Urinalysis & Medical Microscopy

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 2822

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Urinalysis & Medical Microscopy

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    If ammonia is not produced by the distal convoluted tubule, the urine pH will be:
    • A. 

      Acidic

    • B. 

      Basic

  • 2. 
    The primary chemical constituents of normal urine are:
    • A. 

      Protein, sodium, and water

    • B. 

      Urea, water, and protein

    • C. 

      Urea , chloride, and water

    • D. 

      Urea, bilirubin, and glucose

  • 3. 
    A person exhibiting oliguria would have a daily urine volume of:
    • A. 

      200 - 400 mL

    • B. 

      600 - 1000 mL

    • C. 

      1000 - 1500 mL

    • D. 

      > 1500 mL

  • 4. 
    An unpreserved specimen collected at 8 a.m. and remaining at room temperature until the afternoon shift arrives can be expected to have:1. Decreased glucose and ketones 2. Increased bacteria and nitrite 3. Decreased pH and turbidity 4. Increased cellular elements
    • A. 

      1, 2, and 3

    • B. 

      1, 2, and 4

    • C. 

      1 and 2 only

    • D. 

      4 only

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Decreased bacteria, decreased red blood cells, decreased casts

    • B. 

      Increased bacteria, increased red blood cells, increased casts

    • C. 

      Increased bacteria, decreased red blood cells, decreased casts

    • D. 

      Decreased bateria, increased red blood cells, increased casts

  • 6. 
    Persons taking diuretics can be expected to produce:
    • A. 

      Oliguria

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Proteinuria

    • D. 

      Pyruria

  • 7. 
    The concentration of a normal urine specimen can be estimated by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Colour

    • B. 

      Clarity

    • C. 

      Foam

    • D. 

      Odour

  • 8. 
    The normal yellow colour of unrine is produced by:
    • A. 

      Bilirubin

    • B. 

      Haemoglobin

    • C. 

      Uribilinogen

    • D. 

      Urochrom

  • 9. 
    A strong odour of ammonia in a urin specimen could indicate:
    • A. 

      Ketones

    • B. 

      Normal

    • C. 

      Phenylketonuria

    • D. 

      Urinary tract infection

  • 10. 
    Testing of miceoalbuminuria is valuable for monitoring patients with:
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular disease risk

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    The three intermediate products of fat metabolism incluse all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Acetoacetic acid

    • B. 

      Ketoacetic acid

    • C. 

      Beta-hydroxybutyric acid

    • D. 

      Acetone

  • 12. 
    The principle of the reagent strip tests for glucose is the:
    • A. 

      Peroxidase activity of glucose

    • B. 

      Glucose oxidase reaction

    • C. 

      Double sequential enzyme reaction

    • D. 

      Dye-binding of glucose and chromogen

  • 13. 
    Ketonuria may be caused by all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Bacterial infection

    • B. 

      Diabetic acidosis

    • C. 

      Starvation

    • D. 

      Vomiting

  • 14. 
    The principle of the reagent strip test for blood is based on the:
    • A. 

      Binding of heme and a chromogenic dye

    • B. 

      Peroxidase activity of heme

    • C. 

      Reaction of peroxide and chromogen

    • D. 

      Diazo activity of heme

  • 15. 
    All of the following can be detected by the leukocyte esterase reaction except:
    • A. 

      Neutrophils

    • B. 

      Eosinophils

    • C. 

      Lymphocytes

    • D. 

      Basophils

  • 16. 
    Differentition among RBCs, yeast and oil droplets may be accomplished by all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Observation of budding in yeast cells

    • B. 

      Increased refractility of oil droplets

    • C. 

      Lysis of yeast cells by acetic acid

    • D. 

      Lysis of RBCs by acetic acid

  • 17. 
    The finding of yeast cells in the urine is commonly associated with:
    • A. 

      Cystitis

    • B. 

      Diabetes mellitus

    • C. 

      Pyelonephritis

    • D. 

      Liver disorders

  • 18. 
    All of the following contribute to the formation of urinary crystals except:
    • A. 

      Protein concentration

    • B. 

      PH

    • C. 

      Solute concentration

    • D. 

      Temperature

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Disposable containers with a capacity of 50 mL are recommended for the collection of specimens for routine urinalysis
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
     The compensation field is the test area located on the lower end of the test strip
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False