Unit 1: History, Approaches, And Research Methods

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 336

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Research Method Quizzes & Trivia

This is a multiple-choice quiz based on Unit 1 Materials which includes classroom notes, discussions, and your readings in Chapters 5 & 6. Don't forget to track your answers on a separate sheet. The majority of these questions are based upon actual AP exam questions. Take your time, and RELAX!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Psychology is most currently defined as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Science of mental life

    • B. 

      Science of observable behavior

    • C. 

      Science of behavior and mental processes

  • 2. 
    Which of the following early psychological thinkers believed that the mind was a blank slate and was shaped by experience?
    • A. 

      John Locke

    • B. 

      Rene Descartes

    • C. 

      Socrates

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT a common perspective in psychology?
    • A. 

      Evolutionary

    • B. 

      Neuroscience

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic

    • D. 

      Cognitive

  • 4. 
    One likely difference between a psychiatrist and clinical psychologist is that a psychiatrist would tend to use more
    • A. 

      Talk therapy

    • B. 

      Medications

    • C. 

      Cognitive therapy

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is NOT a basic research technique used by psychologists?
    • A. 

      Description

    • B. 

      Replication

    • C. 

      Correlational

  • 6. 
    In an experiment to determine the effects of exercise on motivation, exercise is the
    • A. 

      Control condition

    • B. 

      Intervening variable

    • C. 

      Independent variable

  • 7. 
    A psychologist studies the play behavior of young children by watching groups during recess at school.  Which type of research is being used?
    • A. 

      Correlation

    • B. 

      Case study

    • C. 

      Experimentation

  • 8. 
    A lopsided set of scores that includes a number of extreme or unusual values is said to be
    • A. 

      Symmetrical

    • B. 

      Skewed

  • 9. 
    To prevent the possibility that a placebo effect or researchers' expectations will influence a study's results, scientists employ
    • A. 

      Control groups

    • B. 

      Experimental groups

    • C. 

      Random assignment

    • D. 

      Single blind studies

  • 10. 
    Joe believes that his basketball game is always best when he wears his old gray socks.  Joe is a victim of the phenomenon we call
    • A. 

      Statistical significance

    • B. 

      Overconfidence

    • C. 

      Hindsight bias

  • 11. 
    All of the following are measures of central tendency except
    • A. 

      Mean

    • B. 

      Mode

    • C. 

      Median

  • 12. 
    What does the standard deviation represent in a set of data?
    • A. 

      Average distance of a set of scores from the mean

    • B. 

      The score that occurs most frequently in a set of data

  • 13. 
    Which one of the following correlations shows the strongest relationship between two variables?
    • A. 

      +0.4

    • B. 

      +0.38

    • C. 

      -0.7

  • 14. 
    Which of these studies helps to provide evidence to both sides of the nature versus nurture debate?
    • A. 

      Interractional studies

    • B. 

      Parenting studies

    • C. 

      Evolutionary studies

  • 15. 
    Which BIG QUESTION in psychology does the following refer to?There is a debate which exists in psychology arguing that ones behavior and attributes are either derived from one's environment or from one's genetics.
    • A. 

      Behavior v. Science

    • B. 

      Nature v. Nurture

  • 16. 
    Of the following, which can establish a cause and effect relationship?I.  controlled experimentII. quasi-experimentIII. correlational research
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      II only

    • C. 

      I and II only

    • D. 

      I and III only

    • E. 

      I, II, and III