    This was an alliance between the Soviet Union and its Eastern European allies.
    • A. 

      Iron Curtain

    • B. 

      United Nations

    • C. 

      NATO

    • D. 

      Warsaw Pact

  • 16. 
    This is an economic aid package designed to give European nations the aid needed to rebuild after World War II.
    • A. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • B. 

      Marshall Plan

    • C. 

      Containment

    • D. 

      United Nations

  • 17. 
    What is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict? This was an effective tactic during the Cold War because neither side wanted to be destroyed by the other in a nuclear war.
    • A. 

      Brinkmanship

    • B. 

      Advantageous proclamation

    • C. 

      Bipartisan politics

    • D. 

      Détente

  • 18. 
    Name the first satellite to be launched into space by any country.
    • A. 

      Sputnik I

    • B. 

      U-2 spy plane

    • C. 

      Apollo I

    • D. 

      Iron Curtain

  • 19. 
    Why was an airlift needed to overcome the Soviet blockade of West Berlin?
    • A. 

      Because West Berlin was too far from the nearest NATO member

    • B. 

      Because Berlin was a known Soviet stronghold

    • C. 

      Because NATO members feared contact with the Soviets

    • D. 

      Because Berlin was located well within the Iron Curtain

  • 20. 
    Which country won the biggest prize of the space race by landing humans on the moon and bringing them back alive?
    • A. 

      Soviet Union

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      United States of America

    • D. 

      China

  • 21. 
    The policy of détente was mainly intended to
    • A. 

      Restrict the spread of communism.

    • B. 

      Call world attention to abuses of human rights.

    • C. 

      Solidify U.S. relations with its economic allies.

    • D. 

      Reduce Cold War tensions.

  • 22. 
    What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine?
    • A. 

      To raise funds for Communist activities in Europe

    • B. 

      To create a Communist party in the United States

    • C. 

      To judge political parties that favored communism

    • D. 

      To support countries that rejected communism

  • 23. 
    What was the name of the alliance established by European Communist nations in response to NATO?
    • A. 

      Second World Countries

    • B. 

      Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    • C. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • D. 

      Iron Curtain

  • 24. 
    The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 saw this foreign country send in tanks to stop people seeking to destroy communist rule.
    • A. 

      Soviet Union

    • B. 

      Mexico

    • C. 

      United States of America

    • D. 

      Britain

  • 25. 
    President Nixon’s administration promoted more discussions with the Soviet Union, including regular summit meetings and negotiations over arms control and other agreements. This relaxation of tensions was know as _______.
    • A. 

      Détente

    • B. 

      Chillin’

    • C. 

      Calming

    • D. 

      Appeasement

  • 26. 
    The following quote became the main component of what doctrine? When forces that are hostile to socialism try to turn the development of some socialist country towards capitalism, it becomes not only a problem of the country concerned, but a common problem and concern of all socialist countries.
    • A. 

      Brezhnev Doctrine

    • B. 

      Truman Doctrine

    • C. 

      Anatolian Doctrine

    • D. 

      Eisenhower Doctrine

  • 27. 
    What movement does this passage represent?This was a nonviolent struggle against the authoritarian communist government in Poland. With its roots in trade unionism, this movement challenged the communist regime. 
    • A. 

      Brinkmanship

    • B. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Solidarity

    • D. 

      Mutual destruction

  • 28. 
    What was the Strategic Defense Initiative?
    • A. 

      A system to protect the United States against enemy missiles

    • B. 

      A program to weed out terrorist activity in the United States

    • C. 

      A council created to create defense measures

    • D. 

      A failed operation to invade the Soviet Union

  • 29. 
    Which European countries could receive aid through the Marshall Plan?
    • A. 

      Any European country that needed it

    • B. 

      Any European country that shared a border with iron curtain countries

    • C. 

      Any European country that politically opposed the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Any European country that modeled its government after U.S. democracy

  • 30. 
    The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) program was backed by
    • A. 

      Jimmy Carter.

    • B. 

      Ronald Reagan.

    • C. 

      Leonid Brezhnev.

    • D. 

      Nikita Khrushchev.

  • 31. 
    What did the U.S.A. and Britain do when the Soviets blockaded West Berlin?
    • A. 

      They formed NATO.

    • B. 

      They organized the Berlin Airlift to bring in supplies.

    • C. 

      Marshall Plan was canceled.

    • D. 

      We flew a U-2 spy flight over Soviet territory.

  • 32. 
    In the summer of 1968, forces from Warsaw Pact nations invaded ______ to stop freedom and democracy that the people of this country wanted.
    • A. 

      China.

    • B. 

      Afghanistan.

    • C. 

      Czechoslovakia.

    • D. 

      Austria.

  • 33. 
    What does the following passage refer to? The 1980 United States Olympic Hockey Team will forever remain etched in our memories as one of the greatest sporting events of all-time. In fact, Sports Illustrated selected the team's victory over the Soviet Union en route to winning the gold medal as the No. 1 sports moment of the 20th century. It was a magical ride that happened amidst the backdrop of the Iranian hostage crisis and Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
    • A. 

      The Miracle on Ice

    • B. 

      U-2 Spy Plane Incident

    • C. 

      Cuban Missile Crisis

    • D. 

      Brinkmanship

  • 34. 
    What event increased U.S. spending on education and technology?
    • A. 

      Cuban missile crisis

    • B. 

      Establishment of the Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Chinese-Soviet treaty of friendship

    • D. 

      Soviet launching of a space satellite

  • 35. 
    Which of the following worked together to produce similar goals?
    • A. 

      Truman Doctrine and containment

    • B. 

      NATO and the Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      Marshall Plan and the iron curtain

    • D. 

      Détente and brinkmanship

  • 36. 
    What statement did Joseph Stalin make shortly after President Truman's succession?
    • A. 

      He said that communism and capitalism could not exist in the same world.

    • B. 

      He said that war between the United States and the Soviet Union was certain.

    • C. 

      He said that ice hockey was the best sport for Olympic competition.

    • D. 

      He said that Hitler was a better leader than Truman.

  • 37. 
    Which two groups fought a civil war in China both before and after World War II?
    • A. 

      The nationalists and the Communists

    • B. 

      The peasants and the middle class

    • C. 

      The socialists and the nationalists

    • D. 

      The warlords and the emperor

  • 38. 
    Which leader won China's civil war, and what name did he give to the country?
    • A. 

      Mao Zedong; People's Republic of China

    • B. 

      Jiang Jieshi; Republic of China

    • C. 

      The Dalai Lama; Tibet

    • D. 

      Zhou Enlai; New China

  • 39. 
    What economic system was used to reshape China's economy after the civil war?
    • A. 

      Laissez faire

    • B. 

      Communism

    • C. 

      Social democracy

    • D. 

      Capitalism

  • 40. 
    Who were most of the Vietcong?
    • A. 

      Pro-Communist South Vietnamese

    • B. 

      Pro-Communist North Vietnamese

    • C. 

      Anti-Communist South Vietnamese

    • D. 

      Anti-Communist North Vietnamese

  • 41. 
    In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      China.

    • C. 

      Afghanistan.

    • D. 

      Cuba.

  • 42. 
    What was the primary goal for the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan?
    • A. 

      To fight an indirect war with the United States

    • B. 

      To gain control of Middle Eastern oil supplies

    • C. 

      To reestablish the Communist regime in Afghanistan

    • D. 

      To cause the United States to boycott the 1980 Olympics

  • 43. 
    The first American president to visit Communist China was
    • A. 

      Jimmy Carter.

    • B. 

      John F. Kennedy.

    • C. 

      Richard Nixon.

    • D. 

      Ronald Reagan.

  • 44. 
    In what way did the existence of two Chinas intensify the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      The People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union pledged to defend each other should the need arise.

    • B. 

      The United States and the Soviet Union fought to enlarge their spheres of influence in Asia, creating a divided Korea.

    • C. 

      The United States actively supported the Republic of China, and the Soviets did the same for the People's Republic of China.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 45. 
    What does this passage refer to?This popular national movement was inspired by democracy protests in Beijing. The protests were forcibly suppressed by the authoritarian communist government. The most memorable scene is when a young man stood in front of a column of tanks. As many as 10,000 protesters were killed.
    • A. 

      Hungarian Revolt 1956

    • B. 

      Tienanmen Square protests of 1989

    • C. 

      1973 Chilean coup d'état

    • D. 

      Berlin Wall collapse of 1989

  • 46. 
    Who was the leader of Communist North Vietnam?
    • A. 

      Harry Truman

    • B. 

      Kim Il Sung

    • C. 

      Ho Chi Minh

    • D. 

      Lyndon Johnson

  • 47. 
    Which country did the Soviet Union support during the Korean War?
    • A. 

      North Korea

    • B. 

      North Vietnam

    • C. 

      South Korea

    • D. 

      South Vietnam

  • 48. 
    What idea was the major justification for U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War era especially in Asia?
    • A. 

      Vietnamization

    • B. 

      Domino theory

    • C. 

      Nonaligned nations

    • D. 

      Khmer Rouge

  • 49. 
    Which country did the USA support during the Korean War?
    • A. 

      North Korea

    • B. 

      South Korea

    • C. 

      North Vietnam

    • D. 

      South Vietnam

  • 50. 
    Approximately where was the border set between North Korea and South Korea at the time of the cease-fire in the Korean War?
    • A. 

      Hue River

    • B. 

      38th parallel

    • C. 

      Xing Mountains

    • D. 

      17th parallel

  • 51. 
    The first Indochina War began at the end of WWII and pitted French colonial forces and allied local armies against the Viet Minh. Most of the fighting was in __________. 
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      India

    • C. 

      Korea

    • D. 

      Vietnam

  • 52. 
    The Cuban missile crisis pitted Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev against President
    • A. 

      John F. Kennedy.

    • B. 

      Lyndon Johnson.

    • C. 

      Harry Truman.

    • D. 

      Richard Nixon.

  • 53. 
    The United States and the Soviet Union had a dangerous standoff over the presence of Soviet missiles in
    • A. 

      Cuba.

    • B. 

      Afghanistan.

    • C. 

      Iraq.

    • D. 

      Iran.

  • 54. 
    The Bay of Pigs was a failed attempt to overthrow
    • A. 

      Fidel Castro.

    • B. 

      Fulgencio Batista.

    • C. 

      Anastasio Somozoa.

    • D. 

      Mohammed Reza Pahlavi.

  • 55. 
    Upon declaring a new government in Cuba, this evil, wicked, ruthless, lying, killer became the dictator.
    • A. 

      Fidel Castro

    • B. 

      Ho Chi Minh

    • C. 

      Harry Truman

    • D. 

      Stalin

  • 56. 
    Which country sent its military to the Dominican Republic to stop a communist rebellion that looked like a situation similar to Cuba.
    • A. 

      Soviet Union

    • B. 

      United States of America

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      China

  • 57. 
    In 1954 what country created an overthrow of the democratically elected government of Guatemala because so many communists were elected?
    • A. 

      United States of America

    • B. 

      Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Britain

    • D. 

      Mexico

  • 58. 
    What does this statement refer to?The military removed this country’s leader and installed a new government that suspended all opposition political activity especially the communist and socialist parties. The United States government helped to create the conditions for overthrow in this South American country.
    • A. 

      1973 Chilean coup d'état

    • B. 

      Berlin War

    • C. 

      Hungarian Revolt 1956

    • D. 

      Battle of Puebla

  • 59. 
    In November 1975, Cuba launched a large-scale military intervention in this African country in support of communists who were fighting against freedom loving people who wanted democracy supported by the United States.
    • A. 

      Angola

    • B. 

      Botswana

    • C. 

      Congo

    • D. 

      Djibouti

  • 60. 
    How did the "Bay of Pigs" failure lead to the Cuban missile crisis?
    • A. 

      Khrushchev believed the U.S. was too weak to oppose Soviet expansion into Cuba.

    • B. 

      Kennedy announced a blockade of Cuba following the failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion.

    • C. 

      Castro protested his country's being used as a tool for the Cold War and asked Khrushchev to intervene.

    • D. 

      The Bay of Pigs troops were used to build the missile bases.

  • 61. 
    How did the Cold War cause a change in U.S. policy toward Nicaragua?
    • A. 

      The United States gave aid to the Sandinistas but withdrew support when the Sandinistas aided Marxist rebels in El Salvador.

    • B. 

      The United States built a nuclear base there to deter Communists.

    • C. 

      The failed Bay of Pigs invasion ended U.S. military aid to Nicaragua.

    • D. 

      The Contra rebels got Communist support even though they were supported by President Reagan.

  • 62. 
    Daniel Ortega was
    • A. 

      A U.S.-supported Nicaraguan dictator.

    • B. 

      A U.S.-supported El Salvadoran dictator.

    • C. 

      A leader of Contra forces in El Salvador.

    • D. 

      A Sandinista leader in Nicaragua.

  • 63. 
    What event does this passage refer to? The US military invaded this tiny Caribbean Island country to stop communism and to prevent communist infiltration by Cuba.
    • A. 

      Hungarian Revolt 1956

    • B. 

      1973 Chilean coup d'état

    • C. 

      Invasion of Grenada

    • D. 

      Brinkmanship

  • 64. 
    What is another name for the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

    • B. 

      United States of America

    • C. 

      European Union

    • D. 

      The Ukriane