Urine Analysis MCQ Quiz With Answers

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Urine Analysis MCQ Quiz With Answers - Quiz

Hello and welcome to this fantastic 'Urine Analysis MCQ Quiz'. A urinalysis is simply a test of the urine. It is typically done to detect any health issues that may be occurring that affect the urinary system. It involves checking the color and content of the urine. An abnormal urinalysis can explain an underlying health problem. If you want to know more about urinalysis, take this quiz. It will help you gain further knowledge about urine analysis and its related concepts.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Normal urine primarily consist of:
    • A. 

      Water, protein, and sodium

    • B. 

      Water, urea, and protein

    • C. 

      Water, urea, and sodium chloride

    • D. 

      Water, urea, and bilirubin

  • 2. 
    Patient with diabetes mellitus have urine with:
    • A. 

      Decreased volume and decreased specific gravity

    • B. 

      Decreased volume and increased specific gravity

    • C. 

      Increased volume and decreased specific gravity

    • D. 

      Increased volume and increased specific gravity

  • 3. 
    Cessation of urine flow is defined as:
    • A. 

      Azotemia

    • B. 

      Dysuria

    • C. 

      Diuresis

    • D. 

      Anuria

  • 4. 
    Upon standing at room temperature a urine pH typically:
    • A. 

      Decreases

    • B. 

      Increases

    • C. 

      Remains the same

    • D. 

      Changes depending on bacterial concentration

  • 5. 
    Antidiretic hormone regulates the reabsorption of:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 6. 
    A 17-year-old girl decided to go on a starvation diet. After 1 week of starving herself, what substance would most likely be found in her urine?
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Ketones

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Blood

  • 7. 
    Which of the following crystals may be found in acidic urine?
    • A. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • B. 

      Calcium oxalate

    • C. 

      Calcium phosphate

    • D. 

      Triple phosphate

  • 8. 
    A woman in her ninth month of pregnancy has a urine sugar that is negative with the urine reagent strip but gives a positive reaction with the copper reduction method. The sugar most likely responsible for these results is:
    • A. 

      Maltose

    • B. 

      Galactose

    • C. 

      Glucose

    • D. 

      Lactose

  • 9. 
    Which of the following casts is most indicative of severe renal disease?
    • A. 

      Hemoglobin

    • B. 

      Granular

    • C. 

      Cellular

    • D. 

      Waxy

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is the primary reagent in the copper reduction tablet?
    • A. 

      Sodium carbonate

    • B. 

      Copper sulfate

    • C. 

      Glucose oxidase

    • D. 

      Polymerized diazonium salt

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is an abnormal crystal described as a hexagonal plate?
    • A. 

      Cystine

    • B. 

      Tyrosine

    • C. 

      Leucine

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 12. 
    Which of the following cells is the largest?
    • A. 

      Glitter

    • B. 

      WBC

    • C. 

      Transitional epithelial

    • D. 

      Renal epithelial

  • 13. 
    What cell is MOST commonly associated with vaginal contamination?
    • A. 

      White

    • B. 

      Transitional

    • C. 

      Squamous

    • D. 

      Glitter

  • 14. 
    Urinary calculi most often consist of:
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Uric acid

    • C. 

      Leucine

    • D. 

      Cystine

  • 15. 
    Small round objects found in a urine sediment that dissolve after addition of dilute acetic acid and do not polarize most likely are:
    • A. 

      Air bubbles

    • B. 

      Calcium oxalate

    • C. 

      Red blood cells

    • D. 

      Yeast cells

  • 16. 
    Tiny colorless, dumbbell-shaped crystals were found in an alkaline urine sediment. They most likely are:
    • A. 

      Calcium oxalate

    • B. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • C. 

      Calcium phosphate

    • D. 

      Amorphous phosphate

  • 17. 
    A clean-catch urine sample is submitted to the laboratory for routine urinalysis and culture. The routine urinalysis is done first, and the specimen is then sent to microbiology for culture. The specimen should:
    • A. 

      Be centrifuged and the supernatant cultured

    • B. 

      Be rejected due to possible contamination from routine urinalysis

    • C. 

      Not be cultured if no bacteria are seen

    • D. 

      Be immediately processed for culture regardless of urinalysis results

  • 18. 
    A 24-hour urine from a man who had no evidence of kidney impairment was sent to the laboratory for hormone determination. The volume was 600 mL, but there was some question as to the completeness of the 24-hour collection. The next step would be to:
    • A. 

      Perform the hormone determination, since 600 mL is a normal urine 24-hour volume

    • B. 

      Check the creatinine level; if it is less than 1g do the procedure

    • C. 

      Report the hormone determination in milligrams per deciliter in case the specimen was incomplete

    • D. 

      Check the creatinine level; if it is greater than 1g do the procedure

  • 19. 
    Urine samples should be examined with 1 hour of voiding because:
    • A. 

      Red blood cells, leukocytes, and casts agglutinate after standing for several hours at room temperature

    • B. 

      Urobilinogen increases and bilirubin decreases after prolonged exposure to light

    • C. 

      Bacterial contamination will cause alkalinization of the urine

    • D. 

      Ketones will increase due to bacterial and cellular metabolism

  • 20. 
    The principle of the reagent strip test for urine protein depends on:
    • A. 

      An enzyme reaction

    • B. 

      Protein error of indicators

    • C. 

      Copper reduction

    • D. 

      The toluidine reaction

  • 21. 
    After receiving a 24-hour urine sample for quantitative total protein anaylsis, the technician must first:
    • A. 

      Subculture the urine for bacteria

    • B. 

      Add the appropriate preservative

    • C. 

      Screen for albumin using a dipstick

    • D. 

      Measure the total volume

  • 22. 
    Which of following is the best guide to consistent centrifugation?
    • A. 

      Potentiometer setting

    • B. 

      Armature settings

    • C. 

      Tachnometer readings

    • D. 

      Rheostat readings

  • 23. 
    In addition to the sperm count in a fertility study, analysis of seminal fluid should also include:
    • A. 

      Time of liquefaction, estimation of motility, morphology

    • B. 

      Motility, morphology, test for alkaline phosphatase

    • C. 

      Tiem of liquefaction, test for acid phosphatase, qualitative test for hemoglobin

    • D. 

      Time of liquefaction, qualitative test for hemoglobin and motility

  • 24. 
    A physician attampts to aspirate a knee joint and obtains 0.1 mL of slightly bloody fluid. Addtion of acetic acid results in turbidity and a clot. This indicates that:
    • A. 

      The fluid is synovial fluid

    • B. 

      Plasma was obtained

    • C. 

      Red blood cells caused a false-positive reaction

    • D. 

      The specimen is not adequate

  • 25. 
    Urine from a 50-year-old man was noted to turn dark red on standing. This change is caused by:
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Porphyrins

    • C. 

      Urochrome

    • D. 

      Creatinine

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