Sociology 101 Chapter 4: Socializatoin

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Socialization Quizzes & Trivia

Sociology 101 Chapter 4: Socialization


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Is the lifelong process of social interaction in which the individual requires a social identity and ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are essential for effective participation in a society.

    Explanation
    Socialization refers to the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a social identity and develop ways of thinking, feeling, and acting that are necessary for effective participation in society. It involves learning social norms, values, beliefs, and behaviors from the people and institutions around us, such as family, peers, school, and media. Socialization is crucial for individuals to understand and navigate their social environment, establish relationships, and develop a sense of belonging and identity within a specific society or culture.

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  • 2. 

    Socialization is the process of learning cultural behaviors and expectations so deeply that we assume they are correct and accept them without question.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Internalization

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  • 3. 

    Nature or Nurture: A difference in opinion about how much heredity effects human development.Nature is described as

    • A.

      Innate

    • B.

      Biological

    • C.

      Learned

    • D.

      Psychological

    • E.

      Physiological

    • F.

      Due largely to heredity

    • G.

      Social and Cultural

    • H.

      Due largely to environment

    • I.

      Fairly Changeable

    • J.

      Fairly Fixed

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Innate
    B. Biological
    E. Physiological
    F. Due largely to heredity
    J. Fairly Fixed
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes terms such as "innate," "biological," "physiological," "due largely to heredity," and "fairly fixed." This suggests that the question is asking for characteristics or factors that are inherent and determined by genetics, biology, and physiology, and have a significant influence on human development. These factors are believed to be relatively stable and less susceptible to change.

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  • 4. 

    Nature or Nurture: A difference in opinion about how much heredity effects human development. Nurture is described as

    • A.

      Fairly Changeable

    • B.

      Due largely to heredity

    • C.

      Due largely to Environment

    • D.

      Fairly Fixed

    • E.

      Biological

    • F.

      Physiological

    • G.

      Learned

    • H.

      Social and Cultural

    • I.

      Innate

    • J.

      Psychological

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Fairly Changeable
    C. Due largely to Environment
    G. Learned
    H. Social and Cultural
    J. Psychological
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a combination of different factors that contribute to human development. It suggests that human development is influenced by both nature (heredity) and nurture (environment). The factors listed in the answer options, such as "due largely to environment," "learned," "social and cultural," and "psychological," all indicate the impact of external influences on human development. This explanation highlights the complex interplay between genetic and environmental factors in shaping an individual's development.

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  • 5. 

    A difference in opinion about how much heredity effects human development.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Nature or Nurture
    Explanation
    The answer "Nature or Nurture" refers to the ongoing debate about the relative importance of genetic factors (nature) versus environmental factors (nurture) in shaping human development. This debate centers around the extent to which our traits, behaviors, and abilities are influenced by our genetic makeup or by our environment and experiences. Some argue that genetics play a dominant role, while others emphasize the significance of environmental factors. The answer highlights the fundamental question of whether our traits are primarily determined by nature or nurture.

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  • 6. 

    Isolated. Never learn social skills, norms, or habits. (Genie)

    Correct Answer(s)
    Social Isolation or Maltreatment
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the individual named Genie has experienced social isolation or maltreatment. This means that Genie has been kept isolated and has not had the opportunity to learn social skills, norms, or habits. This could have significant negative effects on Genie's development and ability to interact with others. Social isolation or maltreatment can have long-lasting impacts on a person's psychological and social well-being.

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  • 7. 

    Socialization where people learn through being rewarded or punished.

    • A.

      Indirect Learning

    • B.

      Maltreatment

    • C.

      Direct Learning

    • D.

      Anticipatory Socialization

    Correct Answer
    C. Direct Learning
    Explanation
    Direct learning refers to the process of acquiring knowledge or skills through firsthand experiences or direct interaction with the environment. In this context, it suggests that socialization occurs through direct experiences of being rewarded or punished. This means that individuals learn how to behave or conform to societal norms by directly experiencing the consequences of their actions. Unlike indirect learning, which involves learning through observation or imitation, direct learning emphasizes the importance of personal experiences and the immediate consequences that shape one's behavior.

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  • 8. 

    Socialization learned through modeling or observation.

    Correct Answer
    Indirect Socialization
    Explanation
    Indirect socialization refers to the process of learning social norms, values, and behaviors through observation and modeling. This means that individuals acquire knowledge about how to interact with others and navigate social situations by observing the behavior of those around them. Through indirect socialization, individuals learn about societal expectations and norms without explicit instruction or direct communication. This type of socialization is particularly influential during childhood and adolescence when individuals are forming their understanding of social roles and expectations.

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  • 9. 

    A self- image based on how we think others see us.

    Correct Answer
    Looking Glass Self.
    Explanation
    Looking Glass Self is a sociological concept that refers to the idea that our self-image is formed based on how we believe others perceive us. It suggests that we develop a sense of self by imagining how others perceive our appearance, behavior, and other aspects of our identity. This concept highlights the influence of social interactions and feedback in shaping our self-concept. It suggests that our self-perception is not solely based on our own thoughts and feelings, but also on the perceptions and evaluations of others.

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  • 10. 

    An awareness of one's social identity

    Correct Answer
    Self
    Explanation
    An awareness of one's social identity refers to the understanding and recognition of how an individual identifies themselves within a social context. This includes factors such as one's gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other aspects that contribute to their sense of self. This awareness plays a crucial role in shaping an individual's behavior, attitudes, and interactions with others, as it influences their understanding of their place in society and how they are perceived by others. The concept of self encompasses this awareness of social identity and is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    3 Phases of Looking Glass Self . One which refers to imagining how you were perecieved. The next  as imagining how others judge us. The third is self-feelings based on  judgements.

    • A.

      Self

    • B.

      Perception

    • C.

      Self Glass

    • D.

      Socializing Agents

    • E.

      Interpretation of Perception

    • F.

      Teachers or school

    • G.

      Pop culture

    • H.

      Response

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Perception
    E. Interpretation of Perception
    H. Response
    Explanation
    The three phases of the looking glass self are perception, interpretation of perception, and response. In the first phase, individuals imagine how they are perceived by others. In the second phase, they imagine how others judge them based on their perception. Finally, in the third phase, individuals develop self-feelings based on the judgments they perceive from others. This process is influenced by socializing agents such as teachers or school and pop culture.

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  • 12. 

    The process of learning to perform a role one does not yet occupy. (playing mommy or daddy, mock interviews, visiting campus to get ready for college)

    Correct Answer(s)
    Anticipatory Socialization
    Explanation
    Anticipatory socialization refers to the process of learning and preparing for a role that one does not currently hold. It involves engaging in activities or behaviors that are associated with a future role, such as playing the role of a parent or practicing for job interviews. In the given examples, playing mommy or daddy, engaging in mock interviews, and visiting a college campus to prepare for college are all instances of anticipatory socialization. These activities allow individuals to gain knowledge, skills, and expectations related to a future role, helping them to better adapt and transition into that role when the time comes.

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  • 13. 

    The process of unlearning old ways of doing things and adopting new attitudes, values, norms, and behavior.

    Correct Answer(s)
    Resocialization
    Explanation
    Resocialization refers to the process of unlearning old ways of doing things and adopting new attitudes, values, norms, and behavior. It involves a significant change in an individual's socialization process, often occurring in situations such as entering a new cultural or social environment, joining a new organization, or undergoing a major life transition. During resocialization, individuals may be exposed to new ideas, beliefs, and practices that challenge their existing mindset, requiring them to adapt and adopt new ways of thinking and behaving. This process aims to reshape an individual's social identity and behavior to align with the new social context.

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  • 14. 

    Places where people are isolated from the rest of society, stripped of their former identities, and required to conform to new rules and behavior. (boot camp)

    Correct Answer(s)
    Total Institutions
    Explanation
    Total institutions are places where individuals are completely separated from the larger society, losing their previous identities and being subjected to new rules and behaviors. These institutions aim to control and reshape individuals' behaviors and personalities through strict discipline and conformity. Examples of total institutions include prisons, military boot camps, and psychiatric hospitals. In such places, individuals are isolated from the outside world and their former lives, and their identities are reshaped to fit the institutional norms and expectations.

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  • 15. 

    (Moving and learning new customs, etc.) - entering religious group and drug rehabilitation

    Correct Answer(s)
    Voluntary Resocialization
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "Voluntary Resocialization," refers to the process of willingly entering a new social group or environment and adapting to its customs, norms, and values. This can include joining a religious group or participating in a drug rehabilitation program. In both cases, individuals are choosing to undergo a transformative experience that involves learning new behaviors and beliefs. This process allows them to reintegrate into society with a new identity and perspective.

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  • 16. 

    Kids sent to foster home or juvenile Hall

    Correct Answer(s)
    Involuntary Socialization
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that kids are being sent to either a foster home or juvenile hall. This implies that they are being placed in these environments against their will, indicating that they are being involuntarily socialized. Involuntary socialization refers to the process of being forced into social situations or environments without having a choice or control over the matter. In this case, the kids are being placed in foster homes or juvenile hall, which are social environments that they did not choose to be a part of.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Bballgaff2
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