Second Treatise, Of Civil Government

10 Questions

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Government Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    One of Locke's fundamental principles is
    • A. 

      A major goal of government is the pursuit of happiness

    • B. 

      Governments are established to serve the elite

    • C. 

      All persons should be treated equally by government

    • D. 

      Once established, governments cannot be dissolved

  • 2. 
    In the state of nature described by John Locke
    • A. 

      All persons are in a state of war with each other

    • B. 

      Life is nasty, brutish, and short

    • C. 

      Liberty is denied to all but the strongest

    • D. 

      All persons possess liberty

  • 3. 
    The execution of the law of nature is,in the state of nature
    • A. 

      In the hands of the executive

    • B. 

      In the hands of the legislature

    • C. 

      In the hands of the judiciary

    • D. 

      In every person's hands

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      They seek a higher authority to protect their rights against invasion by others

    • B. 

      The pursuit of happiness can only be guaranteed by government

    • C. 

      They seek equality with each other

    • D. 

      They common defense requires a strong government

  • 5. 
    According to John Locke, a primary end of government is
    • A. 

      The preservation of equality among all citizens

    • B. 

      To guarantee all citizens happiness

    • C. 

      Economic prosperity

    • D. 

      The protection of private property

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      The law of nature is not plain and intelligible to all rational persons

    • B. 

      Persons do not agree that the protection of private property is a fundamental right

    • C. 

      Persons in a state of nature are constantly at war with each other

    • D. 

      The state of nature lacks an impartial judge and an executive capable of upholding judicial decisions protecting property rights

  • 7. 
    In a state of nature, a person
    • A. 

      Has no power

    • B. 

      Exerts whatever powers are necessary to preserve himself, and to punish crimes committed against natural law

    • C. 

      Is in a state of war

    • D. 

      Has no respect for property rights

  • 8. 
    According to Locke, the supreme power of the Commonwealth is
    • A. 

      The executive

    • B. 

      The judiciary

    • C. 

      The bureaucracy

    • D. 

      The legislature

  • 9. 
    Locke argues that government can only be dissolved when
    • A. 

      It fails to protect the Commonwealth against foreign attacks

    • B. 

      Laws are enacted that fail to protect private property

    • C. 

      The judiciary assumes legislative authority

    • D. 

      Government acts without the consent of the people

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Can never revert to the individuals again

    • B. 

      Cannot revert to the individuals as long as the society lasts

    • C. 

      Reverts to individuals only with the consent of the government

    • D. 

      Can be reclaimed by individuals only if the government fails to protect private property