A Political Philosophy Quiz On Secularism And Marxism

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| By Tammy McIlvoy
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 1,162
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A Political Philosophy Quiz On Secularism And Marxism - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Secularism blames Christianity for which of the following?

    • A.

      The collapse of the Roman Empire

    • B.

      The Dark Ages in Europe

    • C.

      The Age of Enlightenment

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only
    Explanation
    Secularism blames Christianity for the collapse of the Roman Empire and the Dark Ages in Europe. This is because during these periods, Christianity played a significant role and its influence on society and politics is seen as a contributing factor to the decline and regression experienced in these times. The Age of Enlightenment, on the other hand, is not blamed on Christianity but rather seen as a movement that sought to challenge religious authority and promote reason and science. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only.

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  • 2. 

    Secularism is primarily concerned with which of the following?

    • A.

      The current age

    • B.

      Human beings

    • C.

      Eternity

    • D.

      A and B only

    • E.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B only
    Explanation
    Secularism is primarily concerned with the current age and human beings. It promotes the separation of religion and government, emphasizing the importance of individual freedom of belief and the equal treatment of all religions. By focusing on the current age and human beings, secularism seeks to create a society where people of different faiths or no faith can coexist peacefully and have equal rights and opportunities. This answer excludes eternity as secularism is not concerned with the afterlife or supernatural realms.

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  • 3. 

    Secularism is a way of seeing the world WITHOUT appealing to what?

    • A.

      God

    • B.

      Religon

    • C.

      Science

    • D.

      Evolution

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    E. A and B only
    Explanation
    Secularism is a way of seeing the world without appealing to God and religion. It is a belief system that promotes the separation of religion and government, advocating for a society where religious beliefs do not influence public policies or institutions. Secularism emphasizes the importance of reason, evidence, and rationality in understanding the world, rather than relying on religious or supernatural explanations. Therefore, the correct answer is A and B only, as science and evolution are not explicitly mentioned in the question.

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  • 4. 

    If you adhere to the theory of evolution and limit reality to only the physical world, then you will necessarily affirm what?

    • A.

      Determinism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Animism

    • D.

      Pantheism

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Determinism
    Explanation
    If one adheres to the theory of evolution and limits reality to only the physical world, they will necessarily affirm determinism. This is because the theory of evolution suggests that all living organisms and their behaviors are determined by natural selection and genetic factors. Therefore, if one believes in evolution and restricts their understanding of reality to the physical realm, they would logically affirm determinism, which states that all events and actions are predetermined and not influenced by free will or choice.

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  • 5. 

    According to secularism, what is the biggest problem with humanity?

    • A.

      Our enchantment with spiritual things

    • B.

      Our suppression of instinctual behavior

    • C.

      Our lack of well-evolved consciousness

    • D.

      Our intolerance of differing opinions

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Our enchantment with spiritual things
    Explanation
    According to secularism, the biggest problem with humanity is our enchantment with spiritual things. This implies that secularism believes that focusing on spiritual matters distracts us from addressing the real issues and challenges that humanity faces. Instead of relying on religious beliefs or practices, secularism advocates for a rational and evidence-based approach to solving problems and making decisions. By prioritizing the material world and rejecting the influence of spirituality, secularism aims to promote a more objective and pragmatic perspective on human affairs.

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  • 6. 

    Secularism sees history as the story of development from all of the following EXCEPT what?

    • A.

      From non-life to life

    • B.

      From complex to simple

    • C.

      From unintelligent to intelligent

    • D.

      From animal to human

    • E.

      From amoral to moral

    Correct Answer
    B. From complex to simple
    Explanation
    Secularism views history as a progression from non-life to life, from unintelligent to intelligent, from animal to human, and from amoral to moral. However, it does not see history as a development from complex to simple. This means that according to secularism, complexity does not diminish over time but rather increases or remains the same.

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  • 7. 

    Secularists have faith in all of the following EXCEPT what?

    • A.

      Scientific method

    • B.

      Naturalistic Evolution

    • C.

      Materialism

    • D.

      Divine Authority

    • E.

      Human Reason

    Correct Answer
    D. Divine Authority
    Explanation
    Secularists believe in the scientific method, naturalistic evolution, materialism, and human reason as valid sources of knowledge and understanding. However, they do not have faith in divine authority, as they typically reject religious or supernatural explanations in favor of evidence-based reasoning and empirical evidence.

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  • 8. 

    The primary document detailing the beliefs and agenda of secular humanism is called _____________________.

    Correct Answer
    The Humanist Manifesto
    Explanation
    The primary document detailing the beliefs and agenda of secular humanism is called The Humanist Manifesto. This document outlines the principles and values of secular humanism, emphasizing reason, ethics, and the pursuit of human flourishing. It was first published in 1933 and has since been revised several times to reflect the evolving understanding of humanist philosophy. The Humanist Manifesto serves as a foundational text for those who identify as secular humanists and provides a framework for their worldview and activism.

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  • 9. 

    According to secularism, science and ___________ are opposed to one another.

    Correct Answer
    religion
    Explanation
    Secularism is the belief that religion and the state should be separate. It promotes the idea that science and religion are conflicting and incompatible. Therefore, according to secularism, science and religion are opposed to one another.

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  • 10. 

    According to the Humanist Manifesto, "No ______________ will save us, we must save ourselves."

    Correct Answer
    deity
    Explanation
    The Humanist Manifesto states that no deity can save us, emphasizing the belief that we are responsible for our own salvation or well-being. This implies that relying on a higher power or divine intervention is not sufficient, and instead, we must take action and responsibility for our own lives and the world we live in.

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  • 11. 

    Secularism claims credit for the best aspects of the Western world, while blaming Christianity for the worst aspects.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that secularism takes credit for the positive aspects of Western society, such as progress, equality, and freedom, while attributing the negative aspects, such as violence and discrimination, to Christianity. This implies that secularism views itself as superior to Christianity and holds it responsible for the negative aspects of society.

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  • 12. 

    Secularism believes that education and government should be dominated by religion.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Secularism is a belief system that advocates for the separation of religion and government. It promotes the idea that education and government should be free from religious influence or dominance. Therefore, the statement that secularism believes that education and government should be dominated by religion is incorrect. Secularism aims to create a society where individuals are free to practice their own religion or no religion at all, without interference from the state.

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  • 13. 

    Secular influence in schools is highest in the biology and physical science departments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that secular influence is highest in the biology and physical science departments. However, without any supporting evidence or context, it is not possible to determine the level of secular influence in these departments or compare it to other departments. Therefore, the statement is not supported and the answer is false.

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  • 14. 

    Most secularists believe that history is progressing toward a better world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Most secularists believe that history is progressing toward a better world. This belief is rooted in the idea that as societies become more enlightened and rational, they will naturally move towards progress and improvement. Secularists often emphasize the importance of human agency and the ability to shape the future through scientific advancements, social reforms, and the promotion of human rights. They see history as a continuous process of development and view the future with optimism, expecting that advancements in technology, education, and social justice will lead to a better world for all.

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  • 15. 

    According to secularists, as we evolve biologically, our ethical principals must not evolve.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Secularists believe that as we evolve biologically, our ethical principles should also evolve. They argue that our understanding of what is right and wrong should be based on reason, evidence, and the well-being of individuals and society, rather than on religious or traditional beliefs. They believe that ethical principles should be open to change and adaptation as our knowledge and understanding of the world progresses. Therefore, the statement that secularists believe our ethical principles should not evolve is incorrect.

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  • 16. 

    Many of today's Marxists see economic struggle as the root conflict between which of the following groups?

    • A.

      Religious and non-religious

    • B.

      Blacks and Whites

    • C.

      Men and women

    • D.

      Heterosexuals and homosexuals

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." Many Marxists believe that economic struggle is the fundamental conflict that exists between various groups in society, including religious and non-religious individuals, blacks and whites, men and women, and heterosexuals and homosexuals. They argue that these conflicts are ultimately rooted in the unequal distribution of wealth and resources, and that addressing economic inequality is necessary to achieve social justice.

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  • 17. 

    According to Marx, what is the first step toward communism?

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Capitalism

    • C.

      Materialism

    • D.

      Anarchy

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Socialism
    Explanation
    According to Marx, the first step toward communism is socialism. Marx believed that capitalism creates a class struggle and leads to an unequal distribution of wealth and power. He argued that socialism, where the means of production are owned and controlled by the workers, is necessary to overcome these inequalities and pave the way for a classless society, or communism. In socialism, the workers would have more control over their labor and the distribution of resources, gradually eradicating the class divisions and establishing a more equitable society.

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  • 18. 

    Marxism seeks to abolish which of the following?

    • A.

      Capitalism

    • B.

      Democracy

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      A and B only

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Marxism seeks to abolish capitalism, democracy, and religion. Marxism is a socio-economic theory that advocates for the elimination of class divisions and the establishment of a classless society. Capitalism, as an economic system, is seen by Marxists as perpetuating class inequality and exploitation. Democracy, in the Marxist perspective, is viewed as a political system that serves the interests of the ruling capitalist class. Additionally, religion is seen as an ideological tool used by the ruling class to maintain social control and perpetuate inequality. Therefore, Marxism aims to abolish all three of these systems.

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  • 19. 

    Where do Marxism and Postmodernism disagree?

    • A.

      Postmodernism denies science's authority for discerning truth

    • B.

      Postmodernism denies that Karl Marx ever existed

    • C.

      Postmodernism agrees with the basic tenets of capitalism

    • D.

      Postmodernism agrees with the Christian notion of sin nature

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Postmodernism denies science's authority for discerning truth
    Explanation
    Postmodernism denies science's authority for discerning truth. This is because postmodernism rejects the idea of objective truth and instead emphasizes the subjective nature of knowledge and reality. It argues that knowledge is shaped by individual experiences, social constructs, and power dynamics, making it impossible for science or any other method to claim absolute truth. Marxism, on the other hand, is a social, political, and economic theory that focuses on class struggle and the critique of capitalism. While Marxism and postmodernism share some common critiques of modern society, they differ in their approaches to truth and knowledge.

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  • 20. 

    ______________ is the Marxist dream of a future utopian society in which the state and economic classes no longer exists and all property is publicly shared.

    Correct Answer
    Communism
    Explanation
    Communism is the Marxist dream of a future utopian society in which the state and economic classes no longer exist and all property is publicly shared. This ideology advocates for a classless society where the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole. In a communist society, there is no private ownership of resources, and the distribution of goods and services is based on the principle of "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs."

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  • 21. 

    Karl Marx's most popular work, _______________________ lays out the course of action for the overthrow of capitalism and the formation of classless society.

    Correct Answer
    The Communist Manifesto
    Explanation
    Karl Marx's most popular work, The Communist Manifesto, lays out the course of action for the overthrow of capitalism and the formation of a classless society. This revolutionary text outlines the historical development of class struggle, the exploitation of the working class by the bourgeoisie, and the need for a proletarian revolution to establish a communist society. It serves as a call to action for workers to unite and fight against the oppressive capitalist system, ultimately leading to the formation of a society where there are no social classes or private ownership of means of production.

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  • 22. 

    According to Marx, "Religion is the _______________ of the people."

    Correct Answer
    opium
    Explanation
    According to Marx, "Religion is the opium of the people." This statement suggests that religion serves as a form of escapism or consolation for individuals, similar to how opium can provide temporary relief from physical pain. Marx believed that religion was used by those in power to control and manipulate the working class, distracting them from their exploitation and preventing them from seeking true liberation. By comparing religion to opium, Marx highlights its role in pacifying and numbing the masses, ultimately perpetuating social inequality.

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  • 23. 

    Karl Marx was a physical laborer who made his living working on a factory floor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Karl Marx was not a physical laborer who worked on a factory floor. He was a philosopher, economist, and sociologist who is best known for his theories on capitalism and communism. While he did have firsthand experience with the working class and their struggles, he primarily focused on analyzing and critiquing the capitalist system rather than being directly involved in manual labor.

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  • 24. 

    Karl Marx advocated for a peaceful transition to communism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Karl Marx did not advocate for a peaceful transition to communism. He believed that a violent revolution was necessary to overthrow the capitalist system and establish a communist society. Marx argued that the bourgeoisie, or the ruling class, would never willingly give up their power and that the proletariat, or the working class, must rise up and seize control through revolution. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 25. 

    In the twentieth century, more people were killed under fascism than Marxist regimes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because in the twentieth century, more people were killed under Marxist regimes than under fascism. This is supported by historical evidence, such as the high death tolls in countries like the Soviet Union, China, and Cambodia under Marxist regimes. While fascism also led to significant loss of life, it was not as widespread or systematic as the atrocities committed under Marxist regimes.

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  • 26. 

    The world's five Marxist countries (China, Vietnam, Laos, North Korea, and Cuba) account for approximately 20% of the world's population.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because China, Vietnam, Laos, North Korea, and Cuba are all considered Marxist countries, meaning they adhere to the political and economic ideologies of Marxism. These five countries have a combined population that makes up approximately 20% of the world's total population.

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  • 27. 

    To Marxists, materialism and atheism are non-negotiable.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to Marxists, materialism and atheism are non-negotiable. Materialism refers to the belief that only matter and its physical properties exist, rejecting the existence of any supernatural or spiritual entities. Atheism, on the other hand, is the absence of belief in the existence of deities. Marxists view these principles as essential to their ideology, as they emphasize the importance of focusing on the material world and economic factors in understanding society and history. Therefore, the given answer, "True," aligns with the Marxist perspective on materialism and atheism.

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  • 28. 

    Many Marxist countries allow for "freedom of worship" but not "freedom of religion."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Many Marxist countries allow for "freedom of worship" but not "freedom of religion" because Marxism views religion as a tool used by the ruling class to maintain control over the working class. By allowing freedom of worship, Marxist countries permit individuals to practice their religious rituals and ceremonies privately, but they do not grant the freedom to openly express or promote religious beliefs. This restriction is imposed to prevent the influence of religion on society and to maintain the dominance of Marxist ideology.

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  • 29. 

    According to Marxism, government will no longer be necessary once communism has been achieved.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    According to Marxism, the ultimate goal is to achieve communism, where there is a classless society and the means of production are owned collectively. In this state, there would be no need for a government as there would be no class conflicts or exploitation. The government is seen as a tool of the ruling class to maintain their power and control over the working class. Therefore, once communism is achieved, the government would become obsolete and unnecessary.

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  • 30. 

    Marxists see the march toward socialism and eventually capitalism as a historical inevitability.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Marxists do not see the march toward socialism and eventually capitalism as a historical inevitability. They believe that capitalism will eventually be replaced by socialism, which in turn will lead to a classless society called communism. According to Marxists, this transition is not predetermined or inevitable, but rather a result of class struggle and the actions of the working class. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 14, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tammy McIlvoy
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