Chapter 3 Socialization: Quick Quiz

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Chapter 3 Socialization: Quick Quiz - Quiz

Chapter 3 Quick Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Children who fail to socialize often die before reaching maturity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that children who fail to socialize have a higher likelihood of dying before reaching maturity. This implies that socialization plays a crucial role in the overall development and survival of children. Socialization helps children learn important skills, build relationships, and develop a sense of belonging, all of which contribute to their well-being and chances of survival. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of Sigmund Freud’s three elements within the mind?

    • A.

      Id

    • B.

      Super id

    • C.

      Ego

    • D.

      Super ego

    Correct Answer
    B. Super id
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Super id" because Sigmund Freud's three elements within the mind are Id, Ego, and Super ego. The Id represents the unconscious and instinctual desires, the Ego represents the conscious and rational mind, and the Super ego represents the moral and societal standards. "Super id" is not a term used by Freud in his theory of the mind.

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  • 3. 

    A peer group is defined as:

    • A.

      The process in which adults learn new statuses and roles

    • B.

      The process of stereotyping people based on their age

    • C.

      Same-aged friends with similar interests and social positions

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Same-aged friends with similar interests and social positions
    Explanation
    A peer group refers to a group of individuals who are of the same age and share similar interests and social positions. These individuals are often friends and interact with each other on a regular basis. Peer groups play a significant role in shaping an individual's behavior, attitudes, and beliefs, as they provide a sense of belonging and influence socialization processes. They offer opportunities for social comparison, support, and the development of social skills. Therefore, the correct answer is "Same-aged friends with similar interests and social positions."

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  • 4. 

    According to Lawrence Kohlberg’s stages of moral development those in the pre-conventional stage obey the laws chiefly to avoid punishment or for some reward.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development, individuals in the pre-conventional stage of moral reasoning obey laws primarily to avoid punishment or to gain rewards. This stage is characterized by a focus on self-interest and a limited understanding of societal rules and norms. Therefore, it can be concluded that the given statement is true.

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  • 5. 

    According to Lawrence Kohlberg’s stages of moral development those in the post-conventional stage use broad ethical principles to guide their behavior such as disrespecting the people and environment around them.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    According to Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development, those in the post-conventional stage do not use broad ethical principles to guide their behavior such as disrespecting people and the environment around them. The post-conventional stage is characterized by the development of an individual's own set of moral principles based on universal ethical principles and values, rather than simply following societal norms or rules. This stage is marked by a higher level of moral reasoning and a greater consideration for the well-being and rights of others. Therefore, the statement that those in the post-conventional stage disrespect people and the environment is incorrect.

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  • 6. 

    Gender roles refer to how we should act as males or females:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gender roles refer to the societal expectations and norms that dictate how individuals should behave based on their gender. These expectations often reinforce traditional stereotypes and assign certain characteristics, behaviors, and roles to males and females. They influence various aspects of life, including career choices, household responsibilities, and social interactions. By conforming to these gender roles, individuals are seen as fulfilling their expected gender identity. Therefore, the statement "Gender roles refer to how we should act as males or females" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Agents of socialization include:

    • A.

      Day care

    • B.

      Family

    • C.

      The media

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all three options listed - day care, family, and the media - play a significant role in socializing individuals. Day care exposes children to a social environment outside of their immediate family, allowing them to interact with peers and learn social skills. Family, as the primary socializing agent, shapes the values, beliefs, and behaviors of individuals through socialization. The media, including television, internet, and social media, also plays a crucial role in shaping attitudes, values, and behaviors by providing information and influencing social norms. Therefore, all three agents contribute to the socialization process.

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  • 8. 

    Parents tend to treat children differently based on gender.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Parents tend to treat children differently based on gender. This is a widely recognized phenomenon called gender socialization. Society has certain expectations and stereotypes regarding how boys and girls should behave, and parents often unconsciously reinforce these norms through their interactions with their children. For example, they may encourage boys to be more independent and assertive, while girls may be encouraged to be more nurturing and compliant. This differential treatment can have long-lasting effects on children's development and can contribute to the perpetuation of gender inequalities.

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  • 9. 

    According to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross there are:

    • A.

      Five stages of dying

    • B.

      Ten stages of dying

    • C.

      Fifty stages of dying

    • D.

      A hundred stages of dying

    Correct Answer
    A. Five stages of dying
    Explanation
    According to Elizabeth Kubler-Ross, there are five stages of dying. These stages are commonly referred to as the Kubler-Ross model and include denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. This model describes the emotional and psychological processes that individuals may go through when facing their own impending death or the death of a loved one. It is widely recognized and used in the field of palliative care and end-of-life counseling.

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  • 10. 

    Science and technology have extended our lives:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Science and technology have extended our lives by improving medical advancements, developing new treatments and medications, and enhancing healthcare systems. Through scientific research and technological innovations, we have been able to diagnose diseases earlier, cure previously untreatable conditions, and improve overall healthcare outcomes. Additionally, advancements in technology have led to the development of life-saving medical devices and procedures. These advancements have significantly increased life expectancy and improved the quality of life for many individuals.

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