Intro To Sociology, Chapter 4

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 854

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Intro To Sociology, Chapter 4

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The process by which existing social structures and norms are transmitted from generation to generation, providing continuity.
    • A. 

      Acculturation

    • B. 

      Cultural relativity

    • C. 

      Social reproduction

    • D. 

      Socialization

  • 2. 
    According to sociologist George Herbert Mead, human beings achieve self-awareness when they learn to ___________.
    • A. 

      Judge between what is right and wrong in their society.

    • B. 

      See themselves through the eyes of others.

    • C. 

      Choose a career they think will fit them.

    • D. 

      Imitate the actions of others.

  • 3. 
    What are the stages of Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational

    • B. 

      Preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational, abstract operational

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor, concrete operational, formal operational, abstract operational

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 4. 
    Social identity refers to:
    • A. 

      The ways in which people understand who they are and what is meaningful to them

    • B. 

      The process of self-development through which people create a unique sense of themselves and their relationship to the world

    • C. 

      The characteristics that other people attribute to an individual

    • D. 

      The process of constant negotiation between an individual's public and private lives that shapes his or her sense of self

  • 5. 
    From a sociological perspective, what is a characteristic of human beings that most distinguishes us from other animals?
    • A. 

      Human beings go through a process of socialization, which begins in infancy.

    • B. 

      Human beings tend to pick mates for life, a practice that does not exist among any other animals.

    • C. 

      Human beings are aware that they have a distinct identity that is separate from others.

    • D. 

      Human beings have social roles, a concept that does not exist in the animal kingdom.

  • 6. 
    The process through which people learn the values, norms, and social practices of their culture and thus learn how to function as members of that culture:
    • A. 

      Social reproduction

    • B. 

      Socialization

    • C. 

      Cultural universal

    • D. 

      Cognitive development

  • 7. 
     Egocentric thinking involves understanding objects and events in the environment solely in terms of the child's own position.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Social roles assigned to each sex and labeled as masculine or feminine are known as sexual identity roles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Socially defined expectations of an individual in a given status, or social position are known as social roles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The learning of language is of vital importance to the processes by which the child learns to become a self-conscious being.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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