Sociology 101: Trivia Questions Exam! Quiz

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Questions: 17 | Attempts: 348

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Sociology 101: Trivia Questions Exam! Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Language determines one's interpretation of the environment.

    • A.

      Linguistic Relativism

    • B.

      The Sapir-Whorf Perspective

    • C.

      Linguistic Determinism

    • D.

      Latent Functions

    • E.

      Intentional Dominant Ideology

    Correct Answer
    C. Linguistic Determinism
    Explanation
    Linguistic determinism is the idea that language shapes and determines our thoughts, perception, and interpretation of the world. It suggests that our language influences the way we understand and interact with our environment. This perspective argues that the structure and vocabulary of a language directly impact our cognitive processes and limit our ability to think and perceive outside of those linguistic boundaries. Thus, our interpretation of the environment is determined by the language we use.

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  • 2. 

    Preference for the products, styles, or ideas of someone else's culture rather than of one's own.

    Correct Answer
    Xenocentrism
    Explanation
    Xenocentrism refers to the preference for products, styles, or ideas from another culture rather than one's own. It is the opposite of ethnocentrism, where individuals prioritize their own culture. Xenocentrism can occur due to a desire to be seen as open-minded or cosmopolitan, or a belief that other cultures are superior. This preference can influence consumer behavior, fashion trends, or adoption of foreign ideas.

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  • 3. 

    Coined the Phrase Social Imagination.

    Correct Answer
    C. Wright Mills
    C Wright Mills
    Explanation
    C. Wright Mills, also known as C Wright Mills, is the individual who coined the phrase "Social Imagination."

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  • 4. 

    What is Social Imagination?

    Correct Answer
    Linking individual experience with social institutions and historical context
    Explanation
    Social Imagination refers to the ability to connect personal experiences to broader social structures and historical contexts. It involves understanding that individual actions and experiences are influenced by societal norms, values, and institutions. By linking personal experiences with social institutions and historical context, individuals can gain a deeper understanding of how their lives are shaped by larger social forces. This concept allows individuals to critically analyze and question the social structures and systems that impact their lives and the lives of others.

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  • 5. 

    What are the two tools of functional analysis?

    Correct Answer
    Latent and Manifest Functions
    Explanation
    The two tools of functional analysis are latent and manifest functions. Latent functions refer to the unintended or unrecognized consequences of a social action or institution. These functions are not openly acknowledged or intended, but they still have an impact on society. Manifest functions, on the other hand, are the intended and recognized consequences of a social action or institution. These functions are openly acknowledged and intended. By studying both latent and manifest functions, functional analysis aims to understand the various ways in which social actions and institutions contribute to the functioning of society.

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  • 6. 

    Two types of human functions are?

    Correct Answer
    Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mechanical and Organic Solidarity. Mechanical solidarity refers to the social cohesion that arises from individuals being similar to each other and having shared beliefs and values. It is commonly found in traditional societies with strong collective consciousness. Organic solidarity, on the other hand, is the social cohesion that arises from individuals being interdependent and specialized in their roles and functions. It is commonly found in modern societies with a division of labor. These two types of solidarity represent different ways in which individuals are integrated into society.

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  • 7. 

    When suicide is caused by an excess of social integration?

    • A.

      Egoistic Suicide

    • B.

      Altruistic Suicide

    • C.

      Anomic Suicide

    • D.

      Fatalistic Suicide

    Correct Answer
    B. Altruistic Suicide
    Explanation
    Altruistic suicide occurs when an individual takes their own life due to an excessive level of social integration. In this case, the person may feel overwhelmed by the demands and expectations of their social group or community, leading them to sacrifice their own well-being for the sake of others. This can happen in situations where individuals are strongly bonded to a group or have a strong sense of duty towards others, such as in certain religious or cultural contexts. The person may believe that their death will benefit the group or fulfill a societal obligation, leading them to commit suicide.

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  • 8. 

    When ideology is deliberately constructed by bourgeois intellectuals.

    Correct Answer
    Intentional Dominant Ideology
    Explanation
    The term "Intentional Dominant Ideology" refers to a deliberate construction of ideology by bourgeois intellectuals. This means that the ideology is intentionally created and promoted by a specific group of intellectuals who belong to the bourgeoisie or upper class. They use their influence and power to shape and propagate this ideology, which subsequently becomes dominant in society. This intentional construction of ideology allows the bourgeoisie to maintain their dominance and control over the social, economic, and political systems.

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  • 9. 

    Perceived prevalence of fear and anxiety in public discourse and relationships and its effect on social interaction.

    Correct Answer
    Culture of Fear
    Explanation
    The term "Culture of Fear" refers to a social environment where fear and anxiety are pervasive and influence public discourse and relationships. In such a culture, fear is often used as a tool to control and manipulate individuals, leading to a negative impact on social interaction. This can result in a lack of trust, increased polarization, and a reluctance to engage in open and honest communication. The perceived prevalence of fear and anxiety in public discourse and relationships contributes to the creation and perpetuation of this culture.

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  • 10. 

    What is Gender Dimorphism?

    Correct Answer
    Systematic difference in form and function between individuals of different sex or gender
    Difference in sex or gender
    Systematic difference in sex or gender
    Explanation
    Gender dimorphism refers to the systematic difference in form and function between individuals of different sex or gender. This means that there are observable physical and behavioral differences between males and females, which can include variations in body size, shape, coloration, and reproductive organs. These differences are not limited to just biological characteristics but can also extend to social and cultural aspects. The term "difference in sex or gender" is redundant and does not provide any additional information. Similarly, "systematic difference in sex or gender" is repetitive and does not add any new meaning.

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  • 11. 

    Study of symbols and details of everyday life.

    Correct Answer
    Symbolic Interactionism
    Explanation
    Symbolic Interactionism is a sociological perspective that focuses on the study of symbols and the meanings that individuals attach to them in their everyday lives. It emphasizes the importance of social interaction and the role of symbols in shaping our understanding of the world. Symbolic Interactionism suggests that individuals create and interpret symbols through their interactions with others, and these symbols then influence their behavior and perceptions. This perspective highlights the significance of subjective meanings and the construction of reality through social interaction.

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  • 12. 

    Who brought about the fundamental concept of defining the situation?

    Correct Answer
    W.I. Thomas
    Explanation
    W.I. Thomas is credited with bringing about the fundamental concept of defining the situation. He was a sociologist who developed the Thomas theorem, which states that if individuals define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. This means that people's perceptions and interpretations of a situation can influence their behavior and the outcomes of that situation. Thomas's work emphasized the importance of understanding subjective meanings and interpretations in social interactions and how they shape individuals' behavior and social outcomes.

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  • 13. 

    Developed Symbolic Interactionism.

    • A.

      Karl Marx

    • B.

      Emile Durkheim

    • C.

      Horace Miner

    • D.

      George H Mead

    • E.

      Noam Chomsky

    Correct Answer
    D. George H Mead
    Explanation
    George H Mead is the correct answer because he is known for developing Symbolic Interactionism. Symbolic Interactionism is a sociological perspective that emphasizes the importance of symbols and social interactions in shaping individuals' behavior and society as a whole. Mead's work focused on how individuals interpret and give meaning to symbols, and how these interpretations influence their actions and interactions with others. He argued that individuals develop a sense of self through social interactions and that society is constructed through these interactions. Mead's ideas have had a significant influence on the field of sociology and continue to be widely studied and applied today.

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  • 14. 

    The Idea that thoughts and behaviors are determined by language.

    Correct Answer
    Sapir-Whorf
    Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
    Sapir Whorf Hypothesis
    Sapir Whorf
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sapir-Whorf, Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis, Sapir Whorf Hypothesis, Sapir Whorf. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, also known as linguistic relativity, suggests that the language we speak influences the way we think and perceive the world around us. According to this hypothesis, different languages shape our thoughts and behaviors, as language provides the framework through which we understand and interpret our experiences. This theory highlights the power of language in shaping our cognition and cultural perspectives.

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  • 15. 

    Individuals within social groups share similar values, beliefs, and work.

    Correct Answer
    Mechanical Solidarity
    Explanation
    Mechanical solidarity refers to a type of social cohesion that is based on the similarity of individuals within a social group. In this type of solidarity, individuals share similar values, beliefs, and work, which creates a sense of unity and common purpose among them. This is in contrast to organic solidarity, which is based on interdependence and specialization of tasks. Mechanical solidarity is often found in small, traditional societies where individuals have similar roles and responsibilities, and social cohesion is maintained through shared norms and collective consciousness.

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  • 16. 

    Focusing on the negative, perpetual dynamic nature of society.

    Correct Answer
    Conflict Perspective
    Explanation
    The conflict perspective is a sociological theory that emphasizes the perpetual dynamic nature of society and focuses on the negative aspects of social interactions and relationships. It suggests that society is characterized by constant struggle and competition for resources, power, and social status. This perspective views social inequality, social conflict, and social change as fundamental aspects of society. It highlights how different groups and individuals have conflicting interests and how this leads to tensions, power struggles, and social problems. The conflict perspective helps to understand the underlying causes of social issues and the ways in which they can be addressed.

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  • 17. 

    Suicide resulting from an imbalance of means and needs.

    • A.

      Fatalistic Suicide

    • B.

      Egoistic Suicide

    • C.

      Anomic Suicide

    • D.

      Altruistic Suicide

    Correct Answer
    C. Anomic Suicide
    Explanation
    Anomic suicide refers to suicides that occur as a result of a breakdown in social norms and values, leading to a sense of confusion, disorientation, and lack of purpose or direction in individuals. This can happen when there is a sudden disruption or change in society, such as economic crises, natural disasters, or major social upheavals. In such situations, individuals may feel a sense of hopelessness and despair due to the lack of guidance and stability, leading them to take their own lives.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kjkauff
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