Section 2 : Convection And The Mantle Assessment

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How well did you pay attention to our project? Here's the test for Convection and the Mantle.

• 1.

What are the three types of heat transfer? (Worth 3 points)

• A.

Convection

• B.

• C.

Compression

• D.

Conduction

• E.

Contouration

A. Convection
D. Conduction
Explanation
The three types of heat transfer are convection, radiation, and conduction. Convection is the transfer of heat through the movement of fluids or gases. Radiation is the transfer of heat through electromagnetic waves. Conduction is the transfer of heat through direct contact between two objects. Compression and contouration are not types of heat transfer.

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• 2.

Name one type of radiation. (Worth 1 point)

• A.

The heat felt around a flame

• B.

An ice cube in your hand

• C.

A spoon in a pot of soup

• D.

Stirring a spoon in a pot of soup

A. The heat felt around a flame
Explanation
The heat felt around a flame can be classified as thermal radiation. Thermal radiation is the transfer of heat energy through electromagnetic waves, such as infrared radiation, which can be felt as heat.

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• 3.

When a fluid is heated, its density _____________. (Worth 1 point)

Increases
Explanation
When a fluid is heated, the molecules within the fluid gain energy and move more rapidly. This increased molecular motion causes the fluid to expand, resulting in an increase in volume. As the volume of the fluid increases while its mass remains constant, the density of the fluid decreases. Therefore, when a fluid is heated, its density increases.

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• 4.

A _______________ is the flow that transfers heat within a fluid. (Worth 1 point)

convection current
Explanation
A convection current is the flow that transfers heat within a fluid. Convection occurs when warmer, less dense fluid rises and cooler, denser fluid sinks, creating a circular motion. This process allows for the transfer of heat energy from one part of the fluid to another. Convection currents play a crucial role in various natural phenomena, such as the movement of air masses in the atmosphere, the circulation of water in oceans and lakes, and the transfer of heat in the Earth's mantle.

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• 5.

Three things that set convection currents in motion: heating and cooling of the fluid, __________________, and the force of gravity. (Worth 1 point)

Changes in the fluid's density
Explanation
Convection currents are set in motion by three factors: heating and cooling of the fluid, changes in the fluid's density, and the force of gravity. When a fluid is heated, it becomes less dense and rises, creating an upward flow. Conversely, when a fluid is cooled, it becomes more dense and sinks, creating a downward flow. These changes in density drive the movement of the fluid, along with the force of gravity pulling the fluid downwards. Therefore, changes in the fluid's density play a crucial role in setting convection currents in motion.

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• 6.

Explain what happens to convection current if heat is no longer added to it. (Worth 3 points)

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Feb 13, 2009
Quiz Created by
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