Final Test CT Scan/ Anatomy

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Final Test CT Scan/ Anatomy - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The main purpose of the slip ring technology is to:

    • A.

      Increase the number of dectors that can be housed in the gantry

    • B.

      Make the CT scanning operation quieter

    • C.

      Allow for continous rotation of the dectors and X-ray tube around the patient

    • D.

      Reduce the potential for motion artifacts associated with spiral/ helical scanning

    Correct Answer
    C. Allow for continous rotation of the dectors and X-ray tube around the patient
    Explanation
    The slip ring technology allows for continuous rotation of the detectors and X-ray tube around the patient. This means that the detectors and X-ray tube can rotate freely without any interruption or limitation, providing a complete and comprehensive scan of the patient's body. This continuous rotation enables the CT scanner to capture images from different angles and perspectives, resulting in a more accurate and detailed diagnosis.

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  • 2. 

    The CT number for water is:

    • A.

      Varies depending on the type of tissue being scanned

    • B.

      Should always be near 0

    • C.

      Is irrelevent to CT scanning

    • D.

      Needs to be factored into tissues containing alot of water

    Correct Answer
    B. Should always be near 0
    Explanation
    The CT number for water should always be near 0 because water has a density similar to that of soft tissues in the body. CT scanning uses Hounsfield units to measure the density of different tissues, and water is used as the reference point with a CT number close to 0. This allows for accurate comparison and differentiation of other tissues based on their CT numbers.

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  • 3. 

    ____________, pick up and measure the radiation passing through a cross-section of the patiant, convert the transmitted photons into an electrical signal, and then send the signal to the computer system for processing.  

    • A.

      Collimators

    • B.

      Detectors

    • C.

      Filters

    • D.

      Slip Rings

    Correct Answer
    B. Detectors
    Explanation
    Detectors are used to pick up and measure the radiation passing through a cross-section of the patient. They convert the transmitted photons into an electrical signal, which is then sent to the computer system for processing. Detectors play a crucial role in medical imaging by detecting and capturing the radiation that is used to create images of the patient's internal structures.

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  • 4. 

    The gallbladder is located:

    • A.

      Right upper quadrant

    • B.

      Left upper quadrant

    • C.

      Right lower quadrant

    • D.

      Left lower quadrant

    Correct Answer
    A. Right upper quadrant
    Explanation
    The gallbladder is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. This is the area of the abdomen that is situated just below the right rib cage. The gallbladder is a small organ that is connected to the liver and is responsible for storing and concentrating bile, which is produced by the liver. It plays a role in the digestion of fats by releasing bile into the small intestine.

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  • 5. 

    There are ____ cervical vertebrae?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 7. The human body has 7 cervical vertebrae, which are located in the neck region. These vertebrae provide support and flexibility to the head and neck, allowing for movements such as nodding and rotating the head.

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  • 6. 

    The __________ axix is referred to as the sagittal plane.

    • A.

      X axis

    • B.

      Y axis

    • C.

      Z axis

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. X axis
    Explanation
    The sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right halves. The X axis is the horizontal axis that runs from left to right. Therefore, the X axis is referred to as the sagittal plane because it corresponds to the division of the body into left and right sides.

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  • 7. 

    CT scanners contain what type of collimators:

    • A.

      Pre patient collimators

    • B.

      Post patient collimators

    • C.

      Both pre and post patient collimators

    • D.

      Automatic collimators

    Correct Answer
    C. Both pre and post patient collimators
    Explanation
    CT scanners contain both pre and post patient collimators. Pre patient collimators are located before the patient and help to shape the X-ray beam before it enters the patient's body. They are used to limit the radiation exposure to the patient and improve image quality. Post patient collimators, on the other hand, are located after the patient and help to further shape the X-ray beam before it reaches the detector. They are used to reduce scatter radiation and improve image resolution. Having both types of collimators allows for better control and optimization of the X-ray beam during the scanning process.

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  • 8. 

    Thin collimation results in ________ resolution:

    • A.

      Less

    • B.

      Better

    • C.

      Both

    Correct Answer
    B. Better
    Explanation
    Thin collimation results in better resolution because it allows for a narrower beam of radiation to pass through the object being imaged. This narrow beam reduces the amount of scatter and improves the clarity of the resulting image. By limiting the spread of radiation, thin collimation helps to enhance the level of detail that can be seen, leading to a better resolution.

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  • 9. 

    The scan field of view (SFOV) is selected _______ the scan begains

    • A.

      After

    • B.

      Before

    • C.

      During

    Correct Answer
    B. Before
    Explanation
    The scan field of view (SFOV) is selected before the scan begins. This means that the SFOV, which determines the area that will be scanned, is chosen prior to starting the scanning process. Selecting the SFOV beforehand allows for proper planning and ensures that the desired area is captured during the scan.

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  • 10. 

    The display field of view (DFOV) can be equal to or ________ than the scan field of view?

    • A.

      Less than

    • B.

      Greater than

    • C.

      Same size as the SFOV

    Correct Answer
    A. Less than
    Explanation
    The display field of view (DFOV) can be equal to or less than the scan field of view (SFOV). This means that the area visible on the display can either be the same size or smaller than the area being scanned.

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  • 11. 

    The ________ axis, or the coronal plane divides the patiants body into anterior and posterior sections.

    • A.

      X axis

    • B.

      Y axis

    • C.

      Z axis

    • D.

      A axis

    Correct Answer
    B. Y axis
    Explanation
    The Y axis, also known as the coronal plane, divides the patient's body into anterior and posterior sections. This axis is perpendicular to both the X and Z axes and runs from side to side, dividing the body into front and back portions.

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  • 12. 

    Spatial resolution describes the degree of blurring in an image and is a measure of how small an object can be imaged.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Spatial resolution refers to the level of detail that can be captured or resolved in an image. It is a measure of the smallest object or feature that can be distinguished in the image. Therefore, a higher spatial resolution means that smaller objects can be imaged and distinguished more clearly, while a lower spatial resolution results in more blurring and less detail in the image. Therefore, the statement "Spatial resolution describes the degree of blurring in an image and is a measure of how small an object can be imaged" is true.

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  • 13. 

    Preprocessed CT data is referrred to as_____

    • A.

      Raw data

    • B.

      Image Data

    • C.

      Display data

    • D.

      Scan data

    Correct Answer
    A. Raw data
    Explanation
    Preprocessed CT data refers to the original, unaltered data obtained from the CT scan before any manipulation or enhancement. This raw data is the initial information collected by the CT scanner, which is then processed and reconstructed to create the final image. It is called raw data because it has not undergone any modifications or adjustments yet.

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  • 14. 

    Reconstruction that is performed at a much later time is known as________;

    • A.

      Multiplaner reconstruction

    • B.

      Curved reconstruction

    • C.

      Minimum intensity projection

    • D.

      Retrospective reconstruction

    Correct Answer
    D. Retrospective reconstruction
    Explanation
    Retrospective reconstruction refers to the process of performing reconstruction at a much later time. This means that the reconstruction is done after the initial acquisition of the data, allowing for adjustments and improvements to be made based on the specific needs or requirements. It allows for flexibility and the ability to optimize the reconstruction process, resulting in better image quality and diagnostic accuracy.

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  • 15. 

    The Z axis is called the _______ because it divides the body into superior and inferior parts.

    • A.

      Coronal Plane

    • B.

      Z gap

    • C.

      Axial Plane

    • D.

      Image Plane

    Correct Answer
    C. Axial Plane
    Explanation
    The Z axis is called the axial plane because it divides the body into superior and inferior parts. The axial plane is perpendicular to both the coronal and sagittal planes, and it is parallel to the ground when the body is in anatomic position. This plane is commonly used in medical imaging to obtain cross-sectional images of the body.

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  • 16. 

    Acute renal faliure occurs after all IV contrast injections

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Acute renal failure does not occur after all IV contrast injections. While IV contrast injections can potentially cause acute renal failure in some individuals, it does not happen in all cases. The risk of developing acute renal failure after an IV contrast injection depends on various factors such as the individual's pre-existing kidney function, hydration status, and the type and amount of contrast used. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that acute renal failure occurs after all IV contrast injections.

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  • 17. 

    CT contrast can be administered via:

    • A.

      PO, Oral, and Rectal

    • B.

      Oral, Po, and IV

    • C.

      Iv, Oral, and Rectal

    • D.

      Rectal, PO, and oral

    Correct Answer
    C. Iv, Oral, and Rectal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is IV, Oral, and Rectal. This means that contrast can be administered intravenously (IV), orally, and rectally. Intravenous administration involves injecting the contrast directly into a vein, while oral administration involves swallowing the contrast agent in liquid or pill form. Rectal administration involves inserting the contrast agent into the rectum. These different routes of administration allow for flexibility in delivering contrast depending on the specific medical procedure and patient's needs.

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  • 18. 

    A patient with an allergy to Iodine can still be injected after premedication has been adminstered. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Patients with allergies to iodine can still be injected after premedication has been administered because premedication helps to reduce or prevent allergic reactions. Premedication typically involves the administration of antihistamines or corticosteroids, which can help to suppress the immune response and minimize the risk of an allergic reaction. By taking these precautions, the patient can safely receive an injection even if they have an allergy to iodine.

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  • 19. 

    The ______houses most of the functional equipment parts needed to acquire image data.  

    • A.

      Generator

    • B.

      Computer

    • C.

      Gantry

    • D.

      Table

    Correct Answer
    C. Gantry
    Explanation
    The gantry is the part of a machine that houses most of the functional equipment parts needed to acquire image data. It is typically a large, movable structure that supports the imaging equipment and allows for precise positioning of the patient. In the context of medical imaging, such as X-ray or CT scans, the gantry contains the X-ray tube, detectors, and other components necessary for capturing images.

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  • 20. 

    Cardiac arrest is classified as a _______reaction:

    • A.

      Severe

    • B.

      Minor

    • C.

      Intermediate

    • D.

      Death

    Correct Answer
    A. Severe
    Explanation
    Cardiac arrest is classified as a severe reaction because it is a sudden and life-threatening condition where the heart stops beating. It is a medical emergency that requires immediate intervention to restore the heart's normal rhythm. The severity of cardiac arrest lies in its potential to cause death if not treated promptly.

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  • 21. 

    The detectors which measure the patiants attenuation data are located _______ the XRay tube.

    • A.

      Inside

    • B.

      Under

    • C.

      Next to

    • D.

      Opposite

    Correct Answer
    D. Opposite
    Explanation
    The detectors that measure the patient's attenuation data are located opposite the X-ray tube. This means that they are positioned on the opposite side of the X-ray tube, allowing them to capture the data as the X-rays pass through the patient's body.

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  • 22. 

    As the pitch increases the patient moves through the gantry at a _____ rate.

    • A.

      Faster

    • B.

      Slower

    • C.

      Table speed does not change

    Correct Answer
    A. Faster
    Explanation
    When the pitch increases, it means that the table is moving faster through the gantry for each rotation of the X-ray tube. This results in the patient moving through the gantry at a faster rate, as the table speed is directly related to the pitch. Therefore, the correct answer is "Faster".

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  • 23. 

    As the pitch increases the patiant dose ______.

    • A.

      Doubles

    • B.

      Increases

    • C.

      Stays the same

    • D.

      Decreases

    Correct Answer
    D. Decreases
    Explanation
    When the pitch increases, the patient's dose decreases. This is because as the pitch increases, the table moves faster through the scanner, resulting in less time for the X-ray beam to interact with the patient's body. Therefore, the patient receives a lower dose of radiation.

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  • 24. 

    Window width (WW) determines the maximun ________ that can be displayed on the CT monitor.  

    • A.

      Pixels

    • B.

      Number of Images

    • C.

      Number of shades of gray

    • D.

      Size of matrix

    Correct Answer
    C. Number of shades of gray
    Explanation
    The window width (WW) determines the maximum range of shades of gray that can be displayed on the CT monitor. A wider window width allows for a greater range of gray shades to be displayed, while a narrower window width limits the range. This is important in medical imaging as it allows for better visualization and differentiation of different tissues or structures within the image.

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  • 25. 

    A pixel is a ________ element that is assigned a gray value in the form of a ct number.

    • A.

      Box

    • B.

      Two- dimensional

    • C.

      3D

    • D.

      Small

    Correct Answer
    B. Two- dimensional
    Explanation
    A pixel is a two-dimensional element that is assigned a gray value in the form of a ct number. This means that a pixel is represented as a single point in a two-dimensional image, and it is assigned a specific gray value which is typically measured using a CT (Computed Tomography) scanner. The gray value represents the intensity or brightness of the pixel, and it is used to create the image by assigning different gray values to different pixels. Therefore, the correct answer is "Two-dimensional".

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  • 26. 

    _________ appears as a grainy texture throught the image and presents a non uniform image.

    • A.

      Resolution

    • B.

      Contrast

    • C.

      Noise

    • D.

      Matrix

    Correct Answer
    C. Noise
    Explanation
    Noise refers to random variations in brightness or color that appear as a grainy texture throughout an image. It presents a non-uniform image because it is not consistent and can create distortions or inconsistencies in the visual appearance of the image. Noise can be caused by various factors such as high ISO settings, low light conditions, or image compression.

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  • 27. 

    As the rate of contrast injection increases, the degree of contrast enhancement _________ and the duration of contrast enhancement decreases.  

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    • C.

      Does not change

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases
    Explanation
    As the rate of contrast injection increases, more contrast is being delivered to the area of interest in a shorter amount of time. This leads to a higher degree of contrast enhancement, as there is a greater concentration of contrast agent in the blood vessels. Additionally, the duration of contrast enhancement decreases because the contrast agent is being delivered more quickly and is therefore cleared from the body faster.

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  • 28. 

    The higher the iodine concentration is, the more _______ the contrast agent becomes.  

    • A.

      Clear

    • B.

      Viscous

    • C.

      Expensive

    • D.

      Diluted

    Correct Answer
    B. Viscous
    Explanation
    As the iodine concentration increases, the viscosity of the contrast agent increases. Viscosity refers to the thickness or stickiness of a substance. In this case, a higher iodine concentration leads to a thicker or more viscous contrast agent. This can be beneficial in certain medical procedures where a thicker agent is needed to provide better visibility or to slow down the flow of the contrast agent through the body.

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  • 29. 

    _______, means the contrast is injected into a vein.

    • A.

      Intravenous

    • B.

      Extravasation

    • C.

      Infiltration

    • D.

      PO

    Correct Answer
    A. Intravenous
    Explanation
    The term "intravenous" refers to the administration of a substance directly into a vein. This method allows for rapid absorption and distribution of the substance throughout the body. In contrast, extravasation and infiltration refer to the unintended leakage of a substance outside of the vein, which can cause local tissue damage. "PO" stands for "per os" or "by mouth," indicating that the substance is taken orally. Therefore, the correct answer is "Intravenous."

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  • 30. 

    Uticardia is _________

    • A.

      Bladder infection

    • B.

      Urinary difficulty

    • C.

      Hives

    • D.

      Redness of the skin

    Correct Answer
    C. Hives
    Explanation
    Uticardia refers to hives, which are raised, itchy bumps on the skin that are usually caused by an allergic reaction. This term specifically denotes the condition of having hives, rather than any other medical condition such as bladder infection, urinary difficulty, or redness of the skin.

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  • 31. 

    A. __________

    Correct Answer
    Gantry
    Explanation
    A gantry is a structure that is typically used to support and move heavy equipment or objects. It consists of a framework with a horizontal beam or beams that can be adjusted vertically. The term "gantry" is commonly used in the context of cranes or overhead hoists, where the horizontal beam can be used to lift and move loads. In this case, the word "gantry" is likely being used as a noun, referring to a specific type of structure or equipment.

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  • 32. 

    B. _________

    Correct Answer
    Tube
  • 33. 

    C.________

    Correct Answer
    Detectors
  • 34. 

    D. ________

    Correct Answer
    frontal sinus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "frontal sinus" because the question is asking for a term that fills the blank. The term "frontal sinus" accurately completes the sentence.

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  • 35. 

    E. ________

    Correct Answer
    Lateral ventricles
  • 36. 

    F.__________

    Correct Answer
    Blood
    Explanation
    The given answer "Blood" is the missing information in the question. It is likely that the question is asking for the missing word or term that completes the sentence or phrase "F.__________". In this case, "Blood" is the correct answer to fill in the blank.

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  • 37. 

    G.________

    Correct Answer
    Maxillary Sinus
    Explanation
    Maxillary Sinus is the correct answer because it is the name of the anatomical structure indicated by the letter "G". The maxillary sinus is one of the four pairs of paranasal sinuses located in the facial region. It is situated in the maxillary bone, which is the largest facial bone, and is commonly referred to as the largest of the paranasal sinuses. The maxillary sinus plays a role in filtering, warming, and humidifying the air we breathe, as well as providing resonance to our voice.

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  • 38. 

    H. __________

    Correct Answer
    Mandible
    Explanation
    The word "Mandible" is given as the answer. The question is asking for a word that fits in the blank space. The word "Mandible" is a noun that refers to the lower jawbone in vertebrates. It is a suitable answer because it completes the sentence and is related to the topic of the question.

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  • 39. 

    I. _______

    Correct Answer
    Carotid artery
    Explanation
    The carotid artery is a major blood vessel in the neck that supplies oxygen-rich blood to the brain. It is responsible for delivering nutrients and oxygen to the brain cells, allowing them to function properly. The carotid artery plays a crucial role in maintaining brain health and any blockage or damage to this artery can lead to serious medical conditions such as stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Therefore, understanding the carotid artery and its functions is important in identifying and preventing potential health risks.

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  • 40. 

    J._______

    Correct Answer
    Jugular vein
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Jugular vein. The jugular vein is a major blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the head and neck back to the heart. It is located on either side of the neck and is easily visible in some individuals. The jugular vein plays a crucial role in maintaining proper blood flow and circulation in the body.

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  • 41. 

    K. _________

    Correct Answer
    Aortic Arch
    Explanation
    The answer is "Aortic Arch" because the question is asking for the missing letter in the word, which is "A". By adding the letter "A" to the given word "ortic Arch," we get the correct term "Aortic Arch," which refers to the curved part of the aorta that gives rise to the brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery, and left subclavian artery.

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  • 42. 

    L.________

    Correct Answer
    Pulmonary artery
    Explanation
    The term "Pulmonary artery" is the correct answer because it completes the given sentence fragment "L.________". The pulmonary artery is a major blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation. It is an essential part of the circulatory system and plays a crucial role in maintaining proper oxygen levels in the body.

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  • 43. 

    M. _______

    Correct Answer
    Descending Aorta
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Descending Aorta," is the correct answer because it accurately identifies the anatomical structure being referred to by the letter "M." The descending aorta is a major blood vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the lower body. It is located in the thoracic and abdominal regions of the body, and it descends along the spine.

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  • 44. 

    N.________

    Correct Answer
    carina
  • 45. 

    O._______

    Correct Answer
    Liver
    Explanation
    The given question is incomplete and lacks information. It only provides the word "Liver" without any context or prompt. Without any additional information, it is not possible to provide a meaningful explanation for the given correct answer.

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  • 46. 

    P._________

    Correct Answer
    spleen
  • 47. 

    Q._________

    Correct Answer
    Pancreas
    Explanation
    The given question is incomplete and does not provide any context or information to generate an explanation.

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  • 48. 

    R.________

    Correct Answer
    Kidney
  • 49. 

    S.________

    Correct Answer
    Bladder
  • 50. 

    T._______

    Correct Answer
    Aorta

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    Quiz Edited by
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