Ethnocentrism And Cultural Relativism Quiz

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Ethnocentrism And Cultural Relativism Quiz - Quiz

Are you a student of sociology? What do you know and understand about ethnocentrism and cultural relativism? Here is this informative quiz for you that gives you an opportunity to test your knowledge right now. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are both major parts of sociology. These questions will also help you get a better understanding of these concepts. Wish you all the best with the test, and have fun!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cultural relativism says that a person's beliefs and practices have to be understood...

    • A.

      Based on that person's own culture

    • B.

      Based on that person's own opinion

    • C.

      Based on other cultures

    • D.

      Based on that person's beliefs

    Correct Answer
    A. Based on that person's own culture
    Explanation
    Cultural relativism asserts that in order to comprehend a person's beliefs and practices, one must consider them within the context of their own culture. This means that understanding should be based on the cultural norms, values, and traditions that shape an individual's worldview and behavior. By recognizing the influence of culture, cultural relativism emphasizes the importance of avoiding ethnocentrism and appreciating diverse perspectives and practices.

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  • 2. 

    Ethnocentrism is known as the tendency to see the world primarily

    • A.

      From the perspective of one's opinions

    • B.

      From the perspective of one's own culture

    • C.

      From the perspective of one's ancestors

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. From the perspective of one's own culture
    Explanation
    Ethnocentrism refers to the inclination to view and understand the world primarily through the lens of one's own culture. It involves judging and evaluating other cultures based on the values, beliefs, and norms of one's own culture. This perspective often leads to a biased and limited understanding of other cultures, as it fails to consider the diversity and complexity of different societies. Ethnocentrism can hinder intercultural understanding and cooperation, as it fosters a sense of superiority and undermines empathy and respect for other cultures.

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  • 3. 

    Realism is another term for ethnocentrism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Realism and ethnocentrism are not synonymous terms. Realism refers to a philosophical approach that emphasizes objective reality and the existence of an external world, while ethnocentrism is the belief in the superiority of one's own culture or ethnic group. These two concepts have distinct meanings and should not be used interchangeably. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 4. 

    Cultural relativism tries to _________ ethnocentrism.

    • A.

      Support

    • B.

      Counter

    • C.

      Explain

    • D.

      Justify

    Correct Answer
    B. Counter
    Explanation
    Cultural relativism tries to counter ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism is the belief that one's own culture is superior to others, while cultural relativism is the perspective that all cultures are equally valid and should be understood within their own context. By countering ethnocentrism, cultural relativism promotes the idea of cultural diversity and encourages individuals to view other cultures without judgment or bias.

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  • 5. 

    The concept of cross-cultural relationship is meant by the idea people belonging to different cultures ______ build relationships that acknowledge, respect as well as try to understand each other’s diverse lives.

    • A.

      Shouldn't

    • B.

      Are not allowed to

    • C.

      Cannot

    • D.

      Can

    Correct Answer
    D. Can
    Explanation
    The concept of cross-cultural relationship is meant by the idea people belonging to different cultures can build relationships that acknowledge, respect as well as try to understand each other’s diverse lives. This means that individuals from different cultures have the ability or potential to form connections and bonds with each other, despite their cultural differences. It emphasizes the importance of mutual understanding and respect in building these relationships.

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  • 6. 

    Cultural relativism argues that one culture's norms and values do not have to be evaluated with the help of the norms and values of another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cultural relativism is the belief that different cultures have their own unique norms and values that should be respected and understood within their own context, rather than judged or compared to the norms and values of another culture. This means that there is no universal standard by which to evaluate or judge cultural practices. Therefore, the statement is true as it accurately describes the concept of cultural relativism.

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  • 7. 

    Judging a person's food is an example of relativism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Judging a person's food is not an example of relativism because relativism is the belief that truth and morality are subjective and vary from person to person or culture to culture. Judging someone's food is a subjective opinion based on personal taste preferences, but it does not involve moral or truth claims. Therefore, it does not fall under the concept of relativism.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these statements seems to be an example of ethnocentrism?

    • A.

      Language is a medium of communication.

    • B.

      All languages have their own history.

    • C.

      European languages are superior to Asian languages.

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. European languages are superior to Asian languages.
    Explanation
    The statement "European languages are superior to Asian languages" seems to be an example of ethnocentrism because it assumes that one group of languages is inherently better or more valuable than another based on the cultural or ethnic background of the speakers. Ethnocentrism involves judging other cultures or languages through the lens of one's own cultural or linguistic norms, often leading to a biased and narrow perspective.

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  • 9. 

    Cultural Relativism believes that

    • A.

      All cultures are equal.

    • B.

      All cultures are unequal.

    • C.

      Western culture is superior.

    • D.

      European culture is superior.

    Correct Answer
    A. All cultures are equal.
    Explanation
    Cultural Relativism is a perspective that emphasizes the importance of understanding and respecting different cultures without making value judgments. It suggests that no culture is inherently superior or inferior to another, and that each culture should be evaluated within its own context. This belief promotes cultural diversity and encourages individuals to appreciate and learn from different cultural practices and beliefs.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these statements seems to be an example of ethnocentrism?

    • A.

      Some men are smarter than others.

    • B.

      Men and women are equally important.

    • C.

       Men are smarter than women.

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C.  Men are smarter than women.
    Explanation
    The statement "Men are smarter than women" seems to be an example of ethnocentrism because it promotes the belief that one gender is superior to another based on their inherent qualities. Ethnocentrism is the tendency to judge other cultures or groups according to the standards and values of one's own culture or group, and in this case, it is applied to gender. This statement disregards the diversity and individual differences within each gender and assumes a biased and discriminatory perspective.

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 04, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Keith Foster
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