Theories Of Personality Quiz 2

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 6099

SettingsSettingsSettings
Theories Of Personality Quiz 2 - Quiz

Adkfjakldjfladjflkadjfkla dajflkadjf adkfj al;dkjflkd faldkfj alkdjfadlkjf


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Adler, childhood experiences:
    • A. 

      Are nto relevant to the practice of therapy

    • B. 

      Determine the adult personality

    • C. 

      Are not as crucial in themselves as is our attitude toward these experiences

    • D. 

      Should provide the focus for therapy sessions

    • E. 

      Passively shape us

  • 2. 
    Which is (are) true concerning one's style of life?
    • A. 

      All people have a lifestyle, but no two people develop exactly the same style

    • B. 

      The lifestyle is largely set by the age of 6

    • C. 

      One's style of life is a reaction to perceived inferiority

    • D. 

      One's style of life is learned from early interactions in the family

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Alder believed that human behavior is:
    • A. 

      Motivated by sexual urges

    • B. 

      Motivated by social urges

    • C. 

      Purposeful and goal-directed

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Both (b) and (c)

  • 4. 
    In Adlerian counseling, the client/therapist relationship is characterized by:
    • A. 

      Cooperation and respect

    • B. 

      Equality

    • C. 

      Aloofness

    • D. 

      The counselor as "expert", the client as "sick"

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 5. 
    The purpose of examining a client's family constellation is:
    • A. 

      To get a picture of the individual's early social world

    • B. 

      To bring unconscious factors to the surface

    • C. 

      To discover hereditary aspects of the client's behavior

    • D. 

      To determine who else in the family needs help

    • E. 

      Both (b) and (c)

  • 6. 
    The term "social interest" refers to:
    • A. 

      An individual's attitude in dealing with the social world

    • B. 

      A sense of identification and empathy with others

    • C. 

      Striving for a better future for all humans

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 7. 
    All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except:
    • A. 

      Reorientation

    • B. 

      Insight

    • C. 

      Establishing a therapeutic relationship

    • D. 

      Analysis and assessment

    • E. 

      Analysis of resistance

  • 8. 
    The process of encouragement in Alderian counseling includes:
    • A. 

      Helping clients use all their resources

    • B. 

      Transforming traits that can be liabilities into assets

    • C. 

      Helping clients recognize and accept their positive qualities

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      All but (b)

  • 9. 
    An Adlerian therapist woudl ask a client to give their earliest recollections in order to:
    • A. 

      Discover goals and motivations

    • B. 

      Reveal their beliefs and basic mistakes

    • C. 

      Give clues as to the development of that individual's lifestyle

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Both (b) and (c)

  • 10. 
    When Adler spoke of individuality, he referred to:
    • A. 

      The unique way we rewrite our own life script

    • B. 

      The unique way we deal with the crises of our development

    • C. 

      The unique way we confront our unfinished business

    • D. 

      The unique way we develop our own style of striving for competence

  • 11. 
    "Fictional finalism" is an Adlerian term that refers to:
    • A. 

      The unrealistic ideas that we have about the way life should be

    • B. 

      Our strict adherence to certain beliefs that are not based on reality

    • C. 

      An imagined central goal that guides our behavior

    • D. 

      Our stubborn resistance to change

  • 12. 
    In helping clients to examine their mistaken goals and faulty assumptions, an Adlerian therapist does not use:
    • A. 

      Encouragement

    • B. 

      Challenge and confrontation

    • C. 

      Tentative itnerpretations

    • D. 

      Interpretation of the transference relationship

    • E. 

      Both (b) and (c)

  • 13. 
    During the phase of analysis and assessment, the Adlerian therapist:
    • A. 

      Explores the family constellation

    • B. 

      Asks for early recollections

    • C. 

      Offers tentative interpretations

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      All but (c)

  • 14. 
    Reorientation, the fourth phase of Adlerian therapy, involves:
    • A. 

      Putting insights into action

    • B. 

      Helping clients see new alternatives

    • C. 

      Helping clients come to understand their own part in creating their problems

    • D. 

      Both (a) and (b)

    • E. 

      Both (b) and (c)

  • 15. 
    One way that clients in Adlerian therapy are encouraged to change is:
    • A. 

      By changing early decisions

    • B. 

      By understanding the roots of their problems

    • C. 

      By "acting as if" they were already the way they want to be

    • D. 

      Both (a) and (b)

  • 16. 
    One contribution of Adlerian therapy is that:
    • A. 

      Practitioners are given a great deal of freedom in working with their clients

    • B. 

      It offers a well-defined theory of personality

    • C. 

      Many of its concepts have been supported by research

    • D. 

      It is a common-sense psychology

    • E. 

      It offers a one-dimensional perspective on personality

  • 17. 
    Which of the following did Adler not stress
    • A. 

      The unity of personality

    • B. 

      Focus on early childhood experiences as determinants of later personality functioning

    • C. 

      Behavior is purposeful and goal-oriented

    • D. 

      A unique style of life that is an expression of life goals

    • E. 

      Feelings of inferiority

  • 18. 
    The core of the Adlerian Therapy experience consists of clients:
    • A. 

      Working through the transference relationship

    • B. 

      Discovering their basic mistakes and then learning how to correct them

    • C. 

      Understanding how thier relationship with their parents has shaped thier personality

    • D. 

      Understanding how their birth order has determined the person who they are tdoay

  • 19. 
    Alfred Adler believed that what we are born with is not as important as what we choose to do with the abilities and limitations we possess.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Striving for superiority is seen as a neurotic manifestation.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Adler maintained that individuals attempt to overcome feelings of basic inferiority by developing a lifestyle in which success is possible
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Encouragement is a part of the Adlerian counseling process
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

Back to Top Back to top