Memory - AP Psychology Quiz

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Memory - AP Psychology Quiz - Quiz

Are you ready to put your memory to the test? Step into the world of AP Psychology with our thrilling "Memory - AP Psychology Quiz"! This engaging and interactive practice test will challenge your knowledge of memory processes, theories, and research. Dive deep into the fascinating world of encoding, storage, retrieval, and forgetfulness. From iconic studies to the latest breakthroughs, this quiz will keep you on your toes. Whether you're a seasoned AP Psychology student or simply curious about memory, this quiz is your ticket to a brain-teasing adventure. Get ready to ace the AP Psychology Memory Quiz and unlock Read morethe secrets of the mind!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the first stage of memory according to the Atkinson-Shiffrin model?

    • A.

      Encoding

    • B.

      Storage

    • C.

      Sensory register 

    • D.

      Retrieval

    Correct Answer
    C. Sensory register 
    Explanation
    The first stage of memory according to the Atkinson-Shiffrin model is the sensory register. This stage involves the initial processing of sensory information from the environment. It is responsible for briefly holding sensory information, such as sights, sounds, and smells, in its raw form before it is further processed and transferred to the next stage of memory.

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  • 2. 

    Which pioneering researcher made extensive use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memory?

    • A.

      Pavlov

    • B.

      James

    • C.

      Loftus

    • D.

      Freud

    • E.

      Hermann Ebbinghaus

    Correct Answer
    E. Hermann Ebbinghaus
    Explanation
    Hermann Ebbinghaus is the correct answer because he was a pioneering researcher who made extensive use of nonsense syllables in the study of human memory. He conducted numerous experiments using these syllables to investigate how information is retained and forgotten over time. Ebbinghaus's work laid the foundation for modern studies on memory and greatly contributed to our understanding of how we learn and remember information.

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  • 3. 

    Which type of memory is responsible for holding information for a brief period, such as the sound of a bell?

    • A.

      Short-term memory

    • B.

      Long-term memory

    • C.

      Working memory

    • D.

      None of the above

    • E.

      Source amnesia

    Correct Answer
    A. Short-term memory
    Explanation
    Short-term memory is responsible for holding information for a brief period, such as the sound of a bell. Short-term memory is a temporary storage system that allows us to hold and manipulate information for a short duration. It is involved in the processing of sensory information and plays a crucial role in tasks such as remembering a phone number or following instructions. Unlike long-term memory, which is responsible for the storage of information over a longer period, short-term memory has a limited capacity and is easily forgotten if not rehearsed or encoded into long-term memory.

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  • 4. 

    We remember words that lend themselves to mental images better than we remember abstract low-imagery words. This best illustrates the value of:

    • A.

      Iconic memory

    • B.

      Semantic encoding

    • C.

      Flashbulb memory

    • D.

      Long term potentiation

    Correct Answer
    B. Semantic encoding
    Explanation
    Semantic encoding refers to the process of encoding and storing information based on its meaning and significance. This explanation suggests that we remember words that can be easily associated with mental images because they are more likely to have meaning and significance for us. In contrast, abstract low-imagery words may be more difficult to remember because they lack clear associations or connections. Therefore, the value of semantic encoding lies in its ability to enhance memory by relating information to meaningful concepts and ideas.

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  • 5. 

    The process of converting information into a form that can be stored in memory is called:

    • A.

      Recognition

    • B.

      Encoding

    • C.

      Retrieval

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    B. Encoding
    Explanation
    Encoding is the correct answer because it refers to the process of converting information into a form that can be stored in memory. This process involves transforming incoming sensory information into a meaningful and usable format that can be stored and retrieved later. Encoding is an essential step in the memory process as it allows information to be efficiently stored and organized in the brain for future use.

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  • 6. 

    Which memory system has a limited capacity and can hold information for about 20-30 seconds without rehearsal?

    • A.

      Sensory memory

    • B.

      Working memory

    • C.

      Short-term memory

    • D.

      Long-term memory

    Correct Answer
    C. Short-term memory
    Explanation
    Short-term memory is a memory system with a limited capacity that can hold information for a short duration, typically about 20-30 seconds, without rehearsal. It is responsible for temporarily storing and manipulating information needed for immediate tasks. Unlike long-term memory, which has a much larger capacity and can store information for a longer period, short-term memory is more susceptible to forgetting and requires constant rehearsal to retain information.

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  • 7. 

    The cerebellum plays a critical role in _________ memory.

    • A.

      Echoic

    • B.

      Implicit

    • C.

      Iconic

    • D.

      Explicit

    Correct Answer
    B. Implicit
    Explanation
    The cerebellum plays a critical role in implicit memory. Implicit memory refers to the unconscious memory of skills and procedures that have been learned through repeated practice. The cerebellum is responsible for coordinating and fine-tuning motor movements, which are essential for the execution of these learned skills. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that the cerebellum plays a critical role in implicit memory.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of episodic memory?

    • A.

      Remembering how to tie your shoelaces.

    • B.

      Knowing the capital of France.

    • C.

      Recalling your last birthday party.

    • D.

      Remembering how to ride a bicycle.

    Correct Answer
    C. Recalling your last birthday party.
    Explanation
    Episodic memory refers to the ability to remember specific events or experiences that have occurred in one's life. Recalling your last birthday party is an example of episodic memory because it involves remembering a specific event from the past. The other options do not involve remembering specific events or experiences, but rather involve general knowledge or procedural memory (knowing the capital of France, remembering how to tie shoelaces, remembering how to ride a bicycle).

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  • 9. 

    The often unconscious activation of particular associations in memory is called:

    • A.

      Chunking

    • B.

      Automatic processing

    • C.

      Repression

    • D.

      Priming

    Correct Answer
    D. Priming
    Explanation
    Priming refers to the phenomenon where exposure to a stimulus influences the response to a subsequent stimulus. It involves the activation of specific associations in memory, typically outside of conscious awareness. This process can affect various cognitive processes, such as perception, attention, and memory retrieval. Through priming, previously encountered information or experiences can influence our thoughts, behaviors, and judgments without us realizing it.

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  • 10. 

    The discovery that words heard underwater are later better recalled underwater than on land best illustrates the value of:

    • A.

      The method of loci

    • B.

      State-dependent memory

    • C.

      The spacing effect

    • D.

      Retrieval cues

    • E.

      Implicit memory

    Correct Answer
    D. Retrieval cues
    Explanation
    The answer, retrieval cues, is supported by the fact that words heard underwater are better recalled underwater than on land. This suggests that the underwater environment serves as a retrieval cue, triggering the memory of the words heard in that environment. Retrieval cues are external or internal stimuli that help in retrieving information from memory, and in this case, the underwater environment acts as a cue for recalling the words heard. This demonstrates the value of retrieval cues in enhancing memory recall.

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  • 11. 

    The process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored is called:

    • A.

      Encoding

    • B.

      Retrieval

    • C.

      Recognition

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    B. Retrieval
    Explanation
    Retrieval refers to the process of recalling or bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored. This involves accessing and retrieving stored memories or knowledge from the brain. It is the act of recalling or remembering information that has been learned or experienced in the past. Retrieval can occur through various methods such as recognition, recall, or relearning. It is an important cognitive process that allows individuals to access and utilize their stored knowledge and memories.

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  • 12. 

    What is the term used to describe the inability to remember events that occurred before the onset of amnesia?

    • A.

      Anterograde amnesia

    • B.

      Infantile amnesia

    • C.

      Dissociative amnesia

    • D.

      Retrograde amnesia

    Correct Answer
    D. Retrograde amnesia
    Explanation
    Retrograde amnesia is the term used to describe the inability to remember events that occurred before the onset of amnesia. This type of amnesia typically affects the person's ability to recall past memories, such as personal experiences or factual information. It is often caused by brain injuries or trauma and can vary in severity and duration.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jarmstrong
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