Thinking Like A Scientist #1

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 115

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Thinking Like A Scientist #1

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Jane Goodall spent countless hours among the chimpanzees doing scientific research.  In her research, Jane learned that chimpanzees use stems or long blades of grass as tools to “fish” out a tasty meal from termite mounds.   How did Jane learn this about the chimpanzees?  This qualitative research is based on Jane  following the chimpanzees, taking notes and making careful  _______________
    • A. 

      Observations

    • B. 

      Inferences

    • C. 

      Predictions

    • D. 

      Models

  • 2. 
    One day, while watching the chimpanzees, Jane Goodall saw something peculiar. She watched as a chimpanzee looked into a hollow in a tree. The chimp picked off a handful of leaves from the tree and chewed on them. Then the chimp took the leaves out of its mouth and pushed the leaves into the tree hollow.  When the chimp pulled the leaves back out, Jane saw the leaves sparkled with a gleam of water. The chimp then put the leaves back in its mouth. What was the chimp doing?  How did Jane think through this experience?
    • A. 

      The chimp was getting water by creating a leaf sponge. Jane observed the chimp then reasoned why the chimp acted as it did. Jane inferred, explained the meaning behind the observation.

    • B. 

      The chimp is hiding the leaf like squirrels hide tree nuts. Jane observed the chimp then based on observation, classified its behavior as part of a pattern.

  • 3. 
    What are predictions based on?
    • A. 

      Predicting is forecasting based on past experience or evidence.

    • B. 

      Predicting is guessing the data measurements.

    • C. 

      Predicting is making a hypothesis.

    • D. 

      Predicting is evaluating the evidence and outcome of testing.

  • 4. 
    What is a model?
    • A. 

      A representation, a copy, replica of a complex object or process.

    • B. 

      A prediction of what can occur.

    • C. 

      A piece of a large sample.

    • D. 

      A sample solution.

  • 5. 
    What is an observation?
    • A. 

      Information gathered by ones senses.

    • B. 

      A way of thinking and reasoning.

    • C. 

      Information gathered through research.

    • D. 

      Information gathered through sampling.

  • 6. 
    What is classifying?
    • A. 

      Classifying is the process or grouping together things that are alike in some way.

    • B. 

      Classifying is creating models representing complex ideas or objects.

    • C. 

      Classifying is predicting what will happen in an experiment.

  • 7. 
    What is inferring?
    • A. 

      To explain or interpret observations.

    • B. 

      To predict based on observations.

    • C. 

      To find evidence supporting an observation.

    • D. 

      To give a hypothesis.

  • 8. 
    What is qualitative observation/research?
    • A. 

      Observations/research expressed in description.

    • B. 

      Observations/research expressed in number.

    • C. 

      Analyzing and expressing observational data.

    • D. 

      Analyzing descriptive data.

  • 9. 
    What is quantitative observations/research?
    • A. 

      Observations/research expressed in number.

    • B. 

      Analyzing observational data.

    • C. 

      Observations/research expressed by descriptions.

    • D. 

      Analyzing descriptive data.

  • 10. 
    What is skepticism?
    • A. 

      Skepticism is having an attitude of doubt.

    • B. 

      Skepticism is honesty, reporting the true outcomes of experiments and testing.

    • C. 

      Skepticism is an eagerness to learn and be curious.

    • D. 

      Skepticism is being open-minded, or capable of accepting new and different ideas.

  • 11. 
    Why are models important to use?
    • A. 

      Help to understand by representing objects or processes that are complex.

    • B. 

      Help to learn through building.

    • C. 

      Help to share information.

    • D. 

      Help to teach and learn about objects and processes.

    • E. 

      All of these.

  • 12. 
    How do observations differ from inferences?
    • A. 

      Observations are based on information gathered by one's senses. Inferences are explanations we have for what we observe.

    • B. 

      Observations are based on explanations of the natural world. Inferences are sensing.

    • C. 

      Observations are based on information we read or research. Inferences are observations.

    • D. 

      Observations are based on educated guesses. Inferences are explanations for these guesses.

  • 13. 
    Is this statement an observation or an inference?'Jomeo prefers budyankende fruit’.
    • A. 

      It is an inference because this statement explains Jomeo's observed behavior and gives an explanation for it.

    • B. 

      It is an observation because you observe Jomeo choosing the budyankende fruit.

    • C. 

      It is both an observation and an inference because you both observe and explain Jomeo's behavior.

    • D. 

      It is neither an observation or an inference.

  • 14. 
    What is meant by the term scientific attitude, habits of mind?
    • A. 

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, honesty, open-mindedness, skepticism and creativity.

    • B. 

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, fairness, open-mindedness, and skepticism.

    • C. 

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, repeating the experiment, open-mindedness, skepticism and creativity.

    • D. 

      Scientific attitude, habits of mind include curiosity, stating a problem, observation, honesty, and creativity.

  • 15. 
    Which answer is evidence of Jane Goodall's qualitative research data collection?
    • A. 

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and kept a detailed field notebook/journal about the chimp's behavior.

    • B. 

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest and took photographs and video of the chimp's behavior.

    • C. 

      Jane and her assistants followed the chimpanzees through the forest.

    • D. 

      Jane and her assistants read and researched about chimpanzees in Tanzania.

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