PRAXIS II: Sociology Exam Prep

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PRAXIS II: Sociology Exam Prep - Quiz

Sociology is a discipline concerned with societal problems and theories which convey solutions to them. Undoubtedly, societies are dynamic. Various cultures and interactions with people exist. Quite interestingly, a profound knowledge about societal structures, pattern, as well as societal challenges are essential to lasting peace. Asses your understanding of sociology in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these is not related to sociology?

    • A.

      Social stratification

    • B.

      Biological response

    • C.

      Social class

    • D.

      Secularization

    Correct Answer
    B. Biological response
    Explanation
    Biological response is not related to sociology because sociology is the study of human society and social behavior, while biological response refers to the physiological reactions of an organism to stimuli. Sociology focuses on understanding social structures, institutions, and processes, such as social stratification, social class, and secularization, which are all directly related to social interactions and human behavior within a society. Biological response, on the other hand, falls under the realm of biology and the study of living organisms.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these philosophers was the first to work on sociology?

    • A.

      Aristotle

    • B.

      Marx

    • C.

      Socrates 

    • D.

      Plato

    Correct Answer
    D. Plato
    Explanation
    Plato was the first philosopher to work on sociology. He believed that society should be organized in a just and harmonious way, and he explored the relationship between individuals and the state. Plato's work laid the foundation for the study of social interactions, institutions, and the structure of society, making him the first philosopher to contribute to the field of sociology.

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  • 3. 

    When was the term "sociology" coined? ​​​​​​

    • A.

      1780

    • B.

      1789

    • C.

      1789

    • D.

      1781

    Correct Answer
    A. 1780
    Explanation
    The term "sociology" was coined in 1780.

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  • 4. 

    Who described the sociology behind the "survival of the fitest"?

    • A.

      Karl Marx

    • B.

      Émile Durkheim

    • C.

      William Rainey Harper

    • D.

      Herbert Spencer

    Correct Answer
    D. Herbert Spencer
    Explanation
    Herbert Spencer is the correct answer because he is known for his contributions to social Darwinism, which is the application of Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection to society. Spencer believed that society evolves through competition and the survival of the fittest, where those who are the most adapted to their environment will thrive and those who are less adapted will not. This idea influenced the fields of sociology and anthropology, and is often associated with the phrase "survival of the fittest."

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  • 5. 

    When was Durkheim's monograph, "suicide" published?

    • A.

      1891

    • B.

      1992

    • C.

      1899

    • D.

      1897

    Correct Answer
    D. 1897
    Explanation
    Durkheim's monograph, "Suicide," was published in 1897.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these is not a problem of modernity?

    • A.

      Industrialization

    • B.

      Urbanization

    • C.

      Rationalization

    • D.

      Secularization

    Correct Answer
    C. Rationalization
    Explanation
    Rationalization is not a problem of modernity because it refers to the process of applying logical and efficient thinking to various aspects of life, such as bureaucracy and organization. While industrialization, urbanization, and secularization can have negative consequences such as environmental degradation, overcrowding, and loss of traditional values, rationalization is seen as a positive aspect of modernity that promotes efficiency and progress.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these persons is not a pioneer father of sociology?

    • A.

      Karl Marx

    • B.

      Emile Durkheim

    • C.

      Max Weber

    • D.

      Herbert Spencer

    Correct Answer
    D. Herbert Spencer
    Explanation
    Herbert Spencer is not considered a pioneer father of sociology because his work primarily focused on social Darwinism and evolutionary theory rather than the systematic study of society and social phenomena. While Marx, Durkheim, and Weber are widely recognized as key figures in the development of sociology, Spencer's ideas and contributions are not considered foundational to the discipline.

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  • 8. 

    What methodological principle conduct sociology in similar manner as natural sciences?

    • A.

      Anti-positivism

    • B.

      Empiricism

    • C.

      Negativism

    • D.

      Positivism

    Correct Answer
    A. Anti-positivism
    Explanation
    Anti-positivism is the correct answer because it suggests that sociology should not follow the same methodological principles as natural sciences. Instead, it argues that social phenomena cannot be studied using the same objective and scientific methods used in natural sciences. Anti-positivism emphasizes the importance of subjectivity, interpretation, and understanding in studying social phenomena, rather than relying solely on empirical evidence and positivist approaches. This approach recognizes the unique nature of social reality and the need for alternative methods to understand it.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these universities was the first to teach sociology?

    • A.

      Yale University

    • B.

      University of Surrey

    • C.

      Ecole Polytechnique

    • D.

      University of Chicago

    Correct Answer
    A. Yale University
    Explanation
    Yale University was the first to teach sociology because it established the first sociology department in the United States in 1875. This department was founded by William Graham Sumner, who is often considered one of the founding fathers of American sociology. Sumner's teachings and research at Yale helped establish sociology as a legitimate academic discipline in the country.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these is not part of the four theoretical traditions?

    • A.

      Functionalism

    • B.

      Marxism

    • C.

      Conflict

    • D.

      Utilitarianism

    Correct Answer
    B. Marxism
    Explanation
    Marxism is not part of the four theoretical traditions. The four theoretical traditions typically refer to functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, and feminist theory. While functionalism, conflict theory, and utilitarianism are mentioned in the options, Marxism is not. Marxism is a social, political, and economic theory developed by Karl Marx, which focuses on the struggle between the bourgeoisie (owners of the means of production) and the proletariat (working class). It analyzes the capitalist system and advocates for a revolution to establish a classless society.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
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  • Oct 24, 2018
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    Gregorynaomi

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