Cold War Begins Ch22 (Ah)

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Cold War Begins Ch22 (Ah) - Quiz

Students will evidence their knowledge and understanding of the beginning of the Cold War.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    After World War II, the Soviet Union wanted to establish a buffer zone of _______ on its European border.

    • A.

      Developing Nations

    • B.

      Capitalist Nations

    • C.

      Satellite Nations

    • D.

      Demilitarization

    Correct Answer
    C. Satellite Nations
    Explanation
    After World War II, the Soviet Union wanted to establish a buffer zone of satellite nations on its European border. This refers to the countries that were politically and economically dominated by the Soviet Union, serving as a protective barrier between the Soviet Union and Western Europe. These satellite nations were under the influence of the Soviet Union and followed its political ideology, forming a sphere of influence for the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe.

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  • 2. 

    The policy of __________ became the main approach in U.S. foreign policy toward the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Limited war

    • C.

      Free trade

    • D.

      Containment

    Correct Answer
    D. Containment
    Explanation
    Containment became the main approach in U.S. foreign policy toward the Soviet Union during the Cold War. This policy aimed to prevent the spread of communism by containing Soviet influence and aggression. It involved various strategies such as military alliances, economic aid, and diplomatic efforts to counter Soviet expansionism. The United States believed that by containing the Soviet Union, they could eventually weaken and undermine communism, leading to its collapse.

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  • 3. 

    Once the Soviet Union tested an atomic bomb, Americans began to fear the effects of ____, assuming they initially survived a nuclear attack.

    • A.

      Fallout

    • B.

      Censure

    • C.

      Subversion

    • D.

      Duck-and-Cover

    Correct Answer
    A. Fallout
    Explanation
    Once the Soviet Union tested an atomic bomb, Americans began to fear the effects of fallout, assuming they initially survived a nuclear attack. Fallout refers to the radioactive particles that are released into the atmosphere after a nuclear explosion. These particles can contaminate the air, water, and soil, posing serious health risks to those exposed to them. The fear of fallout was heightened during the Cold War era, as people were concerned about the potential long-term effects of nuclear warfare.

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  • 4. 

    In his farewell address, President Eisenhower warned the American people about the dangers of

    • A.

      The central Intelligence Agency

    • B.

      Massive retaliation

    • C.

      The military-industrial complex

    • D.

      Brinkmanship

    Correct Answer
    C. The military-industrial complex
    Explanation
    President Eisenhower warned the American people about the dangers of the military-industrial complex in his farewell address. This refers to the close relationship and influence between the military and defense industry, which could lead to excessive military spending, the prioritization of military interests over other national priorities, and the potential for unnecessary wars. Eisenhower cautioned against the unchecked power and influence of this complex, urging the American people to be vigilant and maintain a balance between military strength and the well-being of the nation.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following was a major outcome of the Yalta Conference?

    • A.

      The division of Germany

    • B.

      The terms of Germany's surrender

    • C.

      The establishment of satellite nations

    • D.

      The establishment of NATO

    Correct Answer
    A. The division of Germany
    Explanation
    The major outcome of the Yalta Conference was the division of Germany. At the conference, the Allied leaders agreed to split Germany into four occupation zones, each controlled by one of the four major powers: the United States, Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France. This division eventually led to the Cold War and the establishment of East Germany (under Soviet control) and West Germany (under Western control).

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  • 6. 

    At  Potsdam, the main conflict was over which of the following?

    • A.

      The United Nations

    • B.

      The invasion of Japan

    • C.

      German reparations

    • D.

      Nuclear weapons

    Correct Answer
    C. German reparations
    Explanation
    At Potsdam, the main conflict was over German reparations. The Potsdam Conference, held in 1945, was a meeting between the leaders of the Allied powers after World War II to discuss the post-war settlement of Germany. One of the key issues discussed was the amount and method of reparations that Germany would have to pay for the damages caused during the war. The Soviet Union, United States, and Britain had different perspectives on this matter, leading to conflicts and disagreements during the conference.

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  • 7. 

    George Kennan first suggested which foreign policy?

    • A.

      Brinkmanship

    • B.

      Containment

    • C.

      Massive retaliation

    • D.

      The Marshall Plan

    Correct Answer
    B. Containment
    Explanation
    George Kennan first suggested the foreign policy of containment. This policy aimed to prevent the spread of communism by using diplomatic, economic, and military strategies to contain the Soviet Union and its influence. Kennan's ideas were outlined in his famous "Long Telegram" and later in his article "The Sources of Soviet Conduct," which became the basis for the Truman Doctrine and the subsequent Cold War policy of containment.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following events set off the Korean War?

    • A.

      The Japanese invaded South Korea

    • B.

      Soviet-Controlled North Korea invaded South Korea

    • C.

      Chinese-controlled North Korea invaded South Korea

    • D.

      The Soviet Union invaded North Korea

    Correct Answer
    B. Soviet-Controlled North Korea invaded South Korea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Soviet-Controlled North Korea invaded South Korea. The Korean War began on June 25, 1950, when North Korean forces, supported by the Soviet Union, launched a surprise attack on South Korea. This invasion was a result of the escalating tensions between the two Koreas, with the North seeking to reunify the country under communist rule. The conflict lasted for three years and ended in an armistice agreement, with the Korean peninsula remaining divided into North and South Korea.

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  • 9. 

    What was the underlying goal of the Marshall Plan?

    • A.

      To monitor the growth of the military-industrial complex in the United States.

    • B.

      To contain Soviet expansion in the Middle East and Asia.

    • C.

      To rebuild European economies to prevent the spread of communism.

    • D.

      To Americanize Western European nations.

    Correct Answer
    C. To rebuild European economies to prevent the spread of communism.
    Explanation
    The underlying goal of the Marshall Plan was to rebuild European economies to prevent the spread of communism. After World War II, Europe was left devastated, and there was a fear that the economic instability could lead to the rise of communism. The Marshall Plan aimed to provide financial aid and assistance to European countries, helping them rebuild their economies and create stability. By doing so, it was believed that the appeal of communism would diminish, as people would have better living conditions and opportunities.

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  • 10. 

    After World War II, the purpose of HUAC was to

    • A.

      Create the McCarran Act

    • B.

      Hold public hearings on Communist subversion.

    • C.

      Locate chapters of the Communist Party.

    • D.

      Administer the loyalty review program.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hold public hearings on Communist subversion.
    Explanation
    After World War II, the purpose of HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) was to hold public hearings on Communist subversion. This means that the committee aimed to investigate and expose individuals or groups suspected of being involved in activities that threatened the security of the United States and were associated with the Communist Party. By holding public hearings, HUAC sought to bring attention to the issue of Communist subversion and gather information to take appropriate actions against those deemed a threat to national security.

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  • 11. 

    The McCarren Act required

    • A.

      All Communist Chapters to disband.

    • B.

      All Communist organizations to register with the government.

    • C.

      Every government employee to take a loyalty oath.

    • D.

      The censure of members of Congress who would not support HUAC.

    Correct Answer
    B. All Communist organizations to register with the government.
    Explanation
    The McCarren Act, also known as the Internal Security Act of 1950, was a law in the United States that aimed to address perceived threats of communism. It required all Communist organizations to register with the government. This provision was part of the government's efforts to monitor and control Communist activities in the country. By requiring registration, the government could keep track of Communist organizations and potentially take legal actions against them if they were deemed to be a threat to national security.

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  • 12. 

    Eisenhower's administration developed an approach to foreign policy based on the threat of nuclear attack, known as

    • A.

      Massive retaliation

    • B.

      Subversion

    • C.

      Containment

    • D.

      Duck and cover

    Correct Answer
    A. Massive retaliation
    Explanation
    During Eisenhower's administration, the approach to foreign policy was focused on the threat of nuclear attack. This approach, known as "massive retaliation," involved the willingness to use nuclear weapons as a deterrent against aggression. The idea was that any attack on the United States or its allies would be met with an overwhelming and devastating response. This approach was meant to deter potential adversaries from engaging in hostile actions, as the consequences would be too severe to bear.

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  • 13. 

    The Eisenhower Doctrine extended the Truman Doctrine to which region?

    • A.

      South America

    • B.

      Asia

    • C.

      Eastern Europe

    • D.

      The Middle East

    Correct Answer
    D. The Middle East
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Middle East. The Eisenhower Doctrine was a policy introduced by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1957. It extended the principles of the Truman Doctrine, which aimed to contain the spread of communism, to the Middle East. Under the Eisenhower Doctrine, the United States pledged to provide military assistance and economic aid to any Middle Eastern country threatened by communism or aggression from a communist state. This was in response to the growing influence of the Soviet Union in the region and the perceived threat to American interests.

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  • 14. 

    Base your answer to this question on the map below and on your knowledge of Chapter 22. Why did Stalin order a blockade of West Berlin?

    • A.

      Stalin wanted to united Berlin and organize free elections for Germany.

    • B.

      West Berlin was primarily agricultural and would help feed the Soviet Army.

    • C.

      Stalin was afraid of the US nuclear technology and wanted a larger buffer zone.

    • D.

      Stalin wanted the United States ot abandon West Berlin.

    Correct Answer
    D. Stalin wanted the United States ot abandon West Berlin.
    Explanation
    Stalin ordered a blockade of West Berlin because he wanted the United States to abandon it. This action was part of his strategy to gain control over all of Berlin and force the Western Allies to withdraw from the city. By cutting off all land and water routes to West Berlin, Stalin hoped that the United States would see the situation as untenable and give up their presence in the city. This would have allowed the Soviet Union to exert more influence over Germany and potentially reunify Berlin under Soviet control.

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  • 15. 

    One historical lesson from the McCarthy era is the realization that

    • A.

      Public fear of traitors can lead to intolerance and discrimination.

    • B.

      Communist agents had infiltrated all levels of the US government.

    • C.

      Communism is attractive in prosperous times.

    • D.

      Loyalty oaths prevent spying.

    Correct Answer
    A. Public fear of traitors can lead to intolerance and discrimination.
    Explanation
    During the McCarthy era, there was a widespread fear of traitors and communist infiltration in the US government. This fear led to a climate of intolerance and discrimination, where individuals were accused and persecuted based on their political beliefs or associations. The lesson learned from this period is that when public fear of traitors is allowed to prevail, it can result in the violation of civil liberties and the mistreatment of innocent individuals. This highlights the importance of protecting individual rights and fostering a society that values tolerance and inclusivity.

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  • 16. 

    Analyze the document and answer the question that follows.Margaret Chase Smith, a Republican senator from Maine, was a newcomer and the only woman in the Senate.  Smith was upset by McCarthy's behavior and hoped that her colleagues would reprimand him.  When the failed to do so, Smith made her "Declaration of Conscience" Speech.     "As a United States Senator, I am not proud of the way in which the Senate has been made a publicity platform for irresponsible sensationalism.  I am not proud of the reckless abandon in which unproved charges have been hurled from this side of the aisle.  I am not proud of the obviously staged, undignified countercharges that have been attempted in retaliation from the other side of the aise...I am not proud of the way we smear outsiders from the Floor of the Senate and hide behind a cloak of congressional immunity....     As an American, I am shocked at way Republicans and Democrats alike are playing directly into the Communist design of 'confuse, divide, and conquer'.....I want to see our nation recapture the strength and unity it once had when we fought the enemy instead of ourselves."              ---from Declaration of ConscienceIn the speech, Smith expresses anger with whom?

    • A.

      Communists

    • B.

      The Floor of the Senate

    • C.

      Soviet spies

    • D.

      Republican and Democratic Senators

    Correct Answer
    D. Republican and Democratic Senators
    Explanation
    In the speech, Margaret Chase Smith expresses anger towards Republican and Democratic Senators. She criticizes the Senate for becoming a platform for irresponsible sensationalism and for hurling unproved charges. She is also upset with the staged, undignified countercharges that have been attempted in retaliation. Smith is shocked at how both Republicans and Democrats are playing directly into the Communist design of 'confuse, divide, and conquer'. She wants to see the nation recapture the strength and unity it once had when they fought the enemy instead of themselves.

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  • 17. 

    Base your answer to the following question on the map below and on your knowledge of the content in Chapter 22. ( Right click on the image to see a larger version.)Why was Stalin initially able to control access to West Berlin?Berlin After World War II

    • A.

      West Berlin was in the Soviet sector of Germany.

    • B.

      West Berlin was in the Soviet Union.

    • C.

      West Berlin was ruled by Communists

    • D.

      West Berlin had been invaded and occupied by the Red Army.

    Correct Answer
    A. West Berlin was in the Soviet sector of Germany.
    Explanation
    Stalin was initially able to control access to West Berlin because it was located in the Soviet sector of Germany. After World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones, with the Soviet Union controlling the eastern zone, which included Berlin. The other three zones were controlled by the United States, Great Britain, and France. The Soviet Union had the power to control access to West Berlin because it was located within their zone of occupation.

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  • 18. 

    Analyze this cartoon and decide the message it contains.The United States has always had better space technology than the Soviet Union.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The cartoon is likely trying to convey the message that the statement "The United States has always had better space technology than the Soviet Union" is false. The cartoon may depict a scenario where the Soviet Union is shown to have advanced space technology or where the United States is shown to be lagging behind. This suggests that the statement is not accurate and that the Soviet Union may have had comparable or superior space technology at certain points in history.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 23, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Thor1872
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