AP Psych Review ChAPters 1-3 Ec

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Review Quiz for AP Psychology chapters 1 to 3.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is considered to be the father of psychology?

    • A.

      William James

    • B.

      G. Stanley Hall

    • C.

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • D.

      John B. Watson

    • E.

      Ivan Pavlov

    Correct Answer
    C. Wilhelm Wundt
    Explanation
    Wilhelm Wundt is considered to be the father of psychology because he is credited with establishing the first psychology laboratory in 1879 at the University of Leipzig, Germany. Wundt's work focused on studying conscious experiences through introspection and laid the foundation for psychology as a scientific discipline. His emphasis on using experimental methods and objective observation greatly influenced the development of psychology as a separate field of study.

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  • 2. 

    Who founded the American Psychology Association?

    • A.

      G. Stanley Hall

    • B.

      Sigmund Freud

    • C.

      John B. Watson

    • D.

      B. F. Skinner

    • E.

      Carl Rogers

    Correct Answer
    A. G. Stanley Hall
    Explanation
    G. Stanley Hall is the correct answer because he was the founder of the American Psychology Association (APA). Hall was a prominent American psychologist and educator who played a crucial role in establishing psychology as a scientific discipline in the United States. He founded the APA in 1892, with the goal of promoting the advancement and application of psychology as a science. Hall's contributions to the field of psychology, along with his establishment of the APA, solidify him as the correct answer to this question.

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  • 3. 

    Edward Titchener started what school of psychology?

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Behaviorism

    • C.

      Natural Selection

    • D.

      Psychoanalytic theory

    • E.

      Structuralism

    Correct Answer
    E. Structuralism
    Explanation
    Edward Titchener is associated with the school of psychology known as structuralism. Structuralism focuses on analyzing the basic elements of consciousness and the way they combine to form complex mental experiences. Titchener believed that by breaking down conscious experiences into their elemental components, it would be possible to understand the structure of the mind. He emphasized the use of introspection, or self-observation, as a method to study these mental elements.

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  • 4. 

    What is it called when the experimenter slightly affects the results of the experiment because he or she treated a group differently?

    • A.

      Experimenter Bias

    • B.

      Response Set

    • C.

      Placebo

    • D.

      Social Desirability

    • E.

      Sampling Bias

    Correct Answer
    A. Experimenter Bias
    Explanation
    Experimenter bias refers to the situation when the experimenter's actions or behaviors unintentionally influence the results of an experiment. This can occur when the experimenter treats different groups differently, leading to biased or skewed results. It is important to minimize experimenter bias to ensure the validity and reliability of the experiment's findings.

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  • 5. 

    What is it called when neither the subjects nor the experimenters know what group gets what thing?

    • A.

      Experimenter Bias

    • B.

      Response Set

    • C.

      Sampling Bias

    • D.

      Double- Blind procedure

    • E.

      Social Desirability

    Correct Answer
    D. Double- Blind procedure
    Explanation
    A double-blind procedure refers to a research method in which both the subjects and the experimenters are unaware of which group receives what treatment or intervention. This is done to minimize bias and ensure the validity of the results. By keeping both parties blind to the group assignments, any potential influence or bias from the experimenters or subjects is eliminated, leading to more reliable and unbiased findings.

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  • 6. 

    What is it called when the experimenter observes someone or something in their own element?

    • A.

      Case Studies

    • B.

      Naturalistic Observation

    • C.

      Survey Method

    • D.

      Experimental Method

    • E.

      Distorted self-Report Data

    Correct Answer
    B. Naturalistic Observation
    Explanation
    Naturalistic observation refers to the process of observing individuals or phenomena in their natural environment without any interference or manipulation by the experimenter. This method allows the experimenter to gain a realistic understanding of the behavior, interactions, and characteristics of the subject being observed. By observing someone or something in their own element, the experimenter can gather valuable data that accurately reflects real-life situations and behaviors.

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  • 7. 

    What part of the brain is involved with aggression and emotion?

    • A.

      Amygdala

    • B.

      Thalamus

    • C.

      Hippocampus

    • D.

      Hypothalamus

    • E.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    A. Amygdala
    Explanation
    The amygdala is involved in aggression and emotion. It plays a crucial role in processing and regulating emotions, including fear and aggression. It helps to identify potential threats and triggers the appropriate emotional response. Additionally, the amygdala is involved in forming and storing emotional memories, which can influence future emotional responses.

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  • 8. 

    What part of the brain has to do with sleep and arousal?

    • A.

      Amygdala

    • B.

      Thalamus

    • C.

      Hippocampus

    • D.

      Hypothalamus

    • E.

      Pons

    Correct Answer
    E. Pons
    Explanation
    The pons is a part of the brainstem that is responsible for regulating sleep and arousal. It contains nuclei that are involved in the control of REM sleep and also plays a role in regulating the sleep-wake cycle. The pons helps to coordinate the transition between sleep and wakefulness by sending signals to other parts of the brain, such as the thalamus and hypothalamus. Additionally, it is involved in regulating breathing and other vital functions during sleep.

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  • 9. 

    What temporarily enhances or depresses activity in certain parts of the brain?

    • A.

      EEG

    • B.

      MRI

    • C.

      PET

    • D.

      TMS

    • E.

      FMRI

    Correct Answer
    D. TMS
    Explanation
    TMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) is a non-invasive procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate or inhibit specific regions of the brain. By applying magnetic pulses to the scalp, TMS can temporarily enhance or depress activity in certain parts of the brain, depending on the frequency and intensity of the stimulation. This technique is commonly used in research and clinical settings to study brain function and treat various neurological and psychiatric conditions.

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  • 10. 

    What does Lesioning do to a part of the brain?

    • A.

      Stimulates it

    • B.

      Shocks it

    • C.

      Destroys it

    • D.

      Helps it function

    • E.

      Entertains it

    Correct Answer
    C. Destroys it
    Explanation
    Lesioning refers to the intentional damaging or removal of a specific part of the brain. This procedure is performed to study the effects of brain damage on behavior and cognitive functions. By destroying a part of the brain, researchers can observe the resulting changes in the individual's abilities or behaviors. Therefore, the correct answer is "Destroys it."

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