Theories Of Personality Quiz Questions And Answers

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Theories Of Personality Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Here are some theories of personality quiz questions and answers for you that will not only be useful for you to test your knowledge and do a self-assessment but also to improve your knowledge even more on the same. The quiz deals with various theories revolving around personality. Give your best on this quiz, and try to score as much as you can by giving the correct answers. Let's go!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    According to Adler, childhood experiences:

    • A.

      Are not relevant to the practice of therapy

    • B.

      Determine the adult personality

    • C.

      Are not as crucial in themselves as is our attitude toward these experiences

    • D.

      Should provide the focus for therapy sessions

    • E.

      Passively shape us

    Correct Answer
    C. Are not as crucial in themselves as is our attitude toward these experiences
    Explanation
    According to Adler, childhood experiences are not as crucial in themselves as is our attitude toward these experiences. This means that while childhood experiences may have an impact on our adult personality, it is our attitude towards these experiences that ultimately shapes us. Adler believed that our perception and interpretation of our childhood experiences is more important than the experiences themselves. This suggests that therapy should focus on helping individuals develop a positive and empowering attitude towards their past experiences in order to foster personal growth and change.

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  • 2. 

    Alder believed that human behavior is:

    • A.

      Motivated by sexual urges

    • B.

      Motivated by social urges

    • C.

      Purposeful and goal-directed

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Both (b) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    E. Both (b) and (c)
    Explanation
    Alder believed that human behavior is motivated by social urges and is also purposeful and goal-directed. This means that individuals are driven by their need for social interaction and connection with others, as well as their desire to achieve specific goals and fulfill their life's purpose. Both social urges and purpose/goal-directed behavior play a significant role in shaping human behavior according to Adler's perspective.

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  • 3. 

    All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except:

    • A.

      Reorientation

    • B.

      Insight

    • C.

      Establishing a therapeutic relationship

    • D.

      Analysis and assessment

    • E.

      Analysis of resistance

    Correct Answer
    E. Analysis of resistance
    Explanation
    The stages in Adlerian counseling involve reorientation, insight, establishing a therapeutic relationship, and analysis and assessment. Analysis of resistance is not a stage in Adlerian counseling. Resistance refers to the client's reluctance or unwillingness to engage in the counseling process, and while it is an important aspect to address in therapy, it is not considered a separate stage in Adlerian counseling.

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  • 4. 

    An Adlerian therapist would ask a client to give their earliest recollections in order to:

    • A.

      Discover goals and motivations

    • B.

      Reveal their beliefs and basic mistakes

    • C.

      Give clues as to the development of that individual's lifestyle

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Both (b) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    An Adlerian therapist would ask a client to give their earliest recollections in order to discover their goals and motivations, reveal their beliefs and basic mistakes, and give clues as to the development of that individual's lifestyle. By exploring the client's earliest memories, the therapist can gain insights into the client's core values, thought patterns, and experiences that have shaped their current behavior and choices. This information is crucial for understanding the client's underlying motivations, identifying any unhelpful beliefs or patterns, and developing a comprehensive understanding of their overall lifestyle.

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  • 5. 

    "Fictional finalism" is an Adlerian term that refers to:

    • A.

      The unrealistic ideas that we have about the way life should be

    • B.

      Our strict adherence to certain beliefs that are not based on reality

    • C.

      An imagined central goal that guides our behavior

    • D.

      Our stubborn resistance to change

    Correct Answer
    C. An imagined central goal that guides our behavior
    Explanation
    "Fictional finalism" is an Adlerian term that refers to an imagined central goal that guides our behavior. This means that it is a concept used to describe how individuals create a fictional or imagined goal that they strive towards, which influences their actions and decisions. It suggests that people are driven by this goal, even if it may not align with reality or be achievable. This concept highlights the importance of understanding the underlying motivations and aspirations that shape human behavior.

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  • 6. 

    In helping clients to examine their mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, and Adlerian therapist does not use:

    • A.

      Encouragement

    • B.

      Challenge and confrontation

    • C.

      Tentative itnerpretations

    • D.

      Interpretation of the transference relationship

    • E.

      Both (b) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    D. Interpretation of the transference relationship
    Explanation
    An Adlerian therapist does not use interpretation of the transference relationship. Transference refers to the client's unconscious feelings and reactions towards the therapist that are based on past experiences. Adlerian therapy focuses on examining mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, and does not heavily rely on interpreting the transference relationship. Instead, the therapist encourages the client, challenges their assumptions, confronts their faulty beliefs, and provides tentative interpretations to help them gain insight and make positive changes. Therefore, the interpretation of the transference relationship is not utilized in Adlerian therapy.

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  • 7. 

    During the phase of analysis and assessment, the Adlerian therapist:

    • A.

      Asks for early recollections

    • B.

      Offers tentative interpretations

    • C.

      All of the above

    • D.

      All but (c)

    • E.

      Explores the family constellation

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the above
    Explanation
    During the phase of analysis and assessment, the Adlerian therapist typically engages in both asking for early recollections and offering tentative interpretations. Therefore, the correct option is: "all of the above."

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  • 8. 

    One way that clients in Adlerian therapy are encouraged to change is:

    • A.

      By changing early decisions

    • B.

      By understanding the roots of their problems

    • C.

      By "acting as if" they were already the way they wanted to be

    • D.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    C. By "acting as if" they were already the way they wanted to be
    Explanation
    In Adlerian therapy, clients are encouraged to change by "acting as if" they were already the way they wanted to be. This approach involves behaving and thinking in a way that aligns with their desired goals and values, even if they do not currently feel or believe in them. By consistently practicing this behavior, clients can gradually internalize these changes and make them a permanent part of their identity. This technique helps clients to break free from their old patterns and develop new ways of thinking and behaving that are more in line with their aspirations and desired outcomes.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following did Adler not stress

    • A.

      The unity of personality

    • B.

      Focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning

    • C.

      Behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented

    • D.

      A unique style of life that is an expression of life goals

    • E.

      Feelings of inferiority

    Correct Answer
    B. Focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning
    Explanation
    Adler did not stress the focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning. Adler believed that the unity of personality, behavior being purposeful and goal-oriented, a unique style of life that is an expression of life goals, and feelings of inferiority were all important aspects of personality. However, he did not emphasize the significance of early childhood experiences in shaping later personality functioning.

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  • 10. 

    Alfred Adler believed that what we are born with is not as important as what we choose to do with the abilities and limitations we possess.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Alfred Adler, a renowned psychologist, believed that our choices and actions are more significant than our innate abilities and limitations. According to Adler, it is not solely our genetic predispositions that determine our success or happiness in life, but rather how we choose to utilize and develop our skills and overcome our limitations. This perspective emphasizes the power of personal agency and the importance of taking responsibility for our actions and decisions. Therefore, the statement that Alfred Adler believed what we choose to do with our abilities and limitations is more important than what we are born with is true.

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  • 11. 

    Encouragement is a part of the Adlerian counseling process.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In Adlerian counseling, encouragement is indeed a crucial part of the process. Adlerian therapy focuses on empowering individuals to develop a sense of belonging and significance. Encouragement is used to support clients in recognizing their strengths, building confidence, and fostering a positive outlook on life. By providing encouragement, counselors help clients explore their potential, set goals, and take steps towards personal growth and self-improvement. This approach emphasizes the importance of creating a supportive and motivating environment to facilitate positive change.

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  • 12. 

    Striving for superiority is seen as a neurotic manifestation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that striving for superiority is not seen as a neurotic manifestation. This implies that the act of striving for superiority is not considered to be a symptom of a neurotic disorder or a mentally unhealthy behavior.

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  • 13. 

    Adler maintained that individuals attempt to overcome feelings of basic inferiority by developing a lifestyle in which success is possible.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Adler believed that individuals have an inherent sense of inferiority and strive to overcome it by developing a lifestyle that allows them to achieve success. This means that individuals may strive to excel in certain areas or pursue certain goals in order to prove their worth and overcome their feelings of inadequacy. Therefore, the statement is true according to Adler's theory.

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  • 14. 

    The core of the Adlerian Therapy experience consists of clients:

    • A.

      Working through the transference relationship

    • B.

      Discovering their basic mistakes and then learning how to correct them

    • C.

      Understanding how their relationship with their parents has shaped their personality

    • D.

      Understanding how their birth order has determined the person they are today

    Correct Answer
    B. Discovering their basic mistakes and then learning how to correct them
    Explanation
    Adlerian Therapy focuses on helping clients discover their basic mistakes, which refers to the maladaptive patterns or behaviors that contribute to their psychological issues. By identifying these mistakes, clients can gain insight into their own thoughts, feelings, and actions. The therapy then aims to teach clients how to correct these mistakes, empowering them to make positive changes in their lives. This approach emphasizes personal responsibility and growth, as clients actively participate in their own healing process.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 13, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Stephsquiz12
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