# Sun: Astronomy Trivia Questions Quiz

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| By Ocelot
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Ocelot
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 495
Questions: 26 | Attempts: 496

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• 1.

### The number of sunspots and thier activity peak about every:

• A.

5-20 years

• B.

11 or so years

• C.

80 years

B. 11 or so years
Explanation
Sunspots are dark areas on the sun's surface that indicate intense magnetic activity. The number of sunspots and their activity follow a cyclical pattern known as the solar cycle. This cycle lasts approximately 11 years, during which the number of sunspots increases, reaches a maximum, and then decreases again. Therefore, the correct answer is "11 or so years."

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• 2.

### How many more times stronger is the sun's gravity than Earths?

• A.

28 times

• B.

16 times

• C.

100 times

A. 28 times
Explanation
The sun's gravity is 28 times stronger than Earth's gravity. This means that the force of gravity exerted by the sun on an object is 28 times greater than the force of gravity exerted by Earth on the same object. This can be attributed to the sun's much larger mass compared to Earth, which results in a stronger gravitational pull.

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• 3.

### The Homestake mine data concerned scientists about the suns core because:

• A.

It was higher than expected

• B.

It was half of what they expected

• C.

It was 1/3 of what they expected

C. It was 1/3 of what they expected
Explanation
The Homestake mine data concerned scientists about the sun's core because it was 1/3 of what they expected. This unexpected result raised concerns as it indicated that the sun's core might be cooler or less active than previously thought. This could have significant implications for our understanding of stellar evolution and the processes happening within the sun. Further investigation and analysis would be required to determine the reasons behind this discrepancy and its potential impact on our understanding of the sun's core.

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• 4.

### What is the meaning of Solar Constant?

• A.

The amount of energy reaching the surface every second.

• B.

The constant stream of solar activity.

• C.

The amount of time it takes for the sun to rotate.

A. The amount of energy reaching the surface every second.
Explanation
The Solar Constant refers to the amount of energy that reaches the surface of the Earth from the Sun every second. It represents the average amount of solar radiation that is received per unit area at a distance of one astronomical unit from the Sun. This constant value is important in various scientific calculations and is used to understand the Earth's climate, weather patterns, and energy balance. It helps in studying solar energy and its impact on the planet.

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• 5.

### The pattern of rising hot gas cells all over the photosphere are:

• A.

Supergravitation

• B.

Supergranulation

B. Supergranulation
Explanation
Supergranulation refers to the pattern of rising hot gas cells all over the photosphere. These cells are typically around 30,000 kilometers in diameter and last for about a day. They are caused by convection currents beneath the surface of the Sun, where hot gas rises and cooler gas sinks. This process creates a cellular pattern on the surface, with the rising cells being areas of higher temperature and brightness. Supergranulation is an important feature of the Sun's dynamics and plays a role in the transport of heat and magnetic fields.

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• 6.

### From where does solar wind flow?

• A.

Solar holes

• B.

Coronal Holes

• C.

Wind Holes

B. Coronal Holes
Explanation
Coronal holes are the correct answer because they are areas on the Sun's corona where the magnetic field is open, allowing high-speed solar wind to flow out into space. These holes are darker and cooler than the surrounding areas, indicating a lower density of plasma. The solar wind originating from these coronal holes can travel at speeds of up to 500 km/s and can have a significant impact on space weather and Earth's magnetosphere.

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• 7.

### The ________ minimum was a period of solar inactivity between 1645 and 1715.

Maunder
Explanation
The Maunder minimum refers to a period of solar inactivity that occurred between 1645 and 1715. During this time, there was a significant decrease in the number of sunspots observed on the surface of the Sun. This period is named after the astronomer Edward Walter Maunder, who studied historical records and discovered the prolonged absence of sunspots during this time. The Maunder minimum is believed to have had a cooling effect on Earth's climate, resulting in a period of unusually cold weather known as the Little Ice Age.

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• 8.

### When the chromosphere can be seen durring a solar eclipse it appears _________.

reddish
Explanation
During a solar eclipse, when the chromosphere can be seen, it appears reddish in color. This is because the chromosphere is the second layer of the Sun's atmosphere, located just above the photosphere. It consists of hot, ionized gas that emits light in various wavelengths, including red. When the Moon partially blocks the Sun during an eclipse, the outer layers of the Sun's atmosphere become visible, including the chromosphere, which gives off a reddish hue.

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• 9.

### What is the weakest of the fundamental forces?

Gravity
Explanation
Gravity is considered the weakest of the fundamental forces because it has the least amount of strength compared to the other three forces: electromagnetic force, strong nuclear force, and weak nuclear force. Gravity is responsible for the attraction between objects with mass, but its effects are only noticeable on a large scale, such as the gravitational pull between celestial bodies. In comparison, the other forces have a much stronger impact on the behavior and interactions of particles at the atomic and subatomic levels.

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• 10.

### Loops of glowing hydrogen seen hanging over the solar limb durring totality are:

• A.

Solar Holes

• B.

Gravitational spots

• C.

Prominences

C. Prominences
Explanation
Prominences are loops of glowing hydrogen seen hanging over the solar limb during totality. These are large, bright features that extend outward from the Sun's surface and are often visible during a total solar eclipse. They are caused by the interaction of the Sun's magnetic field with ionized gas and can vary in size and shape. Prominences can be observed using special solar telescopes or during a total solar eclipse when the Moon blocks out the bright disk of the Sun, allowing these structures to become visible.

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• 11.

### The light we see from the sun comes from the layer ______.

Photosphere
Explanation
The photosphere is the outermost layer of the sun's surface that emits visible light. It is the layer from which the light we see from the sun originates. The photosphere is made up of hot plasma and is responsible for the sun's brightness and the heat it emits.

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• 12.

### How many Planet Earths could fit in the sun?

• A.

2,000

• B.

332,000

• C.

100,000

B. 332,000
Explanation
The correct answer is 332,000. The sun is incredibly massive, with a diameter of about 1.4 million kilometers. In comparison, the diameter of the Earth is only about 12,742 kilometers. By dividing the diameter of the sun by the diameter of the Earth, we can estimate that approximately 332,000 Earths could fit inside the sun. This demonstrates the vast size difference between the two celestial bodies.

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• 13.

### Why cant we walk on the surface of the sun?

• A.

Because there isnt a solid surface.

• B.

Because there isnt a surface.

• C.

Because thats not what jesus would do.

A. Because there isnt a solid surface.
Explanation
Walking requires a solid surface to support our weight and provide traction. The surface of the sun is composed of extremely hot and dense gases, making it a plasma rather than a solid. Therefore, it is not possible to walk on the surface of the sun.

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• 14.

### The strongest of the forces is ___________.

Strong nuclear force
Explanation
The strongest of the forces is the strong nuclear force. This force is responsible for holding the nucleus of an atom together. It is much stronger than the electromagnetic force, which is responsible for interactions between charged particles, and the weak nuclear force, which is involved in radioactive decay. The strong nuclear force is able to overcome the repulsive electromagnetic force between protons in the nucleus, allowing them to remain tightly bound.

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• 15.

### What is the size of a typical granule or convection cell in the photosphere?

• A.

1,000 km across

• B.

2,000 km across

• C.

3,000 km across

A. 1,000 km across
Explanation
A typical granule or convection cell in the photosphere has a size of 1,000 km across.

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• 16.

### The Mechanism that powers the sun is ________.

Nuclear fusion
Explanation
The mechanism that powers the sun is nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the process by which the sun's core combines hydrogen atoms to form helium, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the process. This is the source of the sun's heat and light. Through the continuous fusion reactions, the sun is able to sustain its energy output, providing heat and light to sustain life on Earth.

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• 17.

• 18.

### The transformation of _________ to __________ is responsible for light emitted by almost all the stars we can see.

hydrogen, helium
Explanation
The transformation of hydrogen to helium is responsible for the light emitted by almost all the stars we can see. This process, known as nuclear fusion, occurs in the core of stars where the intense heat and pressure cause hydrogen atoms to combine and form helium. This fusion reaction releases a tremendous amount of energy in the form of light and heat, which is what makes stars shine.

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• 19.

### Which force is the dominate for in the universe on all scales larger than earth? _______

Gravity
Explanation
Gravity is the dominant force in the universe on all scales larger than Earth. It is responsible for the attraction between objects with mass, causing them to be pulled towards each other. This force governs the motion of celestial bodies, such as planets, stars, and galaxies, shaping the structure and dynamics of the universe. Gravity's influence can be observed in phenomena like the orbits of planets around the sun, the formation of galaxies, and the expansion of the universe itself. Its pervasive nature and ability to act over vast distances make it the primary force that shapes the large-scale structure of the cosmos.

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• 20.

### What causes the variation of brightness in the granules?

• A.

Light

• B.

Temperature

• C.

B. Temperature
Explanation
The variation of brightness in the granules is caused by temperature. Temperature affects the intensity of light emitted or reflected by an object. In the case of granules, the temperature differences within the granules result in variations in brightness. Higher temperatures lead to brighter granules, while lower temperatures result in dimmer granules. Therefore, temperature is the primary factor influencing the variation of brightness in the granules.

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• 21.

### Why is the chromosphere dimmer than the photosphere?

• A.

Low gas

• B.

Low gravity

• C.

Low density

C. Low density
Explanation
The chromosphere is dimmer than the photosphere because of its low density. The density of the chromosphere is lower compared to the photosphere, which results in less emission of light. This lower density causes the chromosphere to appear dimmer in comparison to the photosphere.

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• 22.

### What are spicles?

Jets of hot matter.
Jets of hot gas.
• 23.

### What is a coronal mass ejection?

Giant magnetic bubble of ionized gass
bubble
Explanation
A coronal mass ejection refers to a giant magnetic bubble of ionized gas that is ejected from the Sun into space. This phenomenon occurs when the Sun's magnetic field lines become twisted and release a massive amount of energy. The ejected material consists of charged particles, such as electrons and protons, which can travel at high speeds and can have significant effects on the Earth's magnetic field and atmosphere if they collide with it.

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• 24.

### What is a solar flare?

Parts of the sun shooting outward
solar activity
Explanation
A solar flare refers to the phenomenon where parts of the sun shoot outward, accompanied by intense bursts of energy and radiation. It is a result of solar activity, which involves various processes occurring on the sun's surface. These flares can release a significant amount of energy and can have various effects on Earth, including disrupting satellite communications, causing geomagnetic storms, and even posing a threat to astronauts in space.

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• 25.

### What is a prominence?

loop
loop or sheet of glowing gas
loop of glowing gas
Explanation
A prominence refers to a loop or sheet of glowing gas that is often seen as a feature on the Sun's surface. These loops can be observed during solar eruptions and are caused by the magnetic field of the Sun. The gas within the loop is heated and emits light, creating a glowing appearance. Prominences can vary in size and shape, and their presence can provide valuable information about solar activity and magnetic fields.

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• 26.

### What causes solar wind?

• A.

Gas

• B.

Escaping solar particles

• C.

Gravity

B. Escaping solar particles
Explanation
Solar wind is caused by escaping solar particles. These particles are constantly being released from the outer layer of the Sun, known as the corona. The high temperatures and intense magnetic activity in the corona cause these particles to gain enough energy to escape the Sun's gravitational pull. As they escape, they form a continuous stream of charged particles that radiate outwards in all directions, creating the solar wind. This solar wind can have various effects on the Earth's magnetic field and can cause phenomena such as auroras and disturbances in satellite communications.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Dec 02, 2010
Quiz Created by
Ocelot

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