Pretest For AP Psychology 2016-2017

140 Questions

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Disclaimer: You have not taken anything psychology related before (maybe sociology but, that's like a cousin of psychology) do not be upset if you don't know any of the answers or if you "fail. " Be honest if you don't know an answer choose the answer, "No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!" This isn't like math where you have had it since you were in kindergarten! No one knows more than you do! You haven't taken psychology before, you've only lived it! Don't be alarmed by this "test. " You will receive 20 Points for taking it :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is the only type of psychologist that can offer medication as a means to treat someone. 
    • A. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • B. 

      Educational psychologist

    • C. 

      Psychiatrist

    • D. 

      Human factors psychologist

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 2. 
    Psychology is:
    • A. 

      The study of mental processes only

    • B. 

      The study of mental processes and behavior

    • C. 

      The study of behavior only

    • D. 

      The study of the human mind and its potential

    • E. 

      No clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 3. 
    The idea that all knowledge comes from our experience through our senses is known as: 
    • A. 

      Empiricism

    • B. 

      Sensationalism

    • C. 

      Existentialism

    • D. 

      Modernism

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 4. 
    The idea that it is our environment or our biology that make up who we are and what we do is indicative of which argument in psychology? 
    • A. 

      Freewill VS Determinism

    • B. 

      Nature VS Nurture

    • C. 

      Stability VS Change

    • D. 

      Existentialism VS Humanism

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 5. 
    This school of thought would argue that a person does what they do because they are trying to reach self potential and be the best version of themselves.
    • A. 

      Behavioral Psychology

    • B. 

      Cognitive Psychology

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic Psychology

    • D. 

      Humanistic Psychology

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 6. 
    Behaviorism or behavioral psychology is the study of:
    • A. 

      How the unconscious mind influences behaviors

    • B. 

      How we learn certain behaviors

    • C. 

      How we interpret behaviors

    • D. 

      Behavior in its purest form

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 7. 
    Clinical Psychology is:
    • A. 

      The branch of psychology that studies disorders in psychiatric wards usually

    • B. 

      The branch of psychology that looks at how people, disorders, etc. and how their etiology evolves over time

    • C. 

      The branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and disability that does not prescribe medicine

    • D. 

      The branch of psychology that solely does research

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 8. 
    A person taking the biopsychosocial approach would look at:
    • A. 

      A person's family, culture, and socioeconomic status

    • B. 

      A person's heredity, stress levels, and biochemical makeup

    • C. 

      A person's genetics, mood/personality, and culture

    • D. 

      A person's behavior, responses to stimuli, and mood

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 9. 
    A person coming from this psychological perspective would look at how we think, remember, speak and how we interpret the events around us
    • A. 

      Perceptual Psychologist

    • B. 

      Cognitive psychologist

    • C. 

      Behavioral Psychologist

    • D. 

      Cultural Psychologist

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 10. 
    A psychologist from the biological perspective would be most interested in which of the following: 
    • A. 

      Thought processes and interpretation of events

    • B. 

      The unconscious mind and its influence on us as humans

    • C. 

      How we learn our various behaviors

    • D. 

      Brain and chemical makeup

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 11. 
    Correlation measures _______ and is useful for ___________
    • A. 

      The relationship between two variables; determining cause and effect

    • B. 

      The validity of a study; prediction

    • C. 

      The relationship between two variables; prediction

    • D. 

      The validity of human interaction; determining the likelihood actions will cause something to happen again

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 12. 
    A case study is a research method that:
    • A. 

      Examines one aspect of a situation in great detail.

    • B. 

      Examines all of the variables of a situation in great detail.

    • C. 

      Examines only the cultural factors of a situation in an overview

    • D. 

      Examines variables in an overview of a what influences behavior

    • E. 

      No clue! I've never taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 13. 
    The Bears lose to the Packers.  I say that I knew that would happen.  This, "I knew it all along" phenomenon is also known as:
    • A. 

      Hindsight Bias

    • B. 

      Confirmation Bias

    • C. 

      Anchoring Bias

    • D. 

      Hyperbolic Discounting Bias

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 14. 
    A confounding variable is:
    • A. 

      A variable that affects an experiment that wasn't taken into account

    • B. 

      Any variable that doesn't make sense in a study

    • C. 

      What is being tested in an experimental study

    • D. 

      The effect of the independent variable in an experimental study

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 15. 
    Being objective, assessing sources, discerning hidden values, and evaluating evidence are just some components of: 
    • A. 

      Effortful Processing

    • B. 

      Dual Processing

    • C. 

      Critical Thinking

    • D. 

      Divergent Thinking

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 16. 
    I am studying the influence of a drug on sleep patterns.  The drug is a(n):
    • A. 

      Dependent Variable

    • B. 

      Independent Variable

    • C. 

      Confounding Variable

    • D. 

      Processing Variable

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 17. 
    The placebo effect is when
    • A. 

      We see the best in people naturally and it influences our behavior

    • B. 

      Our brain fills in the gaps and thus influences behaviors

    • C. 

      When we feel good, we do good altering our subsequent behaviors

    • D. 

      When something works just because we expect it to and it influences our behavior

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 18. 
    Perceiving a relationship among variables is known as:
    • A. 

      Illusory Correlation

    • B. 

      Perceptual Set

    • C. 

      Mental Set

    • D. 

      Perceptual adaptation

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 19. 
    65% of people take AP Psychology to take the exam an earn the college credit.  30% take the course to get the feel of an AP class before college.  5% of people take the course because they heard someone else was teaching it.  If I say, "Most people take AP Psychology for the chance at college credit" I am using what kind of statistic? 
    • A. 

      Descriptive

    • B. 

      Median

    • C. 

      Standard Deviation

    • D. 

      Inferential

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 20. 
    Operational definitions are:
    • A. 

      The exact list of procedures used in an experiment

    • B. 

      How much something can vary in an experiment

    • C. 

      The range in a statistical set of data

    • D. 

      How psychologists define abnormal disorders

    • E. 

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 21. 
    The function of a dendrite is to:
    • A. 

      Send a message

    • B. 

      Receive a message

    • C. 

      Convert action potential

    • D. 

      Carrie the message away from the soma

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 22. 
    Dopamine is an example of a ______ which communicates between neurons in the body. 
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitters

    • B. 

      Neural communicators

    • C. 

      Reticular transmissions

    • D. 

      Neural plasticity

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 23. 
    At the end of neural transmission, the neuron sucks up any excess neurotransmitter in the synapse, this is called:
    • A. 

      Reuptake

    • B. 

      Action Potential

    • C. 

      All-or-nothing Response

    • D. 

      Neurogenesis

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 24. 
    Agonists typically _________ neurotransmitters and __________ their effects.  
    • A. 

      Mimic; slow

    • B. 

      Block; do the opposite

    • C. 

      Mimic; intensify

    • D. 

      Block; intensify

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 25. 
    These types of neurons, also known as sensory neurons, go _______ the brain and deal with ________ functions. 
    • A. 

      Toward; sensory

    • B. 

      From; sensory

    • C. 

      Toward; motor

    • D. 

      From; motor

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 26. 
    This part of the nervous system deals with the initiation of fight or flight, stress, love, etc.  It causes your pupils to dilate, your digestion to stop, etc. 
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

    • B. 

      Autonomic Nervous System

    • C. 

      Somatic Nervous System

    • D. 

      Sympathetic Nervous System

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 27. 
    This part of the brain is made up of several parts and deals with basic emotion and drives. 
    • A. 

      Association Areas

    • B. 

      Limbic System

    • C. 

      Cortex

    • D. 

      Endocrine System

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 28. 
    This part of the brain deals with the processing of hearing also known as audition. 
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Frontal

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Parietal

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 29. 
    This is what happens when the corpus callosum is split. Usually it is meant to cure seizures. It is the only time a person can be left brained or right brained. 
    • A. 

      Neural Plasticity

    • B. 

      Neurogenesis

    • C. 

      Split Brain

    • D. 

      Reticular Formation

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 30. 
    This neurotransmitter deals with pain. Too much leads to a high like a runner's high, too little will lead to pain. 
    • A. 

      Aceytlcholine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Glutamate

    • D. 

      Endorphins

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

  • 31. 
    Anything like alcohol, or other chemicals that can get through the placenta and affect an unborn child. 
    • A. 

      Poisons

    • B. 

      Menarches

    • C. 

      Teratogens

    • D. 

      Infectors

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 32. 
    This is physical growth that has nothing to do with you learning.  For example a person getting taller is known as:
    • A. 

      Experience

    • B. 

      Regulated hyperbolic growth

    • C. 

      Maturation

    • D. 

      Empiricism

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 33. 
    These are concepts, like you understanding what a desk is.  In psychology we call these concepts:
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Assosication

    • C. 

      Latent learning

    • D. 

      Schemas

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 34. 
    Can you roll your r? Do you know someone who can't pronounce the r? These language skills are learned in a very specific time frame where learning them comes easy.  If you don't learn things in the time you are meant to, you are missing a: 
    • A. 

      Maturation

    • B. 

      Critical window

    • C. 

      Developmental leap

    • D. 

      Gap closure

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 35. 
    Birds do this when they are born, they attach to the first living thing they see.  Humans don't do this, but we tend to stick to what we know.  This attachment in animals is known as:
    • A. 

      Imprinting

    • B. 

      Foreshadowing

    • C. 

      Attachment deprivation

    • D. 

      Attachment disruption

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 36. 
    When mom leaves the room, a baby in their early months will cry, not because they are sad, but because they think their mother does not exist anymore.  They lack
    • A. 

      Conservation

    • B. 

      Object Permanence

    • C. 

      Self Concept

    • D. 

      Roles

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 37. 
    Egocentrism is:
    • A. 

      The evil part of the human psyche

    • B. 

      The good part of the human psyche

    • C. 

      The inability to understand that others have points of view

    • D. 

      The understanding that other people's arguments are valid

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 38. 
    This is the understanding that other people have their own points of view that differ from your own.  This is known as:
    • A. 

      Theory of mind

    • B. 

      Egocentrism

    • C. 

      Temperament

    • D. 

      Critical Period

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 39. 
    This is a study in which you take different people of different age groups to study them.  For example you study intelligence at different points of age using different people at different ages for your study. 
    • A. 

      Cross Sectional Study

    • B. 

      Longitudinal Study

    • C. 

      Case Study

    • D. 

      Naturalistic Observation

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 40. 
    The social clock is:
    • A. 

      The best time for social media

    • B. 

      When we should make friends and are most susceptible to it

    • C. 

      When someone feels like they should have children

    • D. 

      When we find it acceptable socially to get married, have children, get a job, etc

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 41. 
    This is how we overall physically take in the world
    • A. 

      Perception

    • B. 

      Parallel Processing

    • C. 

      Sensation

    • D. 

      Feature Detection

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 42. 
    The process by which sound changes form to make what we hear, light changes form to make what we see is known as:
    • A. 

      Accommodation

    • B. 

      Transduction

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Parallel Processing

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 43. 
    The point at where we sense something from nothing. For example light from nothing, sound from nothing, etc. 
    • A. 

      Difference threshold

    • B. 

      Absolute threshold

    • C. 

      All or nothing response

    • D. 

      Placebo effect

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 44. 
    This part of the eye help you process black and white, work best at night, and aid in your peripheral vision 
    • A. 

      Cones

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Corne

    • D. 

      Rods

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 45. 
    You need both eyes to pick up some things like distance, depth, form, etc. These are known as:
    • A. 

      Binocular Cues

    • B. 

      Monocular Cues

    • C. 

      Convergence

    • D. 

      Relative Height

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 46. 
    This theory of pitch says that it is the area of the cochlea struck that determines pitch.
    • A. 

      Volley Principle

    • B. 

      Frequency Theory

    • C. 

      Place Theory

    • D. 

      Tri Chromatic Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 47. 
    The retina is:
    • A. 

      Your organ of sound/audition

    • B. 

      Your organ of taste/gustation

    • C. 

      Your organ of kinesthesis

    • D. 

      Your organ of sight

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 48. 
    The cochlea is:
    • A. 

      Your organ of sound/audition

    • B. 

      Your organ of taste/gustation

    • C. 

      Your organ of kinesthesis

    • D. 

      Your organ of sight

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 49. 
    Perception is:
    • A. 

      How we physically take in the world around us

    • B. 

      How we influence the world around us

    • C. 

      How we are exclusively hardwired to think about a problem

    • D. 

      How we interpret the world around us

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 50. 
    The theory that there are three color cones in our eyes that combine to form every color we see is which theory of sight?
    • A. 

      Tri Chromatic Theory

    • B. 

      Place Theory

    • C. 

      Frequency Theory

    • D. 

      Opponent Process Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 51. 
    This Freudian way to assess personality and also therapy technique is saying the first thing that comes to mind
    • A. 

      Unconditional Positive Regard

    • B. 

      Free Association

    • C. 

      Thematic Apperception Test

    • D. 

      Eysenc Test

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 52. 
    This is the part of the psyche that according to Freud is used to balance our darkest desires and our super moral side that doesn't want us to have anything. 
    • A. 

      ID

    • B. 

      Collective Unconscious

    • C. 

      Ego

    • D. 

      Inferiority Complex

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 53. 
    Repression is:
    • A. 

      Putting a feeling onto someone else

    • B. 

      Turning unacceptable desires into something that is socially acceptable

    • C. 

      Suppressing a thought into the unconscious as if it never happened

    • D. 

      Taking out issues on someone else

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 54. 
    These are the ideas of our self and where we fit in the world, and from this we form our ideas of others
    • A. 

      Self Concept

    • B. 

      Self Efficacy

    • C. 

      Self Esteem

    • D. 

      Spotlight Effect

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 55. 
    This is a distinguishing quality or characteristic of someone
    • A. 

      Intelligence

    • B. 

      Heritability

    • C. 

      Nature Nurture

    • D. 

      Trait

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 56. 
    This is the phenomenon that we tend to think we are being watched more than we really are. 
    • A. 

      Hawethorne Effect

    • B. 

      Spotlight Effect

    • C. 

      Mcgurk Effect

    • D. 

      Self Efficacy

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 57. 
    This type of culture promotes the pursuing of personal goals, focusing on each person
    • A. 

      Collectivism

    • B. 

      Communistic

    • C. 

      Individualism

    • D. 

      Democratic

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 58. 
    Your personal belief in your ability to succeed in something, like your ability to succeed in this course :) 
    • A. 

      Self Esteem

    • B. 

      Spotlight Effect

    • C. 

      Reciprocal Determinism

    • D. 

      Self Efficacy

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 59. 
    Carl Rogers believed that all you needed was __________ or genuine acceptance. 
    • A. 

      Unconditional Positive Regard

    • B. 

      Self Esteem

    • C. 

      Learned Helplessness

    • D. 

      Self Efficacy

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 60. 
    A projective test:
    • A. 

      Is an inkblot test

    • B. 

      Looks forward into the future

    • C. 

      Is a defense mechanism

    • D. 

      Is a means to access the unconscious via words or images presented by a client

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 61. 
    General Intelligence or g-factor, is the idea that:
    • A. 

      Intelligence is a relative idea and it covers many areas like if you are good at writing, you will be good at spelling.

    • B. 

      Intelligence covers very specific ideas

    • C. 

      There are multiple kinds of intelligence like you might have musical intelligence but not necessarily academic inteligence

    • D. 

      Intelligence has many levels, at it's lowest is general intelligence

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 62. 
    This is a disorder in which a person who has an intellectual disability is a prodigy in some area. An example would be a person with Autism spectrum disorder being a brilliant piano player. 
    • A. 

      Down Syndrome

    • B. 

      Savant Syndrome

    • C. 

      Trisomy 21

    • D. 

      Rye Syndrome

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 63. 
    This type of test measures things you know, like a math test, an English test, or even a psychology test. 
    • A. 

      Aptitude Test

    • B. 

      Achievement test

    • C. 

      Intelligence Test

    • D. 

      Wechsler adult intelligence test

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 64. 
    This test measures your potential, like an ACT measure how well you will potentially do in college. 
    • A. 

      Aptitude Test

    • B. 

      Achievement test

    • C. 

      Intelligence Test

    • D. 

      Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 65. 
    This measurement makes sure that a test measures what it is supposed to.  For example if I give you a test on psychology, it should ask questions based on psychology. 
    • A. 

      Predictive Validity

    • B. 

      Standardization

    • C. 

      Content Validity

    • D. 

      Normalization

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 66. 
    This intelligence is your ability to reason, use what know, and the speed at which we process it.  Women generally use this better than men.
    • A. 

      Crystallized Intelligence

    • B. 

      General Intelligence

    • C. 

      Academic Intelligence

    • D. 

      Fluid Intelligence

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 67. 
    This type of intelligence is a culmination of everything we have learned. 
    • A. 

      Fluid Intelligence

    • B. 

      Crystallized Intelligence

    • C. 

      Emotional Intelligence

    • D. 

      General Intelligence

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 68. 
    This refers to a person having an IQ lower than 70 and their functioning, adapting, reasoning etc being impaired in practical and social skills. 
    • A. 

      Downs Syndrome

    • B. 

      Intellectual Disability

    • C. 

      Savant Syndrome

    • D. 

      Gifted and Talented

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 69. 
    This is making a test the same for all takers as possible: same questions, same scoring, etc to compare consistent results. 
    • A. 

      Content Validity

    • B. 

      Predictive Validity

    • C. 

      Standardization

    • D. 

      Normal Curve

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 70. 
    This is situational predicament in which individuals are at risk of confirming negative preconceptions about their group. It is the resulting sense that one might be judged in terms of negative preconceptions about one's group instead of on personal merit.
    • A. 

      Content Validity

    • B. 

      Grit

    • C. 

      G Factor

    • D. 

      Stereotype threat

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 71. 
    This is the process of getting a memory into the brain, first from sensory to short term, then into long term where it is stored.
    • A. 

      Storage

    • B. 

      Encoding

    • C. 

      Retrieval

    • D. 

      Proactive interference

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 72. 
    This type of memory is the first step of memory - it's sorting out all the stimuli around us - usually via our sight, sound, taste, etc. 
    • A. 

      Iconic Memory

    • B. 

      Sensory Memory

    • C. 

      Echoic Memory

    • D. 

      Short Term Memory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 73. 
    Implicit Memories are:
    • A. 

      Memories you carry through amnesia, skill based, like speech and are produced in the cerebellum

    • B. 

      Memories you lose in amnesia, fact based, like math facts and are produced in the hippocampus

    • C. 

      Vivid memories, like 9/11 or the Kennedy assassination

    • D. 

      Memories that are recorded by your brain via the process of sight

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 74. 
    Grouping information together is a memory technique known as:
    • A. 

      Hierarchies

    • B. 

      Chunking

    • C. 

      Insight

    • D. 

      Spacing Effect

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 75. 
    Mnemonic Devices are:
    • A. 

      Grouping useful information together

    • B. 

      Using spatial memory, constructing a house of memory so to speak in your head

    • C. 

      Spacing out learning to better learn and retain information

    • D. 

      Memory aids like ROY G BIV for the colors of the rainbow

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 76. 
    This memory technique is used to spread information out over a period of time.  If you spend 100 minutes studying for a test you will not remember more than if you spent 10 days, 10 minutes a day studying. 
    • A. 

      Rehearsal

    • B. 

      Spacing Effect

    • C. 

      Method of Loci

    • D. 

      Serial Position Effect

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 77. 
    A prototype is:
    • A. 

      The concept that makes up a something. For example, slobbery, barking, tails makes up a dog.

    • B. 

      How we add information to our existing ideas like once I know what a dog is, I learn what a puppy is.

    • C. 

      The image the comes to mind that represents a specific group. Like if I say dog, the dog that comes to mind.

    • D. 

      How we apply the information that is given to us, thus creating new concepts

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 78. 
    Divergent thinking is:
    • A. 

      Seeing the solution to a problem as one outcome

    • B. 

      Suddenly realizing how to solve a problem

    • C. 

      Something that is frowned upon, Tris....

    • D. 

      Seeing the solution to a problem as many possibilities

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 79. 
    A rule of thumb or quick judgment on something/someone/an issue is:
    • A. 

      An algorithm

    • B. 

      A confirmation bias

    • C. 

      An insight

    • D. 

      A heuristic

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 80. 
    This is the most basic unit of sound:
    • A. 

      Morpheme

    • B. 

      Syntax

    • C. 

      Grammar

    • D. 

      Phoneme

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 81. 
    A rhythm that is something that happens once a day, like waking up is known as what type of rhythm? 
    • A. 

      Infradian

    • B. 

      Circadian

    • C. 

      Ultradian

    • D. 

      Ordinarian

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 82. 
    Paradoxical sleep where our bodies are paralyzed, but our minds are the most active they have been all day, and we dream is known as:
    • A. 

      Stage 4 of sleep

    • B. 

      Stage 3 of sleep

    • C. 

      NREM

    • D. 

      REM

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 83. 
    Timothy suddenly falls asleep into REM while he is swimming.  Timothy probably suffers from which sleep disorder?
    • A. 

      Narcolepsy

    • B. 

      Sleep Apnea

    • C. 

      Sleep Sickness

    • D. 

      Insomnia

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 84. 
    This is the story line of a dream - like if I'm dancing with a lobster. 
    • A. 

      Latent Content

    • B. 

      Symbolism

    • C. 

      Collective Unconscious

    • D. 

      Manifest Content

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 85. 
    This is the hidden meaning of a dream, what Freud called the censored meaning - like if I dream I am dancing with a lobster, the lobster represents the regrets of my life. This is known as:
    • A. 

      Latent Content

    • B. 

      Symbolism

    • C. 

      Collective unconscious

    • D. 

      Manifest content

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 86. 
    I stop breathing when I'm sleeping, which sleep disorder do I most likely have?
    • A. 

      Narcolepsy

    • B. 

      Sleep Apnea

    • C. 

      Insomnia

    • D. 

      Night Terrors

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 87. 
    This is where a person must have a drug to function physically and/or mentally and they will do anything for the drug.
    • A. 

      Tolerance

    • B. 

      Psychological Dependence

    • C. 

      Withdrawal

    • D. 

      Addiction

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 88. 
    This is building up an immunity to a drug, requiring more of it for the same effects. 
    • A. 

      Tolerence

    • B. 

      Dependence

    • C. 

      Addiction

    • D. 

      Withdrawal

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 89. 
    Depressants are drugs that:
    • A. 

      Make people depressed

    • B. 

      Block pain

    • C. 

      Cause hallucinations

    • D. 

      Slow down the nervous system

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 90. 
    These occur in NREM 3 and are extreme fight or flight activated in a person.  They will not remember this happening to them, and usually a person grows out of these by age 12. 
    • A. 

      Nightmares

    • B. 

      Night Terrors

    • C. 

      Epic Dreams

    • D. 

      Recurring dreams

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 91. 
    This is a type of learning in which we get used to a stimuli and don't respond to it the same after a while.  For example, my 1 year old son is excited about peek a boo still, my 15 year old niece, not so much. 
    • A. 

      Habituation

    • B. 

      Assocation

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 92. 
    This type of learning is a natural, involuntary form of learning.  For example, if you get bit by a dog, you fear dogs.  It produces conditioned emotional responses
    • A. 

      Operant Conditioning

    • B. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • C. 

      Observational Learning

    • D. 

      Latent Learning

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 93. 
    If you are bit by a German Shepard and you fear all dogs, according to behaviorists you are ____ your conditioned response. 
    • A. 

      Discriminating

    • B. 

      Acquiring

    • C. 

      Extincting

    • D. 

      Generalizing

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 94. 
    Shaping is:
    • A. 

      Molding behavior from antisocial models

    • B. 

      Learning a behavior step by step

    • C. 

      Molding behavior from prosocial models

    • D. 

      Learning a behavior by insight

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 95. 
    This type of reinforcement schedule is when you are rewarded each time you do something.  For example, every time you sell a snowglobe you get $5. 
    • A. 

      Variable Ratio

    • B. 

      Fixed Ratio

    • C. 

      Variable Interval

    • D. 

      Fixed Interval

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 96. 
    This is a type of learning that occurs without conditioning, without reward and just happens sometime after the initial time you learn it. 
    • A. 

      Latent Learning

    • B. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • C. 

      Operant Conditioning

    • D. 

      Observational Learning

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 97. 
    This is Edward Thorndike's major contribution to psychology, leading to the work of BF Skinner.  It is the idea that we are more likely to do behaviors we are rewarded for. 
    • A. 

      Acton's Dictum

    • B. 

      Law of Effect

    • C. 

      Classical Conditioning

    • D. 

      The Little Albert Experiment

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 98. 
    This is meant to increase behavior:
    • A. 

      Punishment

    • B. 

      Conditioned Emotional Responses

    • C. 

      Latent Learning

    • D. 

      Reinforcement

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 99. 
    This is meant to decrease behavior:
    • A. 

      Punishment

    • B. 

      Conditioned Emotional Responses

    • C. 

      Latent Learning

    • D. 

      Reinforcement

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 100. 
    This is a natural reinforcer like food:
    • A. 

      Primary Reinforcer

    • B. 

      Secondary Reinforcer

    • C. 

      Tertiary Reinforcer

    • D. 

      Prime Reinforcers

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 101. 
    Homeostasis is:
    • A. 

      Something we do naturally to survive

    • B. 

      A reward that motivates us to do something

    • C. 

      A step of the hierarchy of needs established by Abraham Maslow

    • D. 

      A natural way our body gets to balance, for example if you are thirsty you get a drink of water

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 102. 
    This is the theory of motivation that something pulls us out of balance and we seek to get back to balance - for example we are hungry, so we eat. 
    • A. 

      Instinct Theory

    • B. 

      Theory of Conflict

    • C. 

      Drive Reduction Theory

    • D. 

      Achievement Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 103. 
    This theory of emotion states that we 1) have the emotion and 2) we cognitively label that emotion.  For example, I see a spider, I feel fear and think, "I am feeling fear." 
    • A. 

      James Lange Theory

    • B. 

      Cannon Bard Theory

    • C. 

      General Adaptation Syndrome

    • D. 

      Two Factor Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 104. 
    This theory of emotion states that the emotions we feel and the physical reactions happen at the same time.  For example, I see a spider, my body reacts and I feel fear at the same time. 
    • A. 

      Cannon Bard Theory

    • B. 

      James Lange Theory

    • C. 

      General Adaptation syndrome

    • D. 

      Two Factor Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 105. 
    This is the biological motivation to survive
    • A. 

      Drive Reduction Theory

    • B. 

      Instinct Theory

    • C. 

      Incentive Theory

    • D. 

      Achievement Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 106. 
    This personality type motivates a person because they are aggressive, ambitious, and competitive and controlling. 
    • A. 

      Type A

    • B. 

      Type B

    • C. 

      Type C

    • D. 

      Type D

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 107. 
    This personality type motivates a person because enjoy competition and achievement, but do not have the stress levels associated with other personality types. 
    • A. 

      Type A

    • B. 

      Type B

    • C. 

      Type C

    • D. 

      Type D

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 108. 
    This theory says we are pulled by the thought of reward, and thus motivated.
    • A. 

      Instinct Theory

    • B. 

      Drive Reduction Theory

    • C. 

      Social Conflict Theory

    • D. 

      Incentive Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 109. 
    This theory says we are motivated by levels of need. Once we are biologically met, we graduate to more social and psychological needs
    • A. 

      Drive Reduction Theory

    • B. 

      Hierarchy of Needs

    • C. 

      Instinctive Theory

    • D. 

      Social Conflict Theory

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 110. 
    This is a good kind of stress that releases adrenaline and pushes us to do something. 
    • A. 

      Distress

    • B. 

      Coping Mechanisms

    • C. 

      Eustress

    • D. 

      Repression

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 111. 
    This disorder is categorized as taking anxiety over one situation and applying to other situations creating many things that cause anxiety.
    • A. 

      Phobic Disorder

    • B. 

      Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    • C. 

      Social Anxiety Disorder

    • D. 

      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 112. 
    Social Anxiety Disorder is defined as:
    • A. 

      Fearing social settings

    • B. 

      Fearing that you may have a panic attack in social setting

    • C. 

      A phobia of social settings

    • D. 

      Fearing social interaction due to the fear of rejection and humiliation

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 113. 
    An example of obsessive compulsive disorder is:
    • A. 

      Liking everything in it's place, being very orderly

    • B. 

      Being fired from a job because you believe your hands are dirty so you wash them 2-3 hours a day

    • C. 

      Having vivid nightmares after serving a tour in Iraq

    • D. 

      A fear of social settings because you feel you will be judged or humiliated

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 114. 
    This is a break from reality. It is also known as a mental breakdown.  We most commonly think of this in terms of schizophrenia. 
    • A. 

      Psychosis

    • B. 

      Neurosis

    • C. 

      Delusions

    • D. 

      Hallucinations

    • E. 

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 115. 
    These are false beliefs held by those with mental illness and those without.  For example if I think everyone is out to get me.
    • A. 

      Hallucinations

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Psychosis

    • D. 

      Delusions

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 116. 
    These are false sensory input like seeing something that isn't there
    • A. 

      Hallucinations

    • B. 

      Delusions

    • C. 

      Neurosis

    • D. 

      Negative Symptoms

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 117. 
    This is a disorder in which a person has multiple personality disorder...at least two or more distinct states present themselves within one person. 
    • A. 

      Schizoid Personality Disorder

    • B. 

      Anti Social Personality Disorder

    • C. 

      Dissociative Identity Disorder

    • D. 

      Dissociative Amnesia

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 118. 
    This disorder is characterized by disorganized thinking, irregular movement, hallucinations, delusions and more. Where mood disorders are the common cold of mental health disorders, this is the cancer of mental health. 
    • A. 

      Bi Polar Disorder

    • B. 

      Munchausen's

    • C. 

      Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 119. 
    This disorder is characterized by having panic attacks or being incapacitated by the fear of having another panic attack. 
    • A. 

      Social Anxiety Disorder

    • B. 

      Panic Disorder

    • C. 

      Agorophobia

    • D. 

      Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 120. 
    A phobia is:
    • A. 

      A fear of something

    • B. 

      An irrational fear of something

    • C. 

      A fear of social settings due to the fear of rejection and or humiliation

    • D. 

      A fear of panic attacks

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 121. 
    This is using psychological means to treat, such as conditioning, rather than medical means.
    • A. 

      Psychotherapy

    • B. 

      Biomedical Model

    • C. 

      Biopsychosocial Model

    • D. 

      Anti Rumination

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 122. 
    This is using medicine to treat psychological disorders rather than talk therapies. 
    • A. 

      Psychotherapy

    • B. 

      Biomedical Model

    • C. 

      Biopsychosocial Model

    • D. 

      Anti Rumination

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 123. 
    Insight therapy aims to:
    • A. 

      Give patients directly what their issues are and treat from there

    • B. 

      Realizations on how to help someone through talk therapy

    • C. 

      Have the client figure out their issues

    • D. 

      Using medicine to train people to relax during talk therapy

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 124. 
    This technique for treatment developed by Carl Rogers emphasizes that a therapist should echo what the client tells them, acknowledges the client's feelings, and accepts the client. 
    • A. 

      Aversive conditioning

    • B. 

      Cognitive triad

    • C. 

      Rational emotive behavior therapy

    • D. 

      Active listening

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 125. 
    The therapy style of rewarding a person for normal behaviors and then redeeming these rewards for privileges is known as:
    • A. 

      Counterconditioning

    • B. 

      Token Economy

    • C. 

      Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

    • D. 

      Cognitive Triad

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 126. 
    This type of therapy works up to exposing someone to their fears starting with smaller things then working up to the actual fear.  Like if I have a phobia of spiders, I get a picture of spiders first, working my way up to holding a tarantula... *wouldn't happen. -_-
    • A. 

      Systematic Desensitization

    • B. 

      Token Economy

    • C. 

      Cognitive Triad

    • D. 

      Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 127. 
    This type of therapy aims to change the way a person perceives the events around them.  For example if a boss says you did a bad job, you might internalize that as "I am a bad person."  This type of therapy challenges that thinking. 
    • A. 

      Systematic Desensitization

    • B. 

      Biomedical Therapy

    • C. 

      Active Listening

    • D. 

      Cognitive Therapy

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 128. 
    This type of therapy is useful for realizing a person is not alone in their mental illness. 
    • A. 

      Family Therapy

    • B. 

      Cognitive Therapy

    • C. 

      Group Therapy

    • D. 

      Active Listening

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 129. 
    In therapy, this is the idea that a person will go back to an average of their behavior. 
    • A. 

      Meta-analysis

    • B. 

      Regression Toward the Mean

    • C. 

      Psychotherapy

    • D. 

      Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 130. 
    This type of therapy is rarely used and involves taking out a part of the brain that is affecting abnormal behavior. 
    • A. 

      Electroconvulsive Therapy

    • B. 

      Lobotomy

    • C. 

      Psychotherapy

    • D. 

      Psychosurgery

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 131. 
    This is assigning characteristics or qualities to people based on their perceived internal or external qualities. 
    • A. 

      Attribution Theory

    • B. 

      Deindividuation

    • C. 

      Social Loafing

    • D. 

      Ingroup Bias

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 132. 
    Foot-in-the-door phenomenon is:
    • A. 

      The idea that if we ask for a large item, it is easier to ask for something smaller and getting it

    • B. 

      The idea that we tend to overestimate peoples disopositions

    • C. 

      The idea that we overestimate peoples situations

    • D. 

      The idea that if we ask for something small, we can work our way up to asking for something big and getting it

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 133. 
    The idea studied by Solomon Asch that we try to fit in to a group for many reasons is known as:
    • A. 

      Ingroup Bias

    • B. 

      Conformity

    • C. 

      Obedience

    • D. 

      Role

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 134. 
    This is the idea that while in a group, we tend to not put forth as much effort as everyone else will put forth effort.  The person in the group who everyone has to carry is doing this.
    • A. 

      Deindividuation

    • B. 

      Social Facilitation

    • C. 

      Social Loafing

    • D. 

      Ingroup/Outgroup

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 135. 
    This is the tendency for us to lose our individual identity in a group, like a mob mentality.  An example of this is when you are at a basketball game and you "go banananas" (go go bananas). You do things you normally wouldn't do.
    • A. 

      Social Loafing

    • B. 

      Deindivdiuation

    • C. 

      Social Facilitation

    • D. 

      Obedience

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 136. 
    This is the group we are part of.  The "Us" in the "Us and them" mentality.  
    • A. 

      Ingroup

    • B. 

      Outgroup

    • C. 

      Conformity

    • D. 

      Obedience

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 137. 
    This is the idea that we are less likely to help someone in need if there are other people present.  For example, someone falls over in the hall and drops their stuff.  You are more likely to do nothing if it's passing time. 
    • A. 

      Altruism

    • B. 

      Foot in the door phenomenon

    • C. 

      Ingroup bias

    • D. 

      Bystander Effect

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 138. 
    Mirror Image Perception is:
    • A. 

      The idea that we see people the way we see us, we dislike someone because we think they dislike us

    • B. 

      The idea that we lose ourselves when we are in our group of friends, like Mean Girls

    • C. 

      The idea that when we are faced with people like us we hate them

    • D. 

      The idea that we think everyone in our group is individuals, and everyone in other groups are all the same

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 139. 
    The idea that we will help people when we do a cost benefit analysis a sort of "What's in it for me?" 
    • A. 

      Normative Social Influence Theory

    • B. 

      Social Exchange Theory

    • C. 

      Foot in the Door Phenomenon

    • D. 

      Bystander Effect

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

  • 140. 
    The idea that the earth is fair and people get what they deserve is known as:
    • A. 

      The karma effect

    • B. 

      Deindividuation

    • C. 

      The just world phenomenon

    • D. 

      Scapegoat theory

    • E. 

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!