AP Psych Review ChAPters 1-3 Dm

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AP Psych Review ChAPters 1-3 Dm - Quiz

This quiz will test your knowledge of information pertaining to content found in chapters 1-3 of AP Psychology in Mr. Mohl's class.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    "I wanted to change the world. But i have found that the only thing one can be sure of  changing is himself." This poem is in the best relation to:

    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Cognitive Theory

    • C. 

      Psychoanalytic Theory

    • D. 

      Humanistic Theory

    • E. 

      Evolutionary Theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Humanistic Theory
    Explanation
    The poem's theme of personal growth and self-improvement aligns with the principles of Humanistic Theory. This theory emphasizes the importance of individual agency and personal responsibility in shaping one's own life. The speaker's realization that the only thing they can change is themselves reflects the humanistic belief in self-actualization and the idea that individuals have the capacity to grow and change in order to reach their full potential.

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  • 2. 

    There is a correlation between income and education. We find that people with higher income have more years of education.  After further calculations, the correlation came to be .70 One can infer all of the following except:

    • A. 

      There is no causation

    • B. 

      Education is associated with Income

    • C. 

      Income increases as Education does

    • D. 

      Positive Correlation;Strong

    • E. 

      Predictions

    Correct Answer
    C. Income increases as Education does
    Explanation
    The given answer states that "Income increases as Education does." This means that as education levels increase, income levels also increase. This suggests a positive correlation between education and income. The correlation coefficient of 0.70 indicates a strong positive correlation between the two variables. However, it is important to note that correlation does not imply causation. Therefore, the answer "There is no causation" is the correct inference that can be made from the information given.

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  • 3. 

    Wilhelm Wundt is associated with All of the following except:

    • A. 

      Establishing the first laboratory in the United States

    • B. 

      Campaigning to make Psychology an indiviual discipline

    • C. 

      Founding of Psychology

    • D. 

      Setting up graduate program

    • E. 

      Tremendous contributions to Psychology

    Correct Answer
    A. Establishing the first laboratory in the United States
    Explanation
    Wilhelm Wundt is associated with all of the given options except for establishing the first laboratory in the United States. While Wundt is often referred to as the founder of psychology and is known for his tremendous contributions to the field, he did not establish the first laboratory in the United States. This distinction is typically attributed to G. Stanley Hall, who founded the first psychology laboratory at Johns Hopkins University in 1883.

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  • 4. 

    For a deeper, more personal connection in research, Professor Kemp would want to use which of the following studies?

    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Case Study

    • C. 

      Experiment

    • D. 

      Psychological Test

    • E. 

      Group Study

    Correct Answer
    B. Case Study
    Explanation
    A case study would allow Professor Kemp to have a deeper, more personal connection in research because it involves an in-depth analysis of a specific individual, group, or situation. This method allows for a detailed examination of unique circumstances, behaviors, and experiences. By closely studying a single case, Professor Kemp can gain a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter and potentially uncover insights that may not be possible through other research methods such as surveys, experiments, psychological tests, or group studies.

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  • 5. 

    The shaded red area of the brain located near the back of the head is known as the:

    • A. 

      Wernicke's Area

    • B. 

      Parietal Lobe

    • C. 

      Broca's Area

    • D. 

      Occipital Lobe

    • E. 

      Temporal Lobe

    Correct Answer
    D. Occipital Lobe
    Explanation
    The shaded red area of the brain located near the back of the head is known as the Occipital Lobe. This area is responsible for processing visual information and plays a crucial role in vision, including the interpretation of shapes, colors, and movement. It contains the primary visual cortex, which receives and processes visual stimuli from the eyes. Damage to the occipital lobe can result in visual impairments, such as difficulty recognizing objects or perceiving motion.

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  • 6. 

    This part of the brain is found in what is known as the primitive brain.

    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Cerebrum

    • C. 

      Reticualr Formation

    • D. 

      Medulla

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

    Correct Answer
    D. Medulla
    Explanation
    The medulla is located in the primitive brain, also known as the brainstem. It is responsible for controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. It serves as a relay station between the brain and the spinal cord, allowing for the transmission of sensory and motor information. The medulla is an essential part of the central nervous system and plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and overall bodily functions.

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  • 7. 

    The study completed by Ken and Mimi Clark, used the method of presenting_________________________________ to evaluate African American children's choice in "purity" or "goodness" within the bounds of skin color.

    • A. 

      Integration and segregation

    • B. 

      Black and white dolls

    • C. 

      African American and Caucasian children

    • D. 

      Books based on Racism

    • E. 

      The colors black and white

    Correct Answer
    B. Black and white dolls
    Explanation
    The study completed by Ken and Mimi Clark used black and white dolls to evaluate African American children's choice in "purity" or "goodness" within the bounds of skin color. The researchers likely presented the children with both black and white dolls and observed which dolls the children preferred or perceived as more pure or good. This method allowed the researchers to assess the impact of skin color on the children's perceptions and preferences.

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  • 8. 

    A _______________________________ exists when a sample does not represent the population from which it was drawn.

    • A. 

      Experimenter bias

    • B. 

      Sampling bias

    • C. 

      Correlational bias

    • D. 

      Experimental bias

    • E. 

      Empirical bias

    Correct Answer
    B. Sampling bias
    Explanation
    Sampling bias occurs when the sample used in a study or survey does not accurately represent the larger population from which it was drawn. This can happen if the sample is not randomly selected or if certain groups within the population are over- or under-represented in the sample. Sampling bias can lead to inaccurate or misleading results, as the findings may not be generalizable to the larger population.

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  • 9. 

    The _________________ is the fatty layer that covers the axon.

    • A. 

      Axon sheath

    • B. 

      Neural skin

    • C. 

      Glia

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath

    • E. 

      Protective sheath

    Correct Answer
    D. Myelin sheath
    Explanation
    The myelin sheath is the fatty layer that covers the axon. It acts as an insulating layer, allowing for faster transmission of electrical signals along the axon. The myelin sheath is formed by specialized cells called glia, specifically oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system. This protective sheath helps to prevent signal loss or interference, ensuring efficient communication between neurons.

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  • 10. 

    The_________________ deals with speech comprehension.

    • A. 

      Parietal lobe

    • B. 

      Broca's area

    • C. 

      Medulla

    • D. 

      Wernicke's area

    • E. 

      Thalamus

    Correct Answer
    D. Wernicke's area
    Explanation
    Wernicke's area is responsible for speech comprehension. It is located in the left hemisphere of the brain, specifically in the posterior part of the superior temporal gyrus. Damage to this area can result in receptive aphasia, where individuals have difficulty understanding spoken or written language. Wernicke's area works in conjunction with Broca's area, which is responsible for speech production, to facilitate effective communication.

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  • 11. 

    The gap in between is known as the __________________.

    • A. 

      Receptor intake area

    • B. 

      Synapse

    • C. 

      Synaptic opening

    • D. 

      Synaptic recieving area

    • E. 

      Transmission gap

    Correct Answer
    B. Synapse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "synapse." The synapse is the gap between two neurons where communication occurs. It is a small space where electrical signals from one neuron are transmitted to another through the release and reception of chemical neurotransmitters. This allows for the transmission of information between neurons in the nervous system.

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  • 12. 

    Why is it that "the thicker the myelin sheath, the more transmitters may travel at a faster rate"?

    • A. 

      The fattier the myelin sheath, faster uptake of neurotransmitters

    • B. 

      The fattier the myelin sheath, the faster deposit of neurotransmitters

    • C. 

      The fattier the myelin sheath, the faster transmission rate of neurotransmitters

    • D. 

      The fattier the myelin sheath, the smaller the area of transmission

    • E. 

      The fattier the myelin sheath, the smaller the size of the diameter of the axon

    Correct Answer
    C. The fattier the myelin sheath, the faster transmission rate of neurotransmitters
    Explanation
    The myelin sheath acts as an insulating layer around the axon, allowing for faster transmission of electrical signals. A thicker myelin sheath means a greater amount of insulation, which leads to faster transmission of neurotransmitters.

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