AP Psychology Quiz

35 Questions

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AP Psychology Quiz

In the following quiz you will find questions that will help you review Ch. 1 & 2 for the AP Exam.   Please chose the multiple choice answer that best answers the question.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "I am primarily interested in thinking processes; I am a __________ psychologist."
    • A. 

      Cognitive

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Perception

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 2. 
    Like Carl Rogers, I believe people choose to live more creative and meaningful lives. My name is
    • A. 

      Wertheimer.

    • B. 

      Washburn.

    • C. 

      Skinner

    • D. 

      Maslow.

  • 3. 
    Of the following, who is associated with the Gestalt school of psychology?
    • A. 

      Ivan Pavlov

    • B. 

      B. F. Skinner

    • C. 

      Max Wertheimer

    • D. 

      John Watson

  • 4. 
    Of the following, who is a humanistic psychologist?
    • A. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • B. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • C. 

      B. F. Skinner

    • D. 

      John Watson

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      A valid method of research

    • B. 

      Unscientific

    • C. 

      The cornerstone of behaviorism

    • D. 

      The study of the mind in use

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Psychodynamic psychology

    • B. 

      Behaviorism

    • C. 

      Humanistic psychology

    • D. 

      Neo-Freudian psychology

  • 7. 
    Brain mechanisms involved in hunger and thirst would most likely be studied by a
    • A. 

      Personality theorist.

    • B. 

      Sensory psychologist

    • C. 

      Learning theorist

    • D. 

      Biopsychologist.

  • 8. 
    "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts" is represented by which of the following?
    • A. 

      The Gestalt psychologists.

    • B. 

      The behaviorists.

    • C. 

      The structuralists

    • D. 

      The functionalists

  • 9. 
    The goals of psychology are to
    • A. 

      Develop effective methods of psychotherapy.

    • B. 

      Describe, predict, understand, and control behavior.

    • C. 

      Explain the functioning of the human mind.

    • D. 

      Compare, analyze, and control human behavior

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      The first year of life.

    • B. 

      Forces in the personality that are often unconscious.

    • C. 

      Needs for love and self-esteem.

    • D. 

      the drive for self-actualization

  • 11. 
    Barbara is applying conditioning principles to teach language skills to retarded children. As a psychologist, her point of view appears to be
    • A. 

      Freudian.

    • B. 

      Gestalt.

    • C. 

      Functionalist.

    • D. 

      Behaviorist.

  • 12. 
    A psychologist who is "eclectic" can best be described as
    • A. 

      Rejecting determinism in favor of free will.

    • B. 

      Cognitive rather than behavioral.

    • C. 

      Drawing from many psychological approaches.

    • D. 

      Preferring pseudo-psychological approaches

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Self-image.

    • B. 

      Self-concept.

    • C. 

      Self-esteem.

    • D. 

      Self-actualization

  • 14. 
    Psychology is
    • A. 

      The study of human origins, evolution, and cultures.

    • B. 

      The scientific study of behavior and mental processes of any living creature.

    • C. 

      A natural science integrating physiology and neurology

    • D. 

      The deductive study of forms and functions of human groups

  • 15. 
    Of the following, who was a structuralist?
    • A. 

      B. F. Skinner

    • B. 

      John Watson

    • C. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • D. 

      William James

  • 16. 
    The structuralist school of psychology
    • A. 

      used introspection to analyze conscious experience.

    • B. 

      Relied heavily on the concept of natural selection.

    • C. 

      Was concerned with experiences as "wholes."

    • D. 

      Used dream analysis to reveal the unconscious.

  • 17. 
    Who among the following can prescribe drugs to treat emotional problems?
    • A. 

      Psychiatrist

    • B. 

      Social worker

    • C. 

      Psychologist

    • D. 

      Gestalt therapist

  • 18. 
    William James wrote Principles of Psychology and founded
    • A. 

      Structuralism.

    • B. 

      Functionalism.

    • C. 

      Behaviorism

    • D. 

      Humanism.

  • 19. 
    A psychologist using the method of naturalistic observation would
    • A. 

      Carefully design controlled situations in which to observe behavior.

    • B. 

      Rely on observations of subjects' responses to questionnaires

    • C. 

      Observe behavior as it happens outside the laboratory or clinic.

    • D. 

      Make records of the behavior of clients treated in therapy.

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      a high dosage of alcohol.

    • B. 

      One-half the dosage given the experimental group.

    • C. 

      A driving test before and after drinking alcohol

    • D. 

      no alcohol at all

  • 21. 
    A scientific explanation that remains tentative until it has been adequately tested is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Theory.

    • B. 

      Law.

    • C. 

      Hypothesis.

    • D. 

      Experiment.

  • 22. 
    A study to determine the degree of relationship between two events is called
    • A. 

      Naturalistic observation.

    • B. 

      The correlational method

    • C. 

      A controlled experiment.

    • D. 

      The survey method

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      The independent variable

    • B. 

      A control variable

    • C. 

      An extraneous variable

    • D. 

      The dependent variable

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      They are assigned to experimental and control groups from a sample which is representative of the larger population.

    • B. 

      They each have an equal chance of being assigned to either the experimental or control group.

    • C. 

      They are assigned to experimental and control groups so that the groups differ on some critical variable before the experiment begins.

    • D. 

      Neither the experimenter nor the subject knows whether the subject is in the experimental or control group

  • 25. 
    An experiment is performed to see if background music improves learning. Two groups study the same material, one while listening to music and another without music. The independent variable is
    • A. 

      Learning.

    • B. 

      The size of the group.

    • C. 

      The material studied.

    • D. 

      Music.

  • 26. 
    Which of the following coefficients of correlation indicates the strongest relationship between two sets of variables?
    • A. 

      -0.98

    • B. 

      0.90

    • C. 

      0.00

    • D. 

      1.20

  • 27. 
    The most powerful research tool is a (an)
    • A. 

      Clinical study.

    • B. 

      Experiment.

    • C. 

      Survey.

    • D. 

      Correlational study.

  • 28. 
    Students who do better in high school tend to do better in college. This is an example of
    • A. 

      a negative correlation.

    • B. 

      A zero correlation

    • C. 

      A positive correlation

    • D. 

      A perfect correlation

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      All subjects get the experimental procedure.

    • B. 

      Half the subjects get the experimental procedure, half the placebo; which they receive is known only to the experimenter

    • C. 

      Half the subjects get the experimental procedure, half the placebo; which they receive is not known to subjects or experimenters.

    • D. 

      All subjects get the control procedure.

  • 30. 
    A set of exact procedures that represent particular variables is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Abstract definition.

    • B. 

      Operational definition.

    • C. 

      Case study.

    • D. 

      Defining characteristic.

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Counteract the random assignment of subjects.

    • B. 

      Counteract the side effects of the drug.

    • C. 

      Control for the effects of suggestion and expectation

    • D. 

      Keep control subjects from knowing they have been given the drug

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      experimental method.

    • B. 

      Case study method.

    • C. 

      Naturalistic observation method.

    • D. 

      Survey method.

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      experimental control.

    • B. 

      A hypothesis

    • C. 

      An experimental variable.

    • D. 

      A theory.

  • 34. 
    Responding to a substance like a sugar pill as if it were a drug is called
    • A. 

      The placebo effect.

    • B. 

      An extraneous factor.

    • C. 

      Variability.

    • D. 

      Psychosomatic illness

  • 35. 
    The control group and the experimental group in an experiment are treated exactly the same except for the
    • A. 

      Dependent variable.

    • B. 

      Independent variable.

    • C. 

      Extraneous variables.

    • D. 

      Replication variables.