Pretest For AP Psychology 2016-2017

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| By Jake Larsh
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Jake Larsh
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 249
Questions: 140 | Attempts: 249

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AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Disclaimer: You have not taken anything psychology related before (maybe sociology but, that's like a cousin of psychology) do not be upset if you don't know any of the answers or if you "fail." Be honest if you don't know an answer choose the answer, "No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!" This isn't like math where you have had it since you were in kindergarten! No one knows more than you do! You haven't taken psychology before, you've only lived it! Don't be alarmed by this "test." You will receive 20 Points for taking it :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This is the only type of psychologist that can offer medication as a means to treat someone. 

    • A.

      Clinical psychologist

    • B.

      Educational psychologist

    • C.

      Psychiatrist

    • D.

      Human factors psychologist

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Psychiatrist
    Explanation
    A psychiatrist is the only type of psychologist that can offer medication as a means to treat someone. While clinical psychologists, educational psychologists, and human factors psychologists can provide therapy and counseling, only psychiatrists have the medical training and authority to prescribe medication for mental health conditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Psychology is:

    • A.

      The study of mental processes only

    • B.

      The study of mental processes and behavior

    • C.

      The study of behavior only

    • D.

      The study of the human mind and its potential

    • E.

      No clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. The study of mental processes and behavior
    Explanation
    Psychology is the study of mental processes and behavior. This field of study focuses on understanding how the mind works and how it influences human behavior. By studying mental processes such as perception, cognition, and emotions, psychologists aim to gain insights into human behavior and provide explanations for why people think, feel, and act the way they do. This broad definition of psychology encompasses both the study of mental processes and the study of behavior, making it a comprehensive discipline that explores various aspects of the human mind and its impact on behavior.

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  • 3. 

    The idea that all knowledge comes from our experience through our senses is known as: 

    • A.

      Empiricism

    • B.

      Sensationalism

    • C.

      Existentialism

    • D.

      Modernism

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Empiricism
    Explanation
    Empiricism is the correct answer because it refers to the philosophical belief that all knowledge is derived from our experiences and observations through our senses. This perspective suggests that our understanding of the world is based on what we can directly perceive and verify, rather than relying on innate ideas or reasoning alone. Empiricism emphasizes the importance of gathering empirical evidence and conducting experiments to gain knowledge and understanding.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The idea that it is our environment or our biology that make up who we are and what we do is indicative of which argument in psychology? 

    • A.

      Freewill VS Determinism

    • B.

      Nature VS Nurture

    • C.

      Stability VS Change

    • D.

      Existentialism VS Humanism

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Nature VS Nurture
    Explanation
    The argument in psychology that is indicated by the idea that our environment or biology shape who we are and what we do is the Nature VS Nurture argument. This argument explores the extent to which our genetics (nature) and our upbringing and experiences (nurture) influence our behavior and development. It debates whether our traits and characteristics are primarily determined by our biology or by our environment.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    This school of thought would argue that a person does what they do because they are trying to reach self potential and be the best version of themselves.

    • A.

      Behavioral Psychology

    • B.

      Cognitive Psychology

    • C.

      Psychodynamic Psychology

    • D.

      Humanistic Psychology

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Humanistic Psychology
    Explanation
    Humanistic psychology focuses on the individual's inherent drive for personal growth and self-actualization. It emphasizes the importance of subjective experiences, free will, and the conscious mind in shaping behavior. This perspective suggests that people are motivated to fulfill their potential and strive towards becoming the best version of themselves. It emphasizes the positive aspects of human nature and the belief that individuals have the capacity to make choices and take responsibility for their actions.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Behaviorism or behavioral psychology is the study of:

    • A.

      How the unconscious mind influences behaviors

    • B.

      How we learn certain behaviors

    • C.

      How we interpret behaviors

    • D.

      Behavior in its purest form

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. How we learn certain behaviors
    Explanation
    Behaviorism or behavioral psychology is the study of how we learn certain behaviors. This field of psychology focuses on the observable behaviors and the environmental factors that shape and influence them. It emphasizes the role of conditioning and reinforcement in learning and understanding human behavior. By studying how individuals acquire specific behaviors, behaviorism aims to explain and predict human actions based on observable stimuli and responses.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Clinical Psychology is:

    • A.

      The branch of psychology that studies disorders in psychiatric wards usually

    • B.

      The branch of psychology that looks at how people, disorders, etc. and how their etiology evolves over time

    • C.

      The branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and disability that does not prescribe medicine

    • D.

      The branch of psychology that solely does research

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. The branch of psychology concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental illness and disability that does not prescribe medicine
    Explanation
    Clinical Psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on assessing and treating mental illness and disability without the use of medication. It involves conducting therapy sessions, administering psychological tests, and developing treatment plans to help individuals improve their mental well-being. Clinical psychologists use various therapeutic techniques to address a wide range of psychological disorders and work closely with clients to promote mental health and overall well-being. Unlike psychiatrists, clinical psychologists do not have the authority to prescribe medication, but they play a crucial role in providing psychotherapy and counseling services to individuals in need.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A person taking the biopsychosocial approach would look at:

    • A.

      A person's family, culture, and socioeconomic status

    • B.

      A person's heredity, stress levels, and biochemical makeup

    • C.

      A person's genetics, mood/personality, and culture

    • D.

      A person's behavior, responses to stimuli, and mood

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. A person's genetics, mood/personality, and culture
    Explanation
    The biopsychosocial approach takes into account various factors that influence a person's well-being. This includes considering a person's genetics, as it can impact their physical and mental health. Mood and personality are also important factors to consider, as they can affect how an individual responds to different situations. Additionally, culture plays a significant role in shaping a person's beliefs, values, and behaviors, which can impact their overall health. By considering these aspects, the biopsychosocial approach provides a holistic understanding of an individual's health and well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    A person coming from this psychological perspective would look at how we think, remember, speak and how we interpret the events around us

    • A.

      Perceptual Psychologist

    • B.

      Cognitive psychologist

    • C.

      Behavioral Psychologist

    • D.

      Cultural Psychologist

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Cognitive psychologist
    Explanation
    A cognitive psychologist focuses on studying how people think, remember, speak, and interpret events. They are interested in understanding mental processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, problem-solving, and decision-making. This perspective emphasizes the role of internal mental processes in shaping behavior and seeks to understand how people acquire, process, and use information. Cognitive psychologists use various research methods, including experiments and observations, to study these processes and develop theories about how the mind works.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    A psychologist from the biological perspective would be most interested in which of the following: 

    • A.

      Thought processes and interpretation of events

    • B.

      The unconscious mind and its influence on us as humans

    • C.

      How we learn our various behaviors

    • D.

      Brain and chemical makeup

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Brain and chemical makeup
    Explanation
    A psychologist from the biological perspective focuses on understanding human behavior and mental processes by studying the brain and its chemical makeup. This perspective emphasizes the role of genetics, hormones, neurotransmitters, and other biological factors in influencing behavior and mental processes. By studying the brain and its chemical composition, psychologists can gain insights into how these biological factors contribute to psychological phenomena such as emotions, cognition, and behavior.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Correlation measures _______ and is useful for ___________

    • A.

      The relationship between two variables; determining cause and effect

    • B.

      The validity of a study; prediction

    • C.

      The relationship between two variables; prediction

    • D.

      The validity of human interaction; determining the likelihood actions will cause something to happen again

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. The relationship between two variables; prediction
    Explanation
    Correlation measures the relationship between two variables, indicating how closely they are related to each other. It helps in predicting the behavior of one variable based on the behavior of the other variable. By analyzing the correlation, we can make predictions about the future values of one variable based on the known values of the other variable.

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  • 12. 

    A case study is a research method that:

    • A.

      Examines one aspect of a situation in great detail.

    • B.

      Examines all of the variables of a situation in great detail.

    • C.

      Examines only the cultural factors of a situation in an overview

    • D.

      Examines variables in an overview of a what influences behavior

    • E.

      No clue! I've never taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Examines all of the variables of a situation in great detail.
    Explanation
    A case study is a research method that involves examining all of the variables of a situation in great detail. It focuses on studying a specific individual, group, or event and aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the subject matter. By analyzing various factors and variables, researchers can gain comprehensive insights into the complexities and nuances of the situation being studied. This method allows for a detailed exploration of multiple aspects, such as psychological, social, environmental, and cultural factors, that may influence behavior or outcomes.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The Bears lose to the Packers.  I say that I knew that would happen.  This, "I knew it all along" phenomenon is also known as:

    • A.

      Hindsight Bias

    • B.

      Confirmation Bias

    • C.

      Anchoring Bias

    • D.

      Hyperbolic Discounting Bias

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Hindsight Bias
    Explanation
    Hindsight bias refers to the tendency for people to perceive events as more predictable than they actually were, after they have occurred. In this scenario, the person claims that they knew the Bears would lose to the Packers, indicating that they are experiencing hindsight bias by believing they knew the outcome all along.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    A confounding variable is:

    • A.

      A variable that affects an experiment that wasn't taken into account

    • B.

      Any variable that doesn't make sense in a study

    • C.

      What is being tested in an experimental study

    • D.

      The effect of the independent variable in an experimental study

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. A variable that affects an experiment that wasn't taken into account
    Explanation
    A confounding variable is a variable that has an impact on the results of an experiment but was not considered or controlled for during the study. It can introduce bias and lead to inaccurate conclusions. Confounding variables can arise due to various reasons such as random chance, selection bias, or uncontrolled variables. It is important to identify and account for confounding variables to ensure the validity and reliability of the study's findings.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Being objective, assessing sources, discerning hidden values, and evaluating evidence are just some components of: 

    • A.

      Effortful Processing

    • B.

      Dual Processing

    • C.

      Critical Thinking

    • D.

      Divergent Thinking

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Critical Thinking
    Explanation
    Critical thinking is the correct answer because it involves being objective, assessing sources, discerning hidden values, and evaluating evidence. It is a cognitive process that allows individuals to analyze and evaluate information in a logical and systematic manner. By utilizing critical thinking skills, individuals are able to make informed decisions, solve problems, and develop well-reasoned arguments.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    I am studying the influence of a drug on sleep patterns.  The drug is a(n):

    • A.

      Dependent Variable

    • B.

      Independent Variable

    • C.

      Confounding Variable

    • D.

      Processing Variable

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Independent Variable
    Explanation
    The drug in this study is referred to as the independent variable because it is being manipulated by the researcher to observe its effect on sleep patterns. The independent variable is the factor that the researcher changes or controls in an experiment to see how it influences the dependent variable, which is the variable being measured or observed. In this case, the researcher is studying the influence of the drug on sleep patterns, making the drug the independent variable.

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  • 17. 

    The placebo effect is when

    • A.

      We see the best in people naturally and it influences our behavior

    • B.

      Our brain fills in the gaps and thus influences behaviors

    • C.

      When we feel good, we do good altering our subsequent behaviors

    • D.

      When something works just because we expect it to and it influences our behavior

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. When something works just because we expect it to and it influences our behavior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "when something works just because we expect it to and it influences our behavior." This explanation refers to the placebo effect, which occurs when a person experiences a perceived improvement in their condition or symptoms after receiving a treatment that has no active ingredients or therapeutic value. This improvement is believed to be a result of the person's belief or expectation that the treatment will work. This belief or expectation can influence their behavior and lead to actual changes in their condition or symptoms.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Perceiving a relationship among variables is known as:

    • A.

      Illusory Correlation

    • B.

      Perceptual Set

    • C.

      Mental Set

    • D.

      Perceptual adaptation

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Illusory Correlation
    Explanation
    Illusory correlation refers to the perception of a relationship between variables that does not actually exist. It occurs when people believe that there is a correlation between two events or variables, even though there is no statistical evidence to support this belief. This can happen due to cognitive biases, such as confirmation bias, where people tend to focus on information that confirms their preconceived notions. Illusory correlation can lead to misconceptions and false beliefs about cause and effect relationships.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    65% of people take AP Psychology to take the exam an earn the college credit.  30% take the course to get the feel of an AP class before college.  5% of people take the course because they heard someone else was teaching it.  If I say, "Most people take AP Psychology for the chance at college credit" I am using what kind of statistic? 

    • A.

      Descriptive

    • B.

      Median

    • C.

      Standard Deviation

    • D.

      Inferential

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Inferential
    Explanation
    The given statement, "Most people take AP Psychology for the chance at college credit," is an example of an inferential statistic. This is because it is based on the percentages provided in the question and makes an inference about the majority of people's motivations for taking the course. Inferential statistics involve using data from a sample to make conclusions or predictions about a larger population. In this case, the statement is inferring the motivations of the majority of people who take AP Psychology based on the given percentages.

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  • 20. 

    Operational definitions are:

    • A.

      The exact list of procedures used in an experiment

    • B.

      How much something can vary in an experiment

    • C.

      The range in a statistical set of data

    • D.

      How psychologists define abnormal disorders

    • E.

      No Clue! I've never taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. The exact list of procedures used in an experiment
    Explanation
    Operational definitions refer to the specific procedures and steps that are followed in an experiment. These definitions outline the exact methods and measurements used to define and measure variables in a scientific study. They provide clarity and precision, ensuring that the experiment can be replicated and understood by other researchers. Operational definitions are essential in establishing the validity and reliability of research findings.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The function of a dendrite is to:

    • A.

      Send a message

    • B.

      Receive a message

    • C.

      Convert action potential

    • D.

      Carrie the message away from the soma

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Receive a message
    Explanation
    Dendrites are the branch-like structures that extend from the cell body of a neuron. Their main function is to receive messages or signals from other neurons or sensory receptors. These messages are in the form of chemical signals called neurotransmitters. Once the dendrites receive the message, they transmit it to the cell body for further processing and integration. Therefore, the correct answer is "Receive a message."

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  • 22. 

    Dopamine is an example of a ______ which communicates between neurons in the body. 

    • A.

      Neurotransmitters

    • B.

      Neural communicators

    • C.

      Reticular transmissions

    • D.

      Neural plasticity

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Neurotransmitters
    Explanation
    Dopamine is classified as a neurotransmitter, which is a chemical messenger that transmits signals between neurons in the body. Neurotransmitters play a crucial role in the communication and coordination of various physiological processes and behaviors. They are released from the presynaptic neuron, travel across the synapse, and bind to specific receptors on the postsynaptic neuron, thereby transmitting the signal. Dopamine, specifically, is involved in several functions such as movement, reward, motivation, and pleasure.

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  • 23. 

    At the end of neural transmission, the neuron sucks up any excess neurotransmitter in the synapse, this is called:

    • A.

      Reuptake

    • B.

      Action Potential

    • C.

      All-or-nothing Response

    • D.

      Neurogenesis

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Reuptake
    Explanation
    Reuptake refers to the process where the neuron reabsorbs any excess neurotransmitter molecules from the synapse after they have completed their function of transmitting signals. This recycling mechanism helps in regulating the concentration of neurotransmitters in the synapse and allows for efficient communication between neurons.

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  • 24. 

    Agonists typically _________ neurotransmitters and __________ their effects.  

    • A.

      Mimic; slow

    • B.

      Block; do the opposite

    • C.

      Mimic; intensify

    • D.

      Block; intensify

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Mimic; intensify
    Explanation
    Agonists are substances that mimic the action of neurotransmitters, meaning they can bind to the same receptors as the neurotransmitters and activate them. By doing so, agonists intensify the effects of neurotransmitters, enhancing their activity in the brain.

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  • 25. 

    These types of neurons, also known as sensory neurons, go _______ the brain and deal with ________ functions. 

    • A.

      Toward; sensory

    • B.

      From; sensory

    • C.

      Toward; motor

    • D.

      From; motor

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Toward; sensory
    Explanation
    Sensory neurons are responsible for carrying sensory information from the body's sensory receptors towards the brain. This information includes sensations such as touch, temperature, pain, and proprioception. Therefore, the correct answer is "toward; sensory" as it accurately describes the direction and function of these neurons.

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  • 26. 

    This part of the nervous system deals with the initiation of fight or flight, stress, love, etc.  It causes your pupils to dilate, your digestion to stop, etc. 

    • A.

      Parasympathetic Nervous System

    • B.

      Autonomic Nervous System

    • C.

      Somatic Nervous System

    • D.

      Sympathetic Nervous System

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Sympathetic Nervous System
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Sympathetic Nervous System. This part of the nervous system is responsible for the body's response to stress or danger, commonly known as the fight or flight response. It activates various physiological changes in the body, such as dilating the pupils and inhibiting digestion, to prepare the body for action.

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  • 27. 

    This part of the brain is made up of several parts and deals with basic emotion and drives. 

    • A.

      Association Areas

    • B.

      Limbic System

    • C.

      Cortex

    • D.

      Endocrine System

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Limbic System
    Explanation
    The limbic system is the correct answer because it is a part of the brain that is responsible for basic emotions and drives. It is made up of several parts, including the amygdala, hippocampus, and hypothalamus, which play crucial roles in regulating emotions, memory, and motivation. The limbic system also interacts with other parts of the brain to influence behavior and physiological responses.

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  • 28. 

    This part of the brain deals with the processing of hearing also known as audition. 

    • A.

      Occipital

    • B.

      Frontal

    • C.

      Temporal

    • D.

      Parietal

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Temporal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Temporal. The temporal lobe is responsible for processing auditory information, including the sense of hearing. It is located on the sides of the brain, above the ears. The temporal lobe also plays a role in language comprehension and memory formation.

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  • 29. 

    This is what happens when the corpus callosum is split. Usually it is meant to cure seizures. It is the only time a person can be left brained or right brained. 

    • A.

      Neural Plasticity

    • B.

      Neurogenesis

    • C.

      Split Brain

    • D.

      Reticular Formation

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Split Brain
    Explanation
    When the corpus callosum is split, it means that the bundle of nerve fibers connecting the two hemispheres of the brain has been severed. This procedure is usually done to treat severe cases of epilepsy or seizures. The purpose of splitting the corpus callosum is to prevent the spread of abnormal electrical activity from one hemisphere to the other. As a result of this procedure, the two hemispheres are no longer able to communicate effectively with each other. This can lead to a condition known as "split brain," where each hemisphere functions somewhat independently.

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  • 30. 

    This neurotransmitter deals with pain. Too much leads to a high like a runner's high, too little will lead to pain. 

    • A.

      Aceytlcholine

    • B.

      Dopamine

    • C.

      Glutamate

    • D.

      Endorphins

    • E.

      No Clue! I haven't taken psychology before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Endorphins
    Explanation
    Endorphins are neurotransmitters that are involved in pain regulation. When released, they can produce a feeling of euphoria or a "high" similar to what runners experience. Having too many endorphins can lead to this high feeling, while having too few can result in increased pain sensitivity. Therefore, endorphins are the correct answer to the question.

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  • 31. 

    Anything like alcohol, or other chemicals that can get through the placenta and affect an unborn child. 

    • A.

      Poisons

    • B.

      Menarches

    • C.

      Teratogens

    • D.

      Infectors

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Teratogens
    Explanation
    Teratogens are substances or agents that can cause abnormalities or birth defects in a developing fetus. They include things like alcohol and other chemicals that can pass through the placenta and harm the unborn child. These substances can disrupt the normal development of the baby and lead to physical, cognitive, or behavioral issues later in life. It is important for pregnant women to avoid exposure to teratogens to ensure the healthy development of their baby.

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  • 32. 

    This is physical growth that has nothing to do with you learning.  For example a person getting taller is known as:

    • A.

      Experience

    • B.

      Regulated hyperbolic growth

    • C.

      Maturation

    • D.

      Empiricism

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Maturation
    Explanation
    Maturation refers to the process of physical growth that occurs naturally and independently of learning. It is a biological process that leads to changes in the body, such as an increase in height. Unlike learning, which involves acquiring new knowledge or skills through experience or education, maturation is a result of genetic and physiological factors. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is maturation.

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  • 33. 

    These are concepts, like you understanding what a desk is.  In psychology we call these concepts:

    • A.

      Habituation

    • B.

      Assosication

    • C.

      Latent learning

    • D.

      Schemas

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Schemas
    Explanation
    Schemas are mental frameworks or structures that help us organize and interpret information about the world. They are like mental categories or templates that allow us to make sense of new experiences by relating them to existing knowledge. Schemas influence our perception, memory, and problem-solving abilities. They can be formed through personal experiences, cultural influences, and social interactions. Schemas help us process information efficiently by filling in gaps and making assumptions based on our existing knowledge. Therefore, the correct answer is schemas.

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  • 34. 

    Can you roll your r? Do you know someone who can't pronounce the r? These language skills are learned in a very specific time frame where learning them comes easy.  If you don't learn things in the time you are meant to, you are missing a: 

    • A.

      Maturation

    • B.

      Critical window

    • C.

      Developmental leap

    • D.

      Gap closure

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Critical window
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "critical window". This refers to a specific time frame in which certain skills or abilities can be easily learned or acquired. In the context of the question, it suggests that the ability to roll the r or pronounce the r sound is best learned during a particular period of development. If this critical window is missed, it may become more difficult or even impossible to acquire the skill later on.

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  • 35. 

    Birds do this when they are born, they attach to the first living thing they see.  Humans don't do this, but we tend to stick to what we know.  This attachment in animals is known as:

    • A.

      Imprinting

    • B.

      Foreshadowing

    • C.

      Attachment deprivation

    • D.

      Attachment disruption

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Imprinting
    Explanation
    Imprinting is the correct answer because it refers to the behavior in which animals, particularly birds, form an attachment to the first living thing they see after being born. This attachment is crucial for their survival and influences their behavior and social interactions later in life. While humans do not exhibit this specific behavior, the statement suggests that humans tend to stick to what they know, implying a similarity in the concept of attachment.

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  • 36. 

    When mom leaves the room, a baby in their early months will cry, not because they are sad, but because they think their mother does not exist anymore.  They lack

    • A.

      Conservation

    • B.

      Object Permanence

    • C.

      Self Concept

    • D.

      Roles

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Object Permanence
    Explanation
    Object permanence is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they are not visible. In the given scenario, the baby cries when the mother leaves the room because they do not yet have the cognitive ability to understand that the mother still exists even though they cannot see her. This lack of object permanence leads the baby to believe that the mother has disappeared, causing distress and crying.

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  • 37. 

    Egocentrism is:

    • A.

      The evil part of the human psyche

    • B.

      The good part of the human psyche

    • C.

      The inability to understand that others have points of view

    • D.

      The understanding that other people's arguments are valid

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. The inability to understand that others have points of view
    Explanation
    Egocentrism refers to the inability to understand or consider that others may have different perspectives or points of view. It is a cognitive bias where individuals tend to only see things from their own perspective and struggle to empathize or understand the experiences and thoughts of others. This can lead to difficulties in communication, collaboration, and social interactions.

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  • 38. 

    This is the understanding that other people have their own points of view that differ from your own.  This is known as:

    • A.

      Theory of mind

    • B.

      Egocentrism

    • C.

      Temperament

    • D.

      Critical Period

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Theory of mind
    Explanation
    Theory of mind refers to the understanding that other people have their own thoughts, beliefs, and perspectives that may be different from our own. It involves recognizing that others have their own unique mental states and can have different knowledge, intentions, and desires. This understanding is crucial for social interactions, empathy, and the ability to attribute mental states to others. It helps us to understand and predict the behavior of others and to adjust our own behavior accordingly.

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  • 39. 

    This is a study in which you take different people of different age groups to study them.  For example you study intelligence at different points of age using different people at different ages for your study. 

    • A.

      Cross Sectional Study

    • B.

      Longitudinal Study

    • C.

      Case Study

    • D.

      Naturalistic Observation

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Cross Sectional Study
    Explanation
    A cross-sectional study is the most appropriate explanation for the given scenario. This type of study involves taking different individuals from different age groups and studying them at a specific point in time. In this case, the researcher is studying intelligence at different ages by selecting individuals from different age groups. The purpose of a cross-sectional study is to compare different groups at a single point in time to gather information about a particular variable or characteristic. This study design allows for the examination of age-related differences in intelligence without having to follow individuals over an extended period of time.

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  • 40. 

    The social clock is:

    • A.

      The best time for social media

    • B.

      When we should make friends and are most susceptible to it

    • C.

      When someone feels like they should have children

    • D.

      When we find it acceptable socially to get married, have children, get a job, etc

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. When we find it acceptable socially to get married, have children, get a job, etc
    Explanation
    The social clock refers to the societal expectations and norms regarding the timing of major life events such as getting married, having children, and finding a job. It reflects the idea that there is a "right" or socially acceptable time for individuals to reach these milestones. This concept suggests that people may feel pressure to conform to these societal expectations and may experience feelings of anxiety or inadequacy if they deviate from the expected timeline.

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  • 41. 

    This is how we overall physically take in the world

    • A.

      Perception

    • B.

      Parallel Processing

    • C.

      Sensation

    • D.

      Feature Detection

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Sensation
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Sensation," is correct because sensation refers to the process of receiving information from our environment through our senses. It involves the detection and conversion of physical stimuli into neural signals that can be interpreted by the brain. Sensation is the initial step in the process of perceiving and understanding the world around us. It is through sensation that we are able to perceive and make sense of our surroundings, including the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and touch that we experience.

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  • 42. 

    The process by which sound changes form to make what we hear, light changes form to make what we see is known as:

    • A.

      Accommodation

    • B.

      Transduction

    • C.

      Adaptation

    • D.

      Parallel Processing

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Transduction
    Explanation
    Transduction refers to the process by which energy from one form is converted into another form. In the context of the question, it is referring to the conversion of sound waves into auditory signals that we hear, and the conversion of light waves into visual signals that we see. This process is essential for our perception of the world around us.

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  • 43. 

    The point at where we sense something from nothing. For example light from nothing, sound from nothing, etc. 

    • A.

      Difference threshold

    • B.

      Absolute threshold

    • C.

      All or nothing response

    • D.

      Placebo effect

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    B. Absolute threshold
    Explanation
    The absolute threshold refers to the lowest level of stimulation that can be detected by our senses. It is the point at which we are able to sense something from nothing, such as perceiving light from complete darkness or hearing sound from complete silence. This concept is important in psychology as it helps us understand the limits of our sensory perception and how we detect and interpret stimuli in our environment.

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  • 44. 

    This part of the eye help you process black and white, work best at night, and aid in your peripheral vision 

    • A.

      Cones

    • B.

      Lens

    • C.

      Corne

    • D.

      Rods

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Rods
    Explanation
    Rods are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that are responsible for processing black and white images, working best in low light conditions (night vision), and aiding in peripheral vision. Cones, on the other hand, are responsible for color vision and work best in bright light. The lens and cornea are part of the eye's structure and help to focus light onto the retina.

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  • 45. 

    You need both eyes to pick up some things like distance, depth, form, etc. These are known as:

    • A.

      Binocular Cues

    • B.

      Monocular Cues

    • C.

      Convergence

    • D.

      Relative Height

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Binocular Cues
    Explanation
    Binocular cues refer to visual cues that require the use of both eyes to perceive depth, distance, form, and other visual information accurately. These cues include binocular disparity, which is the slight difference in the images seen by each eye, and binocular convergence, which is the degree to which the eyes turn inward to focus on a nearby object. These cues work together to provide a three-dimensional perception of the world around us.

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  • 46. 

    This theory of pitch says that it is the area of the cochlea struck that determines pitch.

    • A.

      Volley Principle

    • B.

      Frequency Theory

    • C.

      Place Theory

    • D.

      Tri Chromatic Theory

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    C. Place Theory
    Explanation
    Place theory is a theory of pitch perception that suggests that the perception of pitch is determined by the specific location on the cochlea that is stimulated. According to this theory, different frequencies of sound waves stimulate different areas of the cochlea, resulting in the perception of different pitches. This theory explains how we are able to perceive high and low pitches based on the location of stimulation in the cochlea.

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  • 47. 

    The retina is:

    • A.

      Your organ of sound/audition

    • B.

      Your organ of taste/gustation

    • C.

      Your organ of kinesthesis

    • D.

      Your organ of sight

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. Your organ of sight
    Explanation
    The retina is the correct answer because it is the part of the eye that receives and processes visual information. It contains specialized cells called photoreceptors that detect light and transmit signals to the brain, allowing us to see. The other options mentioned - sound/audition, taste/gustation, and kinesthesis - are associated with different sensory organs and functions, not related to sight.

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  • 48. 

    The cochlea is:

    • A.

      Your organ of sound/audition

    • B.

      Your organ of taste/gustation

    • C.

      Your organ of kinesthesis

    • D.

      Your organ of sight

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Your organ of sound/audition
    Explanation
    The cochlea is a part of the inner ear, responsible for converting sound vibrations into electrical signals that can be interpreted by the brain. It plays a crucial role in the process of hearing and is therefore considered the organ of sound or audition.

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  • 49. 

    Perception is:

    • A.

      How we physically take in the world around us

    • B.

      How we influence the world around us

    • C.

      How we are exclusively hardwired to think about a problem

    • D.

      How we interpret the world around us

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    D. How we interpret the world around us
    Explanation
    Perception refers to the process of interpreting and making sense of the information we receive from the world around us. It involves using our senses, such as sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell, to gather information and then interpreting that information based on our past experiences, beliefs, and expectations. Perception helps us understand and navigate the world, as it allows us to assign meaning and significance to the stimuli we encounter. It is through perception that we form our understanding of reality and make sense of our experiences.

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  • 50. 

    The theory that there are three color cones in our eyes that combine to form every color we see is which theory of sight?

    • A.

      Tri Chromatic Theory

    • B.

      Place Theory

    • C.

      Frequency Theory

    • D.

      Opponent Process Theory

    • E.

      No clue! I haven't taken psych before, Larsh!

    Correct Answer
    A. Tri Chromatic Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Tri Chromatic Theory. This theory suggests that there are three types of color receptors or cones in our eyes - red, green, and blue - and that these cones combine to form every color that we see.

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