Theories Of Personality Quiz 3

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is not a key concept of existential therapy?

    • A.

      It is based on a personal relationsihp between client and therapist

    • B.

      It stresses personal freedom in deciding one's fate

    • C.

      It places primary value on self-awareness

    • D.

      It is based on a well-defined set of techniques and procedures

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. It is based on a well-defined set of techniques and procedures
    Explanation
    Existential therapy does not rely on a well-defined set of techniques and procedures. Instead, it emphasizes the unique and individual experience of each client, focusing on their personal freedom, self-awareness, and the therapeutic relationship. This approach recognizes that each person's journey is different, and therefore does not adhere to a rigid set of techniques or procedures. Instead, it allows the therapist to adapt their approach to best meet the needs of the client.

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  • 2. 

    The function of the existentially oriented counselor is:

    • A.

      Develop a specific treatment plan that can be objectively appraised

    • B.

      Challenge the client's irrational beleifs

    • C.

      Understand the client's subjective world

    • D.

      Explore the client's past history in detail

    • E.

      Assist the client in working through transference

    Correct Answer
    C. Understand the client's subjective world
    Explanation
    The function of the existentially oriented counselor is to understand the client's subjective world. This means that the counselor aims to empathetically comprehend the client's unique experiences, perspectives, and beliefs. By understanding the client's subjective world, the counselor can create a therapeutic environment that validates the client's individuality and helps them explore their own meaning and purpose in life. This approach focuses on the client's subjective experiences rather than imposing objective standards or judgments.

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  • 3. 

    According to the existential view, anxiety is seen as a:

    • A.

      Result of repressed sexuality

    • B.

      Part of the human condition

    • C.

      Neurotic symptom that needs to be cured

    • D.

      Result of faulty learning

    Correct Answer
    B. Part of the human condition
    Explanation
    Anxiety is seen as part of the human condition according to the existential view. This means that anxiety is considered a normal and inevitable aspect of being human. Existentialists believe that anxiety arises from the awareness of our own mortality, the uncertainty of life, and the freedom and responsibility we have to make choices. Instead of viewing anxiety as a problem that needs to be cured or caused by specific factors like repressed sexuality or faulty learning, the existential view acknowledges anxiety as a fundamental aspect of the human experience.

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  • 4. 

    Existential therapy is best considered as:

    • A.

      An approach to understanding humans

    • B.

      A school of therapy

    • C.

      A system of techniques designed to create authentic humans

    • D.

      A strategy for uncovering dysfunctional behavior

    Correct Answer
    A. An approach to understanding humans
    Explanation
    Existential therapy is best considered as an approach to understanding humans because it focuses on exploring the individual's subjective experience, meaning-making, and the challenges they face in finding purpose and authenticity in life. It emphasizes the importance of personal responsibility, freedom of choice, and the search for meaning. Existential therapy does not adhere to a specific set of techniques or strategies but rather seeks to understand the unique experiences and perspectives of each individual. It aims to help individuals gain insight into their existence and make meaningful choices that align with their values and beliefs.

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  • 5. 

    Which might be considered the most crucial quality of a therapist in building an effective therapeutic relationship with a client?

    • A.

      Teh therapist's knowledge of theory

    • B.

      The therapist's skill in using techniques

    • C.

      The therapist's ability to diagnose effectively

    • D.

      The therapsist's authenticity

    Correct Answer
    D. The therapsist's authenticity
    Explanation
    The therapist's authenticity is considered the most crucial quality in building an effective therapeutic relationship with a client. Authenticity refers to the therapist's ability to be genuine, sincere, and transparent in their interactions with the client. It involves being true to oneself, being honest about their own limitations, and showing empathy and understanding towards the client's experiences. When a therapist is authentic, it helps create a safe and trusting environment for the client, allowing them to open up and engage in the therapeutic process more effectively.

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  • 6. 

    Philosophically, the existentialist would agree that:

    • A.

      The final decisions and choices rest wtih teh client

    • B.

      People redefine themselves by their choicse

    • C.

      A person can go beyond early conditioning

    • D.

      Making choices can create anxiety

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Existentialism is a philosophical perspective that emphasizes individual freedom and responsibility. According to existentialism, individuals have the power to make their own decisions and choices, which ultimately shape their identity and redefine themselves. This philosophy also suggests that individuals can overcome their early conditioning and break free from societal expectations. However, the act of making choices can also create anxiety as individuals are faced with the burden of responsibility. Therefore, the existentialist would agree with all of the statements mentioned, as they align with the core principles of existentialism.

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  • 7. 

    The central issues in therapy is:

    • A.

      Freedom and responsibility

    • B.

      Resistance

    • C.

      Transference

    • D.

      Examining irrational beliefs

    Correct Answer
    A. Freedom and responsibility
    Explanation
    The central issues in therapy revolve around the concepts of freedom and responsibility. Therapy aims to help individuals gain a sense of personal freedom by exploring and understanding the choices they make and the consequences of those choices. It also emphasizes the importance of taking responsibility for one's actions and decisions. This focus on freedom and responsibility allows individuals to gain insight into their own behaviors and empowers them to make positive changes in their lives.

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  • 8. 

    According to the existential viewpoint, death:

    • A.

      Makes life absurd

    • B.

      Makes life meaningless and hopeless

    • C.

      Gives significance to living

    • D.

      Should not be discussed or explored in therapy

    Correct Answer
    C. Gives significance to living
    Explanation
    According to the existential viewpoint, death gives significance to living. This perspective suggests that the awareness of our mortality brings a sense of urgency and importance to our lives. When we recognize that our time on Earth is limited, we are motivated to make the most of it, pursue meaningful goals, and embrace the present moment. Death acts as a reminder to live authentically and fully, appreciating the value and significance of our existence.

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  • 9. 

    Expanding awareness

    • A.

      A basic goal of existential therapy

    • B.

      Possible only with a few clients

    • C.

      Not given emphasis in existential therpay

    • D.

      Not possible beacasue of our unconscious resistance

    Correct Answer
    A. A basic goal of existential therapy
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that expanding awareness is a basic goal of existential therapy. This means that in this form of therapy, the aim is to help individuals become more self-aware, gain insight into their own existence, and develop a deeper understanding of their thoughts, feelings, and actions. By expanding awareness, clients can gain a greater sense of meaning and purpose in life, which is a fundamental aspect of existential therapy.

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  • 10. 

    The philosophical assumptions underlying the existentail aproach include the notion(s) that:

    • A.

      People are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone

    • B.

      People must create their own meangings through their choices

    • C.

      Freedom is merely an illusion

    • D.

      Human destiny is mainly determined by external forces and social coniditioning

    • E.

      Both (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    E. Both (a) and (b)
    Explanation
    The philosophical assumptions underlying the existential approach include the belief that people are thrust into a meaningless and absurd world and that they are basically alone. It also asserts that people must create their own meanings through their choices. This suggests that individuals have the freedom to determine their own purpose and significance in life. Additionally, the existential approach recognizes that human destiny is influenced by external forces and social conditioning, indicating that both individual agency and external factors play a role in shaping one's existence.

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  • 11. 

    The notion of authorship states that we are authors of our life in the sense that we create our

    • A.

      Destiny

    • B.

      Life situation

    • C.

      Problems

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      All but (b)

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is all of the above. The notion of authorship implies that individuals have the power to shape and create their own destiny, life situations, and problems. This means that we have the ability to take control of our lives and make choices that influence our outcomes. By acknowledging our authorship, we can take responsibility for our actions and actively work towards creating a better future.

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  • 12. 

    Existentialists contend that the experience of relatedness to other human beings:

    • A.

      Is jus ta neurotically dependent attachment

    • B.

      Shoudl be based on our needs and theirs

    • C.

      Can be therapeutic

    • D.

      Is not necessary, since we are basically alone

    • E.

      All but (c)

    Correct Answer
    E. All but (c)
    Explanation
    Existentialists believe that the experience of relatedness to other human beings can be therapeutic and should be based on our needs and theirs. They argue that it is not a neurotically dependent attachment and that we are not basically alone, contradicting option (d). Therefore, the correct answer is all but (c).

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  • 13. 

    According to existentialists, all fo the following issues are involved in our search for meaning except:

    • A.

      Discarding old values

    • B.

      Meaninglessness

    • C.

      Creating our own value system

    • D.

      Exploring unfinished business

    • E.

      The struggle for significance in life

    Correct Answer
    D. Exploring unfinished business
    Explanation
    The correct answer is exploring unfinished business. Existentialists believe that meaning in life is not found by exploring unfinished business, but rather by discarding old values, confronting the inherent meaninglessness of existence, creating our own value system, and engaging in the struggle for significance in life. Exploring unfinished business is not a central concept in existentialist philosophy.

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  • 14. 

    According to Yalom, the concern that make up the core of existentail pscyhodynamics is/are:

    • A.

      Death

    • B.

      Freedom

    • C.

      Isolation

    • D.

      Meaninglessness

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Existential psychodynamics, as described by Yalom, focuses on the fundamental concerns of human existence. These concerns include death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessness. Yalom argues that these four concerns are at the core of human experience and shape our thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" because all four concerns are essential components of existential psychodynamics according to Yalom.

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  • 15. 

    A statement that best illustrates "bad faith" is:

    • A.

      Naturally I am this way, because I grew up in an alcoholic family

    • B.

      I will not consider others in the choices that I make

    • C.

      I mus tlive by commitments I make

    • D.

      I am responsible for the choices that I make

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Naturally I am this way, because I grew up in an alcoholic family
    Explanation
    This statement best illustrates "bad faith" because it suggests that a person's behavior is predetermined and cannot be changed due to their upbringing. It implies a lack of personal responsibility and accountability for one's actions, as well as a refusal to consider the impact of their choices on others. This attitude goes against the principles of authenticity and self-awareness, which are essential in living a life of good faith.

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  • 16. 

    Living authentically implies

    • A.

      Following the norms of our social group

    • B.

      Being true to our own evaluation of what constitutes a meaningful existence

    • C.

      Accepting responsibility for the fact that we create our lives by the choices that we make

    • D.

      Both (b) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    D. Both (b) and (c)
    Explanation
    Living authentically implies being true to our own evaluation of what constitutes a meaningful existence and accepting responsibility for the fact that we create our lives by the choices that we make. This means that living authentically involves both following our own personal values and beliefs (b) and recognizing that our actions and decisions shape our lives (c). It is about being genuine to ourselves and taking ownership of our choices and their consequences.

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  • 17. 

    Existential therapy is unlike many other therapies in that:

    • A.

      It does nto have a well-defined set of techniques

    • B.

      It stresses the I/Thou encounter in the therapy process

    • C.

      It focuses on the use of the therapist's self as the core of therapy

    • D.

      It allows for incorporation of techniques from mnay other approaches

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Existential therapy is different from other therapies because it lacks a specific set of techniques. Instead, it emphasizes the I/Thou encounter, which means that the therapist and client engage in a genuine and authentic relationship. Furthermore, existential therapy places a strong emphasis on the therapist's self, using their own experiences and presence as a central aspect of the therapeutic process. Lastly, this approach allows for the incorporation of techniques from various other therapeutic approaches, making it flexible and adaptable to individual clients' needs.

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  • 18. 

    The concept of "bad faith" refers to

    • A.

      Not keeping up to date with paying ones therapist

    • B.

      Leading in inauthentic existence

    • C.

      The failure to cooperate with the therapeutic venture

    • D.

      The experience of aloneness

    • E.

      The unwillingness to search for meaning in life

    Correct Answer
    B. Leading in inauthentic existence
    Explanation
    The concept of "bad faith" refers to leading an inauthentic existence. Bad faith occurs when an individual deceives themselves and others by not living in accordance with their true values, desires, or beliefs. It involves denying one's freedom and responsibility to make choices and instead adopting a false identity or conforming to societal expectations. This can lead to a lack of fulfillment and a sense of dissatisfaction in life.

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  • 19. 

    Existential therapy can best be described as a system of highly developed techniques designed to foster authenticity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      Faulse

    Correct Answer
    B. Faulse
    Explanation
    Existential therapy is not primarily focused on techniques or fostering authenticity. Instead, it is a philosophical approach to therapy that explores the meaning and purpose of life, freedom, and responsibility. It emphasizes the individual's subjective experience and encourages them to confront their own existence and make choices that align with their values and beliefs. While techniques may be used in existential therapy, they are not the main focus, and fostering authenticity is not the sole goal of this approach. Therefore, the statement that existential therapy is a system of highly developed techniques designed to foster authenticity is false.

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  • 20. 

    According to existential thinking, effective therapy does not stop with awareness, for clients are challenged to take action based on their insights

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Existential thinking in therapy emphasizes that simply becoming aware of one's thoughts and feelings is not enough for personal growth and change. It suggests that clients should be encouraged to take action and make meaningful choices based on their newfound insights. This approach believes that active engagement and taking responsibility for one's actions are crucial for achieving positive outcomes in therapy. Therefore, the statement that effective therapy does not stop with awareness, but challenges clients to take action aligns with the principles of existential thinking.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 04, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Stephsquiz12
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