Theories Of Personality Quiz 5

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Stephsquiz12
S
Stephsquiz12
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 17,280
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 679

SettingsSettingsSettings
Theories Of Personality Quizzes & Trivia

What do you think are the factors that affect different personalities? What is the origin of the different personalities? Find out below by answering these simple set of questions on theories of personality. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Gestalt therapy is a form of

    • A.

      Freuidan psychoanalytic therapy

    • B.

      Neo-Freudian therapy

    • C.

      Behavior therapy

    • D.

      Existential therapy

    Correct Answer
    D. Existential therapy
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapy is a form of existential therapy because it focuses on the individual's experience of the present moment and emphasizes personal responsibility, self-awareness, and the exploration of one's own values and meaning in life. It encourages clients to fully engage in their experiences and take ownership of their choices and actions, aligning with the core principles of existential therapy. This approach also emphasizes the importance of the therapeutic relationship and the integration of mind, body, and emotions in the healing process.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Which is not true of Gestalt therapy

    • A.

      Th efocus is on the what and how of behavior

    • B.

      The focus is on the hear-and-now

    • C.

      The focus is on integrating fragmented parts of the personality

    • D.

      The focus is on unfinished business from the past

    • E.

      The focus is on the why of behavior

    Correct Answer
    E. The focus is on the why of behavior
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapy focuses on the what and how of behavior, the here-and-now, and integrating fragmented parts of the personality. It does not focus on the why of behavior. The therapy emphasizes understanding and experiencing the present moment rather than analyzing the reasons behind past behavior. The focus is on self-awareness, personal responsibility, and the exploration of one's thoughts, feelings, and actions in the present moment.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not a key concept of Gestalt therapy

    • A.

      Acceptance of personal responsibility

    • B.

      Intellectual understanding of one's problems

    • C.

      Awareness

    • D.

      Unfinished business

    • E.

      Dealing with the impasse

    Correct Answer
    B. Intellectual understanding of one's problems
    Explanation
    The key concepts of Gestalt therapy include acceptance of personal responsibility, awareness, unfinished business, and dealing with the impasse. However, intellectual understanding of one's problems is not considered a key concept in Gestalt therapy. Gestalt therapy focuses more on experiential understanding and insight rather than intellectual analysis.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    According to the Gestalt View

    • A.

      Awareness is by and of itself therapeutic

    • B.

      Awareness is necessary, but not sifficient, condition for change

    • C.

      Awarenes without specific behavioral change is useless

    • D.

      Awareness consists of understanding the causes of one's problems

    Correct Answer
    A. Awareness is by and of itself therapeutic
    Explanation
    According to the Gestalt View, awareness is considered therapeutic on its own. This means that simply being aware of one's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors can have a healing effect. The understanding and insight gained through this awareness can lead to personal growth and change. It is important to note that while awareness is necessary for change, it is not sufficient on its own. Specific behavioral changes are also required to bring about meaningful transformation. Therefore, awareness without accompanying behavioral change is considered ineffective. Additionally, awareness in Gestalt therapy involves understanding the underlying causes of one's problems, which further contributes to the therapeutic process.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The basic goal of Getalt therapy is to assit the client to

    • A.

      Move from environmental support to sel-fsupport

    • B.

      Uncover hsi or her cogntiive distoritions

    • C.

      Uncover unconscious motivations

    • D.

      Work through the transference relationship with the therapist

    • E.

      Challenge his or her philosophy of life

    Correct Answer
    A. Move from environmental support to sel-fsupport
  • 6. 

    The Impasse is the point in therapy at which clients

    • A.

      Avoid experiencing threatening feelings

    • B.

      Experience a sense of "being stuck"

    • C.

      Imagine something terrible will happen

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None o fthe above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above". The impasse in therapy refers to a point where clients avoid facing threatening emotions, feel stuck in their progress, and may imagine negative outcomes. This can happen due to various reasons such as fear, resistance, or difficulty in processing certain emotions. The impasse is a crucial stage in therapy as it provides an opportunity for clients to explore and work through these challenges in order to move forward in their healing process.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The Gestalt therapist

    • A.

      Freely makes interpretations for the client

    • B.

      Pays attention to the client's nonverbal language

    • C.

      Is mainly nondirective

    • D.

      Helps the client undersatnd why he or she is behaving in self-deeating ways

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Pays attention to the client's nonverbal language
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pays attention to the client's nonverbal language." In Gestalt therapy, the therapist focuses on the client's nonverbal cues such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. This is because nonverbal communication can provide valuable insights into the client's emotions, thoughts, and underlying issues. By paying attention to nonverbal language, the therapist can gain a deeper understanding of the client's experiences and facilitate the therapeutic process effectively.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Gestalt therapy can best be characterized as

    • A.

      An insight therapy

    • B.

      An experiential therapy

    • C.

      An action-oriented therapy

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of hte above

    Correct Answer
    B. An experiential therapy
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapy can best be characterized as an experiential therapy because it focuses on the present moment and encourages individuals to fully experience their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. It emphasizes personal responsibility and self-awareness, and aims to help individuals gain insight and make changes through direct experience and experimentation. This approach emphasizes the importance of the therapist-client relationship and the exploration of the client's subjective experience.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    When a person experiences an internal conflict (namely a conflict between top dog and underdog), which of hte following techniques would be most appropriate

    • A.

      Makign the rounds

    • B.

      Reversal dialogue

    • C.

      Dialogue techniqe

    • D.

      The rehearsal experiment

    • E.

      Teh exaggeration experiment

    Correct Answer
    C. Dialogue techniqe
    Explanation
    When a person experiences an internal conflict between their "top dog" (the rational, logical, or dominant part of themselves) and their "underdog" (the emotional, impulsive, or vulnerable part of themselves), the most appropriate technique would be the "dialogue technique." This technique involves engaging in an internal dialogue or conversation between these conflicting parts in order to gain insight, understanding, and resolution. It allows the individual to explore and express both sides of the conflict, leading to a better understanding of their thoughts, feelings, and motivations.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Gestalt-therapy techniques are deisnged to help the client

    • A.

      Expand awareness of the hear-and-now

    • B.

      Intensify feelings and experiencesing

    • C.

      Make a value judgement of his or her behavior

    • D.

      Free himself or herself of specific behavioral symptoms

    • E.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    E. Both (a) and (b)
    Explanation
    Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client expand awareness of the here-and-now and intensify feelings and experiences. These techniques aim to bring the client's attention to the present moment and help them fully experience their emotions and sensations. By doing so, the client can gain a deeper understanding of themselves and their patterns of behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is both (a) and (b).

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    A Gestalt technique that ismost useful wihen a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality (such as tenderness) is:

    • A.

      Making the rounds

    • B.

      Reversal technique

    • C.

      The rehersal experiment

    • D.

      Playing the projection

    Correct Answer
    B. Reversal technique
    Explanation
    The reversal technique is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality. This technique involves intentionally exaggerating or acting out the denied aspect in order to bring it to the person's awareness. By doing so, the person is able to confront and integrate the denied aspect into their overall personality, leading to a more balanced and authentic self-expression.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Gestalt therapy encouragse clients to:

    • A.

      Experience feelings intensely

    • B.

      Stay int he here-and-now

    • C.

      Work through the impasse

    • D.

      Pay attention to their own nonverbal messages

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapy encourages clients to experience their feelings intensely, stay in the present moment, work through any obstacles or impasses they may encounter, and pay attention to their own nonverbal messages. This approach emphasizes the importance of fully experiencing and expressing emotions, focusing on the present rather than dwelling on the past or future, actively working through any challenges or stuck points, and being aware of the nonverbal cues and body language that can provide valuable insights. Overall, all of these aspects are central to the principles and goals of Gestalt therapy.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is

    • A.

      Attaining awareness, and with it greater choice

    • B.

      To undersatnd why we feel as we do

    • C.

      To uncover repressed material

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Attaining awareness, and with it greater choice
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapy aims to help individuals attain awareness of their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. By becoming more aware, individuals can gain a greater sense of choice and autonomy in their lives. This therapy approach focuses on understanding why we feel as we do, but it also goes beyond that by encouraging individuals to take responsibility for their own experiences and actions. Gestalt therapy does not specifically aim to uncover repressed material, although it may explore past experiences and their impact on the present. Therefore, the correct answer is attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that

    • A.

      It enables intense therapeutic experiencing to occur quickly

    • B.

      It can be relatively brief therapy

    • C.

      It stresses doing and experiencing, as opposed to talking about problems

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    This therapeutic approach allows for intense therapeutic experiencing to happen quickly, making it a valuable contribution. Additionally, it can be a relatively brief therapy, which is beneficial for individuals seeking more efficient treatment. Moreover, this approach emphasizes doing and experiencing rather than just talking about problems, which can lead to more effective outcomes. Therefore, all of the above statements are correct.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    According to the Gestalt theroy, poeople use avoidance in order to

    • A.

      Keep themselves from facing unfinished business

    • B.

      Keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions

    • C.

      Keep from having to change

    • D.

      All the above

    • E.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    According to the Gestalt theory, people use avoidance as a defense mechanism to protect themselves from various psychological challenges. Avoidance helps individuals avoid facing unfinished business, which could include unresolved conflicts or unfulfilled goals. It also allows them to keep from experiencing uncomfortable emotions that they may find difficult to confront. Additionally, avoidance helps individuals avoid having to make changes in their lives, as change can often be uncomfortable and challenging. Therefore, the correct answer is that people use avoidance to keep themselves from facing unfinished business, keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions, and keep from having to change.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and therapist is seen as

    • A.

      A joint venture

    • B.

      An existential encounter

    • C.

      An I/Thou encounter

    • D.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because in Gestalt therapy, the relationship between the client and therapist is viewed as a joint venture, where both parties actively participate and collaborate in the therapeutic process. It is also seen as an existential encounter, meaning that it focuses on the present moment and the client's subjective experience. Additionally, it can be considered an I/Thou encounter, emphasizing the importance of genuine and authentic connection between the client and therapist. Therefore, all of these options accurately describe the relationship in Gestalt therapy.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of

    • A.

      Retroflection

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Introjection

    • D.

      All the above

    • E.

      Both (a) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    Gestalt therapists believe that clients resist contact through various means, including retroflection, projection, and introjection. Retroflection refers to the act of turning an impulse or feeling back onto oneself, while projection involves attributing one's own thoughts or feelings onto others. Introjection is the process of internalizing the values, beliefs, or attitudes of others without critical examination. Therefore, the correct answer is "all the above," as all three options are ways in which clients resist contact in Gestalt therapy.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Which of the following Gestalt techniques inovlves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?

    • A.

      Playign the projection

    • B.

      Reversal technique

    • C.

      Making the rounds

    • D.

      The exxageration technique

    Correct Answer
    C. Making the rounds
    Explanation
    Making the rounds is a Gestalt technique that involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members. This technique allows individuals to gain different perspectives and insights by engaging in direct communication with each other. It promotes active listening, empathy, and understanding within the group, fostering a deeper connection and enhancing the overall group dynamics.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The process of turning back to ourselves what we wwould like to do to somoen else is the definition of

    • A.

      Introjection

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Retroflection

    • D.

      Confluence

    Correct Answer
    C. Retroflection
    Explanation
    Retroflection is the process of turning back to ourselves what we would like to do to someone else. This means that instead of expressing our desires or emotions outwardly, we internalize them and direct them towards ourselves. It involves reflecting our own thoughts, feelings, or behaviors onto ourselves, rather than projecting them onto others.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The tendency to uncritically accept others' beleifs without assimilating or internalizing them is the definition of

    • A.

      Introjection

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Retroflection

    • D.

      Confluence

    Correct Answer
    D. Confluence
    Explanation
    Confluence refers to the tendency of uncritically accepting others' beliefs without fully assimilating or internalizing them. It is the act of merging or blending one's own thoughts and beliefs with those of others without questioning or critically analyzing them. This can result in a lack of individuality and autonomy, as one simply adopts the beliefs of others without personal reflection or understanding.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The Gestalt therapist typically uses diagnosis and interpretation as  abasic part of the therapeutic process

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The Gestalt therapist typically uses diagnosis and interpretation as a basic part of the therapeutic process" is false. Gestalt therapy emphasizes the present moment experience and focuses on awareness and self-discovery rather than diagnosis and interpretation. This approach encourages clients to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors in the present moment, rather than analyzing or interpreting them from a diagnostic perspective. Instead of labeling or diagnosing clients, Gestalt therapists aim to help them gain insight and develop a deeper understanding of themselves through experiential techniques and dialogue.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    One of the functions of th eGestalt therapist is to pay atention to the clent's body language.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Gestalt therapy emphasizes the importance of nonverbal communication and the body-mind connection. Gestalt therapists believe that the body language of the client can provide valuable insights into their emotions, thoughts, and experiences. By paying attention to the client's body language, the therapist can gain a deeper understanding of their underlying issues and facilitate the therapeutic process more effectively.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Stephsquiz12
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.