Surgical Asepsis Chapter 31 Ma

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Surgical Asepsis Chapter 31 Ma - Quiz

Surgical asepsis final exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What direction do you point your hands when doing a medical hand washing?

    • A.

      Up

    • B.

      Down

    • C.

      Sideways

    Correct Answer
    B. Down
    Explanation
    When doing a medical hand washing, it is important to point your hands downwards. This allows the water and soap to flow from the wrist towards the fingertips, ensuring that any dirt, germs, or contaminants are washed away effectively. Washing your hands in a downward motion helps to prevent the spread of bacteria and maintain proper hygiene in medical settings.

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  • 2. 

    What is the correct temerature for a autoclave?

    • A.

      120 degrees F

    • B.

      330 degrees F

    • C.

      270 degrees F

    Correct Answer
    C. 270 degrees F
    Explanation
    The correct temperature for an autoclave is 270 degrees F. Autoclaves are used for sterilization purposes, and this temperature is necessary to ensure that all microorganisms and pathogens are effectively killed. This high temperature helps to destroy any potential contaminants and maintain a sterile environment for medical equipment and supplies.

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  • 3. 

    You should not do what to a sterile field?

    • A.

      Reach across

    • B.

      Set sterile items on

    • C.

      Set up

    Correct Answer
    A. Reach across
    Explanation
    Reaching across a sterile field should not be done because it can contaminate the area. A sterile field is a designated area that is free from microorganisms and is used during medical procedures to prevent infections. Reaching across the sterile field can introduce bacteria or other contaminants, compromising its sterility. It is important to maintain the integrity of the sterile field by avoiding any actions that may cause contamination.

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  • 4. 

    What is the acceptable border between a sterile area and nonsterile area?

    • A.

      10 inches

    • B.

      1 inch

    • C.

      5 inches

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 inch
    Explanation
    The acceptable border between a sterile area and nonsterile area is 1 inch. This distance helps to maintain a clear separation between the two areas, reducing the risk of contamination. A larger border may allow for easier cross-contamination, while a smaller border may not provide enough space to prevent contamination. Therefore, a 1-inch border is considered the appropriate distance to ensure a sufficient barrier between the sterile and nonsterile areas.

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  • 5. 

    Cryosurgery uses what?

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Cold

    • C.

      Electric

    Correct Answer
    B. Cold
    Explanation
    Cryosurgery uses cold temperatures to freeze and destroy abnormal or diseased tissue. By applying extreme cold, usually through the use of liquid nitrogen or other cryogenic substances, cryosurgery can effectively remove unwanted tissue without the need for traditional surgical methods. The freezing temperatures cause the cells to die and eventually slough off, allowing for the targeted removal of the affected area.

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  • 6. 

    What is a surgical procedure that can be done in a providers office?

    • A.

      Removal of a limb

    • B.

      Removal of a wart

    • C.

      Removal of a brain

    Correct Answer
    B. Removal of a wart
    Explanation
    A surgical procedure that can be done in a provider's office is the removal of a wart. This is a common outpatient procedure that involves the removal of a benign skin growth using various techniques such as freezing, burning, or cutting. Unlike the removal of a limb or brain, which are complex and major surgical procedures that require a hospital setting and specialized equipment, the removal of a wart can be done in a more simple and straightforward manner in the office of a healthcare provider.

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  • 7. 

    When preforming a Laser procedure, what should everyone wear for protection (even patient) ?

    • A.

      Surgical mask

    • B.

      Shoe covers

    • C.

      Protective glasses

    Correct Answer
    C. Protective glasses
    Explanation
    When performing a laser procedure, it is important for everyone involved, including the patient, to wear protective glasses. This is because lasers emit intense beams of light that can be harmful to the eyes. Wearing protective glasses helps to shield the eyes from potential damage and ensures the safety of everyone present during the procedure.

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  • 8. 

    What  instrument group would you use to make an insicion?

    • A.

      Cutting instruments

    • B.

      Clamping instruments

    • C.

      Probing instrument

    Correct Answer
    A. Cutting instruments
    Explanation
    Cutting instruments are used to make incisions in various medical procedures. They are specifically designed to cut through tissues and create clean, precise openings. These instruments include scalpels, scissors, and surgical blades. Clamping instruments, on the other hand, are used to hold tissues or blood vessels in place during surgery. Probing instruments are used to explore or examine body cavities or wounds. Therefore, cutting instruments are the most appropriate group to use for making an incision.

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  • 9. 

    Ointments are usually __________ based?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Oil

    • C.

      Alcohol

    Correct Answer
    B. Oil
    Explanation
    Ointments are usually oil-based because oil provides a thick and greasy consistency that allows the ointment to stay on the skin for a longer period of time. This helps in providing a protective barrier and retaining moisture on the skin. Oil-based ointments are also effective in delivering medication to the skin as they can penetrate deeper layers. Additionally, oil-based ointments are less likely to evaporate quickly compared to water or alcohol-based formulations.

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  • 10. 

    What direction do you hold your hands after you finish a surgical scrub?

    • A.

      Down

    • B.

      Up

    • C.

      Out to the side

    Correct Answer
    B. Up
    Explanation
    After finishing a surgical scrub, it is important to hold your hands up. This is because holding your hands up helps to maintain sterility and prevent contamination. By keeping the hands elevated, any water or soap residue can drip off without coming into contact with any potentially contaminated surfaces. Additionally, holding the hands up also allows for better air circulation and drying of the hands, further reducing the risk of bacterial growth.

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  • 11. 

    Sterile objects can be placed on the sterile field wet?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sterile objects should not be placed on a sterile field wet. Wet objects can introduce microorganisms, compromising the sterility of the field. It is important to ensure that all objects placed on a sterile field are dry and free from any contaminants to maintain a sterile environment.

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  • 12. 

    Sterile objects can fall on the floor and still be sterile?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sterile objects cannot fall on the floor and still remain sterile. When an object falls on the floor, it can come into contact with various contaminants present on the floor surface, such as dust, dirt, or microorganisms. These contaminants can compromise the sterility of the object, making it no longer sterile. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 13. 

    If something sterile has been contaminated it is still ok to use if nobody know?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    If something sterile has been contaminated, it is not okay to use even if nobody knows about it. Contamination can introduce harmful microorganisms or substances that can pose a risk to health or safety. Sterility ensures the absence of such contaminants, and any compromise to sterility means that the item is no longer safe for use. Therefore, it is essential to discard or re-sterilize any item that has been contaminated, regardless of whether or not anyone is aware of the contamination.

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  • 14. 

    You can turn your back to the sterile field?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In a sterile field, it is important to maintain strict infection control measures. Turning your back to the sterile field can potentially introduce contaminants from your body or clothing. Therefore, it is not recommended to turn your back to the sterile field.

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  • 15. 

    You can sterilize skin?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Skin cannot be sterilized. Sterilization refers to the complete elimination of all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. While it is possible to disinfect the skin by reducing the number of microorganisms present, it is not possible to achieve complete sterilization. The skin is home to a diverse community of microorganisms that play important roles in maintaining its health and function. Therefore, attempting to sterilize the skin would disrupt this natural balance and potentially cause harm.

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  • 16. 

    All sterile items must be held away from the body and above the waist?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sterile items must be held away from the body and above the waist to maintain their sterility. This is because the area below the waist is considered non-sterile due to the potential for contamination from clothing, hands, or other sources. By holding sterile items away from the body and above the waist, the risk of contamination is minimized, ensuring the safety and effectiveness of the items.

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  • 17. 

    An autoclave uses steam under pressure basically like a pressure cooker?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An autoclave does indeed use steam under pressure, similar to a pressure cooker. This steam is used to sterilize equipment and materials by reaching high temperatures that can kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms. The pressure helps to ensure that the steam reaches and penetrates all areas, effectively sterilizing the contents of the autoclave. Therefore, the statement "An autoclave uses steam under pressure basically like a pressure cooker" is true.

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  • 18. 

    If you sneeze, talk or cough over a sterile field, airborne particles can contaminate it?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When a person sneezes, talks, or coughs, they release tiny droplets into the air. These droplets can contain bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens. If these droplets land on a sterile field, they can contaminate it and potentially introduce harmful microorganisms. Therefore, it is important to maintain a clean and sterile environment by avoiding sneezing, talking, or coughing over a sterile field.

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  • 19. 

    To stop a nose bleed ask patient to sit up and hold head forward, this prevents patient from choking or aspirating on blood?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    To stop a nosebleed, it is important to ask the patient to sit up and hold their head forward. This position helps prevent the patient from choking or aspirating on the blood that may flow down the back of their throat. By sitting up and leaning forward, gravity helps to drain the blood out of the nose and reduces the risk of it flowing into the airway. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 20. 

    Approximate means to bring together?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Approximate means to bring together in the sense that it refers to the act of bringing something closer to an estimated or rough value or position. It implies a level of proximity or closeness to a particular value or position, without being exact or precise. Therefore, the given answer "True" is correct as it accurately reflects the meaning of the word "approximate".

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  • 21. 

    You can clamp a blood vessel with a scalpel?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Clamping a blood vessel with a scalpel is not possible. A scalpel is a surgical knife used for making incisions, not for clamping or compressing blood vessels. Clamping a blood vessel requires specialized instruments such as forceps or vascular clamps. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 22. 

    Sutures which are absorbable can be called cat gut sutures?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Absorbable sutures are made from natural materials such as catgut, which is derived from the intestines of sheep or cows. Catgut sutures were commonly used in the past, but now they are made from synthetic materials. Therefore, sutures that are absorbable can indeed be called catgut sutures.

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  • 23. 

    Surgical wicks are used to pack a wound that need to be left open because of infection?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Surgical wicks are used to pack a wound that needs to be left open because of infection. This is done to promote healing by allowing the wound to drain and prevent the build-up of fluid or pus. The wicks are made of absorbent material and are placed in the wound to absorb any excess fluid or infection. Leaving the wound open with the use of surgical wicks helps in preventing the formation of abscesses and promotes the healing process.

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  • 24. 

    Dressings are sterile material applied directly to a wound or surgical site?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Dressings are indeed sterile material that are applied directly to a wound or surgical site. They are designed to protect the wound from infection, promote healing, and provide a barrier against contaminants. By being sterile, dressings help prevent the introduction of bacteria or other microorganisms into the wound, reducing the risk of complications and promoting a clean environment for healing. Therefore, the statement "Dressings are sterile material applied directly to a wound or surgical site" is true.

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  • 25. 

    Bandages are the supportive material applies over the top of dressings and are not sterile?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bandages are typically used to provide support and compression to dressings, helping to secure them in place and protect the wound. Unlike dressings, which are designed to be sterile, bandages themselves are not required to be sterile. This is because bandages are not in direct contact with the wound and are primarily used for external support. Therefore, the statement that bandages are not sterile is true.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 28, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 12, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tigger28384

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