Theories Of Personality Quiz! Psychology Trivia!

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Theories Of Personality Quiz! Psychology Trivia! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Evidence for postulating the concept of the unconscious includes:

    • A.

      Dreams

    • B.

      Post-hypnotic suggestions

    • C.

      Free-association

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      Direct observation based on experimental research

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The concept of the unconscious is supported by evidence such as dreams, post-hypnotic suggestions, and free-association. Dreams are believed to be a manifestation of unconscious thoughts and desires. Post-hypnotic suggestions demonstrate that individuals can act on unconscious commands. Free-association allows individuals to access unconscious thoughts and memories. Therefore, all of these examples provide evidence for the existence of the unconscious.

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  • 2. 

    A person who unconsciously exhibits overly nice behavior to conceal hostile feelings is probably using ego defense?

    • A.

      Displacement

    • B.

      Reaction formation

    • C.

      Introjection

    • D.

      Projection

    • E.

      Regression

    Correct Answer
    B. Reaction formation
    Explanation
    Reaction formation is a defense mechanism where a person unconsciously exhibits behavior that is the opposite of their true feelings or desires. In this case, the person is using overly nice behavior to conceal their hostile feelings. This defense mechanism allows the person to avoid confronting their true emotions and instead present themselves as kind and friendly.

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  • 3. 

    One of the most important Freudian concepts, which consists of pushing unacceptable reality or painful material into the unconcious, is:

    • A.

      Repression

    • B.

      Regression

    • C.

      Displacement

    • D.

      Rationalization

    • E.

      Projection

    Correct Answer
    A. Repression
    Explanation
    Repression is a Freudian concept that involves pushing unacceptable or painful thoughts, memories, or desires into the unconscious mind. This defense mechanism helps individuals avoid facing or acknowledging these uncomfortable aspects of themselves. By repressing these feelings, they are kept hidden from conscious awareness, but they can still influence behavior and contribute to psychological distress. Repression is different from other defense mechanisms mentioned in the options, such as regression, displacement, rationalization, and projection, which involve different ways of dealing with unwanted thoughts or emotions.

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  • 4. 

    A person who exhibits behavior that clearly shows signs of reverting to less mature stages is likely to be using which ego defense?

    • A.

      Fixation

    • B.

      Rationalization

    • C.

      Regression

    • D.

      Introjection

    • E.

      Reaction formation

    Correct Answer
    C. Regression
    Explanation
    When a person exhibits behavior that clearly shows signs of reverting to less mature stages, they are likely using the ego defense mechanism of regression. Regression involves retreating to an earlier stage of development in order to cope with stress or anxiety. This can manifest as childlike behaviors or seeking comfort from others in a way that is characteristic of earlier developmental stages.

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  • 5. 

    Attributing to others the qualities or traits that are unacceptable to our own ego is best described as:

    • A.

      Displacement

    • B.

      Introjection

    • C.

      Reaction formation

    • D.

      Projection

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Projection
    Explanation
    Projection is the act of attributing to others the qualities or traits that we find unacceptable in ourselves. It is a defense mechanism where individuals unconsciously project their own feelings, desires, or impulses onto someone else, usually in order to avoid acknowledging or dealing with them. By projecting these qualities onto others, individuals can maintain a sense of self-esteem and avoid confronting their own flaws or insecurities. This can lead to distorted perceptions and misunderstandings in relationships.

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  • 6. 

    Resolution of sexual conflicts and sex-role identity is a critical function of the:

    • A.

      Oral stage

    • B.

      Anal stage

    • C.

      Phallic stage

    • D.

      Genital stage

    Correct Answer
    C. Phallic stage
    Explanation
    The resolution of sexual conflicts and sex-role identity is a critical function of the phallic stage. This stage occurs during the ages of 3 to 6 years old, according to Freud's psychosexual development theory. During this stage, children become aware of their own bodies and start to develop a sense of gender identity. They also experience the Oedipus or Electra complex, where they develop unconscious sexual desires for their opposite-sex parent and rivalry with their same-sex parent. Successful resolution of these conflicts leads to the development of a healthy gender identity and the ability to form healthy relationships in adulthood.

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  • 7. 

    Feelings of hostility, destructiveness, anger, rage, and hatred seem most allied with the:

    • A.

      Oral stage

    • B.

      Anal stage

    • C.

      Phallic stage

    • D.

      Genital stage

    Correct Answer
    B. Anal stage
    Explanation
    During the anal stage of psychosexual development, which occurs between the ages of 1 and 3, children experience pleasure and conflict related to the control and elimination of their bodily waste. This stage is characterized by the development of the ego and the conflict between the child's desire for autonomy and their need for parental approval. The anal stage is associated with feelings of hostility, destructiveness, anger, rage, and hatred because children may experience frustration and conflict during toilet training, leading to the development of control issues and a desire to assert their independence.

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  • 8. 

    The basic aim of psychoanalytic therapy is:

    • A.

      To treat specific learning disorders

    • B.

      To change overt behavior

    • C.

      To correct irrational thinking

    • D.

      To make the unconscious material conscious

    • E.

      Both (a) and (d)

    Correct Answer
    D. To make the unconscious material conscious
    Explanation
    The basic aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to make the unconscious material conscious. This approach focuses on uncovering and exploring the unconscious thoughts, emotions, and memories that may be causing distress or influencing behavior. By bringing these unconscious elements into conscious awareness, individuals can gain insight into their motivations and conflicts, leading to personal growth and psychological healing. This is different from the other options listed, which involve treating specific learning disorders, changing overt behavior, or correcting irrational thinking.

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  • 9. 

    A major characteristic of the psychoanalytic therapist is:

    • A.

      Openness and self-disclosure

    • B.

      A deeply personal and sharing relationship

    • C.

      A sense of being anonymous

    • D.

      A focus on specific behavior and an objective appraisal of learned patterns of behavior

    • E.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    C. A sense of being anonymous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a sense of being anonymous. In psychoanalytic therapy, the therapist maintains a sense of anonymity in order to create a safe and neutral environment for the client. This allows the client to freely express their thoughts, feelings, and fantasies without fear of judgment or repercussion. The therapist's focus is on understanding the unconscious motivations and conflicts of the client, rather than sharing personal experiences or opinions. This anonymity helps to establish boundaries and maintain the therapeutic relationship.

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  • 10. 

    The "fundamental role" for the client in psychoanalysis is:

    • A.

      A necessity to form a contract

    • B.

      Willingness to do "homework assignments"

    • C.

      Participating in free association

    • D.

      Writing down dreams

    • E.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    C. Participating in free association
    Explanation
    In psychoanalysis, the fundamental role for the client is participating in free association. Free association involves the client freely expressing their thoughts, feelings, and memories without censorship or judgment. This process allows the client to explore their unconscious mind and gain insight into their thoughts and emotions. It is a crucial aspect of psychoanalysis as it helps uncover repressed or hidden emotions and experiences, leading to a deeper understanding of oneself and the issues being addressed in therapy.

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  • 11. 

    Transference is viewed as:

    • A.

      The core of the psychoanalytic process

    • B.

      A means to uncover earlier unfinished business from past relationships

    • C.

      A sign that therapy is not progressing well

    • D.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    B. A means to uncover earlier unfinished business from past relationships
    Explanation
    Transference is viewed as a means to uncover earlier unfinished business from past relationships. In psychoanalysis, transference refers to the patient's unconscious feelings and emotions that are transferred onto the therapist. These feelings are often related to unresolved issues from past relationships and can provide valuable insights into the patient's psychological and emotional struggles. By exploring and understanding these transference dynamics, the therapist and patient can work together to address and resolve these unresolved issues, leading to personal growth and healing.

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  • 12. 

    The technique whereby the analyst explains the meaning of certain behavior is known as:

    • A.

      Transference

    • B.

      Rationalization

    • C.

      Countertransference

    • D.

      Interpretation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Interpretation
    Explanation
    Interpretation refers to the technique used by analysts to explain the meaning of certain behavior. This involves analyzing and understanding the underlying motivations, emotions, and thoughts behind a person's actions or words. It helps to uncover unconscious conflicts or desires that may be influencing their behavior. Transference, rationalization, and countertransference are different concepts and not directly related to explaining the meaning of behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is interpretation.

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  • 13. 

    The concept of resistance can best be described as:

    • A.

      Everything that prevents a client from producing unconscious material

    • B.

      That which needs to be analyzed and interpreted

    • C.

      An inevitable part of psychoanalytic therapy

    • D.

      An unwillingness to freely share with the analyst certain thoughts and feelings

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Resistance in psychoanalytic therapy refers to any factor or barrier that hinders the client from accessing or expressing unconscious material. It can include conscious or unconscious defense mechanisms, such as repression or denial, that prevent the client from bringing certain thoughts and feelings into awareness. Resistance is an essential aspect of psychoanalytic therapy that needs to be analyzed and interpreted by the therapist to understand the underlying conflicts and facilitate the therapeutic process. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as it encompasses the various aspects of resistance in psychoanalytic therapy.

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  • 14. 

    A person who attempts to deal with anxiety by closing his or her eyes, or by distorting reality is more likely using:

    • A.

      Introjection

    • B.

      Sublimation

    • C.

      Denial

    • D.

      Compensation

    • E.

      Undoing

    Correct Answer
    C. Denial
    Explanation
    Denial is a defense mechanism that involves refusing to acknowledge or accept a painful or uncomfortable reality. In this case, the person is using denial as a way to cope with anxiety. By closing their eyes or distorting reality, they are attempting to avoid or ignore the anxiety-inducing situation or thoughts. This defense mechanism allows them to temporarily escape from the anxiety, but it does not address or resolve the underlying issues causing it.

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  • 15. 

    Directing energy toward another object or person (when anxiety is reduced by focusing on a "safer target") is known as:

    • A.

      Sublimation

    • B.

      Repression

    • C.

      Introjection

    • D.

      Displacement

    • E.

      Compensation

    Correct Answer
    D. Displacement
    Explanation
    Displacement is a defense mechanism where an individual redirects their emotions or impulses from an original target to a substitute target that is perceived as less threatening or safer. This allows the person to release their anxiety or frustration in a more acceptable way. For example, someone who is angry at their boss may come home and take out their frustration on their family members or kick a wall instead. In this case, the energy or emotions are being directed towards a "safer target" to reduce anxiety.

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  • 16. 

    Manufacturing "good" reasons to explain away a bruised ego, or to explain away failures or losses, is known as:

    • A.

      Rationalization

    • B.

      Projection

    • C.

      Displacement

    • D.

      Introjection

    • E.

      Reaction formation

    Correct Answer
    A. Rationalization
    Explanation
    Rationalization is the act of creating justifications or excuses to explain away failures, losses, or bruised egos. It involves making logical-sounding arguments to rationalize one's actions or feelings, often to protect one's self-esteem or maintain a positive self-image. This defense mechanism allows individuals to avoid confronting their true emotions or taking responsibility for their mistakes.

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  • 17. 

    The abused child, who assumes the abusing parents way of handling stress and thus continues the cycle of child beating, is an example of:

    • A.

      Displacement

    • B.

      Reaction formation

    • C.

      Sublimation

    • D.

      Introjection

    Correct Answer
    D. Introjection
    Explanation
    The concept of introjection refers to the psychological process in which an individual internalizes the attitudes, values, and behaviors of another person, usually a significant authority figure. In this scenario, the abused child adopts the abusive parents' way of handling stress, perpetuating the cycle of child beating. This behavior is a result of the child internalizing the abusive parents' actions and beliefs, making it an example of introjection.

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  • 18. 

    The ego defense mechanism that consists of masking perceived weaknesses or developing certain positive traits to make up for limitations is known as:

    • A.

      Sublimation

    • B.

      Compensation

    • C.

      Introjection

    • D.

      Reaction formation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Compensation
    Explanation
    Compensation is an ego defense mechanism that involves masking perceived weaknesses or developing certain positive traits to make up for limitations. This mechanism allows individuals to protect their self-esteem by focusing on their strengths and achievements, thereby compensating for areas where they feel inadequate or lacking. It helps individuals maintain a sense of competence and worthiness, even when faced with perceived deficiencies.

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  • 19. 

    The process of redirecting sexual energy into creative behaviors or some form of socially acceptable behavior is known as:

    • A.

      Displacement

    • B.

      Denial

    • C.

      Compensation

    • D.

      Sublimation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Sublimation
    Explanation
    Sublimation refers to the process of redirecting sexual energy into creative behaviors or socially acceptable activities. It involves channeling one's sexual desires or impulses into productive and constructive outlets, such as art, music, writing, or other forms of self-expression. This allows individuals to transform their sexual energy into something positive and beneficial for themselves and society, rather than expressing it in ways that may be considered inappropriate or harmful.

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  • 20. 

    The Electra Complex and the Oedipus Complex are associated with what psychosexual stage of development?

    • A.

      Anal stage

    • B.

      Genital stage

    • C.

      Oral stage

    • D.

      Phallic stage

    • E.

      Latency stage

    Correct Answer
    D. Phallic stage
    Explanation
    The Electra Complex and the Oedipus Complex are both psychoanalytic concepts that are associated with the phallic stage of development. During this stage, which occurs between the ages of 3 and 6, children become aware of their own gender identity and develop sexual feelings towards their opposite-sex parent. The Oedipus Complex refers specifically to a boy's attraction to his mother and rivalry with his father, while the Electra Complex refers to a girl's attraction to her father and rivalry with her mother. These concepts were proposed by Sigmund Freud to explain the development of the superego and the resolution of the child's sexual desires.

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  • 21. 

    A narcissistic orientation is characteristic of what stage of development?

    • A.

      Anal

    • B.

      Oral

    • C.

      Latency

    • D.

      Genital

    • E.

      Phallic

    Correct Answer
    B. Oral
    Explanation
    A narcissistic orientation is characteristic of the oral stage of development. During this stage, which occurs from birth to around 1 year old, the focus of pleasure and gratification is on the mouth. Infants derive pleasure from activities such as sucking, biting, and tasting. A narcissistic orientation refers to a self-centered and self-absorbed attitude, which can be seen in infants during this stage as they are primarily concerned with their own needs and desires.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Stephsquiz12
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